Khatvanga, Khaṭvāṅga, Khatva-anga: 16 definitions

Introduction

Khatvanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Khatvanga in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग):—Son of Viśvasaha (son of Aiḍaviḍi). He had a son named Dīrghabāhu. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.9.41, 9.10.1)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—General Information. A King of the Ikṣvāku dynasty, known by the name Dilīpa also. Bhāgavata Skandha 9, states that Khaṭvāṅga was the son of the grandson of Kalmāṣapāda. Aśmaka was the son of Kalmāṣapāda, Mūlaka the son of Aśmaka and Khaṭvāṅga the son of Mūlaka.

Khaṭvāṅga who was a royal hermit once pleased God and understood how long he would live. From that day onwards he left all the work of administration in the hands of ministers and spent the remaining days in devotion and meditation. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 2). Particular details. In Mahābhārata it is mentioned that Khaṭvāṅga was the son of the woman called Ilibilā and that he had the name Dilīpa also. Khaṭvāṅga was one of the sixteen famous Kings of Bhārata. The sixteen Kings were Marutta, Suhotra, Paurava, Śibi, Śrī Rāma, Bhagīratha, Khaṭvāṅga, (Dilīpa) Māndhātā, Yayāti, Ambarīṣa, Śaśabindu, Gaya, Rantideva, Bharata, Pṛthu and Paraśurāma. Khaṭvāṅga performed one hundred sacrifices. At the time of sacrifice he made golden roads. Even Indra came to the sacrifice. The Devas blessed Khaṭvāṅga on that day. See under Dilīpa. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 61). (See full article at Story of Khaṭvāṅga from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—A son of Viśvasaha, and cakravartin. Fought for the devas and slew Daityas in battle. Knowing he had an hour of life left he returned and devoted himself to Nārāyaṇa in a detached spirit, and attained brahmaloka in a muhūrta. A Rājaṛṣi who sought refuge in Hari towards the end of his life. His son was Dīrgabāhu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 9. 41-49; II. 1. 13; XI. 23. 30; IX. 10. 1; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 76-83.

1b) A son of Yaśodā,1 a rājaṛṣi.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 90.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 73. 41.

1c) A daitya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 3. 9.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

King Khaṭvāṅga was unconquerable in any fight. Requested by the demigods to join them in fighting the demons, he won victory, and the demigods, being very pleased, wanted to give him a benediction. The King inquired from them about the duration of his life and was informed that he had only one moment more. Thus he immediately left his palace and went to his own residence, where he engaged his mind fully on the lotus feet of the Lord.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—A saintly king who is famous for attaining unalloyed Kṛṣṇa consciousness just moments before his death.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Khaṭvāṅga is a curious sort of club, made up of the bone of the forearm or the leg, to the end of which a human skull is attached through its foramen.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

Khaṭvāṅga (club with skull) - Impermanence, dissolution, also represents the 8 mystical powers obtained through yoga meditation.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (K) next»] — Khatvanga in Shaivism glossary
Source: academia.edu: Kāpālikas

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग, “hair jewel”) refers to a “skull-topped staff”.—Lākulas were also to carry a skull-topped staff (khaṭvāṅga) and to meditate on Rudra (see Śiva), who was to be seen as all things, and whose highest manifestation was considered to be Dhruva.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: Vajrayogini

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—Vajravārāhī’s third attribute is the skull staff (khaṭvāṅga) balanced upon her left shoulder. according to the 12th-century Abhisamayamañjarī: “On her left side resting on her arm, Vajravārāhī is visualized carrying a skull staff (khaṭvāṅga) whose nature is the means of enlightenment. It is brilliant with a white stock that has a single prong at its base and a black five-pronged vajra at its upper end, and beneath that vajra a desiccated human head, a fresh human head wet with blood, a pair of crossed vajras, a golden vase, and fluttering from the vase’s base, multicolored streamers with tiny tinkling bells.”

In illustrations, the “dry and wet heads” are usually depicted as whitisah-yellow for the upper head, and blood-red for the freshly severed lower head, although there is a good deal of variation in artistic works. The Kriyāsamuccaya distinguishes a different type of skull staff alotgether, with three dried heads. The equation of the skul lstaff with means (upāyasvabhāva) is a common one and identifies the staff with the male consort.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग) refers to a “skull staff” and represents one of the items held in the left hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, khaṭvāṅga]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Khaṭvāṅga.—(EI 5; SII 2), a club with a skull fixed at the top; a Śaiva emblem. Note: khaṭvāṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Khatvanga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—

1) a club or staff with a skull at the top considered as the weapon of Śiva and carried by ascetics and Yogins; Māl.5.4,23.

2) Name of Dilīpa; °धर, °भृत् (dhara, °bhṛt) an epithet of Śiva.

Derivable forms: khaṭvāṅgaḥ (खट्वाङ्गः).

Khaṭvāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms khaṭvā and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—m.

(-ṅgaḥ) A king of the solar line. n.

(-ṅgaṃ) 1. Part of a bed. 2. A. club or staff with a skull at the top of it, considered as a weapon of Siva, and carried by penitents and Yogis. 3. Wood from a funeral pile. E. khaṭvā a cot, and aṅga body or form.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—n. one of Śiva’s weapons (a club with a skull at the top), also carried by devotees.

Khaṭvāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms khaṭvā and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग):—[from khaṭvā > khaṭvakā] mn. (vāṅ) ‘a club shaped like the foot of a bedstead’ id est. a club or staff with a skull at the top (considered as the weapon of Śiva and carried by ascetics and Yogins), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Mālatīmādhava v, 4; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [=khaṭvā-ṅga] [from khaṭvāṅga > khaṭvā > khaṭvakā] m. the back-bone, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a plant, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] wood from a funeral pile, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a king of the solar line, [Mahābhārata i, 2109; Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] khaṭvāṅgada), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ii]

6) [v.s. ...] [xi]

7) [v.s. ...] (= Dilīpa), [Harivaṃśa 808] and, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of an attendant in the retinue of Devī

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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