Homa: 15 definitions

Introduction

Homa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Homa (होम).—A king belonging to the dynasty of Bharata. He was the son of Kṛśadratha and father of Sutapas. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Homa (होम).—A Sukha god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 19.

1b) A mukhya gaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 18.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra

Homa (होम) refers to a sacrifice performed by the sthapati (master builder) during the ritual of “opening of the eyes”, according to Mānasāra chapter 70.—The sthapati next performs homa, sacrifice of the consecrated fire (reminiscent of the ancient Vedic fire-sacrifice), before bhuvanādhipati in the kuṇḍa, fire-pit. Rice, boiled and fried, c1arified butter, and the samid plant are offered 108 times as holocaust. Pure water is offered twenty-five times, while incanting the formula of the hṛllekhabīja, “seed-syllable that is furrowed in the heart”. This formula is constituted by the praṇava (syllable aum) at the beginning, the seed-syllable, and svāhaḥ at the end. He conc1udes the fire-sacrifice by chanting the gāyatrīmantra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Homa (होम) or Agnikārya refers to the “fire ritual” and represents one of the various upacāras (offerings), in pūjā (ritual worship), as defined in the Śaivāgamas.—Pūjā consists of offering hospitality, in the form of water to wash the feet, to drink, water for ablutions, offering a bath, new clothes, fragrant unguents, fragrant flowers and ornaments, food and so on. Each step in the pūjā process is called “saṃskāra” and each offering is called “upacāra” [viz., Homa].

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Fragment of the Vajrāmṛtamahātantra

Homa (होम) is the name of a ritual as defined in the ‘homa-vidhi’ chapter of the 9th-century Vajrāmṛtatantra or Vajrāmṛtamahātantra: one of the main and earliest Buddhist Yoginītantras. Stanzas 25 to 39 provide several details about the homa ritual (the realization of one’s deity by means of the syllable hūṃ, the meditation on this deity, the invocation of Agni, the offering of the sacred water, etc.) and the mantras that have to be recited during its performance, i.e. the mantra of the flower, the mantra of the lamp, the mantra of the incense, the mantra of the perfume, and also the mantra for the dismissal of the deity.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Homa.—(BL; SII 3), an oblation; name of a ceremony. Note: homa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

homa : (nt.) oblation.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Homa, (m. & nt.) (fr. hu, juhati) oblation D.I, 9; DA.I, 93 (lohita°). (Page 733)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hōma (होम).—m (S) Burnt-offering; the casting (of clarified butter, rice &c.) into the fire as an offering to the gods accompanied with prayers or invocations according to the object of the offering. v .

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hōma (होम).—m Burnt-offering.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Homa (होम).—[hu-man]

1) Offering oblations to gods by throwing ghee into the consecrated fire, (one of the five daily Yajñas, to be performed by a Brāhmaṇa, called devayajña q. v.); इष्टिर्यागः । स एवासेचनाधिको होमः (iṣṭiryāgaḥ | sa evāsecanādhiko homaḥ) ŚB. on MS.6.8.7.

2) A burnt offering.

3) A sacrifice; R.3.38; Mb. 12.165.26.

Derivable forms: homaḥ (होमः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Homa (होम).—m.

(-maḥ) Burnt-offering, the casting of clarified butter, &c., into the sacred fire, as an offering to the gods, accompanied with prayers or invocations, according to the object of the sacrifice. E. hu to sacrifice, man Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Homa (होम).—[masculine] pouring or casting into the fire; oblation, sacrifice.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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