Mani, Maṇī, Mānī, Maṇi: 30 definitions
Mani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Maṇi (मणि):—Name of one of the six deities which together form the third of the six groups of the aṣṭāviṃśatikrama (one of the main components in the worship of Kubjikā). This group of six deities is also referred to as ‘the auspicious six’ (anugraha-ṣaṭka) and is located in the Ghaṭasthāna. Their names are referred to in the kubjikāmata-tantra but actually described in the Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Maṇi (मणि).—A serpent born of the family of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. This serpent was burnt to death in the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 19, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva).
2) Maṇi (मणि).—A sage. This sage was a member of the Brahmasabhā. (Śloka 24, Chapter 11, Sabhā Parva).
3) Maṇi (मणि).—One of the two Pārṣadas given to Subrahmaṇya by Candra. The other one was named Sumaṇi. (Śloka 32, Chapter 45, Śalya Parva).
4) Maṇi (मणि).—A son born to Kaśyapaprajāpati of his wife Kadrū. Maṇi lived near the city of Girivraja. This serpent did penance to please Śiva and obtained a boon that Garuḍa should give refuge to him. (31: 6, Ādi Parva and Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Maṇi (मणि).—A jewel of the king.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 29. 75; IV. 21. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 68; 78. 53.
1b) A Kādraveya Nāga.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 37; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 74.
1c) Gems as ornaments of Nāgas.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 5. 6.
Maṇi (मणि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.101.10/V.103, IX.44.29) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Maṇi) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Maṇi (“bell”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The other miscellaneous articles found as attributes in the hands of the deities are, for example, Maṇi.
Maṇi also represents “tangible form of sound”, referring to one of the attributes of Lord Śiva.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Maṇi (मणि) refers to:—A jewel. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Maṇi (मणि) refers to “gems”, according to the Kaulajñānanirṇaya.—Accordingly, “The Nameless (energy) [i.e., anāmā] is fixed in the Heart [i.e., hṛdaya]. This is the Gesture (mudrā) that bestows the goddess. If one sees her in the End of the Twelve, she shines (like) a necklace of gems [i.e., maṇi-mālikā]. This is the Gesture (mudrā) called Anāmā; once (it is) known (one attains) the (liberated) sky-faring state. O beloved, one must break though the door which, endowed with consciousness, is sealed with the Five Seals (of the lower Wheels) and is well obstructed by the chain (of the door). [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
A yakkha chief, to be invoked by Buddhists in time of need. D.iii.205.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Maṇī (मणी) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Maṇi forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Jalacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the jalacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Maṇī] and Vīras are white in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife..
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Maṇi (मणि, “gem”) or Maṇiratna refers to the “gem jewel” and represents the fourth of the “seven jewels of universal monarchs” (saptaratna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 85). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., maṇi). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Google Books: Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation
Maṇi (मणि, “gem”).—One of the fourteen gems (ratna) serving the Cakravartin;—The maṇi is a gem of uncomparable dazzle belonging to a particular type of cat-yes (vaiḍūrya). IT lends victory, cures wounds and illuminates darkness as bright as the sun.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Maṇi.—(IA 20), a burning glass. Note: maṇi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Māni.—(LP), a measure of capacity equal to about 6 maunds. (SII 11-1), Kannaḍa; also spelt Māṇi; a bachelor; Brahmacārin. Note: māni is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Māṇi.—(EI 14; Chamba), name of a measure. Note: māṇi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
1) maṇi : (m.) a gem; jewel.
2) mānī : (m.) one who is proud.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Maṇi, (cp. Vedic maṇi. The connection with Lat. monile (pendant), proposed by Fick & Grassmann, is doubted by Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. monile, where see other suggestions. For further characterisation of maṇi cp. Zimmer, Altindisches Leben pp. 53, 263) 1. a gem, jewel. At several places one may interpret as “crystal. ” ‹-› D. I, 7 (as ornament); Dh. 161; J. VI, 265 (agghiya, precious). In simile at D. I, 76 (maṇi veḷuriyo). On maṇi in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 121.—udaka-pasādaka maṇi a precious stone (crystal?) having the property of making water clear Miln. 35 (cp. below Vism. 366 passage); cintā° a “thought-jewel, ” magic stone (crystal?) J. III, 504; VvA. 32; cūḷā° a jewelled crest or diadem, the crown-jewel J. V, 441 sq.; jāti° a genuine precious stone J. II, 417; Vism. 216 (in comparison); tārā° (-vitāna) (canopy) of jewelled stars Vism. 76; nīla° a dark blue jewel J. II, 112; IV, 140; DhA. III, 254. The passage “amaṇiṃ udakaṃ maṇiṃ katvā” at Vism. 366 (+asuvaṇṇaṃ leḍḍuṃ suvaṇṇaṃ katvā) refers clearly to meaning “jewel” (that the water is without a jewel or crystal, but is made as clear as crystal; a conjuror’s trick, cp. Miln. 35). Whether meaning “waterpot” (as given at Abhp 1113 & found in der. maṇika) is referred to here, is not to be decided.—2. a crystal used as burning-glass Miln. 54.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
1) Maṇi (मणि).—m (S) A gem, bead &c. See maṇī.
2) maṇī (मणी).—m (S) A gem, jewel, bead, or precious stone. Pr. sutāsāṭhīṃ maṇī phōḍaṇēṃ. 2 Glans penis. 3 Clitoris. 4 Applied, figuratively, to a person eminent in any way. 5 A knob of wood; a pulleyblock; a wooden loop &c. through which a rope is reeved. 6 The scanty and light grains of corn which fall during the winnowing of nikaṇa which see and also madana. 7 Semen virile.
3) manī (मनी).—f A fondling name for a cat, answering to pussy, puss.
4) māṇī (माणी).—f (Commonly māyaṇī or nī) A ferrule; an annular lining &c.
5) mānī (मानी).—a (māna) Proud, haughty, lofty. 2 (With implication of praise.) Spirited, noble, highminded.
mānī (मानी).—f C (māna The neck.) The annular lining of the mouth-piece of a handmill. 2 C The groove of the upper leaf of a handmill, for the reception of the pāṭī or slip of iron which is to sustain the revolutions of the pin.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
1) Maṇi (मणि) [-ṇī, -णी].—m A gem, bead.
2) manī (मनी).—f A fondling name for a cat, answering to a Pussy, a puss.
3) mānī (मानी).—a Proud. Spirited.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Maṇi (मणि).—[maṇ-in strītvapakṣe vā ṅīp] (Said to be f. also, but rarely used)
1) A jewel, gem, precious stone; मणिर्लुठति पादेषु काचः शिरसि धार्यते । यथैवास्ते तथैवास्तां काचः काचो मणिर्मणिः (maṇirluṭhati pādeṣu kācaḥ śirasi dhāryate | yathaivāste tathaivāstāṃ kācaḥ kāco maṇirmaṇiḥ) H.2.68; अलब्धशाणोत्कषणा नृपाणां न जातु मौलौ मणयो वसन्ति (alabdhaśāṇotkaṣaṇā nṛpāṇāṃ na jātu maulau maṇayo vasanti) Bv.1.73; मणौ वज्रसमुत्कीर्णे सूत्रस्येवास्ति मे गतिः (maṇau vajrasamutkīrṇe sūtrasyevāsti me gatiḥ) R.1.4;3.18.
2) An ornament in general.
3) Anything best of its kind; cf. रत्न (ratna).
4) A magnet, loadstone.
5) The wrist.
6) A water-pot.
8) Glans penis.
9) A crystal; क्वचिन्मणिनिकाशोदाम् (kvacinmaṇinikāśodām) (nadīm) Rām. 2.95.9.
1) The fleshy excrescence on the neck of a goat (also written maṇī in these senses).
11) An ingot, a lump (of gold); यथा सोम्यैकेन लोहमणिना सर्वं लोहमयं विज्ञातं स्यात् (yathā somyaikena lohamaṇinā sarvaṃ lohamayaṃ vijñātaṃ syāt) Ch. Up.6.1.5.
Derivable forms: maṇiḥ (मणिः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Maṇi (मणि).—(in Pali name of a yakkha), (1) name of a kiṃnara-king: Kāraṇḍavvūha 3.3; (2) name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 236.28.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Maṇi (मणि).—mf. (-ṇiḥ-ṇiḥ-ṇī) 1. A gem, a jewel, a pracious stone. 2. Ornament in general. 3. A load-stone, a magnet. 4. Any thing excellent of its kind. 5. A pearl. 6. Fleshy processes pending from the neck of a goat. 7. A small water-pot. 8. The glans penis. 9. The clitoris. 10. The wrist. 11. One of the Nagas or serpent chiefs of Patala. E. maṇ to sound, aff. in .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Maṇi (मणि).—m. and f., and maṇī maṇī, f. 1. A precious stone, a jewel, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 40. 2. A pearl, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 51. 3. Fleshy processes hanging from the neck of a goat. 4. A waterpot.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Maṇi (मणि).—[masculine] pearl, jewel, gem, ornament i.[grammar], [figuratively] a jewel of (—°); magnet, water-jar.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Maṇi (मणि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—An abbreviation for Tattvacintāmanṇi and Siddhāntaśiromaṇi.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Maṇi (मणि):—m. (f(i) only, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; f(ī). , [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]; maṇīva = maṇī [du.] iva, [Naiṣadha-carita]) a jewel, gem, pearl (also [figuratively]), any ornament or amulet, globule, crystal, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
2) a magnet, loadstone, [Kapila]
3) glans penis, [Suśruta]
4) Name of the jewel-lotus prayer, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 37 2]
5) clitoris, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) the hump (of a camel), [Mahābhārata]
7) the dependent fleshy excrescences on a goat’s neck, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
8) thyroid cartilage, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. kaṇṭha-m)
9) the wrist (= maṇi-bandha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) a large water-jar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) Name of a Nāga, [Mahābhārata]
12) of a companion of Skanda (associated with Su-maṇi), [ib.]
13) of a sage, [ib.]
14) of a son of Yuyudhāna, [ib.] (in, [Harivaṃśa] [varia lectio] tūṇi)
15) of a king of the Kiṃnaras, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]
16) of various works and a collection of magical formulas (also abridged for Tattva-cintāmaṇi and Siddhānta-śiromaṇi).
17) cf. [Greek] μάννος, μόννος; [Latin] monile; [German] mane, Māhne; [English] mane.
18) Māṇi (माणि):—Vṛddhi form of maṇi in [compound]
19) Māni (मानि):—[from māna] in [compound] for 1. mānin.
20) Mānī (मानी):—[from māna] f. measure (See tiryan-m)
21) [v.s. ...] a [particular] measure (= 2 Añjalis), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Maṇi (मणि):—[(ṇiḥ-ṇī)] 2. m. 3. f. A gem, a pearl; fleshy substance; waterpot; wrist; a Nāga or serpent.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Maṇi (मणि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Maṇi.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Maṇi (मणि):—(nf) a jewel, gem; ~[kāṃcana yoga] a rare harmonious and beautiful combination; ~[kāra] a jeweller; ~[dīpa] a be-jewelled or gem-studded lamp; ~[dhara] a snake; ~[baṃdha] the wrist; ~[bha] crystal; ~[maṃḍita] studded with jewels; ~[rāja] a diamond; -[pheṃkakara kāṃca baṭoranā] to throw away gems and collect glass pieces.
2) Mānī (मानी):—(nm) meaning, purport, import; (a) proud, haughty.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Maṇi (मणि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Maṇi.
2) Māṇi (माणि) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Mānin.
3) Māṇī (माणी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Mānikā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)