Pavana, aka: Pavanā, Pāvana; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pavana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Pāvana (पावन) is another name (synonym) for Candana, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Santalum album (Indian sandalwood). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 12.6-8), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Pavanā (पवना):—Another name for Pūtanā, the Sanskrit name for one of the twenty-four goddesses of the Sūryamaṇḍala, according to the Gorakṣa-saṃhitā and the kubjikāmata-tantra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Pāvana (पावन) or Pāvanāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Kāraṇāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Pāvana Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Kāraṇa-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana

Pavana in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

1) Pāvana (पावन).—A Viśvadeva (one of the ten sons of Viśvā) (Śloka 30, Chapter 91, Anuśāsana Parva).

2) Pāvana (पावन).—A son born to Kṛṣṇa of Mitravindā. (10th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

3) Pāvana (पावन).—A sacred place situated on the border of Kurukṣetra. If one worships the Devas and Manes at this place one would get the benefit of conducting an Aśvamedha. (Chapter 83, Vana Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Pavana (पवन).—A mountain on the west of Meru*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 27.

1b) A name of Vāyu;1 in Indraś host, with Ankuśa for his weapon.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 3. 14; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 21. 16.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 148. 83.

1c) A son of Uttama Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 23.

1d) A son of Vasiṣṭha and Ūrjā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 41.

1e) The Pārthiva Agni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 10.

2) Pavanā (पवना).—A tribe.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 73. 108.

3a) Pāvana (पावन).—A son of Kṛṣṇa and Mitravindā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 16.

3b) A son of Dyutimān and king of Pāvana deśa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 22, 25.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Pāvana (पावन, “cleanser”):—Another name for Vāyu, a Vedic deity representing the cosmic life breath (the universal spirit).

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Pavana is one of the Lokapalas, the guardians of the cardinal directions.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Pavana (पवन).—One of the five types of retentions (dhāraṇā) of saṃsthānavicaya (contemplation of objects of structure of the universe);—What is air (pavana) retention? After the fire retention, contemplate that of air his surrounded the body. The winds are blowing away the ashes of material karmas and of the nokarma (body particles). Then it settles down. This is called air retention.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Pavana in Pali glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

pavana : (m.) the wind. (nt.) a big forest.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Pavana, 3 at Vin. II, 136 in cpd. pavan-anta refers to the end of the girdle (kāyabandhana), where it is tied into a loop or knot. Bdhgh on p. 319 (on C. V, V, 29, 2) expls it by pās’anta. (Page 443)

2) Pavana, 2 (nt.) (cp. Vedic pravaṇa; not with Müller, P. Gr. 24=upavana; perhaps=Lat. pronus “prone”) side of a mountain, declivity D. II, 254; M. I, 117; S. I, 26; II, 95, 105; Th. 1, 1092; J. I, 28; II, 180; VI, 513; Cp. I. 15, 101; III, 131; Miln. 91, 198 sq. , 364, 408; Vism. 345. Cp. Pavananagara SnA 583 (v. l. BB for Tumbavanagara=Vanasavhaya). Note. Kern, Toev. s. v. defends Müller’s (after Subhūti) interpretation as “wood, woodland, ” and compares BSk. pavana MVastu II. 272, 382. (Page 443)

3) Pavana, 1 (nt.) (cp. Sk. pavana & pāvana, of ) winnowing of grain Miln. 201 (read pavanena ṭṭhāyiko who earned his living by winnowing gṛain). (Page 443)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

pavana (पवन).—m (S through H). Air or wind.

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pāvaṇa (पावण).—m (pāvaṇēṃ) The person that conducts the bride to or from the house of her father or fatherin-law; a sort of paranymph. 2 n C The ceremony of bringing the bride to the house of her father-in-law. 3 R Food, sweetmeats &c. provided for the bride when she sets out from her father's house.

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pāvaṇā (पावणा).—m R W A sailor (esp. as supplied by the villages to the Surkar as part of the revenue, or as an item of sarakārī vēṭha).

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pāvaṇā (पावणा).—m W & pāvaṇēcāra m W pāvaṇā rāvaḷā &c. W Commonly pāhuṇā & pāhuṇacāra &c.

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pāvana (पावन).—a (S) Pure, clean, free from ceremonial defilement. 2 Purificatory, sanctifying, hallowing.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pavana (पवन).—m Air or wind.

--- OR ---

pāvaṇa (पावण).—n The ceremony of bringing the bride to the house of her father-in-law.

--- OR ---

pāvana (पावन).—a Pure, clean. Purificatory.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pavana (पवन).—a. Clean, pure; महतां पदपद्मजं परागं पवनानां पवनं ह्युपादिशन्ति (mahatāṃ padapadmajaṃ parāgaṃ pavanānāṃ pavanaṃ hyupādiśanti) Rām. Ch.2.3.

-naḥ [pū-lyu]

1) Air, wind; सर्पाः पिबन्ति पवनं न च दुर्बलास्ते (sarpāḥ pibanti pavanaṃ na ca durbalāste) Subhāṣ; Bg.1.31; पवनपदवी, पवनसुतः (pavanapadavī, pavanasutaḥ) &c.; The vital air, breath.

2) Name of Viṣṇu.

3) A householder's sacred fire.

4) A purifier (wind); परितो दुरितानि यः पुनीते शिव तस्मै पवनात्मने नमस्ते (parito duritāni yaḥ punīte śiva tasmai pavanātmane namaste) Ki.18.37.

5) Name of the number five (from the 5 vital airs).

-nam 1 Purification.

2) Winnowing.

3) A sieve, strainer.

4) Water.

5) A potter's kiln (m. also).

-nī A broom.

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Pāvana (पावन).—a. (- f.) [पू-णिच् ल्यु (pū-ṇic lyu)]

1) Purifying, freeing from sin, purificatory, sanctifying; पादास्तामभितो निषण्ण- हरिणा गौरीगुरोः पावनाः (pādāstāmabhito niṣaṇṇa- hariṇā gaurīguroḥ pāvanāḥ) Ś.6.17; R.15.11;19.53; यज्ञो दानं तपश्चैव पावनानि मनीषिणाम् (yajño dānaṃ tapaścaiva pāvanāni manīṣiṇām) Bg.18.5; Ms.2.26; Y.3.37.

2) Sacred, holy, pure, purified; तपोवनं तच्च बभूव पावनम् (tapovanaṃ tacca babhūva pāvanam) Ku.5.17.

3) One living on wind (a Sādhu); कुतः क्षीरं वनस्थानां मुनीनां गिरिवासिनाम् । पावनानां वनाशानां वनाश्रम- निवासिनाम् (kutaḥ kṣīraṃ vanasthānāṃ munīnāṃ girivāsinām | pāvanānāṃ vanāśānāṃ vanāśrama- nivāsinām) || Mb.13.14.124.

-naḥ 1 Fire.

2) Incense.

3) A kind of demi-god of Siddha.

4) Name of the poet Vyāsa.

5) Name of Viṣṇu.

-nam 1 Purifying, purification; विष्णोर्भूतानि लोकानां पावनाय चरन्ति हि (viṣṇorbhūtāni lokānāṃ pāvanāya caranti hi) Bhāg.11.2.28; पदनखनीरजनितजनपावन (padanakhanīrajanitajanapāvana) Gīt.1; Mv.1.26; Ms.11.85.

2) Penance.

3) Water.

4) Cow-dung.

5) A sectarial mark.

6) Any means of purification; उत्पत्तिपरिपूतायाः किमस्याः पावनान्तरैः (utpattiparipūtāyāḥ kimasyāḥ pāvanāntaraiḥ) U.1.13.

7) Atonement, expiation.

8) Incense (sihṇaka).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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