Candi, Caṇḍī, Caṇḍi: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Candi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandi.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Caṇḍī (चण्डी, “passionate”):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Kapāla (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā. The names of these nine Dūtīs seem to express their involvement in yogic practices.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Caṇḍī (चण्डी, “Fierce, Impetuous”):—One of the female offspring from Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Mahāsarasvatī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahākālī. Not to be confused with Sarasvatī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Caṇḍi (चण्डि).—Prayers to.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 112. 58.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Caṇḍi (चण्डि) is one of the incarnations of Pārvatī, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, chapter forty-eight further elaborates the glories of Śiva and Śivadharma; the results of Śiva-worship, glories of Pārvatī who is said to have been incarnated as Durgā, Satī, Kālīkā, Caṇḍi etc. for the establishment of Dharma; the extermination of the demons and the glorification of the worship of the mother-goddess including the description and praise of the Ulkānavamī-vrata are described respectively in chapters forty nine and fifty.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Caṇḍī (चण्डी) is one of the epithets of Durgā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 53. Accordingly, as Vīravara praised Durgā: “... thou art the principle of life in creatures; by thee this world moves. In the beginning of creation Śiva beheld thee self-produced, blazing and illuminating the world with brightness hard to behold, like ten million orbs of fiery suddenly produced infant suns rising at once, filling the whole horizon with the circle of thy arms, bearing a sword, a club, a bow, arrows and a spear. And thou wast praised by that god Śiva in the following words ... [Caṇḍī, etc...]”.

Also, “... when Skanda, and Vasiṣṭha, and Brahmā, and the others heard thee praised, under these [eg., Caṇḍī] and other titles, by Śiva well skilled in praising, they also praised thee. And by praising thee, O adorable one, immortals, Ṛṣis and men obtained, and do now obtain, boons above their desire. ”

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Caṇḍī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of Kavya from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

1) Caṇḍī (चण्डी) refers to the Ḍākinī of the north-western corner in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. Two colors are evenly assigned to the four corner Ḍākinīs [viz., Caṇḍī] in order in accordance with the direction which they face.

2) Caṇḍī (चण्डी) is also the Ḍākinī of the north-western corner in the Kāyacakra, according to the same work. Accordingly, the kāyacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (‘emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Caṇḍi (चण्डि) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Caṇḍi] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Caṇḍī (चण्डी) is the name of a Yoginī mentioned in various Jaina manuscripts, often being part of a list of sixty-four such deities. How the cult of the Tantrik Yoginīs originated among the vegetarian Jainas is unknown. The Yoginīs (viz., Caṇḍī) are known as attendants on Śiva or Pārvatī. But in the case of Jainism, we may suppose, as seen before that they are subordinates to Kṣetrapāla, the chief of the Bhairavas.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Caṇḍī is the name of a Gate associated with Campā: one of the twenty canal-systems associated with Parakkamasamudda waters that existed in the Polonnaruva (Polonnaruwa) district of Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—The Pūjāvaliya gives the name Mahāsamudra to the Parakkamasamudda at Polonnaruva. The canal system associated with Parakkamasamudda is described and named in the Cūlavamsa as follows:—[...] Campā canal, from the sluice near the Caṇḍī Gate; [...].

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

candī (चंदी).—f ( H Tsandi.) The daily feed or allowance of grain (to horses &c.) 2 fig. The daily consumption or the regular provision (of a household). v cāla. āpalī candī vāḍhavūna khāṇēṃ To obtain advancement of one's allowance, wages, pay, through diligent service.

--- OR ---

cāndī (चांदी).—f ( H) Pure silver; silver-bullion. 2 Silver gen. 3 A pat or lump of unwrought silver. cāndī karaṇēṃ g. of o. To make silver of; i. e. to destroy, consume, or spoil.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

candī (चंदी).—f The daily feed or allowance of grain (to horses &c.). āpalī candī vāḍha- vūna khāṇēṃ To obtain advancement of one's allowance, wages, pay through diligent service.

--- OR ---

cāndī (चांदी).—f Silver-bullion; pure silver; silver. cāndī karaṇēṃ To destroy, consume. cāndī uḍaṇēṃ To be bored to vexation, to become bewildered.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caṇḍī (चण्डी).—f.

1) An epithet of Durgā.

2) A passionate or angry woman; चण्डी चण्डं हन्तुमभ्युद्यता माम् (caṇḍī caṇḍaṃ hantumabhyudyatā mām) M.3.2; चण्डी मामवधूय पादपतितं जातानुतापेव सा (caṇḍī māmavadhūya pādapatitaṃ jātānutāpeva sā) V.4.38; R.12.5; Me.14.

3) Name of plant.

4) A kind of perfume (Mar. vāḷā).

-ṇḍī 1 A term of endearment applied to one's mistress.

2) Hurt, injury.

See also (synonyms): caṇḍā.

--- OR ---

Caṇḍi (चण्डि).—f,

-caṇḍikā Name of Durgā.

Derivable forms: caṇḍiḥ (चण्डिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caṇḍī (चण्डी).—f. (-ṇḍī) Durga: see caṇḍa. caṇḍa-vahvā-vā ṅīṣ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Caṇḍī (चण्डी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Devīmāhātmya.

Caṇḍī has the following synonyms: Caṇḍikā.

2) Caṇḍī (चण्डी):—or saptaśatī (q.v.), from Mārkaṇḍeyapurāṇa. [Mackenzie Collection] 73. Pet. 723. Io. 88. W. p. 141. Oxf. 43^b. 44^a. Cambr. 2. 3. Paris. (D 26. 27^a. 27^b. 255.). Tu7b. 14. Rādh. 26. 39. 41. NW. 498. Burnell. 192^b. 197^a. 203^b. P. 9. Bhk. 15. Poona. Ii, 96. 216. H. 36. Taylor. 1, 59. 109. 154. 286. 484. Oppert. 1466. 2182. 2619. 3797. 4550. 6000. 6804. 7441. Ii, 124. 2431. 2489. 2690. 4653. 5462. 6305. 6769. 7593. 7958. 8454. 10043. Rice. 84. 86 (and—[commentary]). 300. Peters. 1, 115. 2, 196.
—[commentary] Pheh. 2. Burnell. 197^b. Oppert. 2620. Bp. 294.
—[commentary] Daṃśoddhāra. Rādh. 26.
—[commentary] Saṃdehabhañjikā. Sb. 332.
—[commentary] by Ātmārāmavyāsa. NW. 252.
—[commentary] by Ānanda Paṇḍita. Oppert. Ii, 8103.
—[commentary] Anvayārthaprakāśikā by Ekanātha Bhaṭṭa. L. 2555.
—[commentary] Kavivallabha by Kāmadeva. L. 357.
—[commentary] by Kāśīnātha. NW. 250.
—[commentary] by Gadādhara Tarkācārya. L. 645.
—[commentary] by Gopīnātha. Oudh. Xiii, 44.
—[commentary] by Govindarāma. Sūcīpattra. 65.
—[commentary] Cidānandakelivilāsa by Gauḍapāda. Burnell. 197^b.
—[commentary] Vidvanmanoramā by Gaurīvara Śarman, com pleted by Rāmacandra Vācaspati. L. 326. 1242.
—[commentary] by Cakravartin. Pheh. 2.
—[commentary] Durgāmāhātmyāvabodhinī, composed by Caturbhujamiśra in 1412. Cambr. 2. L. 2175. Rādh. 26. Oudh. Xvii, 10. Peters. 2, 196. Quoted by Rāmanātha in Trikāṇḍaviveka.
—[commentary] by Jagaddhara. L. 2400. Oudh. Viii, 4.
—[commentary] by Jayanārāyaṇa. Peters. 3, 399.
—[commentary] Daṃśoddhāra by Jayarāma. K. 44.
—[commentary] by Nāgojī. Io. 88. L. 2576. Khn. 92. K. 54. B. 4, 258. Ben. 42. Pheh. 1. Rādh. 26. Np. Ii, 86. Burnell. 197^b. 202^b. Bh. 17. P. 9. Poona. Ii, 96. H. 36. Oppert. Ii, 8404. Peters. 1, 115.
—[commentary] by Nārāyaṇa. Kh. 66. Rādh. 26.
—[commentary] by Nṛsiṃha Cakravartin. Sūcīpattra. 65.
—[commentary] Durgāsaṃdehabhedikā by Pītāmbaramiśra. Ben. 42. NW. 202. Np. Ii, 86. Iii, 40.
—[commentary] Vijayā by Bhagīratha. L. 2407.
—[commentary] Guptavatī by Bhāskararāya. L. 2199. Khn. 94. K. 40. B. 4, 258. Rādh. 26. NW. 238. Oudh. Ix, 4. Xvii, 10. Np. Ii, 86. Oppert. 7052. 7439. Ii, 4555. Rice. 300. Peters. 1, 115.
—[commentary] by Bhīmasena. Pheh. 1. Oudh. X, 6.
—[commentary] by Raghunātha Maskarin. Oudh. X, 6.
—[commentary] by Ravīndra. Oudh. Viii, 4.
—[commentary] Caṇḍīṭīkāsaṃgraha by Rāmakṛṣṇa Śāstrin. Rādh. 26. NW. 188.
—[commentary] by Rāmānandatīrtha. L. 1045.
—[commentary] by Rāmāśrama. Oudh. Xiii, 36.
—[commentary] by Vidyāvinoda. Sūcīpattra. 65.
—[commentary] Caṇḍīślokārthaprakāśa Tattvadīpikā, composed by Virūpākṣa in 1531. L. 2149.
—[commentary] by Vṛndāvana Śukla. NW. 252.
—[commentary] by Śaṅkara Śarman. L. 2063.
—[commentary] by Śaṃtanu. Oxf. 44^a. L. 1698. Khn. 94. K. 54. Pheh. 2. Rādh. 26. P. 9.
—[commentary] by Śiva Bhaṭṭa. L. 609.

Caṇḍī has the following synonyms: Devīmāhātmya, Caṇḍīmāhātmya, Durgāmāhātmya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caṇḍī (चण्डी):—[from caṇḍa > caṇḍ] a f. ([gana] bahv-ādi) a passionate woman, vixen, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] a term of endearment applied to a mistress, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Mahābhārata vi, 797; Harivaṃśa 10233; Kathāsaritsāgara xi]

4) [v.s. ...] of a female attendant of Durgā

5) [v.s. ...] of Uddālaka’s wife, [Jaimini-bhārata, āśvamedhika-parvan xxiv, 1]

6) [v.s. ...] a short Name of the [Devī-māhātmya]

7) [v.s. ...] a metre of 4 x 13 syllables (cf. uc-, pra-; a-caṇḍī, cāṇḍa.)

8) Caṇḍi (चण्डि):—[from caṇḍ] a f. = ḍī

9) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]]

10) Caṇḍī (चण्डी):—[from caṇḍ] 1. caṇḍī ind.

11) [from caṇḍ] 2. caṇḍī f. of ḍa q.v.

12) Caṇḍi (चण्डि):—b ḍika, etc. See caṇḍa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: