Turiya, aka: Turīya; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Turiya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

The state called the Turiya (lit, beyond the three states of existence) and in which the self-controlled individual is neither awake nor asleep, neither utterly forgetful nor labauring under delusion, and does not perceive the objects of the senses, occurs when the individualised self, by withdrawing the mind with the cognitive organs from the objects of perception, by merging the sense of egoism in the principle of intellection, by annihilating intellection with the principle of Nature (Prakriti), and by annihilating Prakriti with the energy of the psychic force (Chit Shakti), holds its self within its own self, the self-illuminant, the pure knowledge, the immortal purity, the eternal bliss without action, and running through all. This is what is called to be in the Turiya state.

(Source): archive.org: The Garuda puranam

Turīya (तुरीय).—A state of existence of Man. (See under Jāgrat).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Turīya (तुरीय).—A name of Brahmā (s.v.).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 15. 16.

1b) (Turiya Indrayuk?, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa); a Deva (ajita).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 8.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

The psychological state of deep dreamless sleep (turīya) resembles to a degree the absolute quiescence of the Universe after dissolution (pralaya) when all existences return to the state of the Great Night (Mahārātri). In this state of perfect integration nothing remains but the transcendent power of Time, Mahā-Kālī.

(Source): Red Zambala: The 10 Great Wisdom Goddesses
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

turiya : (nt.) musical instrument. || tūriya (nt.) musical instrument.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Turiya, (nt.) (Derivation uncertain, probably connected with tuleti, Sk. tūrya) sometimes tūriya (e.g. Vv 54); musical instruments in general, usually referred to as comprising 5 kinds of special instruments (pañcaṅgika t. e.g. Vv 54; 391; VvA. 181, 183, 210, 257), viz. ātata, vitata, ātata-vitata, ghana, susira (VvA. 37). Freq. in phrase nippurisehi turiyehi parivāriyamāna (or paricāriyamāna) “surrounded by (or entertained by) heavenly music” Vin. I, 15; D. II, 21; A. I, 145; J. I, 58.—Vv 384; 412; 5024, 645; Pv III, 81; DhA. III, 460; VvA. 92; PvA. 74.

—sadda the sound of music, music Mhvs VII. 30. (Page 305)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

turīya (तुरीय).—a S Fourth. turīyayantra n S A quadrant.

--- OR ---

turīyā (तुरीया) [or तुरीयावस्था, turīyāvasthā].—f S The fourth of the four states or modes (according to Hindu metaphysics) of human being, viz. that of simple consciousness; the state of abstraction from without and of absorption in the contemplation of one's own spirit.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Turīya (तुरीय).—a.

1) The fourth.

2) Consisting of four parts.

3) Mighty.

-yam 1 A quarter, a fourth part, fourth.

2) (In Vedānta. phil.) The fourth state of the soul in which it becomes one with Brahman or the Supreme Spirit.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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