Vararuci, aka: Vara-ruci; 8 Definition(s)
Vararuci means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Vararuchi.
Katha (narrative stories)
Vararuci (वररुचि) is the name of an incarnation of Puṣpadanta, a subordinate of Śiva who was cursed by Pārvatī after overhearing Śiva narrating the adventures of the seven Vidyādharas, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara. Vararuci also goes by the name Kātyāyana. Pārvatī cursed Puṣpadanta together with Mālyavān (a gaṇa, who intervened and recommended for mercy) to become mortals.
When asked by Pārvatī what happened to these cursed gaṇas (servants), Śiva answered: “My beloved, Puṣpadanta has been born under the name of Vararuci in that great city which is called Kauśāmbī. Moreover Mālyavān also has been born in the splendid city called Supratiṣṭhita under the name of Guṇāḍhya. This, O goddess, is what has befallen them.”
Puṣpadanta (as Vararuci) would be released from the curse, when, upon encountering the Yakṣa named Supratīka, recalls his own origin (as Puṣpadanta) and tells Supratīka the story of the seven vidyādharas.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vararuci, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Vararuci (वररुचि).—The expert in the art of dancing (nāṭyaveda) acted as milkman for the Gandharvas to milk the cowearth.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 10. 25.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vararuci (वररुचि) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Possibly a number of literary men with this name occur in Indian history. But there the one śloka referred to him as an grammarian and his work named Kaṇthāvaraṇa.Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
General definition (in Hinduism)
1) Vararuci (वररुचि).—In Somadeva’s Kathasaritsagara and Kshemendra’s Brihatkathamanjari one can see that Katyayana was called Vararuci. The oldest commentator of Prakrita Prakasa was Bhamaha an inhabitant of Kashmir who was also a rhetorician as well as a poet.
2) The characters in one of the several stories in Pancatantra are King Nanda and Vararuci. This story appear as the fifth story titled A Three in One Story in Strategy Four : Loss of Gains.
3) Vararuci (Tamil Nadu, 13th century CE): This astronomer is the author of the well-known Vākyakaraṇa, which is the source book of the Vākya Panchānga, popular in South India, especially the Tamil region.
4) Vararuci is the name of the author of the oldest extant grammar of Prakrit, titled Prākṛt Prakāśa. In this work Vararuci has considered four different dialects: Maharashtri the older form of Marathi, Sauraseni which evolved into the Braj language, Magadhi the former form of Bihari, and Paisaci a language no longer extant.
5) Vararuci (Kerala, fourth century CE) is the father figure in a legend in Kerala popularly referred to as the legend of the twelve clans born of a pariah woman (Parayi petta panthirukulam). Vararuci of Kerala legend was also an astute astronomer believed to be the author of Chandravākyas (moon sentences), a set of numbers specifying the longitudes of the Moon at different intervals of time.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
General definition (in Buddhism)
Vararuci II (1090-1000 BCE) and Saptavarman were the grammar teachers of King Udayana. Saptavarman was the author of Kalapa Vyakarana. Vararuchi II was a junior contemporary of Nagarjuna II. He belonged to the country of Radha, east of Magadha. He became Buddhist probably under the influence of Nagarjuna II. He authored many Buddhist texts.
Vararuchi also went to Varanasi during the reign of King Bhumishukla. The King wanted to marry off his daughter Vasanti to Vararuchi but arrogant Vasanti refused to marry Vararuchi because she considered herself a great scholar than him. Vararuchi II vowed to teach a lesson to Vasanti. He found a handsome cowherd in Magadha who was cutting the branch while sitting on it. He somehow managed to befool Vasanti and convinced her to marry the cowherd. After knowing the real identity of his husband, Vasanti tried to educate him. The cowherd used to worship the goddess of Kali every day with flowers. Gradually, he became a learned man and came to be known as Kalidasa.Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism
Languages of India and abroad
Vararuci (वररुचि).—Name of a poet and grammarian (one of the 'nine gems' at the court of king Vikrama; see navaratna; he is identified by some with Kātyāyana, the celebrated author of the Vārtikas on Pāṇini's Sūtras).
Derivable forms: vararuciḥ (वररुचिः).
Vararuci is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vara and ruci (रुचि).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 4 books and stories containing Vararuci or Vara-ruci. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Chapter V < [Book I - Kathāpīṭha]
Chapter II < [Book I - Kathāpīṭha]
Note on the Paiśāchī language < [Notes]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 8 - Description of the Solar Race (Ādityavaṃśa or Sūryavaṃśa) < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)