Candi, aka: Caṇḍī, Caṇḍi; 8 Definition(s)
Candi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chandi.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Caṇḍī (चण्डी, “passionate”):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Kapāla (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā. The names of these nine Dūtīs seem to express their involvement in yogic practices.Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Caṇḍī (चण्डी, “Fierce, Impetuous”):—One of the female offspring from Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Mahāsarasvatī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahākālī. Not to be confused with Sarasvatī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Caṇḍi (चण्डि).—Prayers to.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 112. 58.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Katha (narrative stories)
Caṇḍī (चण्डी) is one of the epithets of Durgā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 53. Accordingly, as Vīravara praised Durgā: “... thou art the principle of life in creatures; by thee this world moves. In the beginning of creation Śiva beheld thee self-produced, blazing and illuminating the world with brightness hard to behold, like ten million orbs of fiery suddenly produced infant suns rising at once, filling the whole horizon with the circle of thy arms, bearing a sword, a club, a bow, arrows and a spear. And thou wast praised by that god Śiva in the following words ... [Caṇḍī, etc...]”.
Also, “... when Skanda, and Vasiṣṭha, and Brahmā, and the others heard thee praised, under these [eg., Caṇḍī] and other titles, by Śiva well skilled in praising, they also praised thee. And by praising thee, O adorable one, immortals, Ṛṣis and men obtained, and do now obtain, boons above their desire. ”
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Caṇḍī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
General definition (in Jainism)
Caṇḍi (चण्डि) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Caṇḍi] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
candī (चंदी).—f ( H Tsandi.) The daily feed or allowance of grain (to horses &c.) 2 fig. The daily consumption or the regular provision (of a household). v cāla. āpalī candī vāḍhavūna khāṇēṃ To obtain advancement of one's allowance, wages, pay, through diligent service.
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cāndī (चांदी).—f ( H) Pure silver; silver-bullion. 2 Silver gen. 3 A pat or lump of unwrought silver. cāndī karaṇēṃ g. of o. To make silver of; i. e. to destroy, consume, or spoil.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
candī (चंदी).—f The daily feed or allowance of grain (to horses &c.). āpalī candī vāḍha- vūna khāṇēṃ To obtain advancement of one's allowance, wages, pay through diligent service.
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cāndī (चांदी).—f Silver-bullion; pure silver; silver. cāndī karaṇēṃ To destroy, consume. cāndī uḍaṇēṃ To be bored to vexation, to become bewildered.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) An epithet of Durgā.
2) A passionate or angry woman; चण्डी चण्डं हन्तुमभ्युद्यता माम् (caṇḍī caṇḍaṃ hantumabhyudyatā mām) M.3.2; चण्डी मामवधूय पादपतितं जातानुतापेव सा (caṇḍī māmavadhūya pādapatitaṃ jātānutāpeva sā) V.4.38; R.12.5; Me.14.
3) Name of plant.
4) A kind of perfume (Mar. vāḷā).
-ṇḍī 1 A term of endearment applied to one's mistress.
2) Hurt, injury.
See also (synonyms): caṇḍā.
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-caṇḍikā Name of Durgā.
Derivable forms: caṇḍiḥ (चण्डिः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 14 books and stories containing Candi, Caṇḍī or Caṇḍi. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 47 - On Manasā’s story < [Book 9]
Chapter 30 - On the killing of Niśumbha < [Book 5]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Vinaya Pitaka (2): The Analysis of Nun’ Rules (Bhikkhuni-vibhanga) (by I. B. Horner)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
7. The Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa < [Preface]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 40 - The Marriage Procession of Śiva < [Section 2.3 - Rudra-saṃhitā (3): Pārvatī-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 13 - The origin of Vaṭuka < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 52 - The bridegroom’s party is fed and Śiva retires to bed < [Section 2.3 - Rudra-saṃhitā (3): Pārvatī-khaṇḍa]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 139 - The Greatness of Agnipāleśvara < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
One hundred and eight (108) names of Sāvitrī < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chapter 12 - Śiva Arrives on the Battlefield < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]