Brahmasutra, aka: Brahma-sutra, Brahmasūtra, Brahman-sutra; 9 Definition(s)
Brahmasutra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र) refers to certain lines carved on the rudrabhāga (top-most portion of the mānuṣaliṅga, a type of liṅga created by humans hands).Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र) is the tracing of certain lines on the liṅga. Two vertical lines are engraved on the surface of the rudrabhāga (or the pūjābhāga, as it is often referred to in the Āgamas). The length of these lines should be, according to the Siddhāntasārāvali, determined by the following rule: “divide the length of the pūjābhāga of the liṅga into three equal parts: divide further the two lower parts into eight equal divisions: now the distance between the two parallel vertical lines should be one of these smaller divisions; the tickness and depths of the lines, should be one-ninth of this division: two lines are to be traced, one on either side, which should begin from near the tops of the vertical lines, descend sloping down and removed farther and farther from the central double parallel lines until they reach a distance which is two divisions from the lowers portion of the pūjābhāga; then the two sloping side-lines, (pārśva-sūtras), should be traced in a horizontal plane so as to meet each other at the back. The two central vertical parallel lines should be joined at their tops by a curved line whose curvature should resemble that of the top or (śiras) of the liṅga.”Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र).—A part of the place where Linga or image is installed to the left of it.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 263. 3 and 6.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
The Brahma sūtras (Sanskrit: ब्रह्म सूत्र), also known as the Vedānta Sūtras (वेदान्त सूत्र), are one of the three canonical texts of the Vedānta school of Hindu philosophy. A thorough study of Vedānta requires a close examination of these three texts, known in Sanskrit as the Prasthanatrayi, or the three starting points. The Brahma sutras constitute the Nyāya prasthāna (न्याय प्रस्थान), or "Logic-based starting point", of the above triplet (Sanskrit न्याय, Nyāya: logic, order). Thus they are also referred to as the Yukti prasthāna, since Yukti (युक्ति) also means reasoning or logic. While the Upanishads (Śruti prasthāna, the starting point of revelation) and the Bhagavad-Gītā (Smriti prasthāna, the starting point of remembered tradition) are the basic source texts of Vedānta, it is in the Brahma sūtras that the teachings of Vedānta are set forth in a systematic and logical order.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
An aphoristic (sūtra) text attributed to Bādarāyaṇa, but drawing on earlier material, which attempts to synthesize the Upaniṣadic teachings. The first sūtra reads: ‘Now the enquiry into brahman’ (neut.), subsequently defined as the sole cause and source of everything. The text is divided into four parts (pādas), dealing with brahman, the relationship between brahman and ātman (refuting the Sāṃkhya position, amongst others), the means to realizing brahman, and the way to liberation (mokṣa). For the Vedānta tradition, the Brahmasūtra is one of the three essential texts (prasthāna traya) requiring commentary by anyone wanting to found a new school. The earliest surviving commentary of this nature is Śaṅkara's Brahmasūtrabhāṣya (c.700 ce); this, along with the commentaries of other significant Vedāntins, gave rise to further important (sub-)commentaries, the aphoristic nature of Bādarāyaṇa's text allowing for considerable freedom of interpretation within a basic Vedānta framework.Source: Oxford Reference: Indian Philosophy
Languages of India and abroad
brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र).—n (S) The order or course ordained by Brahma. 2 The Brahmanical thread. 3 The destiny, as established by Brahma, which presides over marriage. Ex. bra0 asēla tara tyā mu- līśīṃ hyācēṃ lagna hōīla; kitī vighnēṃ asōta bra0 ṭaḷa- ṇāra nāhīṃ vivāha hōīlaca. 4 The cord with which the height of the bride and bridegroom (at a wedding) is measured; also called pramāṇasūtra. brahmasūtrācī gāṇṭha The conjugal knot as tied by the marriage-destiny; i. e. Brahma's predetermination thereon.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
brahmasūtra (ब्रह्मसूत्र).—n The order or course ordained by Brahma.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) the sacred thread worn by the Brāhmaṇas or the twice-born (dvija) over the shoulder; Bhāg. 1.39.51.
2) the aphorisms of the Vedānta philosophy by Bādarāyaṇa; ब्रह्मसूत्रपदैश्चैव हेतुमद्भिर्विनिश्चितैः (brahmasūtrapadaiścaiva hetumadbhirviniścitaiḥ) Bg.13.4.
Derivable forms: brahmasūtram (ब्रह्मसूत्रम्).
Brahmasūtra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms brahman and sūtra (सूत्र).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-traṃ) 1. The sacrificial or Brahminical thread. 2. An aphorism of the Vedanta philosophy. E. brahma a Brahman and sūtra thread.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 29 books and stories containing Brahmasutra, Brahma-sutra, Brahmasūtra, Brahma-sūtra, Brahman-sutra, Brahman-sūtra; (plurals include: Brahmasutras, sutras, Brahmasūtras, sūtras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 1 - Introduction < [Chapter XXVI - Madhva’s Interpretation of the Brahma-sūtras]
Part 1 - Madhva’s Life < [Chapter XXV - Madhva and his School]
Brahma Sutras (Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Vireshwarananda)
Chapter I, Section III, Adhikarana IX < [Section III]
Chapter IV, Section III, Adhikarana V < [Section III]
Chapter II, Section I, Adhikarana XII < [Section I]
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)
(ii) Pṛthvīdhara < [50. Some Pre-Śaṅkara Advaitins]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 3 - The Precursors of the Viśiṣṭādvaita Philosophy < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Part 8 - Bhikṣu’s criticism of the Sāṃkhya and Yoga < [Chapter XXII - The Philosophy of Vijñāna Bhikṣu]
Part 4 - Rāmānuja Literature < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 5 - Vedānta and Śaṅkara (788-820 A.D.) < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]
Part 3 - The Indian Systems of Philosophy < [Chapter IV - General Observations On The Systems Of Indian Philosophy]
Part 4 - Vedānta in Gauḍapāda < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 1 - The World-Appearance < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 7 - Śaṅkara and his School < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 27 - Appaya Dīkṣita (a.d. 1550) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]