Kamin, Kāmin: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kamin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kāmin (कामिन्) refers to “lovers”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.21. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When Kāma (God of Love) reached the vicinity of Śiva, Spring spread all his splendour in accord with the inclination of the lord. [...] The nights became bright with the moon devoid of mist. Lovely women shone beautifully in the company of their lovers (kāmin)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

1) Kāmin (कामिन्) (lit. “one who is lustful”) is a synonym (another name) for the Cakravāka, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

2) Kāmin (कामिन्) (lit. “one who is infatuated”) also refers to the Sārasa.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Kāmin (कामिन्) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Kāminī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Jñānacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the jñānacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Kāmin] are white in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kāmin, (adj.) (fr. kāma) 1. having kāma, i.e. enjoying pleasure, gratifying one’s own desires in kāma-kāmin realizing all wishes; attr. of beings in one of the Sugatis, the blissful states, of Yakkhas, Devas or Devaññataras (Pv. I, 33=PvA. 16), as a reward for former merit; usually in combination with bhuñjāmi paribhogavant (Pv IV. 346) or as “nandino devalokasmiṃ modanti kkāmino” A. II, 62=It. 112; Th. 1, 242; J. III, 154; Pv. II, 115; Pv III, 116 (expl. “as enjoying after their hearts’content all pleasures they can wish for”).—2. giving kāma, i.e. benevolent, fulfilling people’s wishes; satisfying their desires, in atthakāminī devatā Sn. 986.—akāmakāmin passionless, dispassionate Sn. 1096, syn. of vītataṇhā without desire (cp. Nd2 4). (Page 206)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāmin (कामिन्).—a. (- f.) [कम्-णिनि (kam-ṇini)]

1) Lustful.

2) Desirous.

3) Loving, fond. -m.

1) A lover, a lustful person (paying particular attention to ladies); त्वया चन्द्रमसा चातिसन्धीयते कामिजनसार्थः (tvayā candramasā cātisandhīyate kāmijanasārthaḥ) Ś.3; त्वां कामिनो मदनदूतिमुदाहरन्ति (tvāṃ kāmino madanadūtimudāharanti) V.4.11; Amaru.2; M.3.14.

2) A luxurious husband.

3) The ruddy goose or चक्रवाक (cakravāka) bird.

4) A sparrow.

5) An epithet of Śiva.

6) The moon.

7) A pigeon.

8) The Supreme Being.

-nī 1 A loving, affectionate, or fond woman; Ms.8.112.

2) A lovely or beautiful woman; उदयति हि शशाङ्कः कामिनीगण्डपाण्डुः (udayati hi śaśāṅkaḥ kāminīgaṇḍapāṇḍuḥ) Mk.1.57; केषां नैषा कथय कविताकामिनी कौतुकाय (keṣāṃ naiṣā kathaya kavitākāminī kautukāya) P. R.1.22.

3) A woman (in general); मृगया जहार चतुरेव कामिनी (mṛgayā jahāra catureva kāminī) R.9.69; Me.65; Ṛs.1.28.

4) A timid woman.

5) Spirituous liquor.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāmin (कामिन्).—mfn. (-mī-minī-mi) 1. Impassioned, fond, loving, wanton. 2. Cupidinous, desirous. m. (-nī) 1. The moon. 2. A lover, an uxorious husband. 3. The ruddy goose. 4. A pigeon. 5. A sparrow. f. (-nī) 1. A loving or affectionate woman. 2. A timid woman. 3. A woman in general. 4. Spirituous liquor. 5. A climbing plant. E. kam to desire, and ṇini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāmin (कामिन्).—i. e. kama + in, I. adj., f. . 1. Desiring, Mahābhārata 13, 7060. 2. Having sexual intercourse, Mahābhārata 1, 4185. Ii. m. A lover, Mahābhārata 4, 978. Iii. f. , A beloved one, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 112.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāmin (कामिन्).—[adjective] wishing, desiring, longing for ([accusative] or —°); loving, affectionate, enamoured of ([accusative] or sārdham). [masculine] a lover; [feminine] kābhinī a (loving) woman or maiden.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kāmin (कामिन्):—[from kāma] mfn. desirous, longing after ([accusative] or in [compound])

2) [v.s. ...] loving, fond, impassioned, wanton

3) [v.s. ...] amorous, enamoured, in love with ([accusative] or with saha or sārdham), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Śakuntalā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. a lover, gallant, anxious husband

5) [v.s. ...] the ruddy goose (cakra-vāka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a pigeon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Ardea Sibirica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a sparrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāmin (कामिन्):—[(mī-minī-mi)] 5. m. The moon, an amorous man. f. (minī) A loving woman, a creeper; spirits.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kāmin (कामिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kāmi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kamin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kamin in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) mean; low-born; hence ~[pana, ~pana] (nm)..—kamin (कमीन) is alternatively transliterated as Kamīna.

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