Kritsna, Kṛtsna: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Kritsna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛtsna can be transliterated into English as Krtsna or Kritsna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न):—All, Whole, entire

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न) refers to “whole” (e.g., the whole universe), according to the Jayadrathayāmala verse 1.12.456-459.—Accordingly, “By reflecting on ultimate reality, (the energy of the goddess) wanders throughout the whole [i.e., kṛtsna] universe, including the gods, demons and men as the division of pervasion and the pervader. Through the Yoga (lit. ‘union’), by means of which (this energy) is checked (and so appropriated); and by the unfolding of its essential nature, the yogi becomes of that nature, endowed with the very essence of accomplishment. By attaining oneness in this way, Yoga—Āṇava, Śākta and Śāmbhava—has been explained, which illumines the meaning of the teacher’s (instruction)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kritsna in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न) refers to the “whole (world)”, according to the Viṣṇudharma verse 96.1 and 4.—Accordingly, “O Brahmin, you mentioned that this Brahma is eternal and from it this whole world [i.e., kṛtsnakṛtsnaṃ jagad] [consisting of] moving and unmoving [things] arose [...]. Therefore, how could the [ever-changing] world arise from the eternal and omnipresent [Brahma], which is free from transformation and even devoid of quality?”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न) refers to (a) “complete illumination—kṛtsnāvabhāsa” or (b) “complete illumination—kṛtsnāyatana”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “The four immeasurable feelings (apramāṇa-citta) are loving-kindness (maitrī), compassion (karuṇā), joy (muditā) and equanimity (upekṣā). [...] To untamed minds that cannot merge from one trance in order to enter into the others successively, one should speak of the nine successive absorptions. To those who do not possess complete illumination (kṛtsna-avabhāsa) on all objects in order to liberate them at will, one should speak of the ten totalities (kṛtsna-āyatana). [...]”.

2) Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न) or Kṛtsnāyatana refers to the “ten spheres of totality”, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32.

According to the Mahāvyutpatti, the ten spheres of totality (kṛtsnāyatana) are:

  1. totality of earth;
  2. totality of water;
  3. totality of fire;
  4. totality of wind;
  5. totality of blue;
  6. totality of yellow;
  7. totality of red;
  8. totality of white;
  9. totality of space;
  10. totality of consciousness.

This totality of earth, water, fire, wind, blue, yellow, red and white, he recognizes them above, below, on the side, without duality and limitless.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: Divine Stories: Divyavadana

Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न).—A form of meditation practices whereby one focuses one’s attention on one of ten external objects in order to form an imprint of that object in one’s mind. These are blue (nīla), yellow (pīta), red (lohita), white (avadāta), earth (pṛthvī), water (ap), fire (tejas), wind (vāyu), sky (ākāśa), and consciousness (vijñāna).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṛtsna (कृत्स्न).—a All, whole, entire.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न).—a. [Uṇādi-sūtra 3.17] All, whole, entire; कृत्स्नो रसघन एव (kṛtsno rasaghana eva) Bṛ. Up.4.5.13; एकः कृत्स्नां नगरपरिघप्रांशुबाहु- र्भुनक्ति (ekaḥ kṛtsnāṃ nagaraparighaprāṃśubāhu- rbhunakti) Ś.2.16; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 3.29; Manusmṛti 1.15;5.82.

-tsnam 1 Water.

2) The flank or hip.

3) The belly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न).—nt., and kṛtsnāyatana, nt., basis of total (fixation of the mind), as leading to concentration; = Pali kasiṇa and °ṇāyatana, see Childers, which is far superior to [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]; ten such in Pali, and in Mahāvyutpatti 1528—38, viz. nīla, pīta, lohita, avadāta, pṛthivī, ap, tejas, vāyu, ākāśa, vijñāna (-kṛtsnāyatanam; Vism. slightly different, see [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]); five-fold manner of practice upon each kṛtsna, [Page191-b+ 71] only the first eight listed, Mahāvyutpatti 1539—40 (as in Pali, [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]); see also Abhidharmakośa LaV—P. viii.213 ff.; Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) vii.9; xx—xxi.44; Gaṇḍavyūha 523.11 kṛtsnāyatanasamāpatti-vihārī bhik- ṣur; Divyāvadāna 180.17 f. nīlakṛtsnam (see Mahāvyutpatti 1529); and see Apkṛtsna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न).—mfn.

(-tsnaḥ-tsnā-tsnaṃ) All, whole, entire. n.

(-tsnaṃ) 1. Water. 2. The flank or hip. E. kṛt to encompass, kasna Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न).—adj. 1. Whole, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 105. 2. All, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 43, 64.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न).—[adjective] whole, entire; [abstract] [feminine], tva† [neuter]; [adverb] śas†.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न):—[from kṛtsa] mf(ā)n. (rarely used in [plural] [Rāmāyaṇa iv, 43, 64]) all, whole, entire, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man

3) [v.s. ...] n. water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the flank or hip, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] the belly, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न):—[(tsnaḥ-tsnā-tsnaṃ) a.] All, entire. 1. n. Water, flank or hip.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṛtsna (कृत्स्न) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kasaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kritsna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṛtsna (ಕೃತ್ಸ್ನ):—

1) [noun] a whole a) the entire amount, quantity, extent or sum; totality; b) a thing complete in itself or a complete organization of integrated parts.

2) [noun] water.

3) [noun] the lower front part of the human body between the chest and thighs; the abdomen; the belly.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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