Rigveda, aka: Ṛgveda, Rig-Veda, Ric-veda; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Rigveda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṛgveda can be transliterated into English as Rgveda or Rigveda, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

[Rigveda in Purana glossaries]

Ṛgveda (ऋग्वेद).—Imparted to Paila by Vyāsa. Paila arranged it in two parts and assigned them to Indrapramati and Bāṣkala. The latter divided that into 4 śākhas which were imparted respectively to Bodhya, Agnimātara, Pārāśari, and Yājñavalkya. But Indrapramati gave it intact to his pupil Māṇḍuki who taught it to his son who in his turn to his son and so on.1 Served as a horse for the chariot of Tripurāri.2 Present with pada and krama in vāruṇi yajña.3 One mātra.4 Part of Viṣṇu.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa 1. 4. 21; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 34. 14-30; Vāyu-purāṇa 32. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 4. 8, 13, 16-25.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 133. 31.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 24.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 26. 17.
  • 5) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 37.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Rigveda in Hinduism glossaries]

The Rigveda is an ancient Indian sacred collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is counted among the four canonical sacred texts (śruti) of Hinduism known as the Vedas. Some of its verses are still recited as Hindu prayers, at religious functions and other occasions, putting these among the world's oldest religious texts in continued use. The Rigveda contains several mythological and poetical accounts of the origin of the world, hymns praising the gods, and ancient prayers for life, prosperity, etc.

Rigveda (ऋग्वेद ṛgveda) is a compound of ṛc "praise, verse" and veda "knowledge".

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Rigveda is a Veda in form of Sukti's, which mean 'beautiful statements'. A collection of very beautifully composed incantations itself is a Sukta. The Sukta is a hymn and is composed of a set of Riks. 'Rik' means - an incantation that contains praises and Veda means knowledge. The knowledge of the Suktas itself is the literal meaning of Rigveda.

The Rigveda Richas comprises mainly of the praises of God. Other than this it also has incantations containing thoughts which are evolved by the sages through their minute observation, contemplation and analysis. Every element of nature was an issue to contemplate upon for the sages. In this process they have randomly even spoken about the mysteries of the universe, which are not only worth reading but also for practical usage.

Rigveda is the oldest Veda and like all of the Vedas, it is organized into three parts:

  1. Samhita
  2. Brahmana
  3. Aranyaka

These mantras are filed with good thoughts and they have the ability to inspire us greatly. The ultimate aim of all these mantras is to purify the human mind through knowledge. Darkness is symbol of lack of knowledge or illusionary living, which makes us devoid of justness and sagacity.

(Source): Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Rigveda in Marathi glossaries]

ṛgvēda (ऋग्वेद).—m (S) The R̤igveda, the first of the four Vedas.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṛgvēda (ऋग्वेद).—m The first of the four Vedas.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Rigveda in Sanskrit glossaries]

Ṛgveda (ऋग्वेद).—the oldest of the four Vedas, and the most ancient sacred book of the Hindus. [The Ṛigveda is said to have been produced from fire; cf. M.1.23. This Veda is divided, according to one arrangement, into 8 Aṣṭakas, each of which is divided into as many Adhyāyas; according to another arrangement into 1 Maṇḍalas, which are again subdivided into 1 Anuvākas, and comprises 1 sūktas. The total number of verses or Ṛiks is above 1].

Derivable forms: ṛgvedaḥ (ऋग्वेदः).

Ṛgveda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ṛc and veda (वेद).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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