Turiya, aka: Turīya; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Turiya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Turiya in Purana glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

The state called the Turiya (lit, beyond the three states of existence) and in which the self-controlled individual is neither awake nor asleep, neither utterly forgetful nor labauring under delusion, and does not perceive the objects of the senses, occurs when the individualised self, by withdrawing the mind with the cognitive organs from the objects of perception, by merging the sense of egoism in the principle of intellection, by annihilating intellection with the principle of Nature (Prakriti), and by annihilating Prakriti with the energy of the psychic force (Chit Shakti), holds its self within its own self, the self-illuminant, the pure knowledge, the immortal purity, the eternal bliss without action, and running through all. This is what is called to be in the Turiya state.

Source: archive.org: The Garuda puranam

Turīya (तुरीय).—A state of existence of Man. (See under Jāgrat).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Turīya (तुरीय).—A name of Brahmā (s.v.).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 15. 16.

1b) (Turiya Indrayuk?, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa); a Deva (ajita).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 8.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of turiya in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

The psychological state of deep dreamless sleep (turīya) resembles to a degree the absolute quiescence of the Universe after dissolution (pralaya) when all existences return to the state of the Great Night (Mahārātri). In this state of perfect integration nothing remains but the transcendent power of Time, Mahā-Kālī.

Source: Red Zambala: The 10 Great Wisdom Goddesses
Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of turiya in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Turiya in Pali glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

turiya : (nt.) musical instrument. || tūriya (nt.) musical instrument.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Turiya, (nt.) (Derivation uncertain, probably connected with tuleti, Sk. tūrya) sometimes tūriya (e.g. Vv 54); musical instruments in general, usually referred to as comprising 5 kinds of special instruments (pañcaṅgika t. e.g. Vv 54; 391; VvA. 181, 183, 210, 257), viz. ātata, vitata, ātata-vitata, ghana, susira (VvA. 37). Freq. in phrase nippurisehi turiyehi parivāriyamāna (or paricāriyamāna) “surrounded by (or entertained by) heavenly music” Vin. I, 15; D. II, 21; A. I, 145; J. I, 58.—Vv 384; 412; 5024, 645; Pv III, 81; DhA. III, 460; VvA. 92; PvA. 74.

—sadda the sound of music, music Mhvs VII. 30. (Page 305)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of turiya in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

turīya (तुरीय).—a S Fourth. turīyayantra n S A quadrant.

--- OR ---

turīyā (तुरीया) [or तुरीयावस्था, turīyāvasthā].—f S The fourth of the four states or modes (according to Hindu metaphysics) of human being, viz. that of simple consciousness; the state of abstraction from without and of absorption in the contemplation of one's own spirit.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of turiya in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Turīya (तुरीय).—a.

1) The fourth.

2) Consisting of four parts.

3) Mighty.

-yam 1 A quarter, a fourth part, fourth.

2) (In Vedānta. phil.) The fourth state of the soul in which it becomes one with Brahman or the Supreme Spirit.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Turiya (तुरिय).—(nt. or m.; = Pali id., MIndic for Sanskrit tūrya), musical instrument; common in verses of LV, e.g. 54.6 (v.l. tūry°); 161.17 (v.l. tūry°); 164.20; 169.22; sometimes turiya and tūrya in the same sentence, LV 175.15 and 16 (no v.l.). But in Mv iii.122.16 (verse) turiya is Senart's em., mss. tūrya (which is metrically inferior).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of turiya in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 36 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Turiya-janman
Turīya-janman.—(EI 24; CII 4), same as Śūdra. Note: turīya-janman is defined in the “Indian epi...
Turiyavarna
Turīyavarṇa (तुरीयवर्ण).—a man of the fourth caste, a Śūdra; तुरीयजातिं तिलकयन् कुलोत्तुङ्ग इति...
Upayaturiya
Upāyaturīya (उपायतुरीय).—the 4th expedient, i. e. दण्ड (daṇḍa) or punishment. Derivable forms: ...
Turiya-yantra
turīya-yantra (तुरीय-यंत्र).—n A quadrant.
Turiyajati
Turīyajāti (तुरीयजाति).—a man of the fourth caste, a Śūdra; तुरीयजातिं तिलकयन् कुलोत्तुङ्ग इति ...
Ananda
Ānanda (आनन्द).—m. (-ndaḥ) 1. Happiness, joy. 2. Balarama according to the Jaina system of many...
Panca
Pañca (पञ्च) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes dioica...
Vamadeva
Vāmadeva (वामदेव) is the name of a great hermit, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter ...
Ajita
Ajita (अजित).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Unconquered. 2. Unexcelled, unsurpassed. m. (-taḥ) 1. The s...
Bhanda
Bhaṇḍa (भण्ड).—m. (-ṇḍaḥ) A mime, a jester, a buffoon, an actor. E. bhaḍi to deride, &c. af...
Turiyatita
Turīyātīta (तुरीयातीत):—Pratyabhijñā claims that the state of perfection achieved by i...
Vishakhayupa
Viśākhayūpa (विशाखयूप) according to the Lakṣmītantra 11.11-12.—Accordingly, “when one Vyūha eme...
Attha
1) Attha, 3 pres. 2nd pl. of atthi (q. v.). (Page 24)2) Attha, 2 (nt.) (Vedic asta, of uncertai...
Tarati
taraṭī (तरटी).—f A sack of taraṭa.--- OR --- taraṭī (तरटी).—a Made of taraṭa. A tree.
Sushupti
Suṣupti (सुषुप्ति).—One of the four states or conditions of man. Jāgrat, Svapna, Suṣupti and Tu...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: