Yojana, aka: Yojanā; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Yojana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Yojana (योजन): A unit of measurement of distance, according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (वायु पुराण). The following table gives some idea about their relations to each other:

8 Aṅgulas = Prādeśa (?);
21 Aṅgulas = Ratni;
24 Aṅgulas = Hasta;
2000 Dhanus = Gavyūti;
12 Aṅgulas = Vitasti;
2 Ratnis or 42 Aṅgulas = Kiṣku;
4 hastas = Dhanus;
8000 Dhanus = Yojana.


‘Yojana’ occurs very frequently in the Ṛg-veda and in later works as a measure of distance but there is no reference defining its real length. Later, it is reckoned at four Krośas or about nine miles. It is aslo calculated at 8 Krośas or 18 miles and the estimate of 2 miles is also found.

(Source): Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Yojana (योजन).—8000 dhanus make one yojana.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 101; IV. 2. 126; Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 107; 51. 37; 101. 113 and 126.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Pali

yojana : (nt.) yoking; application; a measure of length, which is about, 7 miles. || yojanā (f.), construction; suggestion; proposal; an exegesis.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Yojana, (nt.) (Vedic yojana) 1. the yoke of a carriage J. VI, 38, 42 (=ratha-yuga).—2. a measure of length: as much as can be travelled with one yoke (of oxen), a distance of about 7 miles, which is given by Bdhgh. as equal to 4 gāvutas (DhA. II, 13). It occurs in descending scale of yojana-tigāvuta-usabha at DhA. I, 108. ‹-› Dh. 60; J. V, 37 (yojana-yojana-vitthatā each a mile square); SnA 194. More favoured combns of yojana with numbers are the foll. : 1/2 (aḍḍha°): DA. I, 35; DhsA. 142.—3: DhA. II, 41.—4: PvA. 113.—5: VvA. 33.—15: DhA. I, 17; J. I, 315; PvA. 154.—18: J. I, 81, 348.—20: DhA. IV, 112 (20 X 110, of a wilderness).—25: VvA. 236.—45: J. I, 147, 348; DhA. I, 367.—50: Vism. 417.—100: D. I, 117; It. 91; Pv. I, 1014.—500: J. I, 204.—1, 000: J. I, 203.—Cp. yojanika. (Page 559)

— or —

Yojanā, (f.) (*Sk. yojanā, fr. yojeti) (grammatical) construction; exegesis, interpretation; meaning KhA 156, 218, 243; SnA 20, 90, 122 sq. 131 sq. 148, 166, 177, 248, 255, 313; PvA. 45, 50, 69, 73, 139 (attha°), and passim in Commentaries. (Page 559)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Yojana (योजन).—The yojana, too, has been variously described. According to one view an utsedha-yojana is equivalent to 7,68,000 utsedha-aṅgula or eight miles. Another view expressed in the book entitled Our True Geography’, published by Jambūdvīpa Vijñāna Saṁśodhana Kendra, Palitana, holds it that the present day equivalent of an utsedha-yojana, which equals four gāu or nine miles or 15 Km.

For astronomical measurements the unit in vogue was the pramāṇa-yojana, which is 400 times that of an utsedha-yojana or equivalent to 3600 miles at the very least.

(Source): Prakrit Bharati Academy: Jainism - the Creed for all Times
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

yōjana (योजन).—n (S) A measure of distance equal to four krōśa; which, at 8000 cubits or 4000 yards each, will amount to nine miles. Other computations make the yōjana but about five miles. 2 Joining, uniting, applying. Vide infra.

--- OR ---

yōjanā (योजना).—f (S) Arranging, disposing, concerting, laying in train. 2 Devising, contriving, planning, excogitating. 3 Putting to, setting on or at, applying, addressing, joining, lit. fig. but esp. fig.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yōjanā (योजना).—f Arranging. Planning. Addressing.

--- OR ---

yōjana (योजन).—n A measure equal to four kōśa. Joining.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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