Yojana, aka: Yojanā; 11 Definition(s)


Yojana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Yojana in Purana glossary... « previous · [Y] · next »

Yojana (योजन): A unit of measurement of distance, according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (वायु पुराण). The following table gives some idea about their relations to each other:

8 Aṅgulas = Prādeśa (?);
21 Aṅgulas = Ratni;
24 Aṅgulas = Hasta;
2000 Dhanus = Gavyūti;
12 Aṅgulas = Vitasti;
2 Ratnis or 42 Aṅgulas = Kiṣku;
4 hastas = Dhanus;
8000 Dhanus = Yojana.

‘Yojana’ occurs very frequently in the Ṛg-veda and in later works as a measure of distance but there is no reference defining its real length. Later, it is reckoned at four Krośas or about nine miles. It is aslo calculated at 8 Krośas or 18 miles and the estimate of 2 miles is also found.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Yojana (योजन).—8000 dhanus make one yojana.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 101; IV. 2. 126; Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 107; 51. 37; 101. 113 and 126.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Yojana (योजन).—1. A unit of distance, probably somewhere between five and ten kilometres. 2. A unit of distance. 8000 × 4 cubits. The length of a yojana has differed at different times. The yojana of Āryabhaṭa I and Bhāskara I is roughly equivalent to 7½ miles. Note: Yojana is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Yojana (योजन).—The yojana, too, has been variously described. According to one view an utsedha-yojana is equivalent to 7,68,000 utsedha-aṅgula or eight miles. Another view expressed in the book entitled Our True Geography’, published by Jambūdvīpa Vijñāna Saṃśodhana Kendra, Palitana, holds it that the present day equivalent of an utsedha-yojana, which equals four gāu or nine miles or 15 Km.

For astronomical measurements the unit in vogue was the pramāṇa-yojana, which is 400 times that of an utsedha-yojana or equivalent to 3600 miles at the very least.

Source: Prakrit Bharati Academy: Jainism - the Creed for all Times
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Yojana.—(CII 1, 4), name of a measure of distance; a dis- tance of about nine miles. Note: yojana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Yojana in Pali glossary... « previous · [Y] · next »

yojana : (nt.) yoking; application; a measure of length, which is about, 7 miles. || yojanā (f.), construction; suggestion; proposal; an exegesis.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Yojana, (nt.) (Vedic yojana) 1. the yoke of a carriage J. VI, 38, 42 (=ratha-yuga).—2. a measure of length: as much as can be travelled with one yoke (of oxen), a distance of about 7 miles, which is given by Bdhgh. as equal to 4 gāvutas (DhA. II, 13). It occurs in descending scale of yojana-tigāvuta-usabha at DhA. I, 108. ‹-› Dh. 60; J. V, 37 (yojana-yojana-vitthatā each a mile square); SnA 194. More favoured combinations of yojana with numbers are the foll. : 1/2 (aḍḍha°): DA. I, 35; DhsA. 142.—3: DhA. II, 41.—4: PvA. 113.—5: VvA. 33.—15: DhA. I, 17; J. I, 315; PvA. 154.—18: J. I, 81, 348.—20: DhA. IV, 112 (20 X 110, of a wilderness).—25: VvA. 236.—45: J. I, 147, 348; DhA. I, 367.—50: Vism. 417.—100: D. I, 117; It. 91; Pv. I, 1014.—500: J. I, 204.—1, 000: J. I, 203.—Cp. yojanika. (Page 559)

— or —

Yojanā, (f.) (*Sk. yojanā, fr. yojeti) (grammatical) construction; exegesis, interpretation; meaning KhA 156, 218, 243; SnA 20, 90, 122 sq. 131 sq. 148, 166, 177, 248, 255, 313; PvA. 45, 50, 69, 73, 139 (attha°), and passim in Commentaries. (Page 559)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

yōjana (योजन).—n (S) A measure of distance equal to four krōśa; which, at 8000 cubits or 4000 yards each, will amount to nine miles. Other computations make the yōjana but about five miles. 2 Joining, uniting, applying. Vide infra.

--- OR ---

yōjanā (योजना).—f (S) Arranging, disposing, concerting, laying in train. 2 Devising, contriving, planning, excogitating. 3 Putting to, setting on or at, applying, addressing, joining, lit. fig. but esp. fig.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yōjanā (योजना).—f Arranging. Planning. Addressing.

--- OR ---

yōjana (योजन).—n A measure equal to four kōśa. Joining.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yojana (योजन).—[yuj-bhāvādau lyuṭ]

1) Joining, uniting, yoking.

2) Applying, fixing.

3) Preparation, arrangement.

4) Grammatical construction, construing the sense of a passage.

5) A measure of distance equal to four Krośas or eight or nine miles; स्याद् योजनं क्रोशचतुष्टयेन (syād yojanaṃ krośacatuṣṭayena); प्रथममगमदह्ला योजने योजनेशः (prathamamagamadahlā yojane yojaneśaḥ) Līlā.; न योजनशतं दूरं बाह्यमानस्य तृष्णया (na yojanaśataṃ dūraṃ bāhyamānasya tṛṣṇayā) H.1.146.

6) Exciting, instigation.

7) Concentration of the mind, abstraction (= yoga q. v.).

8) Erecting, constructing (also yojanā in this sense).

9) Ved. Effort, exertion.

1) A road, way.

11) The Supreme Spirit of the universe.

12) A finger.

-nā 1 Junction, union, connection.

2) Grammatical construction.

3) Use, application.

Derivable forms: yojanam (योजनम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yojana (योजन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. God, the Supreme Being, the soul of the world. 2. A measure of distance equal to four Krosas, which at 8000 cubits or 4000 yards to the Krosa or Kos, will be exactly nine miles; other computations make the Yojana but about five miles, or even no more than four miles and a half. 3. Joining, union, junction, yoking. 4. Application, preparation. 5. Construction, putting together of the sense of a passage. 6. Instigation, exciting. 7. Concentration of the mind. f.

(-nā) 1. Union, connection. 2. Grammatical construction. E. yuj to join, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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