Brahmasutra, Brahma-sutra, Brahman-sutra, Brahmasūtra: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Brahmasutra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र) refers to certain lines carved on the rudrabhāga (top-most portion of the mānuṣaliṅga, a type of liṅga created by humans hands).

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र) is the tracing of certain lines on the liṅga. Two vertical lines are engraved on the surface of the rudrabhāga (or the pūjābhāga, as it is often referred to in the Āgamas). The length of these lines should be, according to the Siddhāntasārāvali, determined by the following rule: “divide the length of the pūjābhāga of the liṅga into three equal parts: divide further the two lower parts into eight equal divisions: now the distance between the two parallel vertical lines should be one of these smaller divisions; the tickness and depths of the lines, should be one-ninth of this division: two lines are to be traced, one on either side, which should begin from near the tops of the vertical lines, descend sloping down and removed farther and farther from the central double parallel lines until they reach a distance which is two divisions from the lowers portion of the pūjābhāga; then the two sloping side-lines, (pārśva-sūtras), should be traced in a horizontal plane so as to meet each other at the back. The two central vertical parallel lines should be joined at their tops by a curved line whose curvature should resemble that of the top or (śiras) of the liṅga.”

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र) refers to the “middle plumb-line”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—The treatises of Vaiṣṇava-āgamas prescribe a variety of such mudrās but they hardly describe them. However, the sections on iconometry in these works clearly prescribe the distance of placement of the mudrā/ hasta with reference to the brahma-sūtra (middle plumb-line) or any relevant part of the body of the icon.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (B) next»] — Brahmasutra in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र).—A part of the place where Linga or image is installed to the left of it.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 263. 3 and 6.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous (B) next»] — Brahmasutra in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र) refers to “(Also known as Vedānta-sūtra) The aphorisms of Vedānta offer a complete systematic exposition of Vedic revelation in the form of terse aphorisms (sūtras). Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, composed by Śrīla Vyāsadeva, is the natural commentary on Vedānta-sūtra”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (B) next»] — Brahmasutra in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The Brahma sūtras (Sanskrit: ब्रह्म सूत्र), also known as the Vedānta Sūtras (वेदान्त सूत्र), are one of the three canonical texts of the Vedānta school of Hindu philosophy. A thorough study of Vedānta requires a close examination of these three texts, known in Sanskrit as the Prasthanatrayi, or the three starting points. The Brahma sutras constitute the Nyāya prasthāna (न्याय प्रस्थान), or "Logic-based starting point", of the above triplet (Sanskrit न्याय, Nyāya: logic, order). Thus they are also referred to as the Yukti prasthāna, since Yukti (युक्ति) also means reasoning or logic. While the Upanishads (Śruti prasthāna, the starting point of revelation) and the Bhagavad-Gītā (Smriti prasthāna, the starting point of remembered tradition) are the basic source texts of Vedānta, it is in the Brahma sūtras that the teachings of Vedānta are set forth in a systematic and logical order.

Source: Oxford Reference: Indian Philosophy

An aphoristic (sūtra) text attributed to Bādarāyaṇa, but drawing on earlier material, which attempts to synthesize the Upaniṣadic teachings. The first sūtra reads: ‘Now the enquiry into brahman’ (neut.), subsequently defined as the sole cause and source of everything. The text is divided into four parts (pādas), dealing with brahman, the relationship between brahman and ātman (refuting the Sāṃkhya position, amongst others), the means to realizing brahman, and the way to liberation (mokṣa). For the Vedānta tradition, the Brahmasūtra is one of the three essential texts (prasthāna traya) requiring commentary by anyone wanting to found a new school. The earliest surviving commentary of this nature is Śaṅkara's Brahmasūtrabhāṣya (c.700 ce); this, along with the commentaries of other significant Vedāntins, gave rise to further important (sub-)commentaries, the aphoristic nature of Bādarāyaṇa's text allowing for considerable freedom of interpretation within a basic Vedānta framework.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Brahmasutra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र).—n (S) The order or course ordained by Brahma. 2 The Brahmanical thread. 3 The destiny, as established by Brahma, which presides over marriage. Ex. bra0 asēla tara tyā mu- līśīṃ hyācēṃ lagna hōīla; kitī vighnēṃ asōta bra0 ṭaḷa- ṇāra nāhīṃ vivāha hōīlaca. 4 The cord with which the height of the bride and bridegroom (at a wedding) is measured; also called pramāṇasūtra. brahmasūtrācī gāṇṭha The conjugal knot as tied by the marriage-destiny; i. e. Brahma's predetermination thereon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र).—n The order or course ordained by Brahma.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Brahmasutra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र).—

1) the sacred thread worn by the Brāhmaṇas or the twice-born (dvija) over the shoulder; Bhāg. 1.39.51.

2) the aphorisms of the Vedānta philosophy by Bādarāyaṇa; ब्रह्मसूत्रपदैश्चैव हेतुमद्भिर्विनिश्चितैः (brahmasūtrapadaiścaiva hetumadbhirviniścitaiḥ) Bg.13.4.

Derivable forms: brahmasūtram (ब्रह्मसूत्रम्).

Brahmasūtra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms brahman and sūtra (सूत्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र).—n.

(-traṃ) 1. The sacrificial or Brahminical thread. 2. An aphorism of the Vedanta philosophy. E. brahma a Brahman and sūtra thread.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र).—n. title of a vedantic work, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 87, 14 (see

Brahmasūtra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms brahman and sūtra (सूत्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र).—[neuter] the Brahmanical thread worn over the shoulder; a theological or philosophical Sūtra work, [especially] that of Bādarāyaṇa on the Vedānta philosophy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—attributed to Bādarāyaṇa. Cop. 100. Oxf. 220^b. 221^a. Hall. p. 86. B. 4, 74. Ben. 71-73. Rādh. 7. 42. Burnell. 86^a. Bhr. 251. Poona. 87. Oppert. 1933. 3656. 4451. 4452. 5592. 5810. 6554. 7406. Ii, 657. 1119. 4179. 5574. 6351. 8667. 9835. Rice. 158. Bühler 549. 556.
—[commentary] Oxf. 221^b. 222^a. 243^b. Rādh. 7. NW. 270. Bhr. 707. Oppert. 4377. 4461. 5460. 5657.
—[commentary] Advaitavṛtti. Oppert. 5593.
—[commentary] Digdarśinī. B. 4, 74.
—[commentary] Samañjasā vṛtti by Anūpanārāyaṇa L. 687. Oudh. Xi, 16. Xiii, 86. Np. Iii, 92.
—[commentary] Mitākṣarā by Annambhaṭṭa. Hall. p. 94. K. 126. B. 4, 76. Bühler 549.
—[commentary] Śārīrakaśāstradarpaṇa, an abridgment of Śaṅkara’s Bhāṣya, by Amalānanda. Hall. p. 91. Oudh. Xix, 32.
—[commentary] by Ānandatīrtha. [Mackenzie Collection] 12. Hall. p. 94. L. 3193. B. 4, 74. Ben. 70. Tu7b. 15 ([fragmentary]). Oudh. Xv, 12. Np. V, 36. Burnell. 100^b. Lahore. 18. P. 23. Bhr. 704-6. Oppert. 1303. 1960. 2526. 3189. 5289. 7204. Ii, 531. 899. 1535. 3224. 4338. 4424. 6103. 6179. 7420. 8288. 9836. 10252. Rice. 158. 188. Bp. 269. 305. Compare Brahmasūtrāṇubhāṣya, Brahmasūtrānuvyākhyāna.
—[sub-commentary] Oppert. 1961. 5816. Ii, 6104. 7421. 7422. 10253. 10255.
—[sub-commentary] Tattvaprakāśikā by Jayatīrtha. Khn. 56. K. 118. 120. B. 4, 16. Bik. 553. Burnell. 101^a. Bhr. 679. Oppert. 1443. 1836. 2837. 3657. 5263. 7967. Ii, 94. 521. 615. 894. 1249. 4616. 7564. 9815. 10254. Rice. 146. Sb. 400. C
—[sub-commentary] Tattvaprakāśikābhāvabodha by Raghūttama Yati. L. 30. Burnell. 101^b. C
—[sub-commentary] Tattvaprakāśikāgatanyāyavivaraṇa by the same K. 122. Burnell. 101^b. C
—[sub-commentary] Bhāvadīpa or Bhāvarūpa by Rāghavendra. W. p. 204. C
—[sub-commentary] Tantradīpikā by the same. Burnell. 101^b. Oppert. Ii, 102. 220-2. Rice. 142. C
—[sub-commentary] Tātparyacandrikā by Vyāsatīrtha. L. 3224 K. 118. Burnell. 101^b. Bhr. 691. Oppert. Ii, 83. 4409. 7687. Rice. 142. Cc
—[sub-commentary] Burnell. 101^b. Cc
—[sub-commentary] Tātparyacandrikāprakāśa by Keśava Yati. Burnell. 101^b. Cc
—[sub-commentary] by Gururāja. Oppert. Ii, 79. Cc
—[sub-commentary] Tātparyacandrikānyāyavivaraṇa by Timmaṇṇācārya. Burnell. 101^b. Cc
—[sub-commentary] Tātparyacandrikodāhṛtanyāyavivaraṇa by Vijayendra Yati. Burnell. 101^b. C
—[sub-commentary] by Śrīnivāsa. K. 120. Rice. 156 (Prameyamuktāvalī). 178. C
—[sub-commentary] Abhinavacandrikā by Satyanātha Yati. Burnell. 101^b.
—[commentary] Vedāntakaustubhaprabhā, doctrine of Nimbārka, by Keśava Bhaṭṭa. Printed in Pandit Viii. Ix.
—[commentary] Śārīrakasūtrasārārthacandrikā or Subodhinī by Gaṅgādhara. Io. 600. Hall. p. 94. K. 136. Ben. 69.
—[commentary] Brahmasūtrārthaprakāśikā by Jñānendrasvāmin. Rice. 158.
—[commentary] by Dharmabhaṭṭa. Oppert. Ii, 4661 (?). Rice. 158.
—[commentary] Brahmasūtrenduśekhara by Nāgeśa. K. 132.
—[commentary] Vedāntapārijātasaurabha by Nimbārka, and—[commentary] Vedāntakaustubha by Śrīnivāsa. Quoted in Vedāntakaustubhaprabhā. Compare Vedāntakaustubha Burnell. 97^b.
—[commentary] by Nīlakaṇṭhaśivācārya, Śaiva doctriṇe. Report. Xxvii. Burnell. 110^b. Taylor. 1, 207. Oppert. Ii, 6996.
—[sub-commentary] Śivādityamaṇidīpikā by Appayya Dīkṣita. Burnell. 110^b. Taylor. 1, 176. 198. Oppert. 768. 1336. 1614. 1615. 2079-82. 2464. 4102. Ii, 1197. 5420. 5890. 6475. 7804. 7920. 9431. 9524. 10006. 10371. Rice. 182.
—[commentary] Vedāntanyāyaratnāvalī Brahmādvaitatāmṛtaprakāśikā by Puruṣottamānandatīrtha. Tu7b. 18.
—[commentary] Śārīrakamīmāṃsānyāyasaṃgraha by Prakāśātman. L. 1957. Oudh. Xvii, 68. Burnell. 88^a. Oppert. 1603. Sb. 394.
—[commentary] by Bodhāyana. Oppert. 1511. Ii, 4774. (Bodhāyanavṛttivyākhyā). Quoted in Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha Oxf. 247^a, in Yatīndramatadīpikā L. 2054, by Rāmānuja in the Śrībhāṣya.
—[commentary] Vedāntasūtramuktāvalī by Brahmānanda Sarasvatī. Io. 433. 1679. Hall. p. 93. K. 126. Ben. 69. Oppert. 5275. Ii, 6832. Rice. 176.
—[commentary] by Bhavadeva. NW. 326.
—[commentary] Vivaraṇaprameyasaṃgraha by Bhāratītīrthavidyāraṇya. L. 48. 2675. K. 130. Ben. 84. Burnell. 88^a.
—[commentary] by Bhāskarācārya, Nimbārka school. Io. 164. [Oudh 1876-1877], 26. Xiii, 30. 86.
—[commentary] Brahmasūtratātparya, written by Bhairava Dīkṣita Tilaka in 1768. Hall. p. 94. NW. 304. Oppert. Ii, 6806.
—[commentary] Laghuvṛtti by Mathurānātha. NW. 324.
—[commentary] by Mārtaṇḍatilakasvāmin. B. 4, 74.
—[commentary] by Mukunda. NW. 280.
—[commentary] by Muktānanda. B. 4, 74.
—[commentary] Vidvajjanamanoharā by Raṅganātha. Io. 296. B. 4, 74. Report. Xxviii. Ben. 72. 74. Oudh. Iii, 20. X, 20.
—[commentary] Tantradīpikā by Rāghavendra. Burnell. 110^a.
—[commentary] Śārīrakasūtrārthasaṃgraha by Rādhāramaṇadāsa, son of Govardhanalāla. L. 697. Oppert. 2915 (?).
—[commentary] by Rāmabhadra Dīkṣita. Oppert. 5363. 6697. 7158. Ii, 6559.
—[commentary] Brahmāmṛtavarṣiṇī by Rāmānanda Sarasvatī. Hall. p. 93. Paris. (D 57 a). L. 1437 (Rāma- kiṃkara). 1484. Kh. 89. B. 4, 76. NW. 322. 326. (Rāmakiṃkara). Oudh. 1877, 10. Viii, 24. Xiii, 86. Xiv, 16. Np. I, 74. Iii, 92. V, 168. Viii, 38. Gu. 5 (Rāmakiṃkara). Lahore. 20 (Rāmakiṃkara). Kāśīn. 28. Oppert. 3175. Rice. 160. 188. Peters. 2, 191. Bp. 66. 267. Sb. 397.
—[commentary] Vedāntasūtraratna by Rāmānandatīrtha. Mentioned in L. 1017.
—[commentary] Śrībhāṣya by Rāmānuja. Cop. 100 (?). Io. 7 A. 567. Hall. p. 92. L. 3144. 3171. Kh. 73. B. 4, 74. Ben. 68. Rādh. 7. NW. 320. Oudh. X, 20. Xv, 10. 12. Xvi, 38. Np. Viii, 42. Burnell. 97^b. Mysore. 5. Lahore. 20. Oppert. 11. 132. 928. 1048. 1192. 1288. 1312. 1554. 2011. 2468. 2984. 3173. 3203. 3657. 4968. 5195. 5301. 5463. 5844. 7579. 8213. Ii, 598. 661. 866. 1001. 1152. 1200. 1391. 1481. 1539. 1596. 1668. 2108. 3544. 3853. 3932. 4198. 4883. 5021. 5648. 5779. 5892. 6151. 6163. 6402. 6715. 6812. 7721. 7791. 8527. 8597. 8783. 8934. 9116. 9198. 9849. 10266. Rice. 150. 168. 182. Bp. 8. Śrībhāṣye Carcāgrantha. Kh. 73.
—Quoted in Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha Oxf. 247^a.
—[sub-commentary] Śrībhāṣyavṛttyupanyāsa. Oppert. 6453.
—[sub-commentary] Śrībhāṣyāndhradīpa. Oppert. 6455.
—[sub-commentary] Śrībhāṣyasaṃgraha. Oppert. 6454.
—[sub-commentary] Śrībhāṣyanayaprakāśa by Meghanādāri. Mysore. 6.
—[sub-commentary] Nayaprakāśikā by Lakṣmaṇācārya. Rice. 150.
—[sub-commentary] Śrutaprakāśikā by Sudarśanācārya. Hall. p. 92. NW. 316. Oudh. Xvi, 38. Np. Viii, 42. Burnell. 97^b. Mysore. 6. Oppert. 12. 526. 1050. 1338. 2470. 3235. 3507. 4169. 5197. 5465. 5845. 5870. 6462. 8302. Ii, 867. 1003. 1201. 1287. 1392. 1482. 1556. 1597. 1905. 2989. 3546. 3856. 3944. 5649. 5798. 5895. 6152. 6863. 7160. 7815. 8528. 8598. 9224. 10268. Rice. 182. Bp. 8. Quoted by Śrīnivāsadāsa in Yatīndramatadīpikā. C
—[sub-commentary] Oppert. 929. C
—[sub-commentary] Tātparyadīpikā. Oppert. 5198. C
—[sub-commentary] Bhāvaprakāśikā by Varadaviṣṇu Sūri. Mysore. 6. C
—[sub-commentary] Tūlikā by Bādhūla Śrīnivāsācārya. Oppert. 897. 5055. 5433. 5544. 5795. 7984.
—[commentary] Vedāntadīpa or Vedāntapradīpa, an abridgment of the Śrībhāṣya, by Rāmānuja. Io. 332. Oxf. 221^b. Hall. p. 95. L. 3141. B. 4, 74. Tu7b. 18. Oudh. V, 24. Xv, 114. Xvi, 38. Mysore. 6. 7. Taylor. 1, 202. Oppert. 206. 323. 1035. 1189. 1321. 2446. 2539. 3221. 3861. 5176. 5457. 5834. 6435. Ii, 488. 854. 991. 1173. 1376. 1544. 2978. 3816. 3938. 4167. 5644. 5789. 5881. 8523. 8587. 10260. Rice. 174. Bp. 8.
—[commentary] Vedāntasāra by Rāmānuja. Hall. p. 95. L. 3142. Oudh. Xi, 16. Burnell. 97^b. Oppert. 207. 482. 1322. 2447. 3224. 4061. 5458. 6218. 6436. Ii, 665. 856. 1545. 2979. 3818. 3939. 6960. Rice. 186. Bp. 8.
—[commentary] Vṛtti by Rāmāśrama. Np. Viii, 44.
—[commentary] Brahmasūtropanyāsavṛtti by Rāmeśa Bhāratī. Burnell. 88^a.
—[commentary] Brahmasūtracandrikā by Rāmeśvaradatta. Hall. p. 96 ([anonymous]). NW. 284.
—[commentary] Mitākṣarā by Vārkṣāyaṇa. Sūcīpattra. 58.
—[commentary] Brahmasūtraṛjuvyākhyā or Vijñānāmṛta by Vijñānabhikṣu. Hall. p. 92. NW. 278.
—[commentary] Vedāntasūtrabhāṣya, Rādhāvallabha doctrine, by Viśvanāthasiṃhadeva. [Oudh 1876-1877], 24.
—[commentary] Marīcikā by Vrajanātha Bhaṭṭa. K. 126.
—[commentary] Śārīrakamīmāṃsābhāṣya by Śaṅkarācārya. [Mackenzie Collection] 11. Io. 143. W. p. 176. 177. Oxf. 221^a. Hall. p. 86. Khn. 58. K. 132. B. 4, 74. 76. Ben. 67. 71. 78. 79. 81. Bik. 561. Kāṭm. 4. Pheh. 12. Rādh. 7. Oudh. Xiv, 16. Xv, 10. 12. Np. I, 74. Viii, 44. Burnell. 86^b. P. 14. 23. Lahore. 23. Poona. 23. 51. 55. Oppert. 1328. 1647. 2111. 2262. 3037. 3228. 3372. 3516. 3548. 3891. 3937. 4016. 4197. 4265. 4516. 4902. 4923. 4955. 5182. 5417. 6682. 6696. 7009. 7152. Ii, 1182. 1237. 1277. 1549. 2418. 2839. 2983. 3003. 3075. 3276. 3728. 3833. 3941. 4360. 4771. 4969. 5073. 5295. 5415. 5909. 6170. 6352. 6510. 6558. 6709. 6809. 7044. 7132. 7250. 7778. 7843. 7896. 7914. 8096. 8131. 8289. 8592. 8668. 8708. 8987. 9129. 9217. 9280. 9327. 9379. 9518. 9666. 9902. 10074. 10362. Rice. 136. 158. 178 188. Bp. 305.
—[sub-commentary] L. 2046. Ben. 69. Oppert. 3871. 3892. Ii, 6104.
—[sub-commentary] Brahmavidyābharaṇa by Advaitānanda, a pupil of Rāmānandatīrtha. Hall. p. 89. L. 1135. K. 124. Ben. 76. 84. Bik. 562. Np. Iii, 92. V, 168. Oppert. 709. 3172. 3431. 3536. 4332. 8121. Ii, 4772. 5965. Rice. 158.
—[sub-commentary] Śārīrakanyāyarakṣāmaṇi by Appayya Dīkṣitā. Hall. p. 90. L. 720. Burnell. 87^b. 110^b. Oppert. 1476. 1477. 1878. 1879. 3317. 3500. 3531. 3805. 4000. 4098. 4216. 4317. 4484. 4782. 4868. 4943. 8053. Ii, 2866. 4698. 5389. 6541. 6858. 7141. 7389. 7880. 8877. 9162. 9469. 9783. 9945. 10318.
—[sub-commentary] Śārīrakabhāṣyanyāyanirṇaya by Ānandatīrtha. Hall. p. 89. L. 2212. K. 132. B. 4, 76. Ben. 68. 81. Bik. 562. Rādh. 7. Np. Viii, 44. Burnell. 87^b. P. 23. Bhr. 266. Oppert. Ii, 2527. 2876. 4995. 7158. Rice. 136. 188.
—[sub-commentary] Bhāṣyaratnaprabhā by Govindānanda. Io. 143. 1070. W. p. 177. Oxf. 221^a. L. 1433. K. 128. Ben. 67. Kāṭm. 4 ([anonymous]). Rādh. 7 ([anonymous]). Oudh. Viii, 24. Xiv, 16. Np. 1, 74. Poona. 51. Rice. 188. Bp. 305.
—[sub-commentary] Brahmasūtrabhāṣyadīpikā by Jagannātha Yati. K. 124. Rice. 158.
—[sub-commentary] Śārīrakabhāṣyavārttika or Nārāyaṇavārttika by Nārāyaṇa Sarasvatī, a pupil of Govindānanda Sarasvatī, composed in 1592. Hall. p. 202. Poona. 24.
—[commentary] by Bālakṛṣṇānanda. Sūcīpattra. 61.
—[sub-commentary] Pañcapādikā (q. v.) by Padmapāda. Mentioned in Saṃkṣepaśaṅkarajaya Oxf. 257^b.
—[sub-commentary] Brahmasūtrabhāṣyasāra by Bhāskarabhaṭṭa Śarman. Tu7b. 19 ([fragmentary]).
—[sub-commentary] by Rāmacandrācārya. Rice. 178.
—[sub-commentary] Bhāṣyaratnaprabhā by Rāmānanda Sarasvatī. W. p. 177 ([fragmentary]). Hall. p. 89. B. 4, 76. Oppert. 3202. 4433. 8269. Ii, 2503. 4803. 5861. ([anonymous]). 6034. 7676. 9130. 10019. Rice. 168. This work has some connection with the Ratnaprabhā of his teacher Govindānanda, of which it is perhaps a continuation.
—[sub-commentary] Vivaraṇopanyāsa by Rāmānanda Sarasvatī. Hall. p. 202. Ben. 83. Bik. 566. Rice. 172. 176.
—[sub-commentary] by Rāmānuja (?). Oudh. Xv, 10. 12.
—[sub-commentary] Bhāmatī (q. v.) or Śārīrakabhāṣyavibhāga by Vācaspatimiśra.
—[sub-commentary] by Viśvaveda. B. 4, 76.
—[sub-commentary] Brahmasūtrabhāṣyavārttika by Sureśvara, seems only to exist in the gloss (Vivaraṇatattvadīpana) of Akhaṇḍānanda. See however Brahmasūtravṛttivārttika. W. p. 181. Hall. p. 90. L. 831. Burnell. 87^b. Lahore. 18. Oppert. Ii, 7752. Sb. 431.
—[commentary] Saṃkṣepaśārīrakabhāṣya by Śaṅkarācārya. Rice. 184 (and—[commentary]).
—[sub-commentary] Siddhāntaviveka. Rice. 184.
—[commentary] by Śiromaṇi. K. 124.
—[commentary] śaiva doctrine, by Śrīkaṇṭhaśivācārya. K. 124. Np. Iii, 90. Vi, 42. Gu. 5. Oppert. 1616. 4956. Ii, 1554. 7813. 10008. 10375. Bühler 556.
—[commentary] Brahmasūtratātparyaprakāśa by Sadānanda. NW. 310. Oudh. X, 20.
—[commentary] Vedāntanayanabhūṣaṇa by Svayamprakāśānanda. Hall. p. 96.
—[commentary] by Haṃsa. Oppert. Ii, 9175. 9537.

Brahmasūtra has the following synonyms: Uttaramīmāṃsā, Bādārāyaṇasūtra, Brahmamīmāṃsā, Vedāntasūtra, Vyāsasūtra, Śārīrakasūtra.

2) Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र):—C
—[sub-commentary] by Śrīnivāsa. add Rice. 142. C
—[sub-commentary] Abhinavacandrikā by Satyanātha. add Bhr. 669. Oppert. Ii, 14.
—[commentary] Sūtrārthacandrikā by Keśavaśeṣa. K. 136. It is uncertain whither this belongs to.
—[commentary] by Rāmabhadra. add Oppert. I, 4461.
—[commentary] by Rāmānandatīrtha. Svalpādvaitaprakāśa by the same. L. 1018.
—[commentary] by Svayamprakāśānanda. add Sūcīpattra. 60.

3) Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र):—etc. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 59. 94. Io. 1052. 1725. 1922. 2833. 3070. Oudh. Xx, 16. Peters. 4, 20. Stein 122.
—[commentary] Io. 284. Peters. 4, 22.
—[commentary] Śāstradarpaṇa by Amalānanda. Stein 123. 327.
—[commentary] by Ānandatīrtha. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 59. Stein 122.
—[sub-commentary] Tattvaprakāśikā by Jayatīrtha. Io. 1935. Rgb. 668 (inc.). C
—[sub-commentary] by Śrīnivāsa. Bl. 206 (only 1).
—[commentary] by Dharmabhaṭṭa. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 50.
—[commentary] Nyāyasaṃgraha by Nityānandāśrama. Stein 122. 326.
—[commentary] by Nirmalakṛṣṇa. Io. 1147.
—[commentary] by Nīlakaṇṭhaśivācārya, Śaiva doctrine. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 59.
—[commentary] Cidānandabrahmavilāsa by Paramānandaghana. Hz. 506.
—[commentary] by Bhavadeva, son of Kṛṣṇadeva. Io. 1428.
—[commentary] Nyāyamālā Vaiyāsikī (q. v.) or Adhikaraṇamālā (q. v.) or Vedāntādhikaraṇamālā by Bhāratītīrtha. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 59. 94. Io. 2780.
—[commentary] by Bhāskarācārya, i. e. Nīmbārka. Io. 164. 3273.
—[commentary] Io. 1638.
—[commentary] Brahmabodhinī by Yādava Vājapeyin. Rgb. 629.
—[commentary] Vidvajjanamanoharā by Raṅganātha. Stein 122 (adhy. 1. 2).
—[commentary] Brahmāmṛtavarṣiṇī by Rāmānanda Sarasvatī. Cu. add. 898. Io. 1336. 1352 (adhy. 1). Stein 122. He mentions Nṛsiṃhāśrama.
—[commentary] Śrībhāṣya by Rāmānuja. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 59. 94. 99. Hz. 193. 366. 388. 473. Io. 7 (1-3). 567. 3262. 3263. 3274 (2-4). Oudh. Xxi, 30. Stein 123. Weber 2196.
—[sub-commentary] Śrībhāṣyavivṛti. Io. 2797 ([fragmentary]).
—[sub-commentary] Śrībhāṣyopanyāsa by Mahācārya. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 99.
—[commentary] Śrībhāṣyanayaprakāśikā by Meghanādāri. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 40. 99.
—[sub-commentary] Śrutaprakāśikā by Sudarśanācārya. ibid. 59. 100. Oudh. Xxi, 30. C
—[sub-commentary] Bhāvaprakāśikā by Raṅgarāmānujācārya. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 61. 100. Oppert.'s Śrutabhāvaprakāśikā is wrong.
—[sub-commentary] by Sundararāja Dīkṣita. ibid. 99. Vedāntadīpa, an abridgment of the Śrībhāṣya, by Rāmānuja. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 89. Hz. 374. Vedāntasāra, by the same. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 89.
—[commentary] Marīcikā by Vanamālin. L. 4037.
—[commentary] Siddhalekhā by Vijñānācārya. Rgb. 619 (2 adhyāyās).
—[commentary] Śārīrakamīmāṃsābhāṣya by Śaṅkarācārya. Bl. 197-200. 196 (1, 1). Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 59. 94. Hz. 107. 136. 218. 321. 499. Io. 143. 853. 928. 1922. 2447-50. 2570. 2799 ([fragmentary]). 3086. Peters. 4, 22 (inc.). Rgb. 621-24. Stein 122. 123.
—[sub-commentary] Brahmavidyābharaṇa by Advaitānanda. Cu. add. 1038 (inc.). Io. 882 (1, 1). 1117-19. 1437.
—[sub-commentary] Śārīrakabhāṣyanyāyanirṇaya by Ānandatīrtha. Bl. 315-18. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 94. Rgb. 627 (1. 2). Stein 123 (1, and 2, 1).
—[sub-commentary] Bhāṣyaratnaprabhā by Govindānanda. Bl. 196 (1, 1). Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 59. Hz. 223. 650 (adhy. 1. 2). Io. 143. 1070 ([fragmentary]). Rgb. 628 (4). Stein 123.
—[sub-commentary] Brahmasūtrabhāṣyadīpikā by Jagannātha Yati. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 59.
—[sub-commentary] Bhāṣyaratnaprabhā by Rāmānanda Sarasvatī. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 62. Hz. 109. 222. Peters. 4, 22 (inc.).
—[sub-commentary] Brahmasūtrabhāṣyavārttika by Sureśvara.
—[commentary] Vivaraṇatattvadīpana by Akhaṇḍānanda. Rgb. 631 ([fragmentary]). 632 ([fragmentary]).
—[commentary] by Śaṅkarānanda. Rgb. 620.
—[commentary] by Śrīkaṇṭhaśivācārya, Śaiva doctrine. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 94.
—[commentary] Brahmasūtrapadayojanā Brahmāmṛtavarṣiṇī, a concise
—[commentary], by Sadāśivānanda Sarasvatī. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 59. Io. 3104.
—[commentary] Brahmatattvaprakāśikā by Sadāśivendra Sarasvatī. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 59. Hz. 137. 229.

Brahmasūtra has the following synonyms: Vedāntasūtra, Vyāsasūtra.

4) Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र):—Ulwar 457. 458. 467-70.
—[commentary] Śāstradarpaṇa by Amalānanda. Ulwar 580. Extr. 137.
—[commentary] Vedāntakaustubhaprabhā by Keśava Bhaṭṭa. Ulwar 476.
—[commentary] Govindabhāṣya by Baladeva Vidyābhūṣaṇa. Ulwar 474.
—[sub-commentary] Siddhāntaratna by the same. Ulwar 475.
—[commentary] Brahmāmṛtavarṣiṇī by Rāmānanda Sarasvatī. Ulwar 467.
—[commentary] Śrībhāṣya by Rāmānuja. Ulwar 470.
—[sub-commentary] Śrībhāṣyaviṣayavākyārtha. Ulwar 472.
—[sub-commentary] Śrībhāṣyādhikaraṇamālā by a pupil of Śrīnivāsācārya. Ulwar 473.
—[sub-commentary] Śrutaprakāśikā by Sudarśanācārya. Ulwar 471.
—[commentary] by Śaṅkarācārya. Ulwar 458.
—[sub-commentary] by Ānandatīrtha. Ulwar 459.
—[sub-commentary] Brahmavidyābharaṇa by Advaitānanda. Ulwar 460.
—[sub-commentary] Śārīrakanyāyarakṣāmaṇi by Appayya Dīkṣita. Ulwar 461.
—[sub-commentary] Bhāṣyaratnaprabhā by Govindānanda. Ulwar 462.
—[sub-commentary] by Bhāskara. Ulwar 463.
—[commentary] Siddhāntajāhnavī by Śrīdevācārya. Ulwar 468.

5) Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र):—Ak 787. Bd. 656. 657. 670. 717 (2 Adhyāyāḥ). Cs 3, 138. 148. L.. 858 (inc.). 859. Peters. 5, 257. 302. Śg. 2, 137. Whish 58. C. Brahmasūtracandrikā. Thomas App. p. 254 ([fragmentary]). C. ‘Based on the Aṇubhāṣya by command of Jayasiṃha’. Bd. 717 (2 Adhyāyāḥ). C. Brahmasūtradarpaṇa. Cs 3, 144 (inc.). C. by Annambhaṭṭa. Ed. U. C. Śāstradarpaṇa by Amalānanda. Ak 790 p. 116 (Adhy. 1-3). Cs 3, 82 ([fragmentary]). C. by Ānandatīrtha. Cs 3, 83 (Adhy. 1 wanting). 139 (Adhy. 1). Ed. U. Tb. 79.
—[sub-commentary] Tattvaprakāśikā by Jayatīrtha. As p. 124 (Adhy. 1). Hz. 1054 p. 98 (inc.). C
—[sub-commentary] Tattvaprakāśikābhāvabodha by Raghūttama Yati. Bc 368 ([fragmentary]). C
—[sub-commentary] Tātparyacandrikā by Vyāsatīrtha. C. by Rāghavendra. Hz. 1544 p. 148 (inc.). C. by Dakṣiṇāmūrti. Adyar Libr. 26. C. Adhikaraṇakañcuka by Appayya Dīkṣita. ibid. C. Bhāṣya by Govinda. Cs 3, 567. L.. 861 ([fragmentary]).
—[sub-commentary] by Baladeva Vidyābhūṣaṇa. Cs 3, 567. L.. 861 ([fragmentary]). Rep. p. 14 with a Sub-commentary by Vāṇīśvara. C. Brahmāmṛtavarṣiṇī by Dharma Bhaṭṭa. Rep. p. 14 (Adhy. 3.). C. by Nārāyaṇatīrtha. Bd. 670 (Adhy. 2). C. by Nimbārka. Jl. (1, 1, 5-1, 4, 8). C. Brahmasūtrabhāṣya śaiva by Nīlakaṇṭhaśivācārya. Bc 169. Hz. 1511 (Adhy. 1-3 pāda 1). Cc. Śivādityamaṇidīpikā by Appayya Dīkṣita. As p. 122. Hz. 1056 p. 99 (inc.). C. Vedāntamuktāvalī by Brahmānanda Sarasvatī. As p. 185. Hz. 1403 (Adhy. 1. 2). Cc. Tattvārthavibodhana by Rāmasubrahmaṇya. Hz. 1542 p. 148. C. by Bhāskarācārya (probably Nimbārka). Śg. 2, 159. 160. C. Vivaraṇaprameyasaṃgraha, an elaborate discussion of the first four sūtra of the Brahmasūtra, by Mādhavācārya or Sāyaṇa. As p. 175 (3 Mss. of which two are inc.). Cs 3, 114. Hz. 1370. C. Vidvajjanamanoharā by Raṅganātha. Cs 3, 81 (inc.). Hpr. 2, 200. Peters. 5, 305. 306 (both 2, 1). 6, 289. C. Brahmasūtratattvavilāsa by Rāmasubrahmaṇya. Hz. 1550. C. Brahmāmṛtavarṣiṇī by Rāmānanda (Rāmakiṃkara). Ak 775 (1, 1). As p. 124 (3 Mss. of which one contains only Adhy. 1). Bc 285. Peters. 5, 303 (1, 2). 304 (2, 1). 6, 288. Tb. 80. C. Śrībhāṣya by Rāmānuja. As p. 197. Bc 138. Ed. U. C. Brahmasūtropanyāsa by Rāmeśa Bhāratī. Śg. 1, 61 p. 161. C. Ṛjuvyākhyā by Vijñānabhikṣu. Hpr. 2, 143. C. Bhāṣya by Śaṅkarācārya. Ak 788. 789 ([fragmentary]). As p. 197 (2 Mss. The second contains 3, 3). Cs 3, 140 (inc.). 145. 146 (a part of the fourth Adhy.). 151 (1). Hz. 861. 872. 1019. 1369. 1456. Jl. (4). L.. 858 (inc.). 859. 860 ([fragmentary]). Peters. 5, 310 (2-4). Śg. 2, 154 (1, 1). Whish 58. Cc. Brahmavidyābharaṇa by Advaitānanda. As p. 122. Bc 284. Hz. 1539. Cc. Śārīranyāyarakṣāmaṇi or Caturmatasārasaṃgraha by Appayya Dīkṣitā. As p. 197 (only 1, 3). Hz. 1003 (inc.). 1038 (inc.). 1353. Cc. Nyāyanirṇaya by Ānandatīrtha. Hz. 882. Peters. 5, 311 (1, 1). Śg. 2, 165 (inc.). Cc. Bhāṣyaratnaprabhā by Govindānanda. Ak 779 (Adhy. 4). As p. 197. 198. Bc 162. Bd. 658. 659 (both 3). Cs 3, 88 (4). 151 (1). Hz. 1048. 1374 (inc.). 1457 (inc.). Śg. 1, 62 p. 100. Whish 78, 1 (1, 1-4). 92. Both with a C. by Rāmānanda, a pupil of Govindānanda. Cc. Śārīrabhāṣyavārttika by Nārāyaṇa Sarasvatī. As p. 197 (2 Mss.). Cc. Brahmasūtrabhāṣyasaṃgraha by Rāmabrahmānanda Sarasvatī. Adyar Libr. 30. Cc. Śārīrakasūtrabhāṣyatātparyasaṃgraha by Rāmasubrahmaṇya. Hz. 1546 p. 149. Vivaraṇatattvadīpana, a C. on Sureśvara’s Brahmasūtrabhāṣyavārttika by Akhandānanda. As p. 175 (3 Mss.). Bd. 690. C. Brahmasūtrabhāṣya śaiva by Śrīkaṇṭhaśivācārya. As p. 122. Hz. 1229 p. 120. Rep. p. 14. C. Brahmatattvaprakāśikā by Sadāśivendra Sarasvatī. Adyar Libr. 28. Hz. 1299. C. Vedāntanayanabhūṣaṇa by Svayamprakāśānanda. As p. 182.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र):—[=brahma-sūtra] [from brahma > brahman] n. the sacred thread worn over the shoulder, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a Sūtra work treating of the knowledge of Brahmă ([especially] the aphorisms of the Vedānta philosophy ascribed to Bādarāyaṇa or Vyāsa, also called bādarāyaṇaor vedāntaor vyāsaor śārīraka-sūtra, and uttaraor brahma-mīmāṃsā)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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