Candi, aka: Caṇḍī, Caṇḍi; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Candi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandi.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Caṇḍī (चण्डी, “passionate”):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Kapāla (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā. The names of these nine Dūtīs seem to express their involvement in yogic practices.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Caṇḍī (चण्डी, “Fierce, Impetuous”):—One of the female offspring from Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Mahāsarasvatī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahākālī. Not to be confused with Sarasvatī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Caṇḍi (चण्डि).—Prayers to.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 112. 58.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Katha (narrative stories)

Caṇḍī (चण्डी) is one of the epithets of Durgā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 53. Accordingly, as Vīravara praised Durgā: “... thou art the principle of life in creatures; by thee this world moves. In the beginning of creation Śiva beheld thee self-produced, blazing and illuminating the world with brightness hard to behold, like ten million orbs of fiery suddenly produced infant suns rising at once, filling the whole horizon with the circle of thy arms, bearing a sword, a club, a bow, arrows and a spear. And thou wast praised by that god Śiva in the following words ... [Caṇḍī, etc...]”.

Also, “... when Skanda, and Vasiṣṭha, and Brahmā, and the others heard thee praised, under these [eg., Caṇḍī] and other titles, by Śiva well skilled in praising, they also praised thee. And by praising thee, O adorable one, immortals, Ṛṣis and men obtained, and do now obtain, boons above their desire. ”

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Caṇḍī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of Katha from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Caṇḍi (चण्डि) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Caṇḍi] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

candī (चंदी).—f ( H Tsandi.) The daily feed or allowance of grain (to horses &c.) 2 fig. The daily consumption or the regular provision (of a household). v cāla. āpalī candī vāḍhavūna khāṇēṃ To obtain advancement of one's allowance, wages, pay, through diligent service.

--- OR ---

cāndī (चांदी).—f ( H) Pure silver; silver-bullion. 2 Silver gen. 3 A pat or lump of unwrought silver. cāndī karaṇēṃ g. of o. To make silver of; i. e. to destroy, consume, or spoil.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

candī (चंदी).—f The daily feed or allowance of grain (to horses &c.). āpalī candī vāḍha- vūna khāṇēṃ To obtain advancement of one's allowance, wages, pay through diligent service.

--- OR ---

cāndī (चांदी).—f Silver-bullion; pure silver; silver. cāndī karaṇēṃ To destroy, consume. cāndī uḍaṇēṃ To be bored to vexation, to become bewildered.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caṇḍī (चण्डी).—f.

1) An epithet of Durgā.

2) A passionate or angry woman; चण्डी चण्डं हन्तुमभ्युद्यता माम् (caṇḍī caṇḍaṃ hantumabhyudyatā mām) M.3.2; चण्डी मामवधूय पादपतितं जातानुतापेव सा (caṇḍī māmavadhūya pādapatitaṃ jātānutāpeva sā) V.4.38; R.12.5; Me.14.

3) Name of plant.

4) A kind of perfume (Mar. vāḷā).

-ṇḍī 1 A term of endearment applied to one's mistress.

2) Hurt, injury.

See also (synonyms): caṇḍā.

--- OR ---

Caṇḍi (चण्डि).—f,

-caṇḍikā Name of Durgā.

Derivable forms: caṇḍiḥ (चण्डिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of candi in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 29 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Candikusuma
Caṇḍīkusuma (चण्डीकुसुम).—red oleander.Derivable forms: caṇḍīkusumaḥ (चण्डीकुसुमः).Caṇḍīkusuma ...
Candipati
Caṇḍīpati (चण्डीपति).—an epithet of Śiva; पुण्यं यायास्त्रिभुवनगुरीर्धाम चण्डीश्वरस्य (puṇyaṃ y...
Mangalacandi
Maṅgalacaṇḍī (मङ्गलचण्डी).—Name of Durgā; मङ्गलेषु च या दक्षा सा च मङ्गलचण्डिका (maṅgaleṣu ca y...
Candidasa
Caṇḍidāsa is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (13...
Canda
1) Caṇḍā (चण्डा) is another name for Liṅginī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to ver...
Candika
Caṇḍikā (चण्डिका).—(compare s.v. Caṇḍā), n. of a yakṣiṇī: Suv 163.1.--- OR --- Cāṇḍikā (चाण्डिक...
Camunda
Cāmuṇḍā (चामुण्डा).—f. (ṇḍā) 1. A terrific form of Durga. 2. One of the Matrikas. E. ca the moo...
Kali
Kali (कलि).—m. (-liḥ) 1. The fourth age of the world, according to the Hindus, the iron age, or...
Narada
Nārada (नारद).—m. (-daḥ) A name of Narada, born from the hip of Bramha and one of the ten divin...
Mahalakshmi
Mahālakṣmī (महालक्ष्मी) is the name of a deity depicted in various temples: The Jambukeswara...
Saubhari
1) Saubhari (सौभरि).—A hermit who had performed penance, sitting on the banks of the river Kāli...
Matri
Mātrī (मात्री).—adj. f. (to m. *mātra, from Sanskrit mātṛ plus a?), of the mother, maternal: (s...
Shivaduti
Śivadūtī (शिवदूती).—f. (-tī) Durga. E. śiva Siva, and dūtī, from dūta a messenger, fem. aff. ṅī...
Kevatta
Kevaṭṭa (केवट्ट).—m. (= Pali id., Sanskrit kaivarta), fisherman: Mv iii.166.11 (after kaivartak...
Bhamini
Bhāminī (भामिनी) is the name of one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvarata...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: