Kundali, Kuṇḍalī, Kundalī: 13 definitions

Introduction

Kundali means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kundali in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

1) From the Haṭha Yogha Pradīpikā (chapter III): “Kuṇḍalī Sakti sleeps on the bulb, for the purpose of giving moksa to Yogīs and bondage to the ignorant. He who knows it, knows Yoga.” (śl. 107) and “Kuṇḍalī is of a bent shape, and has been described to be like a serpent. He who has moved that Śakti is no doubt Mukta (released from bondage).” (śl. 108)

2) Kuṇḍalī is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (eg., Kuṇḍalī) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली):—Another name for Amṛtā (Tinospora cordifolia), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

2) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली) is another name (synonym) for Karbudāra, which is the Sanskrit word for Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली) is another name for Kapikacchu, a medicinal plant identified with Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean or cowhage or cowitch) from the Fabaceae or “bean family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.50-53 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Kuṇḍalī and Kapikacchu, there are a total of twenty-six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली).—One of the children of Garuḍa. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 101, Verse 9).

2) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली).—A river the water of which was drunk by the Indians. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 21).

3) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra, also kuown as Kuṇḍāśī. He was killed by Bhīma. (Bhīṣma. Parva, Chapter 96, Verse 24).

4) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली).—A synonym of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 149, Verse 110).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Kuṇḍali refers to a “pickaxe”, representing one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. Some of the work tools held in the hands of deities are, for example, Kuṇḍali.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Kundali - The sarika bird of the Mahaummagga Jataka is identified with Kundali (J.vi.478). The reference is probably to Bhadda Kundalakesi.

2. Kundali - The name of the she ass in the Vataggasindhava Jataka (q.v.). J.ii.338f.

3. Kundali - The name of a vimana in Tavatimsa. In this vimana was born a man who once tended Sariputta and Moggallana and looked after them when they stayed in a vihara in Kasi. Vv.vi.8; VvA.295f.

4. Kundali - A brahmin, importer of foreign goods. He was a friend of Dighabhaya and lived in Dvaramandala. Mhv.xxiii.24.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: The Art of Asia: Who is Who in HeavenKundali (a Vidyarajas) (Chinese: Chun tu li; Japanese: Gundari)

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली) is the name of a Yoginī mentioned in various Jaina manuscripts, often being part of a list of sixty-four such deities. How the cult of the Tantrik Yoginīs originated among the vegetarian Jainas is unknown. The Yoginīs (viz., Kuṇḍalī) are known as attendants on Śiva or Pārvatī. But in the case of Jainism, we may suppose, as seen before that they are subordinates to Kṣetrapāla, the chief of the Bhairavas.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kundali in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kuṇḍalī : (adj.) having earrings or curls.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuṇḍalī (कुंडली).—f (S) pop. kuṇḍaḷī f A figure divided into square, triangular, or circular spaces, drawn to exhibit the position of the sun, planets, and constellations. The twelve graha of kuṇḍalī are tanu, dhana, sahaja, suhṛta, suta, ripu, jāyā, mṛtyu, dharma, karma, āya, vyaya. 2 Semicircular or other lines drawn to include parentheses &c., brackets. 3 m S A snake; a circle or ring; a coil; and numerous things of like form.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kuṇḍalī (कुंडली) [-ḷī, -ळी].—f A figure divided into square, triangular or circular spaces, drawn to exhibit the position of the sun, planets, and constellations.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली).—A kind of sweetmeat (Mar. jilebī.)

See also (synonyms): kuṇḍalikā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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