Kshetrajna, Kṣetrajña, Kshetra-jna: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kshetrajna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣetrajña can be transliterated into English as Ksetrajna or Kshetrajna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kshetrajna in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ) refers to the “conscious principle” and is used to describe Śiva, in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] Obeisance to conscious principle (kṣetrajña) in the corporal frame, identical with Ātman, the cause of all perception”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ).—The son of Kṣemadharman and father of Vidhisāra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 5.

1b) Is Puruṣa;1 four powers of jñānam, vairāgyam, aiśvarya and dharma; ety.2 Lord of Prakṛtis;3 called Mati by his knowledge of kṣetrā.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 85; IV. 3. 86-90, 102 and 108; 4. 19.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 145. 72-8.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 223, 228; 102. 33, 108-9; 103. 27.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 70; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 3. 37.

1c) Involuntary for his action and stands in its own natural place; when kṣetra and kṣetrajña have equal guṇas and no vaiṣamya takes place; vaiṣamya or excess or otherwise of these guṇas when they take to the quality of bhojya bhoktṛtva; the 24 guṇas from mahat to viśeṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 103. 15-19.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy (vaishnavism)

Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ).—In a more direct sense God is also called kṣetrajña, because He not only behaves as the inner controller of māyā but also of all those that are affected by it and yet remains one with Himself through His essential power. The kṣetrajña should not be interpreted in a monistic manner, to mean only a pure unqualified consciousness, but as God, the supreme inner controller.

The view that unqualified pure consciousness is the supreme reality is erroneous. Consequently a distinction is drawn between the vyaṣṭi-kṣetrajña (the individual person) and the samaṣṭi-kṣetrajña (the universal person)—God, the latter being the object of worship by the former. This form of God as the inner controller is called paramātman.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ).—One who is conscious of the body. Both the soul and the Supersoul are kṣetrajña, for the individual soul is conscious of his own particular body and the Supersoul is conscious of the bodies of all living beings.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ) refers to “knower of the field. The partial kṣetra-jña is the living entity; the complete kṣetra-jña is Paramātmā (13.1)”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Kshetrajna in Hinduism glossary
Source: Hindupedia: Hinduism

Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ) literally means ‘one who knows the kṣetra’. If the human body is the kṣetra or the field, then the kṣetrajña is the one who resides in it, ‘knows’ it, experiences it and controls it. This is called as the jivātman (the individual soul).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshetrajna in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣētrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ).—a (S That knows, or is the conscious principle of, the body.) The vital principle, the spirit, that spiritual essence which renders bodies susceptible of motion and sensation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshetrajna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ).—a.

1) knowing places.

2) clever, dexterous; क्षेत्रज्ञवद्भाषसे त्वं हि धर्मान् (kṣetrajñavadbhāṣase tvaṃ hi dharmān) Mb.1.89.14. (-jñaḥ) 1 the soul; cf. क्षेत्रज्ञं चापि मां विद्धि सर्वक्षेत्रेषु भारत (kṣetrajñaṃ cāpi māṃ viddhi sarvakṣetreṣu bhārata) Bg. 13.1,3; Ms.12.12.

2) the Supreme Soul.

3) a libertine.

4) a husbandman.

5) a form of Śiva.

6) a witness.

-jñā a girl fifteen years old personating Durgā at a festival.

Kṣetrajña is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṣetra and jña (ज्ञ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ).—mfn.

(-jñaḥ-jñā-jñaṃ) 1. Clever, dexterous, skilful. 2. A husbandman, &c. m.

(-jñaḥ) 1. The soul, the emanation of divinity residing in the body. 2. A libertine, a whore-monger. E. kṣetra a field, the body, &c, and jña who knows.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ).—[kṣetra-jña] (vb. jñā), I. adj. f. jñā, Conversant with (with gen.), Mahābhārata 1, 3653. Ii. m. The soul, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 96.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ).—[adjective] knowing (fields or places); [masculine] the soul.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ):—[=kṣetra-jña] [from kṣetra] mfn. knowing localities, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa iii; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiii; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

2) [v.s. ...] familiar with the cultivation of the soil (as a husbandman), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] clever, dexterous, skilful (with [genitive case]), [Mahābhārata i, 3653]

4) [v.s. ...] cunning, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. ‘knowing the body’ id est. the soul, the conscious principle in the corporeal frame, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti viii, 96; xii, 12 and 14; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa 11297], etc.

6) [v.s. ...] a form of Bhairava (or Śiva)

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa xii, 1, 4] (vv.ll. kṣatraujas and kṣemārcis)

8) Kṣetrajñā (क्षेत्रज्ञा):—[=kṣetra-jñā] [from kṣetra-jña > kṣetra] f. a girl fifteen years old who personates the goddess Durgā at a festival of this deity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ):—(jñaḥ) 1. m. The soul; a husbandman; a libertine. a. Clever.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ):—(kṣetra + jña)

1) adj. a) ortskundig: yathā kṣetrajño ñjasā nayet [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 13, 2, 3, 2.] tadyathāpi hiraṇyanidhiṃ nihitamakṣetrajñā uparyupari saṃcaranto na vindeyuḥ [Chāndogyopaniṣad 8, 3, 2.] — b) das Feld kennend, sich mit dem Feldbau abgebend [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] — c) sachkundig [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 8, 35.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 151.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 90.] [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] kṣetrajñaṃ tvāṃ tasya dharmasya manye [Mahābhārata 1, 3653.] —

2) m. a) die Seele [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 4, 7. 3, 4, 8, 35.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1366.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa ñ. 4.] [Sarvopaniṣatsāra] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 301.] idaṃ śarīraṃ kaunteya kṣetramityabhidhīyate . etadyo vetti taṃ prāhuḥ kṣetrajñamiti tadvidaḥ .. kṣetrajñaṃ cāpi māṃ viddhi sarvakṣetreṣu bhārata . [Bhagavadgītā 13, 1. 2.] yo syātmanaḥ kārayitā taṃ kṣetrajñaṃ pracakṣate [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 12, 12. 14. 8, 96.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 34. 178.] hṛdi sthitaḥ karmasākṣī kṣetrajño yasya tuṣyati [Mahābhārata 1, 3018. 3, 476. 14, 1205. fgg.] [Harivaṃśa 11297.] [Suśruta 1, 310, 5. 312, 9. fgg.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 14.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 13, 52. 5, 11, 11. fgg.] [8, 17, 11.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 97, 17.] pradhānakṣetrajñapatiḥ [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 6, 16.] — b) Hurenjäger [Medinīkoṣa] — c) eine Form von Śiva (vaṭukabhairava) [Śabdakalpadruma] nach einem [STOTRA.] — d) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten (v. l. kṣatraujas, kṣemārcis) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa] in [Viṣṇupurāṇa 466, Nalopākhyāna 11.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 709. Anhang XXXIII.] —

3) f. jñā Bez. eines fünfzehnjährigen Mädchens, welches bei der Durgā-Feier diese Göttin darstellt, [ANNADĀKALPA im Śabdakalpadruma] u. d. W. kumārī . — Vgl. kṣetravid, akṣetrajña .

--- OR ---

Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ):—

1) a) [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 4, 20.] [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 21, 2, 8.] —

2) b) zu streichen, da cheka in [Medinīkoṣa] verschmitzt, verschlagen bedeutet; vgl.

1) c). — d) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 12, 1, 4.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kṣetrajña (क्षेत्रज्ञ):——

1) Adj. — a) ortskundig [Taittirīya brāhmaṇa (Roth). 3,10,10,4.] — b) das Feld kennend , sich mit dem Feldbau abgebend. — c) sachkundig , Etwas (Gen.) gut kennend.

2) m. — a) die Seele. — b) *Hurenjäger. — c) eine Form Bhairava's. — d) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten. —

3) f. ā ein fünfzehnjähriges Mädchen , das bei der Durgā-Feier diese Göttin darstellt.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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