Wisdom Library Logo

Turiya, aka: Turīya; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Turiya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Śāktism (Śākta philosophy)

The psychological state of deep dreamless sleep (turīya) resembles to a degree the absolute quiescence of the Universe after dissolution (pralaya) when all existences return to the state of the Great Night (Mahārātri). In this state of perfect integration nothing remains but the transcendent power of Time, Mahā-Kālī.

Source: Red Zambala: The 10 Great Wisdom Goddesses

about this context:

Śākta (शाक्त, shakta) or Śāktism (shaktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devī) is revered and worshipped. Śāka literature includes a range of scriptures, including various tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Purāṇa

The state called the Turiya (lit, beyond the three states of existence) and in which the self-controlled individual is neither awake nor asleep, neither utterly forgetful nor labauring under delusion, and does not perceive the objects of the senses, occurs when the individualised self, by withdrawing the mind with the cognitive organs from the objects of perception, by merging the sense of egoism in the principle of intellection, by annihilating intellection with the principle of Nature (Prakriti), and by annihilating Prakriti with the energy of the psychic force (Chit Shakti), holds its self within its own self, the self-illuminant, the pure knowledge, the immortal purity, the eternal bliss without action, and running through all. This is what is called to be in the Turiya state.

Source: archive.org: The Garuda puranam

1a) Turīya (तुरीय).—A name of Brahmā (s.v.).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 15. 16.

1b) (Turiya Indrayuk?, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa); a Deva (ajita).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 8.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Pali

Turiya, (nt.) (Derivation uncertain, probably connected with tuleti, Sk. tūrya) sometimes tūriya (e.g. Vv 54); musical instruments in general, usually referred to as comprising 5 kinds of special instruments (pañcaṅgika t. e.g. Vv 54; 391; VvA. 181, 183, 210, 257), viz. ātata, vitata, ātata-vitata, ghana, susira (VvA. 37). Freq. in phrase nippurisehi turiyehi parivāriyamāna (or paricāriyamāna) “surrounded by (or entertained by) heavenly music” Vin. I, 15; D. II, 21; A. I, 145; J. I, 58.—Vv 384; 412; 5024, 645; Pv III, 81; DhA. III, 460; VvA. 92; PvA. 74.

—sadda the sound of music, music Mhvs VII. 30. (Page 305)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

turiya : (nt.) musical instrument. || tūriya (nt.) musical instrument.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

Search found 25 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ananda
Ānanda (आनन्द) is the name of the sixth Baladeva according to Śvetāmbara sources, while the Dig...
Panca
Pañca (पञ्च) is the name of the fourteenth book of the Kathāsaritsāgara, written by Somadeva...
Vamadeva
Vāmadeva (वामदेव) was a contemporary and protege of a king called Śambhuvarāya. There are th...
Ajita
Ajita (अजित) was a disciple of Kūrmanātha (his consort being Maṅgalājyotī), an incarnation o...
Sanghuttha
Saṅghuṭṭha, (adj.) (saṃ+ghuṭṭha) 1. resounding (with) J. VI, 60, 277 (turiya-tāḷita°); Mhvs 15...
Turiyatita
Turīyātīta (तुरीयातीत):—Pratyabhijñā claims that the state of perfection achieved by i...
Attha
1) Attha, 3 pres. 2nd pl. of atthi (q. v.). (Page 24)2) Attha, 2 (nt.) (Vedic asta, of uncertai...
Panca Sutta
Pañca, (adj. -num.) (Ved. pañca, Idg. *penqǔe; cp. Gr. pέnte, Lat. quīnque, Goth. fimf, Lith. ...
Yoga-vasishtha
In the Yoga-Vāsiṣṭha, a pervasive layer of Vedānta ideas has been added to the advaita or no...
Bhanda
Bhaṇḍu, (adj.) (etym. uncertain, dialectical or=paṇḍu?) bald-headed, close shaven Vin. I, 71 (°...
Mandukya
Mandukya means frog which can have four stages; awake, sleep, when dreaming, deep sleep and ...
Nippurisa
Nippurisa, (adj.) (nis+purisa) 1. without men PvA. 177. ‹-› 2. without men, executed by females...
Satthi
Satthi, 1 (nt. & f.) (cp. Sk. sakthi) the thigh Vin. II, 161; Th. 1, 151; Vv 8117; J. II, 40...
Tarati
1) Tarati, 2 (tvarate, pp. tvarita; also turati, turayati from *ter to turn round, move quickl...
Talieti
Tāḷeti, (Sk. tāḍayati, taḍ perhaps=tud) to strike a blow, flog, beat, esp. freq. in phrase kasā...

Relevant text

Search found 63 books containing Turiya or Turīya. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:


» Click here to see all 63 search results in a detailed overview.

- Was this explanation helpufll? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.