Yojana, aka: Yojanā; 9 Definition(s)
Yojana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Yojana (योजन): A unit of measurement of distance, according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (वायु पुराण). The following table gives some idea about their relations to each other:
8 Aṅgulas = Prādeśa (?);
21 Aṅgulas = Ratni;
24 Aṅgulas = Hasta;
2000 Dhanus = Gavyūti;
12 Aṅgulas = Vitasti;
2 Ratnis or 42 Aṅgulas = Kiṣku;
4 hastas = Dhanus;
8000 Dhanus = Yojana.
‘Yojana’ occurs very frequently in the Ṛg-veda and in later works as a measure of distance but there is no reference defining its real length. Later, it is reckoned at four Krośas or about nine miles. It is aslo calculated at 8 Krośas or 18 miles and the estimate of 2 miles is also found.
Yojana (योजन).—8000 dhanus make one yojana.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 101; IV. 2. 126; Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 107; 51. 37; 101. 113 and 126.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Yojana (योजन).—1. A unit of distance, probably somewhere between five and ten kilometres. 2. A unit of distance. 8000 × 4 cubits. The length of a yojana has differed at different times. The yojana of Āryabhaṭa I and Bhāskara I is roughly equivalent to 7½ miles. Note: Yojana is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Jainism)
Yojana (योजन).—The yojana, too, has been variously described. According to one view an utsedha-yojana is equivalent to 7,68,000 utsedha-aṅgula or eight miles. Another view expressed in the book entitled Our True Geography’, published by Jambūdvīpa Vijñāna Saṁśodhana Kendra, Palitana, holds it that the present day equivalent of an utsedha-yojana, which equals four gāu or nine miles or 15 Km.
For astronomical measurements the unit in vogue was the pramāṇa-yojana, which is 400 times that of an utsedha-yojana or equivalent to 3600 miles at the very least.(Source): Prakrit Bharati Academy: Jainism - the Creed for all Times
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
yojana : (nt.) yoking; application; a measure of length, which is about, 7 miles. || yojanā (f.), construction; suggestion; proposal; an exegesis.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Yojana, (nt.) (Vedic yojana) 1. the yoke of a carriage J. VI, 38, 42 (=ratha-yuga).—2. a measure of length: as much as can be travelled with one yoke (of oxen), a distance of about 7 miles, which is given by Bdhgh. as equal to 4 gāvutas (DhA. II, 13). It occurs in descending scale of yojana-tigāvuta-usabha at DhA. I, 108. ‹-› Dh. 60; J. V, 37 (yojana-yojana-vitthatā each a mile square); SnA 194. More favoured combns of yojana with numbers are the foll. : 1/2 (aḍḍha°): DA. I, 35; DhsA. 142.—3: DhA. II, 41.—4: PvA. 113.—5: VvA. 33.—15: DhA. I, 17; J. I, 315; PvA. 154.—18: J. I, 81, 348.—20: DhA. IV, 112 (20 X 110, of a wilderness).—25: VvA. 236.—45: J. I, 147, 348; DhA. I, 367.—50: Vism. 417.—100: D. I, 117; It. 91; Pv. I, 1014.—500: J. I, 204.—1, 000: J. I, 203.—Cp. yojanika. (Page 559)
— or —
Yojanā, (f.) (*Sk. yojanā, fr. yojeti) (grammatical) construction; exegesis, interpretation; meaning KhA 156, 218, 243; SnA 20, 90, 122 sq. 131 sq. 148, 166, 177, 248, 255, 313; PvA. 45, 50, 69, 73, 139 (attha°), and passim in Commentaries. (Page 559)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
yōjana (योजन).—n (S) A measure of distance equal to four krōśa; which, at 8000 cubits or 4000 yards each, will amount to nine miles. Other computations make the yōjana but about five miles. 2 Joining, uniting, applying. Vide infra.
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yōjanā (योजना).—f (S) Arranging, disposing, concerting, laying in train. 2 Devising, contriving, planning, excogitating. 3 Putting to, setting on or at, applying, addressing, joining, lit. fig. but esp. fig.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
yōjanā (योजना).—f Arranging. Planning. Addressing.
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yōjana (योजन).—n A measure equal to four kōśa. Joining.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Yojana (योजन).—[yuj-bhāvādau lyuṭ]
1) Joining, uniting, yoking.
2) Applying, fixing.
3) Preparation, arrangement.
4) Grammatical construction, construing the sense of a passage.
5) A measure of distance equal to four Krośas or eight or nine miles; स्याद् योजनं क्रोशचतुष्टयेन (syād yojanaṃ krośacatuṣṭayena); प्रथममगमदह्ला योजने योजनेशः (prathamamagamadahlā yojane yojaneśaḥ) Līlā.; न योजनशतं दूरं बाह्यमानस्य तृष्णया (na yojanaśataṃ dūraṃ bāhyamānasya tṛṣṇayā) H.1.146.
6) Exciting, instigation.
7) Concentration of the mind, abstraction (= yoga q. v.).
8) Erecting, constructing (also yojanā in this sense).
9) Ved. Effort, exertion.
1) A road, way.
11) The Supreme Spirit of the universe.
12) A finger.
-nā 1 Junction, union, connection.
2) Grammatical construction.
3) Use, application.
Derivable forms: yojanam (योजनम्).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 55 books and stories containing Yojana or Yojanā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
A Manual of Abhidhamma (by Nārada Thera)
Grouping of Material Qualities < [Chapter VI - Analysis of Matter]
Fourfold Rebirth < [Chapter V - Process Freed Section]
Mandukya Karika, verse 4.59 < [Chapter IV - Alatashanti Prakarana (Quenching the firebrand)]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 20: The Jyotiṣkas < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Notes on Atiśaya (supernatural powers) < [Notes]
Part 6: Birth-rites of Śreyāṃsa < [Chapter I - Śreyāṃsanāthacaritra]
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 3 - Measures of Length used in India < [Book II - Three Countries]
Chapter 2 - Country of Kie-pi-lo-fa-su-tu (Kapilavastu) < [Book VI - Four Countries]
Chapter 34 - Country of Kia-pi-shi (Kapiśa or Kapisha) < [Book I - Thirty-Four Countries]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)