Shaila, aka: Śaila; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shaila means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaila can be transliterated into English as Saila or Shaila, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Śaila (शैल) refers to “mountain” and is mentioned together with a list of 24 synonyms for the word “mountain” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Śaila], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

The following synonyms for mountain (śaila) are mentioned:

  1. Giri,
  2. Dharaṇīdhra,
  3. Gotrā,
  4. Bhūbhṛt,
  5. Śikhari,
  6. Śiloccaya,
  7. Sānumān,
  8. Kṣitibhṛt,
  9. Aga,
  10. Naga,
  11. Avanīdhara,
  12. Adri,
  13. Sthira,
  14. Kudhara,
  15. Dharādhara,
  16. Dhara,
  17. Ahārya,
  18. Parvata,
  19. Grāvā,
  20. Kaṭakī,
  21. Prasthavān,
  22. Śṛṅgī,
  23. Vṛkṣavān,
Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Śaila (शैल) is the name of a Brāhmaṇa, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 52.—Accordingly, “[...] Also, the Brāhmaṇa Che-yi-lo (Śaila) first heard the name of ‘Buddha’ at the home of the Jaṭila-Brahmacārin Ki-ni-ye (Keṇiya); his mind was overjoyed; he went straight to the Buddha; he heard the Dharma and obtained bodhi”.

Note: The conversion of Śaila (in Pāli, Sela) is told, partially in the same words, by the Selasutta of the Suttanipāta and of the Majjhima.—See also the Tseng yi a han.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śaila (शैल).—m S corruptly śailya m A mountain.

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śaila (शैल).—a S Mountainous, relating to a mountain.

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saīla (सईल).—&c. See under saila.

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sāilā (साइला).—m C and Local--Jungle animals or an animal killed or captured (and brought to the idol-house to be killed) at the hunting of the village-god. Ex. gāṃvānta dēvaskīcā sāilā paḍēla tyācē pharē khōtāsa yētāta.

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sāīla (साईल).—m C See sāilā.

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saila (सैल).—f The dāṇḍā in which kaṅgaṇī and similar ornaments are fashioned.

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saila (सैल).—a (śithila S) Slack, loose, lax, flaccid; not tight, not firm, not compact. saila sōḍaṇēṃ To let loose; to let run with slack rein or under slack hand; as mūla saila sōḍalā mūrkha jhālā.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śaila (शैल).—m A mountain. a Mountainous.

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saila (सैल).—a Loose, slack; not tight. saila sōḍaṇēṃ Let loose.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaila (शैल).—a. (- f.) [शिलाः सन्त्यस्य प्रज्ञा° अण् (śilāḥ santyasya prajñā° aṇ)] Rocky, craggy, stony; शैलनीव च दृश्यन्ते (śailanīva ca dṛśyante) Mb.5.1.11; शैली दारुमयी लौही (śailī dārumayī lauhī)... प्रतिमाष्टविधा स्मृता (pratimāṣṭavidhā smṛtā) Bhāg.11.27.12.

2) Stone-like, rigid.

-laḥ 1 A mountain, hill; शैले शैले न मणिक्यं मौक्तिकं न गजे गजे (śaile śaile na maṇikyaṃ mauktikaṃ na gaje gaje) Chāṇ.55; शैलौ मलयदुर्दुरौ (śailau malayadurdurau) R.4.51.

2) A dike, dam.

3) A rock, big stone.

-lam 1 Borax, benzoin.

2) Bitumen.

3) A kind of collyrium.

4) A heap of stones; तेनाभि- पतिता दावं शैलेन महता भृशम् (tenābhi- patitā dāvaṃ śailena mahatā bhṛśam) Mb.1.227.52.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 118 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Gandashaila
Gaṇḍaśaila (गण्डशैल).—m. (-laḥ) 1. A rock or rocky fragment fallen from a height thrown down by...
Purvashaila
Pūrvaśaila (पूर्वशैल) or Pūrvvaśaila.—m. (-laḥ) The eastern mountain, behind which the sun is s...
Shailaja
Śailaja (शैलज).—mfn. (-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) Produced in or on mountains, rocks, &c. n. (-jaṃ) 1. A f...
Krimishaila
Kṛmiśaila (कृमिशैल).—m. (-laḥ) An ant or mole hill. E. kṛmi a worm, and śaila a hill; also with...
Shailasara
Śailasāra (शैलसार).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Hard, firm, as a rock. E. śaila and sāra essence.
Shailadhara
Śailadhara (शैलधर).—m. (-raḥ) Krishna. E. śaila a mountain, and dhara who upholds.
Shailata
Śailāṭa (शैलाट).—m. (-ṭaḥ) 1. A lion. 2. A mountaineer, a savage, a barbarian. 3. An attendant ...
Tarkshyashaila
Tārkṣyaśaila (तार्क्ष्यशैल).—n. (-laṃ) A substance prepared from the calx of brass, or from the...
Shailaniryasa
Śailaniryāsa (शैलनिर्यास) or Śailaniryyāsa.—m. (-saḥ) Storax, Benzoin. E. śaila a rock, niryāsa...
Tuhinashaila
Tuhinaśaila (तुहिनशैल).—m. (-laḥ) The Himalaya mountains. E. tuhina, and śaila a mountain; also...
Shailagra
Śailāgra (शैलाग्र).—n. (-graṃ) The peak of a mountain. E. śaila a mountain, and agra top.
Shailadhanvan
Śailadhanvan (शैलधन्वन्).—m. (-nvā) Siva. E. śaila a mountain, and dhanvan a bow.
Shailakataka
Śailakaṭaka (शैलकटक).—m. (-kaḥ) The brow or slope of a mountain. E. śaila, kaṭaka flank.
Shailajana
Śailajana (शैलजन).—m. (-naḥ) A mountaineer. E. śaila, and jana a person.
Shailabhitti
Śailabhitti (शैलभित्ति).—f. (-ttiḥ) A stone-cutter’s chisel or axe, an instrument for cutting s...

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