Kundali, Kuṇḍalī, Kuṇḍalin, Kundalī, Kundalin: 34 definitions

Introduction:

Kundali means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kundali in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

1) From the Haṭha Yogha Pradīpikā (chapter III): “Kuṇḍalī Sakti sleeps on the bulb, for the purpose of giving moksa to Yogīs and bondage to the ignorant. He who knows it, knows Yoga.” (śl. 107) and “Kuṇḍalī is of a bent shape, and has been described to be like a serpent. He who has moved that Śakti is no doubt Mukta (released from bondage).” (śl. 108)

2) Kuṇḍalī is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (e.g., Kuṇḍalī) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली):—Another name for Amṛtā (Tinospora cordifolia), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

2) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली) or Kuṇḍalin is another name (synonym) for Karbudāra, which is the Sanskrit word for Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली) is another name for Kapikacchu, a medicinal plant identified with Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean or cowhage or cowitch) from the Fabaceae or “bean family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.50-53 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Kuṇḍalī and Kapikacchu, there are a total of twenty-six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली) is another name for Sarpiṇī, an unidentified medicinal plant, possibly identified with some plant from the Arisaema species (e.g., Arisaema curvatum or Arisaema tortuosum), according to verse 5.125. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Kuṇḍalī and Sarpiṇī, there are a total of six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Kuṇḍalin (कुण्डलिन्) (lit. “one who is spotted”) is a synonym (another name) for Garuḍa, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली).—One of the children of Garuḍa. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 101, Verse 9).

2) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली).—A river the water of which was drunk by the Indians. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 21).

3) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra, also kuown as Kuṇḍāśī. He was killed by Bhīma. (Bhīṣma. Parva, Chapter 96, Verse 24).

4) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली).—A synonym of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 149, Verse 110).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kuṇḍalin (कुण्डलिन्) refers to “one wearing earrings” and is used to describe Śiva assuming the form of Viṣṇu, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.30 (“The Celebration of Pārvatī’s Return”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] In the meantime the lord of mountains returned from the Gaṅgā. He saw the mendicant in the human form in his court-yard. [...] O dear, then the mendicant who was clever at diverse sports showed his endless great power to the mountain. The mountain saw him immediately transmuted in to the form of Viṣṇu the four-armed, with crown earrings (kuṇḍalin) and yellow garment. Flowers etc. which had been offered to the mace-bearing lord, Viṣṇu, at the time of worship, he saw on the body and over the head of the mendicant. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Kuṇḍali refers to a “pickaxe”, representing one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. Some of the work tools held in the hands of deities are, for example, Kuṇḍali.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Kuṇdalī (कुण्दली) refers to the “coiled one”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Kuṇdalī (the Coiled One) is the pure moonlight (of consciousness). She is reverse (viparīta) action. Then, in a moment, (one experiences) the bliss and upsurge (udbhava) of (the vital) Fire and Wind. Then one attains (the energy of consciousness) which destroys the sins of (all true) yogis and, in the seventh birth, (the Karma) of (all one's previous) births. Even the foolishness (of thoughtless action) is completely eradicated”.

2) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली ) or Kuṇḍalīśakti refers to the “energy of Kundali” and represents one of the five-fold energy in Kula, according to the Kularatnapañcakāvatāra verse 1.16-23ab.—Accordingly, “Will, knowledge, action and bliss—the fifth—is said to be Kuṇḍalī (kuṇḍalīśaktikuṇḍalī ... śaktiḥ pañcavidhā). That (reality), which has been explained in many ways, is the five-fold energy in Kula. O fair lady, know that (this) Kula teaching is internal and it pervades the entire universe along with the gods, demons and warlocks”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Kuṇḍalin (कुण्डलिन्, “ear-rings”):—The earrings shaped like sea-monsters (makara) of the Lord represent the two methods of knowledge;— intellectual knowledge (sankhya) and intuitive perception (yoga). (S.B. 12.11.12: bibharti sāṃkhyaṃ yogaṃ ca devo makara kuṇḍale |)

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Kuṇḍalin (कुण्डलिन्) refers to one of the male Vidyā-beings mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kuṇḍalin).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Kundali - The sarika bird of the Mahaummagga Jataka is identified with Kundali (J.vi.478). The reference is probably to Bhadda Kundalakesi.

2. Kundali - The name of the she ass in the Vataggasindhava Jataka (q.v.). J.ii.338f.

3. Kundali - The name of a vimana in Tavatimsa. In this vimana was born a man who once tended Sariputta and Moggallana and looked after them when they stayed in a vihara in Kasi. Vv.vi.8; VvA.295f.

4. Kundali - A brahmin, importer of foreign goods. He was a friend of Dighabhaya and lived in Dvaramandala. Mhv.xxiii.24.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: The Art of Asia: Who is Who in HeavenKundali (a Vidyarajas) (Chinese: Chun tu li; Japanese: Gundari)

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली) is the name of a Yoginī mentioned in various Jaina manuscripts, often being part of a list of sixty-four such deities. How the cult of the Tantrik Yoginīs originated among the vegetarian Jainas is unknown. The Yoginīs (viz., Kuṇḍalī) are known as attendants on Śiva or Pārvatī. But in the case of Jainism, we may suppose, as seen before that they are subordinates to Kṣetrapāla, the chief of the Bhairavas.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kundali in India is the name of a plant defined with Azima tetracantha in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Monetia barlerioides L’Hér. (among others).

2) Kundali is also identified with Bauhinia variegata It has the synonym Bauhinia chinensis Vogel (etc.).

3) Kundali is also identified with Clerodendrum inerme It has the synonym Volkameria commersonii Poir. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1997)
· Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (1996)
· Caldasia (1946)
· PTR. Phytotherapy Research (2008)
· Labiatae.
· Nomenclator Botanicus ed. 2 (1840)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kundali, for example chemical composition, diet and recipes, extract dosage, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kundali in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kuṇḍalī : (adj.) having earrings or curls.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Kuṇḍalin, 2 in kuṇḍalī-kata contorted Pv. II, 927. See kuṇalin and cp. Morris, J. P. T. S. 1893, 14. (Page 220)

2) Kuṇḍalin, 1 (adj.) (fr. kuṇḍala) wearing earrings S. IV, 343; J. V, 136; VI, 478. su° Vv 731. Cp. Maṭṭha° Np. DhA. I, 25; Pv. II, 5. (Page 220)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuṇḍalī (कुंडली).—f (S) pop. kuṇḍaḷī f A figure divided into square, triangular, or circular spaces, drawn to exhibit the position of the sun, planets, and constellations. The twelve graha of kuṇḍalī are tanu, dhana, sahaja, suhṛta, suta, ripu, jāyā, mṛtyu, dharma, karma, āya, vyaya. 2 Semicircular or other lines drawn to include parentheses &c., brackets. 3 m S A snake; a circle or ring; a coil; and numerous things of like form.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kuṇḍalī (कुंडली) [-ḷī, -ळी].—f A figure divided into square, triangular or circular spaces, drawn to exhibit the position of the sun, planets, and constellations.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuṇḍalin (कुण्डलिन्).—(- f.)

1) Decorated with ear-rings.

2) Circular, spiral.

3) Winding, coiling (as a serpent). -m.

1) A snake. वामाङ्गीकृतवामाङ्गि कुण्डलीकृतकुण्डलि (vāmāṅgīkṛtavāmāṅgi kuṇḍalīkṛtakuṇḍali) Udb.

2) A peacock.

3) An epithet of Varuṇa, and of Śiva.

4) The spotted or painted deer.

5) The golden mountain; काञ्चनाद्रौ सर्पे पुंसि तु कुण्डली (kāñcanādrau sarpe puṃsi tu kuṇḍalī) Nm.

-nī A form of Durgā or Śakti.

2) Name of a नाडी (nāḍī) in Yoga.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली).—A kind of sweetmeat (Mar. jilebī.)

See also (synonyms): kuṇḍalikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṇḍalin (कुण्डलिन्).—mfn. (-lī-linī-li) Having an earring. m. (-lī) 1. A name of Varuna regent of the water. 2. A snake. 3. A peacock. 4. The spotted or painted deer. f. (-nī) 1. A Sakti or form of Durga, worshipped by the Tantrikas. 2. A plant, (Meanispermum glabrum.) 3. Curds boiled with Ghee and spices. E. kuṇḍala and earring, and ini affix; the rings on the snake, the eyes in the peacock’s tail, &c. being compared to this ornament.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṇḍalin (कुण्डलिन्).—i. e. kuṇḍala + in, adj., f. , Having earrings, Mahābhārata 1, 7005.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṇḍalin (कुण्डलिन्).—[adjective] wearing ear-rings; forming a ring, coiled; [masculine] a snake.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली):—[from kuṇḍala] a f. a kind of drum (perhaps kuṇḍalī [nominative case] sg. [from] lin, m.)

2) [v.s. ...] a particular, dish (curds boiled with ghee and rice)

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Śakti

4) [v.s. ...] mountain ebony (Bauhinia variegata), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Cocculus cordifolius, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

6) [v.s. ...] Mucuna pruritus (= kapi-kacchu), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of two other plants (Sarpiṇī-vṛkṣa and Kuṇḍalī-cālana), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Mahābhārata vi, 9, 21.]

9) [from kuṇḍala] b ind. for la.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuṇḍalin (कुण्डलिन्):—[from kuṇḍala] mfn. decorated with ear-rings, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] circular, annulate, [Harivaṃśa 4664]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a snake, [Rājataraṅgiṇī i, 2]

4) [v.s. ...] the spotted or painted deer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a peacock, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the tree Bauhinia variegata, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva

8) [v.s. ...] of Varuṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṇḍalin (कुण्डलिन्):—(lī) 1. m. A name of Varuna; a snake; a peacock; a spotted deer. a. Having ear-rings.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kuṇḍalin (कुण्डलिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kuṃḍali.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kundali in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kundali in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kundali in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) a coil; horoscope; [kumdalita] coiled; circular, spiral; serpentine..—kundali (कुंडली) is alternatively transliterated as Kuṃḍalī.

context information

...

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kuṃḍali (कुंडलि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kuṇḍalin.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuṃḍali (ಕುಂಡಲಿ):—

1) [adjective] wearing, adorned with, an ear-ring or ear-rings.

2) [adjective] having the form of a circle; circular.

--- OR ---

Kuṃḍali (ಕುಂಡಲಿ):—

1) [noun] an astrological diagram, depicting the positions of planets at the time of one’s birth.

2) [noun] a coiled serpent.

3) [noun] the plant Mollugo cerviana of Aizoaceae family.

4) [noun] the tree Clerodendrum (Clerodendron) inerme of Verbenaceae family; littoral glory tree.

5) [noun] a herb, once believed to convert tin into silver.

6) [noun] any of various families of winged hymenopteran insects, characterised by a slender body with the abdomen attached by a narrow stalk, biting mouthparts; a wasp.

7) [noun] a peafowl, the brilliant plumage and a tail (with eyelike markings) of the male of which can be expanded erect in display like a fan; a peacock or peahen.

8) [noun] Śiva.

9) [noun] Varuṇa, the Sea-God.

10) [noun] a spotted-deer.

--- OR ---

Kuṃḍali (ಕುಂಡಲಿ):—[noun] = ಕುಂಡಲಿನಿ [kumdalini].

--- OR ---

Kuṃḍaḷi (ಕುಂಡಳಿ):—[adjective] = ಕುಂಡಲಿ [kumdali]1.

--- OR ---

Kuṃḍaḷi (ಕುಂಡಳಿ):—[noun] = ಕುಂಡಲಿ [kumdali]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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