Brahmasutra, aka: Brahma-sutra, Brahmasūtra, Brahman-sutra; 7 Definition(s)


Brahmasutra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

[Brahmasutra in Shilpashastra glossaries]

Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र) refers to certain lines carved on the rudrabhāga (top-most portion of the mānuṣaliṅga, a type of liṅga created by humans hands).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र) is the tracing of certain lines on the liṅga. Two vertical lines are engraved on the surface of the rudrabhāga (or the pūjābhāga, as it is often referred to in the Āgamas). The length of these lines should be, according to the Siddhāntasārāvali, determined by the following rule: “divide the length of the pūjābhāga of the liṅga into three equal parts: divide further the two lower parts into eight equal divisions: now the distance between the two parallel vertical lines should be one of these smaller divisions; the tickness and depths of the lines, should be one-ninth of this division: two lines are to be traced, one on either side, which should begin from near the tops of the vertical lines, descend sloping down and removed farther and farther from the central double parallel lines until they reach a distance which is two divisions from the lowers portion of the pūjābhāga; then the two sloping side-lines, (pārśva-sūtras), should be traced in a horizontal plane so as to meet each other at the back. The two central vertical parallel lines should be joined at their tops by a curved line whose curvature should resemble that of the top or (śiras) of the liṅga.”

(Source): Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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[Brahmasutra in Purana glossaries]

Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र).—A part of the place where Linga or image is installed to the left of it.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 263. 3 and 6.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Brahmasutra in Hinduism glossaries]

The Brahma sūtras (Sanskrit: ब्रह्म सूत्र), also known as the Vedānta Sūtras (वेदान्त सूत्र), are one of the three canonical texts of the Vedānta school of Hindu philosophy. A thorough study of Vedānta requires a close examination of these three texts, known in Sanskrit as the Prasthanatrayi, or the three starting points. The Brahma sutras constitute the Nyāya prasthāna (न्याय प्रस्थान), or "Logic-based starting point", of the above triplet (Sanskrit न्याय, Nyāya: logic, order). Thus they are also referred to as the Yukti prasthāna, since Yukti (युक्ति) also means reasoning or logic. While the Upanishads (Śruti prasthāna, the starting point of revelation) and the Bhagavad-Gītā (Smriti prasthāna, the starting point of remembered tradition) are the basic source texts of Vedānta, it is in the Brahma sūtras that the teachings of Vedānta are set forth in a systematic and logical order.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

An aphoristic (sūtra) text attributed to Bādarāyaṇa, but drawing on earlier material, which attempts to synthesize the Upaniṣadic teachings. The first sūtra reads: ‘Now the enquiry into brahman’ (neut.), subsequently defined as the sole cause and source of everything. The text is divided into four parts (pādas), dealing with brahman, the relationship between brahman and ātman (refuting the Sāṃkhya position, amongst others), the means to realizing brahman, and the way to liberation (mokṣa). For the Vedānta tradition, the Brahmasūtra is one of the three essential texts (prasthāna traya) requiring commentary by anyone wanting to found a new school. The earliest surviving commentary of this nature is Śaṅkara's Brahmasūtrabhāṣya (c.700 ce); this, along with the commentaries of other significant Vedāntins, gave rise to further important (sub-)commentaries, the aphoristic nature of Bādarāyaṇa's text allowing for considerable freedom of interpretation within a basic Vedānta framework.

(Source): Oxford Reference: Indian Philosophy

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Brahmasutra in Marathi glossaries]

brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र).—n (S) The order or course ordained by Brahma. 2 The Brahmanical thread. 3 The destiny, as established by Brahma, which presides over marriage. Ex. bra0 asēla tara tyā mu- līśīṃ hyācēṃ lagna hōīla; kitī vighnēṃ asōta bra0 ṭaḷa- ṇāra nāhīṃ vivāha hōīlaca. 4 The cord with which the height of the bride and bridegroom (at a wedding) is measured; also called pramāṇasūtra. brahmasūtrācī gāṇṭha The conjugal knot as tied by the marriage-destiny; i. e. Brahma's predetermination thereon.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र).—n The order or course ordained by Brahma.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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