Ishta, Iṣṭa: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ishta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Iṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Ista or Ishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Isht.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Iṣṭa (इष्ट, “desired”) refers to a “favourable mind”, and is one of the three aspects of the mind (manas), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “everything favourable (iṣṭa) should be represented by the happy movement of limbs, horripilation and the opening of the mouth. In case of a favourable sound, form, touch, smell or taste, one should show a happy face by concentrating the senses concerned in mind”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Iṣṭa (इष्ट).—A word frequently used in the Vārttikas and the Mahābhāṣya and other treatises in the senses of (1) a desired object, (2) a desired purpose, (3) a desired statement, (4) a desired form i.e. the correct form : cf. इष्टान्वाख्यानं खल्वपि भवतिः (iṣṭānvākhyānaṃ khalvapi bhavatiḥ) M. Bh.I.1. Āhn. 1. योगविभागादिष्टसिद्धिः (yogavibhāgādiṣṭasiddhiḥ) Pari.Śek. Pari. 114.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Iṣṭa (इष्ट).—1. Given, desired or chosen at pleasure. 2. iṣṭagraha i.e., desired or given planet. Note: Iṣṭa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Iṣṭa (इष्ट) refers to the “desired boon”, mentioned as one of the objects held in the hands of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.6. Accordingly:—“[...] Directly perceiving the lord of Durgā she [viz., Sandhyā] eulogised the lord of the worlds: [...] Obeisance to Thee, the Yogin whose Saguṇa form is pure, lovely, bedecked in jewels, as white and clean as camphor and which holds in its hand the desired boon (iṣṭa), fearlessness, the trident and the scalp”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Iṣṭa (इष्ट) refers to “= iṣṭakā ? § 2.12.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Iṣṭa (इष्ट) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Iṣṭa).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

iṣṭa (इष्ट).—(S) Wished or desired: loved or liked: approved, preferred, cherished. 2 Favorable or auspicious--an aspect, a conjunction &c. 3 In arithmetic. Assumed or supposed. Ex. of comp. iṣṭakāḷa, iṣṭaghaṭī or ghaṭikā, iṣṭamuhūrtta, iṣṭarāśi.

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iṣṭa (इष्ट).—m (S) A friend. 2 n f S An act of sacrifice or oblation; any essential ceremony, as ablution, investiture &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

iṣṭa (इष्ट).—m A friend. a Desired; favourable; assumed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Iṣṭa (इष्ट).—p. p. [iṣ icchāyāṃ karmaṇi kta]

1) Wished, desired, longed for, wished for; उपपन्नो गुणैरिष्टैः (upapanno guṇairiṣṭaiḥ) Nala.1.1.

2) Beloved, agreeable, liked, favourite, dear; °आत्मजः (ātmajaḥ) Mu.2.8 fond of sons.

3) Worshipped, reverenced.

4) Respected.

5) Approved, regarded as good.

6) Desirable; see इष्टापूर्त (iṣṭāpūrta).

6) Valid.

7) Sacrificed, worshipped with sacrifices.

8) Supposed (kalpita); oft. used in Līlavatī.

-ṣṭaḥ 1 A lover, husband, beloved person; इष्टप्रवासजनितानि (iṣṭapravāsajanitāni) Ś.4.3.

2) A friend; इष्टानामिष्ट- कर्मकृत (iṣṭānāmiṣṭa- karmakṛta) Pt.1.57;2.172.

3) Name of a tree (eraṃḍa).

4) Name of Viṣṇu.

5) A sacrifice.

-ṣṭā Name of a tree (śamī).

-ṣṭam 1 Wish, desire.

2) A holy ceremony or संस्कार (saṃskāra). एतदिष्टं प्रवृत्ताख्यम् (etadiṣṭaṃ pravṛttākhyam) Bhāg.7.15.49.

3) A sacrifice; Bṛ. Up.4.1.2; see इष्टापूर्त (iṣṭāpūrta). ind. Voluntarily.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Iṣṭā (इष्टा).—(compare AMg. iṭṭā, with non-aspirate, beside iṭṭayā = Sanskrit iṣṭakā), brick: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 50.9 (verse) iṣṭā-mayā (ed. em. °yān)…stūpān. Perhaps loss of suffixal ka m.c.; § 22.24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭa (इष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Wished, desired. 2. Cherished, beloved. 3. Worshipped, reverenced, respected. m.

(-ṣṭaḥ) 1. A lover, a husband. 2. The Castor-oil tree. n.

(-ṣṭaṃ) 1. An act of sacrifice, an oblation, &c. 2. An essential ceremony, as ablution, investiture, &c. ind. (-ṣṭam) Voluntarily. E. iṣ to desire, or iṣ substituted for yaj to sacrifice, and kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭa (इष्ट).—1. [adjective] sought, wished for, desired, liked, pleasant, dear; auspicious, happy; approved, settled, valid. [masculine] favourite, lover, husband; [neuter] wish, desire.

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Iṣṭa (इष्ट).—2. [adjective] sacrificed; [masculine] [neuter] sacrifice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Iṣṭa (इष्ट):—[from iṣ] 1. iṣṭa mfn. (for 2. See sub voce), sought, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] wished, desired

3) [v.s. ...] liked, beloved

4) [v.s. ...] agreeable

5) [v.s. ...] cherished, [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Pañcatantra; Śakuntalā] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] reverenced, respected

7) [v.s. ...] regarded as good, approved, [Manu-smṛti; Sāṃkhyakārikā]

8) [v.s. ...] valid

9) [v.s. ...] m. a lover, a husband, [Śakuntalā 83 c]

10) [v.s. ...] the plant Ricinus Communis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Iṣṭā (इष्टा):—[from iṣṭa > iṣ] f. Name of a plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Iṣṭa (इष्ट):—[from iṣ] n. wish, desire, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa]

13) 2. iṣṭa mfn. ([past participle] [from] √yaj; for 1. iṣṭa See [column]2) sacrificed, worshipped with sacrifices, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] etc.

14) m. sacrifice, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa xiii, 15]

15) n. sacrificing, sacrifice

16) sacred rite, sacrament, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭa (इष्ट):—[(ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) a.] Wished. m. Castor-oil tree; a lover. n. A sacrifice. adv. Voluntarily.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Iṣṭa (इष्ट):—

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Iṣṭa (इष्ट):—2. (von yaj)

1) adj. a) geopfert: ameṣṭa [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 10, 20.] kevalena naḥ paśu neṣṭamasat [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 8. 5, 28.] prathame prayāja iṣṭe [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 5, 4, 12.] iṣṭasviṣṭakṛt [4, 3, 5, 7.] mayā ceṣṭaṃ kratuśatam [Viśvāmitra’s Kampf 8, 18.] yajñairbahuvidhairiṣṭam 20. — b) mit Opfern verehrt: yā iṣṭā uṣaso yā aniṣṭāḥ [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 2, 5]; vgl. [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 25, 10, 22.] —

2) m. Opfer [Medinīkoṣa ṭ. 2.] —

3) n. a) das Opfern [Amarakoṣa 2, 7, 27.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 834.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 80.] [Medinīkoṣa] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 8, 5, 1.] Diese Bedeutung geben die Erklärer dem Worte, wenn es in Verbindung mit pūrta erscheint; vgl. oben u. 1. iṣṭa 4. und iṣṭāpūrta . — b) heilige Handlung, Sacrament (saṃskāra) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — c) = yoga [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — Vgl. 2. aniṣṭa .

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Iṣṭa (इष्ट):—1.

1) b) [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 1, 22.] neben aniṣṭa unter den [10] Arten von Tönen [Mahābhārata 14, 1419.] iṣṭārtha adj. das gewünschte Ziel erreichend [Mahābhārata 13, 7606.] von Vorzeichen und Erscheinungen = śubha günstig [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 43, 61. 50, 4. 53, 91. 93, 4]; vgl. neṣṭa . [Z. 7] streiche [16, 28.] —

4) pūrtamiṣṭam [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 15, 29.] hiṃsraṃ dravyamayaṃ kāmyamagnihotrādyaśāntidam . darśaśca paurṇamāsaśca cāturmāsyaṃ paśuḥ sutaḥ .. etadiṣṭaṃ pravṛttākhyaṃ hutaṃ prahutameva ca . pūrtaṃ surālayārāmakūpājīvyādilakṣaṇam .. [48 fg.] also Opfer aller Art (vgl. 2. iṣṭa) . Vgl. noch tasmādiṣṭaśca pūrtaśca dharmau dvāvapi naśyataḥ [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 13, 15.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Iṣṭa (इष्ट):—1. —

1) Adj. — a) gesucht. — b) erwünscht , gewünscht , gern gesehen , beliebt , genehm , lieb. tara und tama lieber als (Instr.) tama mit einem passivisch aufzufassenden Inf. [224,32.] — c) gütig , faustus. Tag [49,14.] — d) für gut erachtet , angenommen , Geltung habend , erachtet für (Nom.) [252,23.] tama für den besten erachtet.

2) *Ricinus communis.

3) *f. ā Mimosa_Suma Roxb [Rājan 8,33.] —

4) n. Wunsch , Verlangen [96,2.116,6.]

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Iṣṭa (इष्ट):—2. —

1) Adj. geopfert.

2) m. Opfer [Mārkaṇḍeyapurāṇa 13,15.] (vielleicht iṣṭañca pūrtañca zu lesen). —

3) n. — a) das Opfern , Opfer [329,7] (Pl.). — b) * = saṃskāra. — c) * = yoga.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Iṣṭa (इष्ट) [Also spelled isht]:—(a) adored; favoured, favourite; ~[tama] optimum; •[āyu] optimum age; ~[deva] a household diety; -[siddhi] expediency.

context information

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