Bahurupa, aka: Bahurūpa, Bahurūpā, Bahu-rupa; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bahurupa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

1) Bahurūpa (बहुरूप):—Seventh of the eleven emanations of Rudra (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Viśvakarma-śilpa. He keeps in his right hands the ḍamaru, chakra, sarpa, śūla, aṅkuśa, kaumudi and akṣamālā (the eight object is not mentioned); and in the left hands the ghaṇṭa, kapāla, khaṭvāṅga, tarjanī, kamaṇḍalu, dhanus, paraśu and paṭṭiśa.

2) Bahurūpa (बहुरूप):—Eleventh of the twelve emanations of Rudra, according to the Rūpamaṇḍana.

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana

Bahurupa in Purana glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bahurūpa (बहुरूप):—One of the Eleven Rudras (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Agni-purāṇa. The Agni Purāṇa is a religious text containing details on Viṣṇu’s different incarnations (avatar), but also deals with various cultural subjects such as Cosmology, Grammar and Astrology.

Source: Wisdom Library: Agni Purāṇa

Bahurūpa (बहुरूप).—One of the eleven Rudras. Eleven Rudras were born to Kaśyapa by his wife Surabhi. Surabhi, who had been purified by Maheśvara whom she had pleased by her penance, got as sons, Aja, Ekapād, Ahirbudhnya, Tvaṣṭṛ and Rudra. The renowned Viśvarūpa was the son of Tvaṣṭṛ. The eleven Rudras are Hara, Bahurūpa, Tryambaka, Aparājita, Vṛṣākapi, Śambhu, Kapardin, Raivata, Mṛgavyādha, Sarpa and Kapālin The number of the Rudras is one hundred lakhs. They pervade everything moving and not moving. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 18).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Bahurūpa (बहुरूप).—A son of Medhātithi of Śākadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 25; Viṣṇu-purāṇa 1. 15. 122.

1b) One of the eleven Rudras; son of Bhūta and Sarūpā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 18. Matsya-purāṇa 5. 29.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

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Bahurūpā (बहुरूपा, “manifold, variegated”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ बहुरूपायै नमः
oṃ bahurūpāyai namaḥ.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

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Bahurūpa (बहुरूप) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bahurūpa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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India history and geogprahy

Bahurūpa (बहुरूप) is the name of a sacred spot mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Bahurūpa is recognised in the village Bīru situated 74° 39' long. 34° 1' lat. in the pargana of Bīru towards the mountains of Pīr Pañcāl.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Bahurupa in Marathi glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

bahurūpa (बहुरूप).—n S Theatrical representation, acting, mimicry, buffoonery &c.

--- OR ---

bahurūpa (बहुरूप).—a (S) Multiform or manifold.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bahurupa in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bahurūpa (बहुरूप).—a.

1) many-formed, multiform, manifold.

2) variegated, spotted, chequered; वैश्वदेवं बहुरूपं हि राजन् (vaiśvadevaṃ bahurūpaṃ hi rājan) Mb.14.1.3. (-paḥ) 1 a lizard, chameleon.

2) hair.

3) the sun.

4) Name of Śiva.

5) of Viṣṇu.

6) of Brahmā.

7) of the god of love.

Bahurūpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bahu and rūpa (रूप). See also (synonyms): bahīrūpa.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Bahuvidha
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