Bhushana, Bhusana, Bhūṣaṇa, Bhūsana: 24 definitions



Bhushana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhūṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Bhusana or Bhushana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhushan.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the Agnipurāṇa, featuring a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Maṇika, featuring oval-shaped temples. This list represents the classification of temples in North-India.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण, “ornamental quality”) refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Source: Natya Shastra

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण, “ornateness”).—One of the thirty-six lakṣaṇa, or “excellent points of a dramatic composition”;—Description of bhūṣaṇa: To provide a composition with many figures of speech (alaṃkāra), and guṇas placed like ornaments, is called Ornateness (bhūṣaṇa, lit. “ornament”).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Bhushana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a full-power warrior (pūrṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Bhūṣaṇa, and others], are all full-power warriors”.

The story of Bhūṣaṇa was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bhūṣaṇa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhushana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) refers to “ornaments”, which is mentioned as obtainable through the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] by worshipping with Bandhūka flowers the devotee will get ornaments (bhūṣaṇa); with Jātī flowers he will acquire good vehicles; with Atasī flowers he will attain favour of Viṣṇu”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) or Alaṅkāra refers to “ornaments” and represents one of the various articles offered during worship, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship), while explaining procedures performed in the morning.—According to time and place, sixteen [viz., bhūṣaṇa], twelve, ten or five articles can be employed in the worship of Śrī Bhagavān.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Bhuṣaṇā (भुषणा) (=Bhūṣaṇā?) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Bhuṣaṇā has 16 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 5, 5, 3, and 3 mātrās.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—Ornaments

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

The Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) is a Sanskrit commentary written by Śivarāma on the Daśakumāracarita by Daṇḍin, a Sanskrit grammarian and author of prose romances who lived in the 7th-century.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhushana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhūsana : (nt.) an ornament; decoration.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhūsana, (nt.) (fr. bhūṣ) ornament, decoration Vism. 10 (yatino-sīla-bhūsana-bhūsitā contrasted to rājāno muttāmaṇi-vibhūsitā). (Page 508)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhūṣaṇa (भूषण).—n (S) An ornament in general, lit. fig.; anything which embellishes, adorns, graces; a jewel or trinket; a virtue, excellence, accomplishment. 2 Ornament, decoration, embellishment. 3 Ornamented or adorned state. 4 Adorning or embellishing, lit. fig.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhūṣaṇa (भूषण).—n An ornament; adorning; decoration.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण).—[bhūṣyate'nena bhūṣ-karaṇe lyuṭ]

1) Ornamenting, decoration.

2) An ornament, decoration, an article of decoration; क्षीयन्ते खलु भूषणानि सततं वाग्भूषणं भूषणम् (kṣīyante khalu bhūṣaṇāni satataṃ vāgbhūṣaṇaṃ bhūṣaṇam) Bh. 2.19; R.3.2;13.57.

-ṇaḥ Name of Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: bhūṣaṇam (भूषणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhūṣaṇā (भूषणा).—(?) , f. (only nt. in Pali and Prakrit; in Sanskrit nt. or ‘exceptionally’ m.), ornament: hā istrigārā vigaḍita bhūṣaṇābhiḥ Lalitavistara 231.6 (verse), stripped of ornaments; v.l. °ta-bhūṣaṇāni (could be construed as [bahuvrīhi] adj. with istrigārā, or better istrigārā-vigaḍita-bhūṣaṇāni as one word, alas for the ornaments fallen from the harem-women!).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) Ornament, embellishment. E. bhūṣ to adorn, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण).—i. e. bhūṣ + ana, n. Ornament, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 71; 171.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण).—[feminine] ī adorning, embellishing (—°). [neuter] ([masculine]) ornament, decoration; adj., [feminine] ā adorned with (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[grammatical] by Vaidyanātha (?). Oppert. 2653. 5286.

2) Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—[nyāya] probably Nyāyabhūṣaṇa, by Bhāsarvajña. Hall. p. 26.

3) Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—Rāmāyaṇaṭīkā, by Govindarāja.

4) Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] See Bhūṣaṇadeva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—[from bhūṣ] mf(ī)n. decorating, adorning (ifc.), [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Viṣṇu, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] of a Daitya, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] n. (rarely m. e.g. [Mahābhārata iii, 8588]; cf. g.ardharcādi) embellishment, ornament, decoration (often ifc., with f(ā). , ‘having anything as ornament’ id est. adorned or decorated with), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] n. Name of various works.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Ornament.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—(vom caus. von 2. bhūṣ)

1) adj. f. ī schmückend, zierend [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 151,] [Scholiast] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 4, 12.] yeṣāṃ tvaṃ kulabhūṣaṇaḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 5410.] pārṣada [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 8, 28.] strīpumbhiḥ surasaṃkāśaiḥ bhūṣaṇabhūṣaṇaiḥ [9, 11, 34.] adhyāyāstantrabhūṣaṇāḥ [Suśruta 1, 11, 20.] Unter den Beiww. Viṣṇu’s [Mahābhārata 13, 7016.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Daitya [Kathāsaritsāgara 47, 13.] —

3) m. n. gaṇa ardharcādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 31.] Schmuck [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 6, 2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 649.] [Halāyudha 2, 384. fg.] syādbhūṣaṇaṃ tvābharaṇaṃ caturdhā parikīrtitam . āvedhyaṃ bandhanīyaṃ ca kṣepyamāropyameva tat .. Cit. beim [Scholiast] zu [Śākuntala 80.] tasmādetāḥ sadā pūjyā bhūṣaṇācchādanāśanaiḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 59.] vāsasām [?8, 357. Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 4, 64. Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 32 (28), 13. Nalopākhyāna 4, 8. 13, 28. Mahābhārata 3, 8587.] bhartā nāma paraṃ nāryā bhūṣaṇaṃ bhūṣaṇairvinā [Spr. 2021.] [Rāmāyaṇa.1,9,16.3,15,19.] [Suśruta.1,54,13. 223,4.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 191.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 8,22.] [Oxforder Handschriften 85,b,22. 103,b,21.] yojana [217,a,6.] dāyaka [KĀM. NĪTIS. 12, 46.] masc. [Mahābhārata 3, 8588.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 6.] kanaka mit Gold geschmückt, verziert [Mahābhārata 3, 1721. 1, 1185.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 1, 12.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 7, 49.] [VĀGBH. 1, 25, 8.] f. ā [Mahābhārata 1, 7209. 5, 1794.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 60, 19.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 8, 60.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 130, 21.] [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 2. 13, 57.] [Vikramorvaśī 53.] [Spr. 5211.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 7, 49.] —

4) n. Titel eines Werkes [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 6, 14, Nalopākhyāna 3.] [HALL 26.] — Vgl. karṇa, para, bhadrabhūṣaṇā .

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Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):—

3) in der Dramatik definirt: guṇaiḥ sālaṃkārairyogastu bhūṣaṇam [Sāhityadarpana 435.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण):——

1) Adj. (f. ī) am Ende eines Comp. schmückend , zierend. Selbständig als Beiw. Viṣṇu's. —

2) m. (ausnahmsweise) und n. Schmuck. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. (f. ā) geschmückt — , verziert mit

3) m. Nomen proprium eines Daitya. —

4) n. Titel eines Werkes. kānti f. Titel eines Commentars dazu.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhushana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhūṣaṇa (भूषण) [Also spelled bhushan]:—(nm) an ornament; decoration, anything decorative, embellishment.

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