Pavana, Pavanā, Pāvana: 43 definitions

Introduction:

Pavana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pavna.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Pavanā (पवना):—Another name for Pūtanā, the Sanskrit name for one of the twenty-four goddesses of the Sūryamaṇḍala, according to the Gorakṣa-saṃhitā and the kubjikāmata-tantra.

Source: archive.org: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama

Pāvana (पावन) refers to “purification” or “baking” which is prescribed as one of the operations/ preliminary ceremonies related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Pāvana is mentioned in the Pūrvakāraṇa-āgama (chapter 22).

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Pāvana (पावन) or Pāvanāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Kāraṇāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Pāvana Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Kāraṇa-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)

Pavana (पवन) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Vāyuvegā Devī they preside over Prayāga: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22). Their weapon is the dhvaja and their abode is the udumbara-tree. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Pavana (पवन) refers to “rheumatism” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning pavana] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Pavana (पवन) is another name for (the yellow variety of) Mārkava, a medicinal plant identified with Wedelia calendulacea Less. which is a synonym of Sphagneticola calendulacea from the Asteraceae or “aster” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.138-141 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Pavana and Mārkava, there are a total of twenty  Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Pāvana (पावन) is another name (synonym) for Candana, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Santalum album (Indian sandalwood). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 12.6-8), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Pāvana (पावन).—A Viśvadeva (one of the ten sons of Viśvā) (Śloka 30, Chapter 91, Anuśāsana Parva).

2) Pāvana (पावन).—A son born to Kṛṣṇa of Mitravindā. (10th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

3) Pāvana (पावन).—A sacred place situated on the border of Kurukṣetra. If one worships the Devas and Manes at this place one would get the benefit of conducting an Aśvamedha. (Chapter 83, Vana Parva).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Pavana (पवन) or Vāta refers to the “gusts of wind”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Sitā said to Śiva:—“[...] the most unbearable season of the advent of clouds (ghanāgama or jaladāgama) has arrived with clusters of clouds of diverse hues, and their music reverberating in the sky and the various quarters. [...] O Śiva, tossed about by the gusts of wind (pavana) the clouds do not remain steady in any place, they rumble and appear as if they would fall on the heads of the people”.

2) Pāvana (पावन) refers to “sanctifying (and life-giving) agents” (such as the waters, etc.), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.2 (“The Prayer of the gods).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Śiva: “[...] Among the sense-organs you are the mind; among the charitable gifts you are the gift of freedom from fear; among the sanctifying and life-giving agents (pāvana) you are considered the waters [pāvanānāṃ jalaṃ cāsi jīvanānāṃ tathāmṛtam]. Among all acquisitions you are the acquisition of sons; among those with velocity you are the wind; among the routine sacred rites you are the Sandhyā worship. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pavana (पवन).—A mountain on the west of Meru*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 27.

1b) A name of Vāyu;1 in Indraś host, with Ankuśa for his weapon.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 3. 14; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 21. 16.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 148. 83.

1c) A son of Uttama Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 23.

1d) A son of Vasiṣṭha and Ūrjā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 41.

1e) The Pārthiva Agni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 10.

2) Pavanā (पवना).—A tribe.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 73. 108.

3a) Pāvana (पावन).—A son of Kṛṣṇa and Mitravindā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 16.

3b) A son of Dyutimān and king of Pāvana deśa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 22, 25.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Pavana (पवन) refers to the “winds”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “A true Astrologer is also one who has thoroughly mastered the Science of Saṃhitā. [...] It treats of the prediction of immediate rain from surrounding phenomena; [...] of the winds [i.e., pavana]; of meteoric falls; of false fires; of earthquakes; of the red sky immediately before sunrise and after sunset; of the fanciful shapes of clouds; of dust storms; of thunderbolts; of the price of food grains; of gardening; [...]”.

2) Pāvana (पावन) refers to “one who purifies”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2).—Accordingly, “[...] That Brāhmin Jyotiṣaka who has mastered both the text and the purpose of the entire science deserves to be respected and fed first on occasions of Śrāddha and he purifies the party of diners [i.e., paṅkti-pāvana]. Even the Mlecchas and the Yavanas (Greeks) who have well-studied the science are respected as Ṛṣis. Such being the case, if the Jyotiṣaka should happen to be a Brāhmin, who will deny him respect?”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Pavana (पवन) refers to the “wind”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 8.3-4.—Accordingly: “Having experienced his great consecration with water gathered by Vasiṣṭha, the earth seemed to express her contentment with clear sighs. When the ritual had been performed for him by the guru who knew the Atharvaveda, he became unassailable by his enemies, for when Brahman is united with the power of weapons it is a union of wind and fire (pavana-agni-samāgama)”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Pavana (पवन) represents the number 5 (five) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 5—pavana] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pavana (पवन) refers to the “air”, according to Mukunda’s Saṃvartārthaprakāśa.—Accordingly, [while describing the three currents of teachers]: “(1) Divyaugha: One should think of the essential nature of the teachers belonging to the Divine Current as the quality of sattva, as the worlds of the Sun and Fire etc. and as possessing the nature of deity. (2) Mānavaugha: One should contemplate the essential nature of the teachers belonging to the Current of Men as the quality of rajas, as the Moon and Water etc and as possessing a human nature. (3) Siddhaugha: One should recollect the essential nature of the teachers belonging to the Current of Siddhas as the quality of tamas, as darkness, Space and the Air (pavana) etc. and possessing a supernatural being’s nature”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

1) Pavana (पवन) refers to the “breath”, according to the Yogabīja 150cd-151.—Accordingly: “Then, O goddess, when the union [of the individual self with the supreme self] has been accomplished, the mind dissolves. The breath (pavana) becomes steady upon the arising of union in absorption (i.e., Layayoga). Because of the absorption, [transcendental] happiness, the highest state, whose bliss is of one's own self, is obtained”.

2) Pāvana (पावन) refers to “purification”, according to Śivānanda’s Yogacintāmaṇi p. 57.—Accordingly, while discussing how women can benefit from yoga: “For the purification of Brahmins, Kṣatriyas, Vaiśyas [i.e., Viś], women and Śūdras; for the cessation of actions and for liberation, there is nothing better than Yoga”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Pavana (पवन) is associated with Vāyu, whose iconography is described in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—According to the Śabdakalpadruma, Vāyu is the lord of the north western side of the globe. [...] According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the image of Pavana is also made along with the image of Vāyu. The image of Pavana should be made as like Pavana holds the edge of the attire of Vāyu. The Śilparatna does not talk about the wife of Vāyu as well as of Pavana.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pancaratra (Samhita list)

1) Pāvana (पावन) is the name of an ancient Pāñcarātra Saṃhitā mentioned in the Kapiñjalasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra work consisting of 1550 verses dealing with a variety of topics such as worship in a temple, choosing an Ācārya, architecture, town-planning and iconography.—For the list of works, see chapter 1, verses 14b-27. The list [including Pāvana-saṃhitā] was said to have comprised “108” titles, these, different saṃhitās named after different manifestations of the Lord or different teachers. They are all said to be authoritative as the ultimate promulgator of all these is the same Nārāyaṇa.

2) Pavana (पवन) is the name of an ancient Pāñcarātra Saṃhitā mentioned in the Kapiñjalasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra work consisting of 1550 verses dealing with a variety of topics such as worship in a temple, choosing an Ācārya, architecture, town-planning and iconography.—For the list of works, see chapter 1, verses 14b-27. The list [including Pavana-saṃhitā] was said to have comprised “108” titles, these, different saṃhitās named after different manifestations of the Lord or different teachers. They are all said to be authoritative as the ultimate promulgator of all these is the same Nārāyaṇa.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Pāvana (पावन, “cleanser”):—Another name for Vāyu, a Vedic deity representing the cosmic life breath (the universal spirit).

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Pavana is one of the Lokapalas, the guardians of the cardinal directions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Pavana (पवन) or Pavanañjaya is the son of Ketumatī and Prahlāda (King of Ādityapura), according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [Rāvaṇa’s expedition of conquest] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “Now, here on Mount Vaitāḍhya in the town Ādityapura there was a king, named Prahlāda, and his wife, Ketumatī. They had a son, Pavanañjaya, victorious like the wind because of his strength and manner of moving through the air. [...] One day the minister showed Mahendra (king of similarly-named city) the portrait of Vidyutprabha, the son of the Vidyādhara-lord, Hiraṇyābha, and his wife, Sumanas, and the handsome portrait of Pavanañjaya, the son of Prahlāda. [...]”;

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Pavana (पवन).—One of the five types of retentions (dhāraṇā) of saṃsthānavicaya (contemplation of objects of structure of the universe);—What is air (pavana) retention? After the fire retention, contemplate that of air his surrounded the body. The winds are blowing away the ashes of material karmas and of the nokarma (body particles). Then it settles down. This is called air retention.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Pavana (पवन) refers to “air”, according to the Yaśastilaka Campū verse 2.123-214.—Accordingly, “Never imagine that thou art composed of the body, because the body is utterly different from thee. Thou art all consciousness, an abode of virtue and bliss; whereas the body, because it is inert, is an unconscious mass (gatadhī-kāyajaḍatayā gatadhīnikāyaḥ). The body exists and grows so long as thou art in existence. When thou art dead, it disappears in the form of earth, air and the like [i.e., pavanabhūpavanādirūpaiḥ]. Composed of the elements it is devoid of feelings such as joy, like a corpse. Hence the blissful self is surely different from the body.

Synonyms: Vāyu.

2) Pavana (पवन) refers to the “breath”, according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “Being frightened by the deceit of the breath (pavana-vyājapavanavyājena bhītā satī), the living embryo of men that is taken hold of by the fanged enemy that is destruction goes out like a young doe in the forest. O shameless one, if you are not able to protect this wretched [embryo] which is obtained gradually [by death] then you are not ashamed to delight in pleasures in this life”.

Synonyms: Śvāsocchvāsa.

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Pavana (पवन) is the son of Prahlāda, according to the “Añjanā-māhāsatī ro rāsa” (dealing with the lives of Jain female heroes), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—Accordingly, “Añjanā, the daughter of King Mahendra, was married to Pavana, son of Prahlāda. A conversation he had overheard before marriage persuaded him that Añjanā was attracted by another young man, whom her parents had vaguely considered as a possible match. He was no longer keen to marry her but finally got convinced to do so. However, he refused to come to her and did not consummate the marriage. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pavana.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘nine’. Note: pavana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Pavana in India is the name of a plant defined with Altingia excelsa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Liquidambar altingiana Blume.

2) Pavana is also identified with Elaeocarpus angustifolius It has the synonym Ganitrus sphaericus Gaertn.) (Ganitrus Gaertner, from the Malayan/Indonesian name. (etc.).

3) Pavana is also identified with Saussurea costus It has the synonym Aucklandia lappa Decne. (etc.).

4) Pavana is also identified with Sphagneticola calendulacea It has the synonym Solidago chinensis Osbeck (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Novon (1996)
· Enumeratio Systematica Plantarum (1760)
· Annals and Magazine of Natural History (1841)
· Synopsis Plantarum (1807)
· CIS Chromosome Inform. Serv. (1993)
· Systematic Botany Monographs (1991)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Pavana, for example side effects, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pavana : (m.) the wind. (nt.) a big forest.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Pavana, 3 at Vin. II, 136 in cpd. pavan-anta refers to the end of the girdle (kāyabandhana), where it is tied into a loop or knot. Bdhgh on p. 319 (on C. V, V, 29, 2) explains it by pās’anta. (Page 443)

2) Pavana, 2 (nt.) (cp. Vedic pravaṇa; not with Müller, P. Gr. 24=upavana; perhaps=Lat. pronus “prone”) side of a mountain, declivity D. II, 254; M. I, 117; S. I, 26; II, 95, 105; Th. 1, 1092; J. I, 28; II, 180; VI, 513; Cp. I. 15, 101; III, 131; Miln. 91, 198 sq. , 364, 408; Vism. 345. Cp. Pavananagara SnA 583 (v. l. BB for Tumbavanagara=Vanasavhaya). Note. Kern, Toev. s. v. defends Müller’s (after Subhūti) interpretation as “wood, woodland, ” and compares BSk. pavana MVastu II. 272, 382. (Page 443)

3) Pavana, 1 (nt.) (cp. Sk. pavana & pāvana, of ) winnowing of grain Miln. 201 (read pavanena ṭṭhāyiko who earned his living by winnowing gṛain). (Page 443)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pavana (पवन).—m (S through H). Air or wind.

--- OR ---

pāvaṇa (पावण).—m (pāvaṇēṃ) The person that conducts the bride to or from the house of her father or fatherin-law; a sort of paranymph. 2 n C The ceremony of bringing the bride to the house of her father-in-law. 3 R Food, sweetmeats &c. provided for the bride when she sets out from her father's house.

--- OR ---

pāvaṇā (पावणा).—m R W A sailor (esp. as supplied by the villages to the Surkar as part of the revenue, or as an item of sarakārī vēṭha).

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pāvaṇā (पावणा).—m W & pāvaṇēcāra m W pāvaṇā rāvaḷā &c. W Commonly pāhuṇā & pāhuṇacāra &c.

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pāvana (पावन).—a (S) Pure, clean, free from ceremonial defilement. 2 Purificatory, sanctifying, hallowing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pavana (पवन).—m Air or wind.

--- OR ---

pāvaṇa (पावण).—n The ceremony of bringing the bride to the house of her father-in-law.

--- OR ---

pāvana (पावन).—a Pure, clean. Purificatory.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pavana (पवन).—a. Clean, pure; महतां पदपद्मजं परागं पवनानां पवनं ह्युपादिशन्ति (mahatāṃ padapadmajaṃ parāgaṃ pavanānāṃ pavanaṃ hyupādiśanti) Rām. Ch.2.3.

-naḥ [pū-lyu]

1) Air, wind; सर्पाः पिबन्ति पवनं न च दुर्बलास्ते (sarpāḥ pibanti pavanaṃ na ca durbalāste) Subhāṣ; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.31; पवनपदवी, पवनसुतः (pavanapadavī, pavanasutaḥ) &c.; The vital air, breath.

2) Name of Viṣṇu.

3) A householder's sacred fire.

4) A purifier (wind); परितो दुरितानि यः पुनीते शिव तस्मै पवनात्मने नमस्ते (parito duritāni yaḥ punīte śiva tasmai pavanātmane namaste) Kirātārjunīya 18.37.

5) Name of the number five (from the 5 vital airs).

-nam 1 Purification.

2) Winnowing.

3) A sieve, strainer.

4) Water.

5) A potter's kiln (m. also).

-nī A broom.

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Pāvana (पावन).—a. (- f.) [पू-णिच् ल्यु (pū-ṇic lyu)]

1) Purifying, freeing from sin, purificatory, sanctifying; पादास्तामभितो निषण्ण- हरिणा गौरीगुरोः पावनाः (pādāstāmabhito niṣaṇṇa- hariṇā gaurīguroḥ pāvanāḥ) Ś.6.17; R.15.11;19.53; यज्ञो दानं तपश्चैव पावनानि मनीषिणाम् (yajño dānaṃ tapaścaiva pāvanāni manīṣiṇām) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 18.5; Manusmṛti 2.26; Y.3.37.

2) Sacred, holy, pure, purified; तपोवनं तच्च बभूव पावनम् (tapovanaṃ tacca babhūva pāvanam) Kumārasambhava 5.17.

3) One living on wind (a Sādhu); कुतः क्षीरं वनस्थानां मुनीनां गिरिवासिनाम् । पावनानां वनाशानां वनाश्रम- निवासिनाम् (kutaḥ kṣīraṃ vanasthānāṃ munīnāṃ girivāsinām | pāvanānāṃ vanāśānāṃ vanāśrama- nivāsinām) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.14.124.

-naḥ 1 Fire.

2) Incense.

3) A kind of demi-god of Siddha.

4) Name of the poet Vyāsa.

5) Name of Viṣṇu.

-nam 1 Purifying, purification; विष्णोर्भूतानि लोकानां पावनाय चरन्ति हि (viṣṇorbhūtāni lokānāṃ pāvanāya caranti hi) Bhāgavata 11.2.28; पदनखनीरजनितजनपावन (padanakhanīrajanitajanapāvana) Gītagovinda 1; Mv.1.26; Manusmṛti 11.85.

2) Penance.

3) Water.

4) Cow-dung.

5) A sectarial mark.

6) Any means of purification; उत्पत्तिपरिपूतायाः किमस्याः पावनान्तरैः (utpattiparipūtāyāḥ kimasyāḥ pāvanāntaraiḥ) Uttararāmacarita 1.13.

7) Atonement, expiation.

8) Incense (sihṇaka).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pavana (पवन).—(nt. ? = Pali id.), wood, forest; so Pali comms. regularly, compare Majjhimanikāya (Pali) i.117.23 araññe pavane (clearly near- synonym of arañña), commentary ii.85.2 vanasaṇḍe; Dīghanikāya (Pali) commentary ii.680.14—15 (on Dīghanikāya (Pali) ii.254.6) pavanaṃ vuccati vanasaṇḍo; use of the word in Pali and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] clearly refers to life in the wilds, contrasting with life in society; Tibetan on Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 13.2 nags tshal, wood; [etymology] of the word not certain, but unlikely to be connected with Sanskrit pravaṇa ([Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]; others = upavana, see [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]): pavane vasanti Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 11.13 (Nepalese mss. ya vane); 13.2 (Nepalese mss. hi vane); ekāntasthāyī pavane (Nepalese mss. ha vane) vasāmi 90.1; °ne vaseyaṃ Lalitavistara 393.2 (v.l. upavane, unmetrical(ly)); viharatha pavane udagracittā Mahāvastu ii.361.18; pavanaṃ vrajitvā Mahāvastu ii.382.14, going into the forest. All these verses, but in Pali also in prose.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pavana (पवन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Pure, clean. m.

(-naḥ) 1. Air, wind, physical or personified, as a deity. 2. Winnowing grain. 3. The domestic fire. n.

(-naṃ) 1. A potter’s kiln. 2. Water. 3. Purifying, purification. E. to be or make pure, aff. lyuṭ or yuc.

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Pāvana (पावन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Pure, purified. 2. Purifying, expurgatory, purificatory. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Water. 2. Penace, expiation, purification by acts of austerity and devotion. 3. Cow-dung. 4. The Eleocarpus seed. 5. A kind of grass, (Costus.) m.

(-naḥ) 1. The inspired poet Vyasa. 2. Fire generally or for various ceremonial purposes. 3. Incense. 4. A Siddha. f. (-nī) 1. Yellow myrobalan. 2. A cow. 3. The Ganges, or the goddess Ganga. 4. Holy basil. E. to cleanse or purify, aff. ṇic lyu .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pavana (पवन).—i. e. pū + ana, I. m. 1. Wind, air, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 55. 2. A potter’s kiln, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 117. 3. A proper name. Ii. m. (or n.) The sacred fire.

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Pāvana (पावन).—i. e. pū + ana, I. adj., f. . 1. Purifying, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 26. 2. Pure, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 27, 17. Ii. m. 1. Fire. 2. A proper name. Iii. f. , The name of a river. Iv. n. 1. Purifying, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 85. 2. A means of purifying, 11, 177.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pavana (पवन).—[masculine] wind (often personif.), [Name] of a man; [neuter] instrument for purifying, sieve, strainer, etc.

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Pāvana (पावन).—[feminine] ī purifying or purified, pure, holy; [neuter] the act or a means of purifying.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pavana (पवन):—[from pava] m. ‘purifier’, wind or the god of wind, breeze, air (ifc. f(ā). ), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] vital air, breath, [Suśruta; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

3) [v.s. ...] the regent of the Nakṣatra Svāti and the north-west region, [Varāha-mihira]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of the number 5 (from the 5 vital airs), [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] a householder’s sacred fire, [Hārīta]

6) [v.s. ...] a species of grass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Manu Uttama, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] of a country in Bharata-kṣetra, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) [from pava] n. or m. purification, winnowing of corn, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] n. a potter’s kiln, [Śṛṅgāra-tilaka]

12) [v.s. ...] an instrument for purifying grain etc., sieve, strainer, [Atharva-veda; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

13) [v.s. ...] blowing, [Kaṇāda’s Vaiśeṣika-sūtra]

14) [v.s. ...] water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] mfn. clean, pure, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) Pāvana (पावन):—[from pāva] mf(ī)n. purifying, purificatory

17) [v.s. ...] pure, holy, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

18) [v.s. ...] living on wind, [Nīlakaṇṭha]

19) [v.s. ...] m. a [particular] fire, [Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti on Manu-smṛti iii, 185]

20) [v.s. ...] fire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) [v.s. ...] incense, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] a species of Verbesina with yellow flowers, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) [v.s. ...] a Siddha (sub voce), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) [v.s. ...] Name of Vyāsa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) [v.s. ...] of one of the Viśve Devāḥ, [Mahābhārata]

26) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kṛṣṇa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

27) [from pāva] n. the act or a means of cleansing or purifying, purification, sanctification, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

28) [v.s. ...] penance, atonement, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

29) [v.s. ...] water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

30) [v.s. ...] cow-dung, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

31) [v.s. ...] the seed of Elaeocarpus Ganitrus (of which rosaries are made), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

32) [v.s. ...] Costus Speciosus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

33) [v.s. ...] a sectarial mark, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

34) [v.s. ...] = adhyāsa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pavana (पवन):—(naḥ) 1. m. Air, wind; winnowing grain; domestic fire. n. Potter’s kiln; water; purification; watch. a. Pure, clean.

2) Pāvana (पावन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Pure, purifying. n. Water; penance; cow dung; a seed; a grass. m. Vyāsa; fire; incense. f. () Yellow myrobalan; a cow; Ganges; holy basil.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pavana (पवन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pavaṇa, Pāvaṇa, Puṇaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pavana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Pavana (पवन) [Also spelled pavan]:—(nm) air, breeze; wind; —[cakkī] a wind-mill; —[saṃghāta] a jet blast of wind.

2) Pāvana (पावन) [Also spelled pavan]:—(a) holy, sacred; immaculate; pure; a suffix denoting one who or that which purifies (as [patitapāvana]); ~[] holiness, sanctity; immaculation; purification, purity.

3) Pāvanā (पावना) [Also spelled pavna]:—(nm) money due to be realised (as [denā]-); (a) due.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Pavaṇa (पवण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Pravaṇa.

2) Pavaṇa (पवण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Plavana.

3) Pavaṇa (पवण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pavana.

4) Pāvaṇa (पावण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pāvana.

5) Pāvaṇa (पावण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Plāvana.

6) Pāvaṇa (पावण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Prāpaṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pavaṇa (ಪವಣ):—[noun] = ಪವಣು [pavanu].

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Pavana (ಪವನ):—

1) [noun] the act of winnowing, fanning grain to separate chaffs, using the gentle wind.

2) [noun] air; wind.

3) [noun] air taken breathed in and out.

4) [noun] (myth.) Maruta, the Wind-God.

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Pāvana (ಪಾವನ):—

1) [adjective] religiously, spiritually perfect or pure; sacred; ceremonially clean; holy.

2) [adjective] having or characterised by, moral virtue; righteous; virtuous; sinless.

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Pāvana (ಪಾವನ):—

1) [noun] a man who is morally, spiritually noble and pure.

2) [noun] that which is religiously, spiritually pure; a holy thing.

3) [noun] he who makes something become religiously or spiritually pure.

4) [noun] fire.

5) [noun] anything that is used in this process of purification.

6) [noun] the practice of regorous self-descipline and self-denial in order to achieve some religious goal or to attain pure knowledge.

7) [noun] (pros.) a verse having three syllables in each metrical foot.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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