Homa; 11 Definition(s)


Homa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Homa (होम).—A king belonging to the dynasty of Bharata. He was the son of Kṛśadratha and father of Sutapas. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Homa (होम).—A Sukha god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 19.

1b) A mukhya gaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 18.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Homa (होम) refers to a sacrifice performed by the sthapati (master builder) during the ritual of “opening of the eyes”, according to Mānasāra chapter 70.—The sthapati next performs homa, sacrifice of the consecrated fire (reminiscent of the ancient Vedic fire-sacrifice), before bhuvanādhipati in the kuṇḍa, fire-pit. Rice, boiled and fried, c1arified butter, and the samid plant are offered 108 times as holocaust. Pure water is offered twenty-five times, while incanting the formula of the hṛllekhabīja, “seed-syllable that is furrowed in the heart”. This formula is constituted by the praṇava (syllable aum) at the beginning, the seed-syllable, and svāhaḥ at the end. He conc1udes the fire-sacrifice by chanting the gāyatrīmantra.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Homa (होम) is the name of a ritual as defined in the ‘homa-vidhi’ chapter of the 9th-century Vajrāmṛtatantra or Vajrāmṛtamahātantra: one of the main and earliest Buddhist Yoginītantras. Stanzas 25 to 39 provide several details about the homa ritual (the realization of one’s deity by means of the syllable hūṃ, the meditation on this deity, the invocation of Agni, the offering of the sacred water, etc.) and the mantras that have to be recited during its performance, i.e. the mantra of the flower, the mantra of the lamp, the mantra of the incense, the mantra of the perfume, and also the mantra for the dismissal of the deity.

Source: De Gruyter: A Fragment of the Vajrāmṛtamahātantra
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Homa.—(BL; SII 3), an oblation; name of a ceremony. Note: homa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

homa : (nt.) oblation.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Homa, (m. & nt.) (fr. hu, juhati) oblation D.I, 9; DA.I, 93 (lohita°). (Page 733)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

hōma (होम).—m (S) Burnt-offering; the casting (of clarified butter, rice &c.) into the fire as an offering to the gods accompanied with prayers or invocations according to the object of the offering. v .

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hōma (होम).—m Burnt-offering.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Homa (होम).—[hu-man]

1) Offering oblations to gods by throwing ghee into the consecrated fire, (one of the five daily Yajñas, to be performed by a Brāhmaṇa, called devayajña q. v.); इष्टिर्यागः । स एवासेचनाधिको होमः (iṣṭiryāgaḥ | sa evāsecanādhiko homaḥ) ŚB. on MS.6.8.7.

2) A burnt offering.

3) A sacrifice; R.3.38; Mb. 12.165.26.

Derivable forms: homaḥ (होमः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 102 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Homakuṇḍa (होमकुण्ड).—The pit for making offerings during yajñas. Rules about making the pit ar...
Tilahoma (तिलहोम).—n. (-maṃ) Burnt offering of sesamum. E. tila, and homa burnt offering.
Śāntihoma (शान्तिहोम).—a sacrifice or burnt offering to avert or remove an evil; सावित्राञ्छान्...
Homaśālā (होमशाला).—a sacrificial hall or chamber.Homaśālā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of...
Homadhūma (होमधूम).—m. (-maḥ) The smoke of a burnt-offering, or of sacrificial fire. E. homa, d...
Lakṣahoma (लक्षहोम).—a particular sacrifice offered to the planets.Derivable forms: lakṣahomaḥ ...
Koṭihoma (कोटिहोम) or Koṭīhoma (कोटीहोम).—a kind of sacrificial offering.Derivable forms: koṭih...
Homadhenu (होमधेनु).—The cow, which offers milk needed for yajña.
Homadhānya (होमधान्य).—1) sesamun. 2) barley. Derivable forms: homadhānyam (होमधान्यम्).Homadhā...
Homaturaṅga (होमतुरङ्ग).—m. (-ṅgaḥ) A sacrificial horse.
Vināyaka-homa.—(EI 26), a rite; same as Gaṇeśa-homa. Note: vināyaka-homa is defined in the “Ind...
Homācārya (होमाचार्य) or Maṇḍalācārya refers to the master who celebrates the homa liturgy, as ...
Homavidhi (होमविधि) is the name of the fourth chapter of the Vajrāmṛtatantra or Vajrāmṛtamahāta...
Homakalpa (होमकल्प).—mode of sacrificing. Derivable forms: homakalpaḥ (होमकल्पः).Homakalpa is a...
Hutahoma (हुतहोम).—a Brāhmaṇa who has offered oblations to fire; आश्रमादाश्रमं ग़त्वा हुतहोमो जि...

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