Aniruddha; 15 Definition(s)
Aniruddha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The stone known as Aniruddha, is of a circular shape and blue colour and is marked with three lines around its mouth.(Source): archive.org: The Garuda puranam
1) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध).—Grandson of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Genealogy. From Viṣṇu was born in this order: Brahmā, Atri, Candra, Budha, Purūravas, Āyus, Nahuṣa, Yayāti, Yadu, Sahasrajit, Śatajit, Hehaya, Dharma, Kunti, Bhadrasena, Kṛtavīrya, Kārttavīryārjuna, Jayadhvaja, Tālajaṃgha, Vītihotra, Ananta, Durjaya, Yudhājit, Śini, Satyaka, Sātyaki, Jaya, Kuṇi, Anamitra, Pṛśni, Citraratha, Viḍūratha, Śūra, Śini, Bhoja, Hṛdīka, Śūrasena, Vasudeva, Śrī Kṛṣṇa, Pradyumna, Aniruddha. (See full article at Story of Aniruddha from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध).—The Mahābhārata refers to another Aniruddha who belonged to the Vṛṣṇi dynasty. Both the Aniruddhas were present at the wedding of Pāñcālī. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Verses 17-20).
3) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध).—The Mahābhārata mentions yet another King Aniruddha. He did not eat flesh. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 115, Verse 15).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध).—One of the four forms of Hari.1 Invoked as a principal divinity. Source of all sounds (śabdayoni); presiding over the mind as fourth in order.2 The supreme ruler of all senses.3 Created specially in the battle of Lalitā with Bhaṇḍa.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa 1. 5. 37; Viṣṇu-purāṇa 16. 18; X. 16. 45; 40. 21; XII. 11. 21. Matsya-purāṇa 276. 9.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 1. 34.
- 3) Ib. III. 26. 28; IV. 24. 36.
- 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 128.
1b) The son of Pradyumna and Rukmavati; carried away by air by Citralekhā, to the harem of the daughter of Baṇā at her instance. For him Bāṇa had his arms reduced from thousand to two. Married Rocanā, grand-daughter of Rukmin at Bhojakaṭa to which Kṛṣṇa, Balarāma and others went. Came back to Dvārakā with his newly wedded wife.1 Seen in a dream by Uṣā. Picture of him drawn by Citralekhā, who made him enjoy Uṣā's company at Śoṇitapura. Bāṇa came to know of this and imprisoned him to the great regret of his daughter.2 Nārada communicated the news of Aniruddha's imprisonment to Kṛṣṇa and Vṛṣṇis. These departed to Śoṇitapura, beseiged it, and humbled the pride of Bāṇa. The latter agreed to set Aniruddha free and allow him to marry his daughter. Left for Dvārakā with Uṣa.3 Famous for his speed in battle.4 Unable to recover the dead child of the Dvārakā Brāḥmaṇa.5 Father of Vajra.6 Went to Syamantapañcaka for solar eclipse.7 Fought with Sātyaki at Prabhāsā.8 One of the five vaṃśavīras.9 Mṛgaketana was a son of his: an authority on architecture.10
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 18. 23, 25-26 & 40.
- 2) Ib. X. 62. 12. 20-27, and 35.
- 3) Ib. X. ch. 63 (whole).
- 4) Ib. I. 14. 30.
- 5) Ib. X. 89. 31 and 41.
- 6) Ib. X. 90. 33, 36-7.
- 7) Ib. X. 82. 7.
- 8) Ib. XI. 30, 16.
- 9) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 2.
- 10) Matsya-purāṇa 47. 23; 93. 51; 248. 49; 252. 3.
1c) A vaṃśavīra.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 2; 111. 21.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध, “The irresistible”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Rati.(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Aniruddha—this Vyūha by means of the Śakti (ability to become the material universe) guṇa, causes the evolution of the atoms of Manifest matter and of gross Time out of the earlier "Primordial matter" and "Subtle Time". This allows the evolution of the "Matter" and "Spirit" resulting in the "mixed creation" (miśra sṛṣṭi) of the jīvātmans. Aniruddha becomes the ruler of the Cosmic Eggs (brahmāṇḍas) and their contents.(Source): SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil stones).—The Aniruddha is blue-black in colour; round inshape (vartula); pleasant in aspect (atiśobhana); two lines at the back suggesting a lotus. Śālagrāma stones are very ancient geological specimens, rendered rounded and smooth by water-currents in a great length of time. They (eg., Aniruddha stones) are distinguished by the ammonite (śālā, described as “vajra-kīṭa”, “adamantine worms”) which having entered into them for residence, are fossilized in course of time, leaving discus-like marks inside the stone.(Source): archive.org: Pratima Kosa Encyclopedia of Indian Iconography - Vol 6
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध) is the name of a deity corresponding to the fourth vyūha (part of five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness) according to Pāñcarātrins thought.—The fourth form of Aniruddha resembles the hill of collyrium, wearing a very white cloth, has four hands, broad eyes and shining with the mark of the deer. The pair of fore-hands are said to be like the first (Vāsudeva) and the two (hind) right and the other have the sword and the shield.
All these (eg., Aniruddha) wear vanamālā, have the marks of Śrīvatsa, and shine with Kaustubha, the king of gems in the chest. They are to be thought of as always having crown, crest, beautiful necklace, armlets and anklets, variegated ornamental marks in the forehead, have the shining ear rings resembling the crocodiles, have different kinds of garlands and adorned with smearing of the beautiful camphor etc.
Lord Aniruddha shall be thought of as having white and black body in the petal amidst the east and north by the mode of evolution.(Source): archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5 (shilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.31.15, XIII.116.65, XIII.115) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aniruddha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Katha (narrative stories)
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध), grandson of Kṛṣṇa, was born in the race of Yadu in Dvāravatī, and became the lover of Uṣā: daughter of the Asura Bāṇa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 31. Accordingly, “... thus spoke Citralekhā, and when Uṣā answered, ‘By all means !’ she painted for her with coloured pencils the whole world in order. Thereupon Uṣā exclaimed joyfully: ‘There he is!’ and pointed out with trembling finger Aniruddha, in Dvāravatī, of the race of Yadu”.
The story of Aniruddha and Uṣā was narrated by Kaliṅgasenā to Somaprabhā in order to demonstrate the similarity between the story and her situation involving the Udayana (king of Vatsa).
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Aniruddha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
General definition (in Hinduism)
One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "One Who Cannot Be Obstructed"(Source): humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध), meaning "uncontrolled", "unrestrained" or "without obstacles", was the son of Pradyumna and the grandson of Krishna. He is said to have been very much like his grandfather, to the extent that he may be a jana avatar, avatar of Vishnu. The four important Vishnu extensions are Vasudeva, Sankarsana, Pradyumna, and Aniruddha. These four are considered to be vishnu-tattva or Vishnu's plenary expansions. Aniruddha is present in every soul as Supersoul.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
See Anuruddha.(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
1) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध, “unceasing”) is one of the two sons of Amṛtadana, son of Siṃhahanu: an ancient king of the solar clan (āditagotra or sūryavaṃśa) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “King Amṛtadana had two sons: 1) Mo ho nan (Mahānāman), 2) A ni lou t’eou (Aniruddha)”.
2) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध, “unceasing”).—According to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV): those who are without bonds (anavacara) discover the nature (lakṣaṇa) of Prajñāpāramitā; they see that all dharmas are unborn (anutpanna) and unceasing (aniruddha); they acquire real wisdom (prajñā) and their mind is without attachment (asaṅga).(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
anirūddha (अनिरूद्ध).—a Free. Self-willed.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध).—a. Unobstructed, free, uncontrolled, self-willed, unruly, ungovernable.
-ddhaḥ 1 A spy, secret emissary.
2) Name of a son of Pradyumna. [Aniruddha was the son of Kāma and grandson of Kṛṣṇa. Uṣā, the daughter of a demon named Bāṇa, fell in love with him and had him brought by magic influence to her apartments in her father's city of Śoṇitapura. Bāṇa sent some guards to seize him, but the brave youth slew his assailants with only an iron club. At last, however, he was secured by means of magic powers. On discovering where Aniruddha had been carried, Kṛṣṇa, Balarāma and Kāma went to rescue him and a great battle was fought. Bāṇa, though aided by Śiva and Skanda, was vanquished, but his life was spared at the intercession of Śiva, and Aniruddha was carried home to Dvārakā with Uṣā as his wife. He had also another wife Rochanā, grand-daughter of king Rukmin of Vidarbha, who bore him a son named Vajra.].
3) Also Name of Viṣṇu; and of Śiva; of an Arhat, a contemporary of Buddha. (aniruddho hi lokeṣu mahānātmeti kathyate Mb.12.34.3. -ddham A cord or rope (for fastening cattle).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 64 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Aniruddhabhāvinī (अनिरुद्धभाविनी).—Aniruddha's wife Uṣā.Aniruddhabhāvinī is a Sanskrit compound...
Aniruddhapatha (अनिरुद्धपथ).—[na niruddhaḥ panthā yatra ba.] 1) unobstructed path. 2) the sky, ...
Aniruddhapura (अनिरुद्धपुर).—Surat grant of Vyāghrasena was issued from the victorious city of ...
Uṣā (उषा) is the daughter of Asura Bāṇa, who had Citralekhā paint her a picture of her unknown ...
Bāṇa (बाण) is the name of an Asura who lost his daughter Uṣā to Aniruddha, according to the Kat...
Citralekhā (चित्रलेखा) is a friend of Uṣā: the daughter of Asura Bāṇa, who had Citralekhā paint...
1) Vajra (वज्र).—Son of Viśvāmitra. He was an expounder of Vedas. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva,...
Rati (रति) is the wife of Kāma (god of love), who was destined to be reunited with Kāma’s human...
Varāha (वराह) or Varāhāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Prodgīt...
Kāma (काम, “love”) is accomplished by performing mantrasādhana (preparatory procedures) beginni...
Vyūha (व्यूह) refers to the second of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness ...
1) Subhadrā (सुभद्रा).—Sister of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Birth. Subhadrā was the daughter of Vasudeva by his...
Hari (हरि) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasaṃhitā 2...
Jīva (जीव) refers to a “living being” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 8.2.—Who is ...
1) Arjuna (अर्जुन).—The third of the Pāṇḍavas. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus: Brahmā, At...
Search found 48 books and stories containing Aniruddha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 53 - The dalliance of Ūṣā and Aniruddha < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 54 - The fight among Bāṇa, Śiva, Kṛṣṇa and others < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 56 - Bāṇāsura attains the position of Śiva’s Gaṇa < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 62 - The Meeting of Usa and Aniruddha < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 61 - Lord Balarama Slays Rukmi < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 63 - Lord Krishna Fights with Banasura < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 4: Kidnapping of Uṣā < [Chapter VIII - The episode of Sāgaracandra]
Part 5: Killing of Bāṇa < [Chapter VIII - The episode of Sāgaracandra]
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)