Turiya, aka: Turīya; 6 Definition(s)


Turiya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


The state called the Turiya (lit, beyond the three states of existence) and in which the self-controlled individual is neither awake nor asleep, neither utterly forgetful nor labauring under delusion, and does not perceive the objects of the senses, occurs when the individualised self, by withdrawing the mind with the cognitive organs from the objects of perception, by merging the sense of egoism in the principle of intellection, by annihilating intellection with the principle of Nature (Prakriti), and by annihilating Prakriti with the energy of the psychic force (Chit Shakti), holds its self within its own self, the self-illuminant, the pure knowledge, the immortal purity, the eternal bliss without action, and running through all. This is what is called to be in the Turiya state.

(Source): archive.org: The Garuda puranam

1a) Turīya (तुरीय).—A name of Brahmā (s.v.).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 15. 16.

1b) (Turiya Indrayuk?, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa); a Deva (ajita).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 8.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śāktism (Śākta philosophy)

The psychological state of deep dreamless sleep (turīya) resembles to a degree the absolute quiescence of the Universe after dissolution (pralaya) when all existences return to the state of the Great Night (Mahārātri). In this state of perfect integration nothing remains but the transcendent power of Time, Mahā-Kālī.

(Source): Red Zambala: The 10 Great Wisdom Goddesses
Śāktism book cover
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Śākta (शाक्त, shakta) or Śāktism (shaktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devī) is revered and worshipped. Śākta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

In Buddhism


turiya : (nt.) musical instrument. || tūriya (nt.) musical instrument.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Turiya, (nt.) (Derivation uncertain, probably connected with tuleti, Sk. tūrya) sometimes tūriya (e.g. Vv 54); musical instruments in general, usually referred to as comprising 5 kinds of special instruments (pañcaṅgika t. e.g. Vv 54; 391; VvA. 181, 183, 210, 257), viz. ātata, vitata, ātata-vitata, ghana, susira (VvA. 37). Freq. in phrase nippurisehi turiyehi parivāriyamāna (or paricāriyamāna) “surrounded by (or entertained by) heavenly music” Vin. I, 15; D. II, 21; A. I, 145; J. I, 58.—Vv 384; 412; 5024, 645; Pv III, 81; DhA. III, 460; VvA. 92; PvA. 74.

—sadda the sound of music, music Mhvs VII. 30. (Page 305)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

turīya (तुरीय).—a S Fourth. turīyayantra n S A quadrant.

--- OR ---

turīyā (तुरीया) [or तुरीयावस्था, turīyāvasthā].—f S The fourth of the four states or modes (according to Hindu metaphysics) of human being, viz. that of simple consciousness; the state of abstraction from without and of absorption in the contemplation of one's own spirit.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 26 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

turīya-yantra (तुरीय-यंत्र).—n A quadrant.
Ānanda (आनन्द) is the name an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekha...
pañca (पंच).—a Five.--- OR --- pañca (पंच).—m A member of an assembly of ar- bitration. pl It s...
ajita (अजित).—a Unconquered.
Vāmadeva (वामदेव) is found as a sculpture at the temple of Lokeśvara, north wall, north façade....
bhaṇḍa (भंड).—m An actor. n Exposure. a Quarrelsome.--- OR --- bhāṇḍa (भांड).—a Quarrelsome.
Saṅghuṭṭha, (adj.) (saṃ+ghuṭṭha) 1. resounding (with) J. VI, 60, 277 (turiya-tāḷita°); Mhvs 15...
Panca Sutta
Pañca, (adj. -num.) (Ved. pañca, Idg. *penqǔe; cp. Gr. pέnte, Lat. quīnque, Goth. fimf, Lith. ...
taraṭī (तरटी).—f A sack of taraṭa.--- OR --- taraṭī (तरटी).—a Made of taraṭa. A tree.
1) Attha, 3 pres. 2nd pl. of atthi (q. v.). (Page 24)2) Attha, 2 (nt.) (Vedic asta, of uncertai...
Turīyātīta (तुरीयातीत):—Pratyabhijñā claims that the state of perfection achieved by i...
Mandukya means frog which can have four stages; awake, sleep, when dreaming, deep sleep and ...
catur (चतुर्).—a S Four. 2 One of the two divisions of the śrāvaka or jaina people. These are a...
Caturiya, at Vv 412 is to be read ca turiya, etc. Otherwise see cāturiya. (Page 261) — or — Cāt...
Nippurisa, (adj.) (nis+purisa) 1. without men PvA. 177. ‹-› 2. without men, executed by females...

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