Turiya, aka: Turīya; 10 Definition(s)
Turiya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
The state called the Turiya (lit, beyond the three states of existence) and in which the self-controlled individual is neither awake nor asleep, neither utterly forgetful nor labauring under delusion, and does not perceive the objects of the senses, occurs when the individualised self, by withdrawing the mind with the cognitive organs from the objects of perception, by merging the sense of egoism in the principle of intellection, by annihilating intellection with the principle of Nature (Prakriti), and by annihilating Prakriti with the energy of the psychic force (Chit Shakti), holds its self within its own self, the self-illuminant, the pure knowledge, the immortal purity, the eternal bliss without action, and running through all. This is what is called to be in the Turiya state.Source: archive.org: The Garuda puranam
Turīya (तुरीय).—A state of existence of Man. (See under Jāgrat).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Turīya (तुरीय).—A name of Brahmā (s.v.).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 15. 16.
1b) (Turiya Indrayuk?, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa); a Deva (ajita).*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 8.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
The psychological state of deep dreamless sleep (turīya) resembles to a degree the absolute quiescence of the Universe after dissolution (pralaya) when all existences return to the state of the Great Night (Mahārātri). In this state of perfect integration nothing remains but the transcendent power of Time, Mahā-Kālī.Source: Red Zambala: The 10 Great Wisdom Goddesses
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
turiya : (nt.) musical instrument. || tūriya (nt.) musical instrument.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Turiya, (nt.) (Derivation uncertain, probably connected with tuleti, Sk. tūrya) sometimes tūriya (e.g. Vv 54); musical instruments in general, usually referred to as comprising 5 kinds of special instruments (pañcaṅgika t. e.g. Vv 54; 391; VvA. 181, 183, 210, 257), viz. ātata, vitata, ātata-vitata, ghana, susira (VvA. 37). frequent in phrase nippurisehi turiyehi parivāriyamāna (or paricāriyamāna) “surrounded by (or entertained by) heavenly music” Vin. I, 15; D. II, 21; A. I, 145; J. I, 58.—Vv 384; 412; 5024, 645; Pv III, 81; DhA. III, 460; VvA. 92; PvA. 74.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
turīya (तुरीय).—a S Fourth. turīyayantra n S A quadrant.
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turīyā (तुरीया) [or तुरीयावस्था, turīyāvasthā].—f S The fourth of the four states or modes (according to Hindu metaphysics) of human being, viz. that of simple consciousness; the state of abstraction from without and of absorption in the contemplation of one's own spirit.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) The fourth.
2) Consisting of four parts.
-yam 1 A quarter, a fourth part, fourth.
2) (In Vedānta. phil.) The fourth state of the soul in which it becomes one with Brahman or the Supreme Spirit.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Turiya (तुरिय).—(nt. or m.; = Pali id., MIndic for Sanskrit tūrya), musical instrument; common in verses of LV, e.g. 54.6 (v.l. tūry°); 161.17 (v.l. tūry°); 164.20; 169.22; sometimes turiya and tūrya in the same sentence, LV 175.15 and 16 (no v.l.). But in Mv iii.122.16 (verse) turiya is Senart's em., mss. tūrya (which is metrically inferior).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Fourth, a fourth. m.
(-yaḥ) A fourth part, a quarter. n.
(-yaṃ) The divine being, or universal spirit. E. irr. derived from catur four, with cha affix; also tūrya and turya . turīya-ac . caturṇāṃ pūraṇaḥ catur + cha ādyalopaśca .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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turīya-yantra (तुरीय-यंत्र).—n A quadrant.
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Search found 16 books and stories containing Turiya, Turīya, Turīyā; (plurals include: Turiyas, Turīyas, Turīyās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Mandukya Karika, verse 1.10 < [Chapter I - Agama Prakarana (Scripture)]
Mandukya Karika, verse 1.13 < [Chapter I - Agama Prakarana (Scripture)]
Mandukya Upanishad, verse 7 < [Chapter I - Agama Prakarana (Scripture)]
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XII - The tetrads or quadruples of om < [The om tat sat]
Chapter LXXXVII - Term. the one in various term < [Book V - Upasama khanda (upashama khanda)]
Chapter CLXVII - Absence of the threefold states < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)