Aniruddha: 29 definitions
Aniruddha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna
One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "One Who Cannot Be Obstructed"Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध) refers to:—The son of Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s son, Pradyumna; the fourth of the original quadruple expansion in Dvārakā; the fourth of the second quadruple expansion in Vaikuṇṭha; the deity of intelligence. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: The Garuda puranam
The stone known as Aniruddha, is of a circular shape and blue colour and is marked with three lines around its mouth.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध).—Grandson of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Genealogy. From Viṣṇu was born in this order: Brahmā, Atri, Candra, Budha, Purūravas, Āyus, Nahuṣa, Yayāti, Yadu, Sahasrajit, Śatajit, Hehaya, Dharma, Kunti, Bhadrasena, Kṛtavīrya, Kārttavīryārjuna, Jayadhvaja, Tālajaṃgha, Vītihotra, Ananta, Durjaya, Yudhājit, Śini, Satyaka, Sātyaki, Jaya, Kuṇi, Anamitra, Pṛśni, Citraratha, Viḍūratha, Śūra, Śini, Bhoja, Hṛdīka, Śūrasena, Vasudeva, Śrī Kṛṣṇa, Pradyumna, Aniruddha. (See full article at Story of Aniruddha from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध).—The Mahābhārata refers to another Aniruddha who belonged to the Vṛṣṇi dynasty. Both the Aniruddhas were present at the wedding of Pāñcālī. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Verses 17-20).
3) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध).—The Mahābhārata mentions yet another King Aniruddha. He did not eat flesh. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 115, Verse 15).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध).—One of the four forms of Hari.1 Invoked as a principal divinity. Source of all sounds (śabdayoni); presiding over the mind as fourth in order.2 The supreme ruler of all senses.3 Created specially in the battle of Lalitā with Bhaṇḍa.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa 1. 5. 37; Viṣṇu-purāṇa 16. 18; X. 16. 45; 40. 21; XII. 11. 21. Matsya-purāṇa 276. 9.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 1. 34.
- 3) Ib. III. 26. 28; IV. 24. 36.
- 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 128.
1b) The son of Pradyumna and Rukmavati; carried away by air by Citralekhā, to the harem of the daughter of Baṇā at her instance. For him Bāṇa had his arms reduced from thousand to two. Married Rocanā, grand-daughter of Rukmin at Bhojakaṭa to which Kṛṣṇa, Balarāma and others went. Came back to Dvārakā with his newly wedded wife.1 Seen in a dream by Uṣā. Picture of him drawn by Citralekhā, who made him enjoy Uṣā's company at Śoṇitapura. Bāṇa came to know of this and imprisoned him to the great regret of his daughter.2 Nārada communicated the news of Aniruddha's imprisonment to Kṛṣṇa and Vṛṣṇis. These departed to Śoṇitapura, beseiged it, and humbled the pride of Bāṇa. The latter agreed to set Aniruddha free and allow him to marry his daughter. Left for Dvārakā with Uṣa.3 Famous for his speed in battle.4 Unable to recover the dead child of the Dvārakā Brāḥmaṇa.5 Father of Vajra.6 Went to Syamantapañcaka for solar eclipse.7 Fought with Sātyaki at Prabhāsā.8 One of the five vaṃśavīras.9 Mṛgaketana was a son of his: an authority on architecture.10
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 18. 23, 25-26 & 40.
- 2) Ib. X. 62. 12. 20-27, and 35.
- 3) Ib. X. ch. 63 (whole).
- 4) Ib. I. 14. 30.
- 5) Ib. X. 89. 31 and 41.
- 6) Ib. X. 90. 33, 36-7.
- 7) Ib. X. 82. 7.
- 8) Ib. XI. 30, 16.
- 9) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 2.
- 10) Matsya-purāṇa 47. 23; 93. 51; 248. 49; 252. 3.
1c) A vaṃśavīra.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 2; 111. 21.
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.31.15, XIII.116.65, XIII.115) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aniruddha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध, “The irresistible”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Rati.Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Aniruddha—this Vyūha by means of the Śakti (ability to become the material universe) guṇa, causes the evolution of the atoms of Manifest matter and of gross Time out of the earlier "Primordial matter" and "Subtle Time". This allows the evolution of the "Matter" and "Spirit" resulting in the "mixed creation" (miśra sṛṣṭi) of the jīvātmans. Aniruddha becomes the ruler of the Cosmic Eggs (brahmāṇḍas) and their contents.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: archive.org: Pratima Kosa Encyclopedia of Indian Iconography - Vol 6
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil stones).—The Aniruddha is blue-black in colour; round inshape (vartula); pleasant in aspect (atiśobhana); two lines at the back suggesting a lotus. Śālagrāma stones are very ancient geological specimens, rendered rounded and smooth by water-currents in a great length of time. They (e.g., Aniruddha stones) are distinguished by the ammonite (śālā, described as “vajra-kīṭa”, “adamantine worms”) which having entered into them for residence, are fossilized in course of time, leaving discus-like marks inside the stone.Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5 (shilpa)
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध) is the name of a deity corresponding to the fourth vyūha (part of five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness) according to Pāñcarātrins thought.—The fourth form of Aniruddha resembles the hill of collyrium, wearing a very white cloth, has four hands, broad eyes and shining with the mark of the deer. The pair of fore-hands are said to be like the first (Vāsudeva) and the two (hind) right and the other have the sword and the shield.
All these (e.g., Aniruddha) wear vanamālā, have the marks of Śrīvatsa, and shine with Kaustubha, the king of gems in the chest. They are to be thought of as always having crown, crest, beautiful necklace, armlets and anklets, variegated ornamental marks in the forehead, have the shining ear rings resembling the crocodiles, have different kinds of garlands and adorned with smearing of the beautiful camphor etc.
Lord Aniruddha shall be thought of as having white and black body in the petal amidst the east and north by the mode of evolution.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध), grandson of Kṛṣṇa, was born in the race of Yadu in Dvāravatī, and became the lover of Uṣā: daughter of the Asura Bāṇa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 31. Accordingly, “... thus spoke Citralekhā, and when Uṣā answered, ‘By all means !’ she painted for her with coloured pencils the whole world in order. Thereupon Uṣā exclaimed joyfully: ‘There he is!’ and pointed out with trembling finger Aniruddha, in Dvāravatī, of the race of Yadu”.
The story of Aniruddha and Uṣā was narrated by Kaliṅgasenā to Somaprabhā in order to demonstrate the similarity between the story and her situation involving the Udayana (king of Vatsa).
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Aniruddha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: archive.org: Bharatiya vastu-sastra
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध) is the name of an ancient teacher (ācārya) of Vāstuśāsta (science of architecture) according to the Matsyapurāṇa.—All these great teachers cannot be said to be legendary. Some used to be propagated in ancient India. No nation can flourish without its care for its material prosperity. All this technique and training and their systematic and successful teaching and transmission were of equal importance. Most of the treatises of Vāstuśāstra carry many of these names [i.e., Aniruddha], yet a good many of them are quoted as authorities, yet still others are honoured with actual passages being quoted from their works.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध), meaning "uncontrolled", "unrestrained" or "without obstacles", was the son of Pradyumna and the grandson of Krishna. He is said to have been very much like his grandfather, to the extent that he may be a jana avatar, avatar of Vishnu. The four important Vishnu extensions are Vasudeva, Sankarsana, Pradyumna, and Aniruddha. These four are considered to be vishnu-tattva or Vishnu's plenary expansions. Aniruddha is present in every soul as Supersoul.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
1) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध, “unceasing”) is one of the two sons of Amṛtadana, son of Siṃhahanu: an ancient king of the solar clan (āditagotra or sūryavaṃśa) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “King Amṛtadana had two sons: 1) Mo ho nan (Mahānāman), 2) A ni lou t’eou (Aniruddha)”.
2) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध, “unceasing”).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV): those who are without bonds (anavacara) discover the nature (lakṣaṇa) of Prajñāpāramitā; they see that all dharmas are unborn (anutpanna) and unceasing (aniruddha); they acquire real wisdom (prajñā) and their mind is without attachment (asaṅga).
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Aniruddha).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
anirūddha (अनिरूद्ध).—a Free. Self-willed.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध).—a. Unobstructed, free, uncontrolled, self-willed, unruly, ungovernable.
-ddhaḥ 1 A spy, secret emissary.
2) Name of a son of Pradyumna. [Aniruddha was the son of Kāma and grandson of Kṛṣṇa. Uṣā, the daughter of a demon named Bāṇa, fell in love with him and had him brought by magic influence to her apartments in her father's city of Śoṇitapura. Bāṇa sent some guards to seize him, but the brave youth slew his assailants with only an iron club. At last, however, he was secured by means of magic powers. On discovering where Aniruddha had been carried, Kṛṣṇa, Balarāma and Kāma went to rescue him and a great battle was fought. Bāṇa, though aided by Śiva and Skanda, was vanquished, but his life was spared at the intercession of Śiva, and Aniruddha was carried home to Dvārakā with Uṣā as his wife. He had also another wife Rochanā, grand-daughter of king Rukmin of Vidarbha, who bore him a son named Vajra.].
3) Also Name of Viṣṇu; and of Śiva; of an Arhat, a contemporary of Buddha. (aniruddho hi lokeṣu mahānātmeti kathyate Mb.12.34.3. -ddham A cord or rope (for fastening cattle).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध).—(rarely Anu°, q.v.; Pali only Anu°), one of Buddha's chief disciples, mentioned frequently with his brothers Mahānāma(n) and Bhadrika (Bhaṭ- ṭika), as e.g. Lalitavistara 229.13; Mahāvyutpatti 3608. Other occurrences: Mahāvyutpatti 1038; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 2.3; 207.4 (v.l. Anu°); Lalitavistara 1.15; Mahāvastu i.66.4; 75.1; Divyāvadāna 182.21; 361.18; Jātakamālā 115.23; Avadāna-śataka ii.67.9 ff.; [Page025-a+ 71] 112.4; 134 1.12; 99.3; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 589.10; 595.23; Sukhāvatīvyūha 2.8; 92.8; Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 66.19; 76.17; 102.14; 154.16.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) 1. A spy, a secret emissary. 2. Self willed, ungovernable, headstrong. 3. Unobstructed, unrestrained. m.
(-ddhaḥ) The son of Pradyumna, a form of Kama, and husband of Usha. n.
(-ddhaṃ) The rope for fastening cattle. E. a neg. niruddha restrained.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Sāṃkhyapravacanavṛtti or Aniruddhavṛtti. Hall. p. 1. Ben. 65. NW. 394. Oudh. X, 12.
2) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध):—father of Hīra, son of Bhāvadāsa, grandson of Mahāśarman, wrote in 1496: Śiśubodhinī Bhāsvatīkaraṇaṭīkā. Bp. 82. 272. 368.
3) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध):—was the guru of Ballālasena, who mentions him in the Dānasāgara.
4) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध):—Karmopadeśinī.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध):—[=a-niruddha] mfn. unobstructed, ungovernable, self-willed
2) [v.s. ...] m. a spy, a secret emissary (?)
3) [v.s. ...] the son of Pradyumna (a form of Kāma, and husband of Uṣā)
4) [v.s. ...] Śiva
5) [v.s. ...] Name of an Arhat (contemporary of Śākyamuni)
6) [v.s. ...] of a descendant of Vṛṣṇi
7) [v.s. ...] (also) Name of various writers ([especially] of the author of a [commentator or commentary] on the Sāṃkhya-sūtras, about 1500 [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]D.).
8) [v.s. ...] n. the rope for fastening cattle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) Āniruddha (आनिरुद्ध):—m. a descendant of A-niruddha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.
(-ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddham) 1) Unobstructed, unrestrained.
2) Self-willed, ungovernable, headstrong.
3) Moveable, unsteady(?). 2. m.
(-ddhaḥ) 1) The name of the son of Pradyumna or Kāmadeva by Śubhāṅgī or, according to others, Kakudvatī, the daughter of Rukmin; his wife is Uṣā, the daughter of Vāna, or, according to others, Subhadrā, the granddaughter of Rukmin, and his son Vajra.—The Vaiṣṇava sect, called Pāñcharātra or Bhāgavatas, consider him as an incarnation or part of Viṣṇu and identify him with Ahaṅkāra, self-consciousness.—
2) A name of Śiva.
3) The name of a celebrated Bauddha Arhat and contemporary of Śākyamuni.
4) The name of a member of the Vṛṣṇi tribe, the descendants of Vṛṣṇi. See also āniruddha and āniruddhāyani.
5) A spy(?). 3. n.
(-ddham) A rope for fastening cattle. E. a neg. and niruddha. (It is doubtful whether the meaning 1. 3. (moveable) or the meaning 2. 4. (spy) is the correct one, the translation being founded on the word cara, given as one of the meanings of aniruddha, but without any further indication as to the gender. From the place, however, cara occupies in the explanation of some of the native dictionaries, the meaning ‘spy’ is likely to be preferable to the meaning ‘moveable’.)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध):—[a-niruddha] (ddhaḥ) 1. m. Son of Kāma, n. Rope for tying cattle. a. Selfwilled; unrestrained; spying.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇiruddha.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Aṇiruddha (अणिरुद्ध) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Aniruddha.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Aniruddha bhatta, Aniruddha mishra, Aniruddha pandita, Aniruddha suri, Aniruddhabhavini, Aniruddhacampu, Aniruddhacarita, Aniruddhacaritacampu, Aniruddhapatha, Aniruddhapura, Aniruddhasamhita, Aniruddhashataka.
Full-text (+79): Aniruddhabhavini, Aniruddhapatha, Usa, Ushapati, Rishyaketu, Rishyanka, Kamasuta, Pritijusha, Smaravallabha, Ushesha, Vishvaketu, Jhashanka, Rishyaketana, Citralekha, Brahmasu, Rukmavati, Kamaja, Shatrughna, Usharamana, Vyuha.
Search found 63 books and stories containing Aniruddha, Anirūddha, A-niruddha, Āniruddha, Aṇiruddha; (plurals include: Aniruddhas, Anirūddhas, niruddhas, Āniruddhas, Aṇiruddhas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter 121 - The Goddess Consoles Aniruddha < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 120 - Citralekha Unites Aniruddha with Usha < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 122 - Anxiety of the Yadavas for Aniruddha < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 53 - The dalliance of Ūṣā and Aniruddha < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 54 - The fight among Bāṇa, Śiva, Kṛṣṇa and others < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 56 - Bāṇāsura attains the position of Śiva’s Gaṇa < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 4 - Country of Kiu-shi-na-kie-lo (Kushinagara) < [Book VI - Four Countries]
Kena upanishad (Madhva commentary) (by Srisa Chandra Vasu)