Vivasvan, Vivasvān: 7 definitions


Vivasvan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vivasvan in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vivasvān (विवस्वान्).—The Sun. General information. Sūrya (Sun) has a large number of synonyms. But prominence is given to two of them, Mārtaṇḍa and Vivasvān in the Purāṇas. Twelve devas were born to Prajāpati Kaśyapa by his wife Aditi. As these twelve were the sons of Aditi they were called Ādityas. The Dvādaśādityas (the twelve Ādityas) are Viṣṇu, Śakra, Aryaman, Dhātā, Tvaṣṭā, Pūṣā Vivasvān, Savitā, Mitra, Varuṇa, Aṃśu and Bhaga. These twelve Ādityas were, in the previous Manvantara (Age of Manu) of Manu Cākṣuṣa, twelve Devas called the Tuṣitas. When the Cākṣuṣa Manvantara came to an end and the Vaivasvata Manvantara was about to begin, the twelve Tuṣitas met together and after a consultation, they took birth as the sons of Aditi. In this birth they were known by the name Dvādaśādityas. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa 1, Chapter 15). (See full article at Story of Vivasvān from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Vivasvān (विवस्वान्).—An asura. Mention is made in Mahābhārata. Udyoga Parva, Chapter 105, Stanza 12, that this asura was killed by Garuḍa.

3) Vivasvān (विवस्वान्).—An eternal god concerned with offerings to the Manes. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 91, Stanza 31).

4) Vivasvān (विवस्वान्).—The first human being who performed sacrifice. This Vivasvān is considered to be the father of Manu and Yama. (Ṛgveda 8. 52; 10; 14, 16). In Taittirīyasaṃhitā, mention is made that people of the earth are the children of this Vivasvān. (Taittirīya Saṃhitā, 6. 5. 6).

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Vivasvān (विवस्वान्) is the name of one of the twelve Ādityas: the offspring of Aditi, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gave thirteen daughters to Kaśyapa. [...] Kaśyapa’s thirteen wives are [viz., Aditi]. Aditi gives birth to twelve Ādityas, [viz. Vivasvān].

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Vivasvān (विवस्वान्) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (e.g., Vivasvān).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Vivasvān (विवस्वान्):—The son of Kaśyapa (son of Marīci), by the womb of Aditi. Vivasvān, by the womb of Saṃjñā, begat Śrāddhadeva Manu (or Vaivasvata Manu) (Bhāgavata-pūraṇa 9.1.11-12)

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivasvan (विवस्वन्).—[adjective] (only [instrumental] [plural]) = seq. adj.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivasvan (विवस्वन्):—[=vi-vasvan] [from vi-vasvat > vi-vas] only in [instrumental case] [plural] ([probably] = ‘to shine forth’), [Ṛg-veda i, 187, 7.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vivasvan in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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