Bhushana, Bhusana, Bhūṣaṇa, Bhūsana: 35 definitions


Bhushana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhūṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Bhusana or Bhushana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhushan.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the Agnipurāṇa, featuring a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Maṇika, featuring oval-shaped temples. This list represents the classification of temples in North-India.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण, “ornamental quality”) refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Source: Natya Shastra

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण, “ornateness”).—One of the thirty-six lakṣaṇa, or “excellent points of a dramatic composition”;—Description of bhūṣaṇa: To provide a composition with many figures of speech (alaṃkāra), and guṇas placed like ornaments, is called Ornateness (bhūṣaṇa, lit. “ornament”).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Bhushana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a full-power warrior (pūrṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Bhūṣaṇa, and others], are all full-power warriors”.

The story of Bhūṣaṇa was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bhūṣaṇa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhushana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) refers to “ornaments”, which is mentioned as obtainable through the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] by worshipping with Bandhūka flowers the devotee will get ornaments (bhūṣaṇa); with Jātī flowers he will acquire good vehicles; with Atasī flowers he will attain favour of Viṣṇu”.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) or Bhūṣaṇayojana refers to “(making) ornaments”, representing one of the “sixty four kinds of Art”, according to the Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa.—Indian tradition, basically includes sixty four Art forms are acknowledged. The references of sixty four kinds of kalā are found in the Bhāgavatapurāṇa, Śaiva-Tantras, Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa etc.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) or Alaṅkāra refers to “ornaments” and represents one of the various articles offered during worship, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship), while explaining procedures performed in the morning.—According to time and place, sixteen [viz., bhūṣaṇa], twelve, ten or five articles can be employed in the worship of Śrī Bhagavān.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Bhuṣaṇā (भुषणा) (=Bhūṣaṇā?) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Bhuṣaṇā has 16 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 5, 5, 3, and 3 mātrās.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—Ornaments

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) refers to an “ornament”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 1), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Glory be to the Sun who is the author and the Soul of the Universe, the ornament [i.e., bhūṣaṇa] of the firmament and who is enveloped in a thousand rays of the colour of molten gold. Having correctly examined the substance of the voluminous works of the sages of the past, I attempt to write a clear treatise neither too long nor too short”.

2) Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) refers to “dealers in jewels”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Citrā will be dealers in jewels (bhūṣaṇa), precious stones, fine cloths, writers and singers, manufacturers of perfumes, good mathematicians, weavers, surgeons, oculists and dealers in Rājadhānya. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) refers to “ornament (for the body)”, according to the Halāyudhastotra verse 34-35.—Accordingly, “The visitation of the wives of the distinguished sages in the Pine Park, the oblation with seed in Fire, the twilight dance: Your behaviour is not reprehensible. O Three-eyed one! The doctrines of the world do not touch those who have left worldly life, having passed far beyond the path of those whose minds are afflicted by false knowledge. The gods all wear gold and jewels as an ornament (bhūṣaṇa) on their body. You do not even wear gold the size of a berry on your ear or on your hand. The one whose natural beauty, surpassing the path [of the world], flashes on his own body, has no regard for the extraneous ornaments of ordinary men”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) refers to “clothes and ornaments”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 3.17-23, while describing a meditation on Amṛteśa in his form as Mṛtyujit]—“And so now, having constructed the amṛtāmudrā or the padmamudrā, [the Mantrin] should meditate on the Ātman. [...] One should think of him [dressed in] white clothes and ornaments (sita-bhūṣaṇa-bhūṣita), [draped in] a radiant garland of pearls, bulbs like moonlight, etc., his body is anointed with white sandalwood and dust-colored powdered camphor. In he middle of the somamaṇḍala, [he is] bathed in thick, abundant waves of amṛta [that make the] moon quiver. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (arts)

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) refers to one of the qualities of good painting, according to the Citrasūtra, as mentioned by Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—[...] In the Citrasūtra, rekhā, varṇa, vartanā and bhūṣaṇa are mentioned as four qualities of a good painting. A motif of a princess of a Citrapata was popular in medieval literature and also found in the Tilakamañjarī.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

The Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) is a Sanskrit commentary written by Śivarāma on the Daśakumāracarita by Daṇḍin, a Sanskrit grammarian and author of prose romances who lived in the 7th-century.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: An Illustrated History of the Mandala

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण, “ornament”) refers to one of the Seventeen Viśuddhipadas (“stations of purity”) and is associated with the deity Madhuvajrī, according to the Prajñāpāramitānayasūtra: an ancient Buddhist Tantric text recited daily in the Japanese Shingon sect which is closely related to the Sarvatathāgatatattvasaṃgraha.—The visualization of the seventeen-deity maṇḍala, representing the deification of the seventeen Viśuddhipadas [e.g., bhūṣaṇa], was thought to facilitate the attainment of enlightenment through the sublimation of the defilements into the mind of enlightenment (bodhicitta).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) is the son of Lakṣmī and Dhana [incarnation of Ramaṇa], according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.8 [The abandonment of Sītā] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, as Muni Deśabhūṣaṇa narrated to Rāma: “[...] After [Vinoda] had wandered through births for a long time he became a rich man’s son, Dhana. Ramaṇa also wandered through births and became the son of Dhana himself by his wife Lakṣmī, named Bhūṣaṇa. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Bhushana in India is the name of a plant defined with Hiptage benghalensis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Banisteria tetraptera Sonn. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1990)
· Taxon (1979)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Voyage aux Indes Orientales (1782)
· De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum (1791)
· Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië (1825)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Bhushana, for example health benefits, chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhushana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhūsana : (nt.) an ornament; decoration.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhūsana, (nt.) (fr. bhūṣ) ornament, decoration Vism. 10 (yatino-sīla-bhūsana-bhūsitā contrasted to rājāno muttāmaṇi-vibhūsitā). (Page 508)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhūṣaṇa (भूषण).—n (S) An ornament in general, lit. fig.; anything which embellishes, adorns, graces; a jewel or trinket; a virtue, excellence, accomplishment. 2 Ornament, decoration, embellishment. 3 Ornamented or adorned state. 4 Adorning or embellishing, lit. fig.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhūṣaṇa (भूषण).—n An ornament; adorning; decoration.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण).—[bhūṣyate'nena bhūṣ-karaṇe lyuṭ]

1) Ornamenting, decoration.

2) An ornament, decoration, an article of decoration; क्षीयन्ते खलु भूषणानि सततं वाग्भूषणं भूषणम् (kṣīyante khalu bhūṣaṇāni satataṃ vāgbhūṣaṇaṃ bhūṣaṇam) Bh. 2.19; R.3.2;13.57.

-ṇaḥ Name of Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: bhūṣaṇam (भूषणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhūṣaṇā (भूषणा).—(?) , f. (only nt. in Pali and Prakrit; in Sanskrit nt. or ‘exceptionally’ m.), ornament: hā istrigārā vigaḍita bhūṣaṇābhiḥ Lalitavistara 231.6 (verse), stripped of ornaments; v.l. °ta-bhūṣaṇāni (could be construed as [bahuvrīhi] adj. with istrigārā, or better istrigārā-vigaḍita-bhūṣaṇāni as one word, alas for the ornaments fallen from the harem-women!).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) Ornament, embellishment. E. bhūṣ to adorn, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण).—i. e. bhūṣ + ana, n. Ornament, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 71; 171.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण).—[feminine] ī adorning, embellishing (—°). [neuter] ([masculine]) ornament, decoration; adj., [feminine] ā adorned with (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[grammatical] by Vaidyanātha (?). Oppert. 2653. 5286.

2) Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—[nyāya] probably Nyāyabhūṣaṇa, by Bhāsarvajña. Hall. p. 26.

3) Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—Rāmāyaṇaṭīkā, by Govindarāja.

4) Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] See Bhūṣaṇadeva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—[from bhūṣ] mf(ī)n. decorating, adorning (ifc.), [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Viṣṇu, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] of a Daitya, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] n. (rarely m. e.g. [Mahābhārata iii, 8588]; cf. g.ardharcādi) embellishment, ornament, decoration (often ifc., with f(ā). , ‘having anything as ornament’ id est. adorned or decorated with), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] n. Name of various works.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Ornament.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhūsaṇa (भूसण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bhūsaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhushana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhushana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) [Also spelled bhushan]:—(nm) an ornament; decoration, anything decorative, embellishment.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Bhūsaṇa (भूसण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bhūsaṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhūṣaṇa (ಭೂಷಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of decorating, adorning; decoration; embellishment.

2) [noun] the state of being decorated.

3) [noun] anything used for decorating; an ornament.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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