Jagannatha, aka: Jagannātha, Jagat-natha; 7 Definition(s)
Jagannatha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
1) Jagannātha (जगन्नाथ).—The well-known poet and scholar of Vyakarana and Alam kara who wrote many excellent poetical works. He lived in the sixteenth century. He was a pupil of कृष्णशेष (kṛṣṇaśeṣa) and he severely criticised the views of Appaya Diksita and Bhattoji Diksita. He wrote a sort of refutation of Bhattoji's commentary Praudha-Manorama on the Siddhānta Kaumudi, which he named प्रौढमनेरमाखण्डन (prauḍhamaneramākhaṇḍana) but which is popularly termed मनोरमाकुचमर्दन (manoramākucamardana). His famous work is the Rasagangadhara on Alankrasastra;
2) Jagannātha.—Writer of a commentary on the Rk-Pratisakhya by name Varnakramalaksana;
3) Jagannātha.—Writer of Sarapradipika, a commentary on the Sarasvata Vyakarana.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Jagannātha (जगन्नाथ).—An attribute of Viṣṇu.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 33. 41.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
Jagannātha (जगन्नाथ) or Jagannātha Miśra (C. 1750-93 C.E.) was a Sanskrit prosodist of 18th Century, who has presented the science of metrics in a new dimension. His versatile scholarship on Sanskrit prosody can be judged from his Chandaḥpīyūṣa and also from his commentary on Vṛttaratnākara. He was the son of Rāma and Subhadrā. His parental grandfather was Vidyādhara and maternal grandfather Harikṛṣṇa. He married to Gopālī. He was also the disciple of Buddhimat of Nīlalohitapura (the place is identified as Vārāṇasī by Prof. Gode). He ascribes his mother as a Sādhvī. Harikṛṣṇa was a scholar of high repute; he was adorned by many learned scholars. Jagannātha mentions about his parents, preceptor and grandfathers in the concluding portion of his Chandaḥpīyūṣa.Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Jagannātha (जगन्नाथ).—The Supreme Lord, who is Lord of the universe. A particular Deity form of Lord Krṣṇa, seemingly fashioned from wood and brightly painted, which has been worshiped for many centuries in Jagannātha Purī. Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu used to daily visit Lord Jagannātha and see Him in a mood of intense separation, in the mood of Rādhārāṇī, who was parted from her beloved Kṛṣṇa most of her days.Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
India history and geogprahy
Jagannātha is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (eg., Jagannātha) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.
These copper plates (mentioning Jagannātha) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
jagannātha (जगन्नाथ).—m (S) A form of viṣṇu. The celebrated idol worshiped on the Coromandel coast in Orissa. Pr. āpalā hāta ja0 One's own arm (or hand) is one's god. Used in affirming or in inculcating self-sufficiency and self-reliance.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) the lord of the universe.
4) Name of a country.
5) Name of an idol at Jagannātha.
6) Name of a poet.
-thau Viṣṇu and Śiva.
-thā Name of Durgā.
Derivable forms: jagannāthaḥ (जगन्नाथः).
Jagannātha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jagat and nātha (नाथ).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Jagadīśa (जगदीश).—m. (-śaḥ) An epithet of Vishnu. E. jagat the universe, and īśa lord.
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Jagadambā (जगदम्बा).—f. (-mbā) A name of Durga. E. jagat, and ambā mother.
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Search found 22 books and stories containing Jagannatha, Jagannātha or Jagat-natha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 37 - Visvanatha (A.D. 1307-1309) < [Chapter XI - The Chalukyas]
Part 56 - The Later Gajapatis < [Chapter XIII - The Dynasties in South Kalinga]
Part 26 - Pratapa Gangaraju (A.D. 1319-1368) < [Chapter XIII - The Dynasties in South Kalinga]
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter II - Orthography of om < [The om tat sat]
Chapter III - Valmiki’s admonition < [Book I - Vairagya khanda (vairagya khanda)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.196 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
Verse 2.1.167 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
Verse 2.2.85 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna: Knowledge]
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)