Atreya, aka: Ātreya; 9 Definition(s)
Atreya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Ātreya (आत्रेय).—A sage. This sage had acquired the power to go from one planet to another. Once this ṛṣi went to devaloka as the guest of Indra and there he drank Amṛta (the celestial elixir) and enjoyed the dances of the celestial maidens A desire to have a similar heaven of his own budded in his mind and he approached Viśvakarmā who gave him a new heaven of his own. But before long the demons took over this heaven from him. Though Viśvakarmā took back the same from the demons, Ātreya did not go back but returned to his old āśrama on the banks of Gomatī and doing penance there for a long time attained salvation (Brahma Purāṇa). More details. Ātreya was also present among the ascetics who assembled at the sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 8, Chapter 55, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata).
Ātreya was a disciple of Vāmadeva. (Śloka 6, Chapter 192, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).
This ṛṣi taught his disciples about Nirguṇabrahma. (Śloka 7, Chapter 137, Anuśāsana Parva, Mahābhārata). (See full article at Story of Ātreya from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Ātreya (आत्रेय).—A place of ancient Bhārata. (Śloka 68, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva, Mahābhārata).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1a) Ātreya (आत्रेय).—A pupil of Sūta;1 the last reference is to the sage in the Raivatamanvantara.2 Sage of the Tāmasa manvantara.3 Ātreya Śaradvata one of the seven sages;4 Ātreyavāruni,5 Niṣprakampa,6 Sūtapūḥ.7
- 1) Va. 61. 56.
- 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 17, 54.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 41.
- 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 11.
- 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 82.
- 6) Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 107.
- 7) Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 96; 106. 39.
1b) A deva gaṇa of the Pitṛs, like Svastyātreya,*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 51; 8. 81.
1c) The five sons of Atri and Anasūyā; Satynetra, Havya, Āpomūrṭi, Śanīśvara and Soma.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 18-20; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 23-24.
1d) A tribe.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 119.
Ātreya (आत्रेय) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.48.8, I.53, VI.10.67) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ātreya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Ātreya (आत्रेय) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Ātreya (आत्रेय) shows that he was the son or descendant of Atri. The name is not then Ātreyadatta, like Yajñadatta, Naravāhavadatta and others.Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1
Ātreya (आत्रेय) or Ātreyasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa (eg., Ātreya-saṃhitā). c. Tāmasa.Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Languages of India and abroad
Ātreya (आत्रेय).—a. (-yī f.) [अत्रेरपत्यं ढक् (atrerapatyaṃ ḍhak)] P.IV.1.122 Belonging to, descended or sprung from, Atri.
-yaḥ 1 A descendant of Atri.
2) The head of the descendants of Atri.
3) A priest closely related to the Sadasya.
4) An epithet of Śiva.
5) An essential humor or juice of the body, lymph.
-yī 1 A female descendant of Atri; गोत्रप्रशंसार्थ- मात्रेय्या अवधसंकीर्तनम् । न चापन्नसत्त्वा आत्रेयी । गोत्रं ह्येतत् (gotrapraśaṃsārtha- mātreyyā avadhasaṃkīrtanam | na cāpannasattvā ātreyī | gotraṃ hyetat) | ŚB. on MS.6.1.9.
2) The wife of Atri.
3) A woman in her courses (rajasvalā); Ms.11.87; Y.3.251.
4) Any woman of the Brāhmaṇical order.
5) Name of a river in the north of Bengal, also called Tista.
6) A pregnant woman; Mb.12.165.54; आत्रेयीमापन्नगर्भामाहुः । अत्र कुक्षौ अस्या विद्यत इत्यात्रेयी (ātreyīmāpannagarbhāmāhuḥ | atra kukṣau asyā vidyata ityātreyī) | ŚB. on MS.6.1.7.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Ātreya (आत्रेय).—(1) name assumed by Kuśa (2) as physician: MSV i.104.3; (2) n. of a distinguished physician of Taxila: MSV ii.26.7 ff.; note that this is the name of a great physician in SanskritSource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-yaḥ) 1. The name of a Muni or saint, the son of Atri, applicable to Datta, Durvasas, and Soma. 2. An essential humor or juice of the body. f. (-yikā or -yī) A woman during her courses. f. (-yī) 1. The name of a river in the north of Bengal. 2. The wife of Atri. 3. Any woman of the Brahmanical order. E. atri a saint so called, ḍhak patronymic aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Full-text (+111): Atreya Shiksha, Dattatreya, Shyavashva, Caitrayana, Gopana, Laidrani, Harapriti, Tailapa, Shaunakarni, Saupushpi, Ardhapaṇya, Gaurajina, Shirisha, Arcananasha, Karnajihva, Maunjakesha, Shilardani, Gonipati, Chandogeya, Bijavapi.
Search found 34 books and stories containing Atreya, Ātreya; (plurals include: Atreyas, Ātreyas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 17 - The Narrative of Creation < [Section 7.1 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (1)]
Chapter 34 - The enumeration of Manvantaras < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 35 - Śiva-sahasranāma: the thousand names of Śiva < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 14 - Did Logic Originate in the Discussions of Āyurveda Physicians < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Part 1 - Āyurveda and the Atharva-veda < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Part 18 - Āyurveda Literature < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
The Gautami Mahatmya (by G. P. Bhatt)
Brahma Sutras (Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Vireshwarananda)
Asvalayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 11 - The creation of Sages (saptarṣi) < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 38 - The narrative of Bhārgava Paraśurāma (b) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 8 - The race of the sages: Atri and Vasiṣṭha < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]