Kartri, Kartṛ, Kartrī: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kartri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kartṛ can be transliterated into English as Kartr or Kartri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Kartṛ (कर्तृ).—Agent of an action; subject; name of a kāraka or instrument in general, of an action, which produces the fruit or result of an action without depending on any other instrument.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kartṛ (कर्तृ).—Agent of an action, subject; name of a kāraka or instrument in general, of an action, which produces the fruit or result of an action without depending on any other instrument; cf. स्वतन्त्रः कर्ता (svatantraḥ kartā) P. I.4.54, explained as अगुणीभूतो यः क्रियाप्रसिद्धौ स्वातन्त्र्येण विवक्ष्यते तत्कारकं कर्तृ-संज्ञं भवति (aguṇībhūto yaḥ kriyāprasiddhau svātantryeṇa vivakṣyate tatkārakaṃ kartṛ-saṃjñaṃ bhavati) in the Kāśikā on P.I. 4.54. This agent, or rather, the word standing for the agent, is put in the nominative case in the active voice (cf. P.I.4.54), in the instrumental case in the passive voice (cf P. II.3.18), and in the genitive case when it is connected with a noun of action or verbal derivative noun, (cf. P.II.3.65).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of kartri or kartr in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Kartṛ (कर्तृ) refers to the “creator”, and represents an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.10. Accordingly as Viṣṇu said to Brahmā:—“[...] Śiva is the creator (kartṛ) of everything, the sustainer (bhartṛ) and destroyer (hartṛ). He is greater than the great. He is the supreme Brahman, the greatest lord, the attributeless, the eternal”.

2) Kartṛ (कर्तृ) refers to a “person who is engrossed in devotion”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.23. Accordingly as Śiva said to Satī:—“[...] O Goddess Satī, listen, I shall explain the great principle whereby the remorseful creature becomes a liberated soul (mukta). [...] Devotion to me is considered as the bestower of worldly pleasures and salvation. It is achievable only by my grace. It is nine-fold. There is no difference between devotion and perfect knowledge. A person who is engrossed in devotion (kartṛ) enjoys perpetual happiness. Perfect knowledge never descends in a vicious person averse to devotion”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of kartri or kartr in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kartṛ.—(CII 3, etc.), the maker; a technical term for the composer of a record, as opposed to the person who reduced it to writing. Cf. Karttār (EI 33), Tamil; an officer. Note: kartṛ is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of kartri or kartr in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kartrī (कर्त्री).—

1) Knife.

2) Scissors.

See also (synonyms): kartrikā.

--- OR ---

Kartṛ (कर्तृ).—a. or s. [कृ-तृच् (kṛ-tṛc)] कर्ताहमिति मन्यते (kartāhamiti manyate) Bg.3.27.

1) A doer, one who does, makes, performs &c., an agent; वंशस्य° (vaṃśasya°) R.2.64; व्याकरणस्य कर्ता (vyākaraṇasya kartā) author of Grammar ऋणस्य कर्ता (ṛṇasya kartā) one who incurs debt; हितकर्ता (hitakartā) a benefactor; सुवर्णकर्ता (suvarṇakartā) a goldsmith &c.

2) (In gram.) An agent (the meaning of the instrumental case).

3) The Supreme Spirit.

4) An epithet of Brahmā.

5) Name of Viṣṇu and Śiva also.

6) A priest.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kartrī (कर्त्री).—f. (-rtrī) A scissors. E. kṛt to cut, tṛc and ṅīṣ affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kartṛ (कर्तृ).—i. e. kṛ + tṛ, m., f. trī, and n. 1. An agent, a maker, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 24, 5; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 172; 3, 160; 5, 105 (n.); [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 25, 153 (f.). 2. A founder, Mahābhārata 13, 1662. 3. Creator, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 69, 7. 4. An author, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 34.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kartṛ (कर्तृ).—[masculine] doer, accomplisher, creator, author, officiating priest; making, causing, working at (—°); facturus; the agent or spontaneous performer of an action ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kartṛ (कर्तृ):—[from kartave] mfn. one who makes or does or acts or effects, a doer, maker, agent, author (with [genitive case] or [accusative] or ifc. cf. bhaya-kartṛ, etc.), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc., [Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] doing any particular action or business, applying one’s self to any occupation (the business or occupation preceding in the compound cf. suvarṇa-kartṛ, rājya-k, etc.)

3) [v.s. ...] one who acts in a religious ceremony, a priest, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. the creator of the world, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Yājñavalkya iii, 69]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [Pañcatantra]

6) [v.s. ...] of Brahman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] (in [grammar]) the agent of an action (who acts of his own accord [sva-tantra]), the active noun, the subject of a sentence (it stands either in the [nominative case] [in active construction], or in the [instrumental case] [in passive construction], or in the [genitive case] [in connection with a noun of action]; it is opposed to karman, the object), [Pāṇini] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] one who is about to do, one who will do (used as periphr. [future]), [Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of kartri or kartr in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: