Madhava, aka: Mādhava, Mādhavā; 16 Definition(s)

Introduction

Madhava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Madhava in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mādhava (माधव) is another name for Kuśala, one of the seven regions situated in Krauñcadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 88. Krauñcadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Jyotiṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Mādhava (माधव).—A synonym of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Because Śṛī Kṛṣṇa could be properly understood by Manana, Dhyāna and Yoga he got the name Mādhava. (Śloka 4, Chapter 7, Udyoga Parva).

2) Mādhava (माधव).—Son of Vikrama, King of Tāladhvaja. The Kriyā Khaṇḍa of Padma Purāṇa gives the following story about him.

2) Mādhava desired to marry a beautiful and good-natured Kṣatriya girl named Candrakalā. She was not prepared for that and she informed Mādhava thus: "There is a princess in the island of Plakṣa named Sulocanā. She is far more beautiful than myself and is fit to be your consort. Do try to get her."

2) Mādhava accepted the advice of Candrakalā and started for the island of Plakṣa with a servant of his named Praceṣṭa. The news that welcomed him when he reached the island was that the marriage of Sulocanā had been fixed with one Vidyādhara. Undaunted Mādhava sent a love-letter to the princess mentioning his arrival in the city, seeking her hand in marriage. In reply to that Sulocanā wrote that if Mādhava appeared on the marriage-dais in time she would accept him as her husband.

2) The marriage day arrived and Mādhava waited for the time of the function. But when the auspicious hour came Mādhava was asleep. Praceṣṭa, his servant, took advantage of the opportunity and carried away Sulocanā. But Sulocanā was determined to marry only Mādhava and she escaped from the custody of Praceṣṭa and reached the palace of a King called Suṣeṇa and stayed there as a servant wearing the robes of a male, calling himself Vīravara.

2) Vīravara, i. e. Sulocanā in disguise, saved Vidyādhara and Praceṣṭa from committing suicide. At that time Mādhava also in despair was about to commit suicide when Sulocanā appeared before him in time and stopped him from doing it. Sulocanā then told him all that had happened and they were happily united as husband and wife.

3) Mādhava (माधव).—A son born to Yadu of his Nāga wife Dhūmravarṇā. The renowned Yādava dynasty was established by this Yadu and his son Mādhava. (Harivaṃśa).

4) Mādhava (माधव).—A virtuous brahmin. Once when he was about to sacrifice a goat in the sacrificial fire the goat in human voice told the story of its previous birth and requested the brahmin to sacrifice it after reciting the ninth chapter of the Gītā. Mādhava did so and the goat got salvation. (Uttara Khaṇḍa, Padma Purāṇa).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Mādhava (माधव).—A name of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 15. 18; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 31. 77; III. 33. 18; 72. 140; IV. 9. 61; 34. 72 and 77; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 20. 35.

1b) The month sacred to Aryaman;1 (Tamil Vaikāśi); with the month of Madhu forms a ṛtu.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 34.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 5.

1c) With Vaṭeśvara in Prayāgā;1 forming a part of the figure, Śivanārāyaṇa;2 in the middle of the Viśvacakra.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 22. 9;
  • 2) Ib. 249. 48; 260. 22.
  • 3) Ib. 285. 16.

1d) An Asura killed by Śatrughna.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 185; 112. 40.

1e) A tribe deriving its name from Madhu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 30.

2) Madhava (मधव).—A son of Auttama Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 12.

3) Mādhavā (माधवा).—An Apsarasa sent by Indra to destroy Viṣṇu's tapas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 61. 22.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Mādhava (माधव, “He propounds the true knowledge about himself”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Tuṣṭi.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Madhava in Katha glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

1) Mādhava (माधव) and Śiva were thiefs, from the city Ratnapura, who used to rob the rich men by means of trickery, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 24. Their story was told by princess Kanakarekhā to her father Paropakārin in order to demonstrate that “all kinds of deceptions are practised on the earth by rogues”.

2) Mādhava (माधव) is the name of a Brāhman whose female slave later incarnated as Nāgaśrī: wife of Dharmadatta: king of Kośala, according to a story in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 27. The story of Mādhava and Nāgaśrī was narrated to king Kaliṅgadatta by his wife Tārādattā in order to demonstrate that “actions, good and bad, have a wonderful power, producing the perception of joy and sorrow”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mādhava, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Mādhava (माधव).—The well-known epoch-making scholar of the 14th century who has written a number of treatises in various Saastras. His धातुवृत्ति (dhātuvṛtti) is a well-known work in grammar.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "Knowledge Filled God"

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

Mādhava (माधव): One of the names of Krishna. It means the Lord of Lakshmi.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Mādhava (माधव).—A name for the Supreme Personality of Godhead meaning “He who appeared in the Madhu dynasty.” It is also a name for the Yadu dynasty; also a name of Kṛṣṇa comparing Him to the sweetness of springtime or the sweetness of honey.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.77, 79.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Madhava in Jainism glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mādhava (माधव) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Mādhava] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Mādhava (माधव) is an example of a Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (eg., from Vaiṣṇavism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Mādhava) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

1) Mādhava (माधव) (fl. 1039 AD) is the name of a Brāhmaṇa mentioned in the “Ṭhāṇā plates of Nāgārjuna”. Accordingly, “... the great Brāhmaṇa Mādhava Paṇḍita, son of Gokarṇa Paṇḍita, of the Pārāsara-gotra and the Yajurveda-śākhā, who has emigrated from Hasti-grāma situated in the Madhyadeśa”.

2) Mādhava Jyotirvid (fl. 1049 AD), the son of Dāmupaiya, is mentioned in the “Ṭhāṇā plates of Mummuṇirāja”. Accordingly, Mādhava Jyotirvid is mentioned amongst fourteen Brāhmaṇas living together, hailing from Karahāṭaka (Karahāṭa), as receiving a gift of several villages. He is associated with the Ātreya gotra (clan)

3) Mādhava (fl. 1184 A.D.) is the name of a person mentioned in the “Lonāḍ stone inscription of Aparāditya II”. Accordingly, “Knowing this and also (the meaning of) the half verse, viz. whoever is the owner of the land, to him belongs then the religious merit of the gift, none should destroy this gift. On the other hand, all should preserve it. This has been written by the sāndhivigrahika Mādhava”.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Madhava in Marathi glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

madhavā (मधवा).—a madhavēlā a R madhivalā a C (madhya) The middle one; the one between the eldest and the youngest;--used of brothers and sisters.

--- OR ---

mādhava (माधव).—m (S) A name of Krishn̤a or Vishn̤u. 2 The month vaiśākha or the season composed of caitra & vaiśākha.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

madhavā (मधवा).—a The middle one.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mādhava (माधव).—a. (- f.) [मधु-अण् (madhu-aṇ)]

1) Honey-like, sweet.

2) Made of honey.

3) Vernal, relating to the spring; सावज्ञेव मुखप्रसाधनविधौ श्रीमाधवी योषिताम् (sāvajñeva mukhaprasādhanavidhau śrīmādhavī yoṣitām) M.3.5.

4) Relating to the descendants of Madhu.

-vaḥ [māyā lakṣmyā dhavaḥ]

1) Name of Kṛṣṇa; राधामाधवयोर्जयन्ति यमुनाकूले रहःकेलयः (rādhāmādhavayorjayanti yamunākūle rahaḥkelayaḥ) Gīt.1; माधवे मा कुरु मानिनि मानमये (mādhave mā kuru mānini mānamaye) 9.

2) The spring season, a friend of Cupid; स्मर पर्युत्सुक एष माधवः (smara paryutsuka eṣa mādhavaḥ) Ku. 4.28; स माधवेनाभिमतेन सख्या (sa mādhavenābhimatena sakhyā) (anuprayātaḥ) 3.23; माधवप्रथमे मासि बलस्य प्रथमे पुनः (mādhavaprathame māsi balasya prathame punaḥ) Charaka-sūtrasthāna.

3) The month called Vaiśākha; जगाम माधवे मासि रैभ्याश्रमपदं प्रति (jagāma mādhave māsi raibhyāśramapadaṃ prati) Mb. 3.136.1; भास्करस्य मधुमाधवाविव (bhāskarasya madhumādhavāviva) R.11.7.

4) Name of Indra.

5) of Paraśurāma.

6) Name of the Yādavas (pl.); प्रहितः प्रधनाय माधवान् (prahitaḥ pradhanāya mādhavān) Śi.16.52.

7) Name of a celebrated author, son of Māyaṇa and brother of Sāyaṇa and Bhoganātha, and suppossed to have lived in the fifteenth century. He was a very reputed scholar, numerous important works being ascribed to him; he and Sāyaṇa are suppossed to have jointly written the commentary on the Ṛigveda; श्रुतिस्मृतिसदाचारपालको माधवो बुधः । स्मार्तं व्याख्याय सर्वार्थं द्विजार्थं श्रौत उद्यतः (śrutismṛtisadācārapālako mādhavo budhaḥ | smārtaṃ vyākhyāya sarvārthaṃ dvijārthaṃ śrauta udyataḥ) || J. N. V.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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