Ishta, aka: Iṣṭa; 6 Definition(s)


Ishta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Iṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Ista or Ishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Iṣṭa (इष्ट, “desired”) refers to a “favourable mind”, and is one of the three aspects of the mind (manas), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “everything favourable (iṣṭa) should be represented by the happy movement of limbs, horripilation and the opening of the mouth. In case of a favourable sound, form, touch, smell or taste, one should show a happy face by concentrating the senses concerned in mind”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Iṣṭa (इष्ट).—1. Given, desired or chosen at pleasure. 2. iṣṭagraha i.e., desired or given planet. Note: Iṣṭa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

iṣṭa (इष्ट).—(S) Wished or desired: loved or liked: approved, preferred, cherished. 2 Favorable or auspicious--an aspect, a conjunction &c. 3 In arithmetic. Assumed or supposed. Ex. of comp. iṣṭakāḷa, iṣṭaghaṭī or ghaṭikā, iṣṭamuhūrtta, iṣṭarāśi.

--- OR ---

iṣṭa (इष्ट).—m (S) A friend. 2 n f S An act of sacrifice or oblation; any essential ceremony, as ablution, investiture &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

iṣṭa (इष्ट).—m A friend. a Desired; favourable; assumed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Iṣṭa (इष्ट).—p. p. [iṣ icchāyāṃ karmaṇi kta]

1) Wished, desired, longed for, wished for; उपपन्नो गुणैरिष्टैः (upapanno guṇairiṣṭaiḥ) Nala.1.1.

2) Beloved, agreeable, liked, favourite, dear; °आत्मजः (ātmajaḥ) Mu.2.8 fond of sons.

3) Worshipped, reverenced.

4) Respected.

5) Approved, regarded as good.

6) Desirable; see इष्टापूर्त (iṣṭāpūrta).

6) Valid.

7) Sacrificed, worshipped with sacrifices.

8) Supposed (kalpita); oft. used in Līlavatī.

-ṣṭaḥ 1 A lover, husband, beloved person; इष्टप्रवासजनितानि (iṣṭapravāsajanitāni) Ś.4.3.

2) A friend; इष्टानामिष्ट- कर्मकृत (iṣṭānāmiṣṭa- karmakṛta) Pt.1.57;2.172.

3) Name of a tree (eraṃḍa).

4) Name of Viṣṇu.

5) A sacrifice.

-ṣṭā Name of a tree (śamī).

-ṣṭam 1 Wish, desire.

2) A holy ceremony or संस्कार (saṃskāra). एतदिष्टं प्रवृत्ताख्यम् (etadiṣṭaṃ pravṛttākhyam) Bhāg.7.15.49.

3) A sacrifice; Bṛ. Up.4.1.2; see इष्टापूर्त (iṣṭāpūrta). ind. Voluntarily.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 60 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Iṣṭadeva (इष्टदेव).—a favourite god, one's tutelary deity. Derivable forms: iṣṭadevaḥ (इष्टदेवः...
Iṣṭāpatti (इष्टापत्ति).—f. occurrence of what is desired; a statement by a debater which is fav...
Sureṣṭa (सुरेष्ट) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, a...
Yatheṣṭa (यथेष्ट).—a. according to wish or desire, agreeably to one's desire, as much as desire...
Bhramareṣṭa (भ्रमरेष्ट).—the tree called श्योनाक (śyonāka). Derivable forms: bhramareṣṭaḥ (भ्रम...
Saikateṣṭa (सैकतेष्ट).—ginger.Derivable forms: saikateṣṭam (सैकतेष्टम्).Saikateṣṭa is a Sanskri...
Janeṣṭā (जनेष्टा) is another name for Jantukā, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Ferul...
Iṣṭārtha (इष्टार्थ).—desired object. °उद्युक्त (udyukta) a. zealously engaged in gaining one's ...
Tāpaseṣṭā (तापसेष्टा).—a grape. Tāpaseṣṭā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tāpasa...
Iṣṭakarman (इष्टकर्मन्).—n. (In Arith.) rule of supposition, operation with an assumed number. ...
Iṣṭabhāgin (इष्टभागिन्).—a. One who has attained his object; अपूजयन्राघवमिष्टभागिनम् (apūjayanr...
Sviṣṭa (स्विष्ट).—a. Much desired or loved.--- OR --- Sviṣṭa (स्विष्ट).—a. properly sacrificed;...
Yogeṣṭa (योगेष्ट).—1) tin. 2) lead. Derivable forms: yogeṣṭam (योगेष्टम्).Yogeṣṭa is a Sanskrit...
Iṣṭakāpatha (इष्टकापथ).—the root of a fragrant grass (vīraṇamūla; Mar. vāḷā). Derivable forms: ...
Hayeṣṭa (हयेष्ट).—barley Derivable forms: hayeṣṭaḥ (हयेष्टः).Hayeṣṭa is a Sanskrit compound con...

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