Khatvanga, aka: Khaṭvāṅga, Khatva-anga; 11 Definition(s)


Khatvanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Khatvanga in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग):—Son of Viśvasaha (son of Aiḍaviḍi). He had a son named Dīrghabāhu. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.9.41, 9.10.1)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—General Information. A King of the Ikṣvāku dynasty, known by the name Dilīpa also. Bhāgavata Skandha 9, states that Khaṭvāṅga was the son of the grandson of Kalmāṣapāda. Aśmaka was the son of Kalmāṣapāda, Mūlaka the son of Aśmaka and Khaṭvāṅga the son of Mūlaka.

Khaṭvāṅga who was a royal hermit once pleased God and understood how long he would live. From that day onwards he left all the work of administration in the hands of ministers and spent the remaining days in devotion and meditation. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 2). Particular details. In Mahābhārata it is mentioned that Khaṭvāṅga was the son of the woman called Ilibilā and that he had the name Dilīpa also. Khaṭvāṅga was one of the sixteen famous Kings of Bhārata. The sixteen Kings were Marutta, Suhotra, Paurava, Śibi, Śrī Rāma, Bhagīratha, Khaṭvāṅga, (Dilīpa) Māndhātā, Yayāti, Ambarīṣa, Śaśabindu, Gaya, Rantideva, Bharata, Pṛthu and Paraśurāma. Khaṭvāṅga performed one hundred sacrifices. At the time of sacrifice he made golden roads. Even Indra came to the sacrifice. The Devas blessed Khaṭvāṅga on that day. See under Dilīpa. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 61). (See full article at Story of Khaṭvāṅga from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—A son of Viśvasaha, and cakravartin. Fought for the devas and slew Daityas in battle. Knowing he had an hour of life left he returned and devoted himself to Nārāyaṇa in a detached spirit, and attained brahmaloka in a muhūrta. A Rājaṛṣi who sought refuge in Hari towards the end of his life. His son was Dīrgabāhu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 9. 41-49; II. 1. 13; XI. 23. 30; IX. 10. 1; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 76-83.

1b) A son of Yaśodā,1 a rājaṛṣi.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 90.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 73. 41.

1c) A daitya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 3. 9.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

King Khaṭvāṅga was unconquerable in any fight. Requested by the demigods to join them in fighting the demons, he won victory, and the demigods, being very pleased, wanted to give him a benediction. The King inquired from them about the duration of his life and was informed that he had only one moment more. Thus he immediately left his palace and went to his own residence, where he engaged his mind fully on the lotus feet of the Lord.

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam
Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Khaṭvāṅga is a curious sort of club, made up of the bone of the forearm or the leg, to the end of which a human skull is attached through its foramen.

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Khaṭvāṅga (club with skull) - Impermanence, dissolution, also represents the 8 mystical powers obtained through yoga meditation.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Khatvanga in Shaivism glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग, “hair jewel”) refers to a “skull-topped staff”.—Lākulas were also to carry a skull-topped staff (khaṭvāṅga) and to meditate on Rudra (see Śiva), who was to be seen as all things, and whose highest manifestation was considered to be Dhruva.

Source: Kāpālikas
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Khatvanga in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—A saintly king who is famous for attaining unalloyed Kṛṣṇa consciousness just moments before his death.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—Vajravārāhī’s third attribute is the skull staff (khaṭvāṅga) balanced upon her left shoulder. According to the Abhisamayamañjarī: “On her left side resting on her arm, Vajravārāhī is visualized carrying a skull staff (khaṭvāṅga) whose nature is the means of enlightenment. It is brilliant with a white stock that has a single prong at its base and a black five-pronged vajra at its upper end, and beneath that vajra a desiccated human head, a fresh human head wet with blood, a pair of crossed vajras, a golden vase, and fluttering from the vase’s base, multicolored streamers with tiny tinkling bells.”

In illustrations, the “dry and wet heads” are usually depicted as whitisah-yellow for the upper head, and blood-red for the freshly severed lower head, although there is a good deal of variation in artistic works. The Kriyāsamuccaya distinguishes a different type of skull staff alotgether, with three dried heads. The equation of the skul lstaff with means (upāyasvabhāva) is a common one and identifies the staff with the male consort.

Source: Google Books: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khatvanga in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—

1) a club or staff with a skull at the top considered as the weapon of Śiva and carried by ascetics and Yogins; Māl.5.4,23.

2) Name of Dilīpa; °धर, °भृत् (dhara, °bhṛt) an epithet of Śiva.

Derivable forms: khaṭvāṅgaḥ (खट्वाङ्गः).

Khaṭvāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms khaṭvā and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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