Vicakshana, Vicakṣaṇa: 18 definitions


Vicakshana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vicakṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Vicaksana or Vicakshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Vichakshana.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Vicakṣaṇa) various roles suitable to them.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vicakshana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण) refers to “experts” (i.e., in the Vedic path and rituals), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] O great lord, the lord of the gods and the prescriber of worldly conventions, we know you to be Śiva and Brahman, thanks to your favour. [...] O Śiva, merciful (i.e., dayāpara) that you are, you alone created the sacrifice through Dakṣa for the fulfilment of the Vedas. The delimitations which brahmins, experts in the Vedic path and rituals (i.e., vedamārga-vicakṣaṇa), believe in, end with you in the world”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Vicakshana in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Vicakṣaṇā (विचक्षणा) is another name for Nāgadantī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Croton oblongifolius Roxb., synonym of Chrozophora tinctoria or “dyer's croton” from the Euphorbiaceae or “sphurge” family of flowering plant, according to verse 5.86-88 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Vicakṣaṇā and Nāgadantī, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vicakshana in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण) refers to a “skilled practitioner (in the recitation of mantras)”, as quoted by Hṛdayaśiva in his Prāyaścittasamuccaya (verse 10.27-35).—Accordingly, “Having recited [a particular mantra] along with [the practice of one of the] observances in accordance with the rules, and having bathed [at the end of the observance], one may recite that mantra for attaining supernatural powers. The skilled practitioner (vicakṣaṇa) should do his recitation not too slowly, not indistinctly, not without taking [the meaning of what he recites] in, not too fast, not without counting, and not with his thoughts in confusion. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Vicakshana in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण) refers to “experts” (in the training of hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the training of hawks]: “Now we will treat of how to inspire the hawks with confidence. An expert (vicakṣaṇa) will close the eyes by sewing (t.e., seeling) them [ādau vimudrayen netre sīvanena vicakṣaṇaḥ] so that the hawk may not see his face for five days, nor should it hear the trainer’s voice during this period. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Vicakshana in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण) is a Sanskrit word referring to “visible”, “radiant” or “perceptible”.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vicakshana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण).—a (S) Proficient, knowing, skilled in. 2 That investigates closely and shrewdly.

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vicakṣaṇā (विचक्षणा).—f (S) Minute and searching examination or inquiry; strict and narrow investigation. v kara, lāva, māṇḍa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण).—a Proficient, knowing, skilled in. That investigates closely and shrewdly.

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vicakṣaṇā (विचक्षणा).—f Minute and searching inquiry. v kara, lāva, māṇḍa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vicakshana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण).—a. [Uṇādi-sūtra 2.12 com.]

1) Clear-sighted, far-seeing, circumspect; सुविचक्षणः सुतः (suvicakṣaṇaḥ sutaḥ) H.1.2.

2) Wise, clever, learned; विचक्षणः प्रस्तुतमाचचक्षे (vicakṣaṇaḥ prastutamācacakṣe) R.5.19.

3) Expert, skilful, able; सेवाविचक्षणहरीश्वरदत्तहस्तः (sevāvicakṣaṇaharīśvaradattahastaḥ) R.13.39.

-ṇaḥ A learned man, wise man; न दत्वा कस्यचित् कन्यां पुनर्दद्याद्विचक्षणः (na datvā kasyacit kanyāṃ punardadyādvicakṣaṇaḥ) Manusmṛti 9.71.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Clever, able, wise, sensible. 2. Proficient, skilful. m.

(-ṇaḥ) A learned Brahman or Pandit, a holy teacher. E. vi before, cakṣ to speak, (sensibly,) and yuc aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण).—i. e. vi-cakṣ + ana, adj. 1. All-seeing, Chr. 289, 8 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 8; Chr. 296, 4 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 4. 2. Discerning, knowing, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 59 (cf. Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 984); circumspect, wise, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 18, 2; clever.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण).—[adjective] conspicuous, visible, clear, distinct; discerning, intelligent, knowing, wise, skilful or clever in ([locative] or —°), [abstract] tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण):—[=vi-cakṣaṇa] [from vi-cakṣ] mfn. conspicuous, visible, bright, radiant, splendid, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] distinct, perceptible, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] clear-sighted ([literally] and [figuratively]), sagacious, clever, wise, experienced or versed in, familiar with ([locative case] or [compound]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a preceptor (with the [patronymic] Tāṇḍya), [Vaṃśa-brāhmaṇa]

5) Vicakṣaṇā (विचक्षणा):—[=vi-cakṣaṇā] [from vi-cakṣaṇa > vi-cakṣ] f. Tiaridium Indicum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of Brahmā’s throne, [Kauṣītaki-upaniṣad]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a female servant, [Viddhaśālabhañjikā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण):—[vi-cakṣaṇa] (ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a. Clever, proficient. m. A pandit.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Viakkhaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vicakshana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vicakshana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vicakṣaṇa (विचक्षण) [Also spelled vichakshan]:—(a) extremely sagacious, far-sighted.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vicakshana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vicakṣaṇa (ವಿಚಕ್ಷಣ):—

1) [adjective] capable of seeing clearly; having a keen vision.

2) [adjective] having ability; able to do things well; skilled; competent.

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Vicakṣaṇa (ವಿಚಕ್ಷಣ):—

1) [noun] a man having a keen vision.

2) [noun] an able, skilled, competent man.

3) [noun] the quality of being able, competent; competence.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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