Varsha, aka: Varṣā, Varṣa, Vārṣa; 15 Definition(s)

Introduction

Varsha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Varṣā and Varṣa and Vārṣa can be transliterated into English as Varsa or Varsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Varṣā (मध्य, “rainy season”):—One of the six season of the year, comprising the months Śrāvaṇa and Bhādrapada.—This season takes place dusing visarga, when the moon is dominant, and releases nutrient essence to the living being. In these months, Vāyu-doṣa is aggrevated while Pitta-doṣa is accumulated. A skilled physician should moniter these conditions during the treatment of a patient.

2) Varṣā (वर्षा) is another name for Bhāraṅgī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Clerodendrum serratum (beetle killer). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.149-150), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Varsha is the Hindu season corresponding to “monsoon” / “rainy season”. The rains or the rainy season is marked by two months called Nabhas and Nabhasya (Shravana and Bhadra). Plants and vegetables (Oshadhis) that grow or sprout during Varsha (the rainy season), are matured in course of time and ripen in their virtues and potency in the season of Hemanta.

Subsequently wind thus accumulated in the summer, is agitated by the rains and cold winds in the forepart of Varsha (Pravrit) when the ground is flooded with water and thus gives rise to diseases which are incidental to a deranged state of the bodily wind. Likewise the features, which specifically mark the different seasons of the year are observed to characterise the different parts of a complete day and night, [or in other words] the evening is marked by those of Varsha (the rainy season).

During Varsha (the rainy season), the rivers overflow their banks, tumbling down the trees which grow on them. Ponds and lakes are decked with the full-blown Kumud and Nilotpala flowers. The earth is covered with profuse vegetation. All distinction between dry lands and reservoirs of water becomes impossible, and the sun and the planets are enveloped in dark clouds that shower torrents of rain but do not roar.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Varsha in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1) Varṣa (वर्ष).—The teacher of Vararuci. (For details see under Vararuci).

2) Varṣa (वर्ष).—See under Kālamāna.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Varṣa (वर्ष) refers to “sub-continental region”.—Every varṣa has seven principal ranges styled kulaparvata (group mountain or clan mountain) besides a number of small hills (kṣudraparvata) which are situated near these.

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions (purāṇa)

1a) Varṣa (वर्ष).—A god of Sutāra group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 89.

1b) The mind-born son of Brahmā in the 16th kalpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 35.

1c) One of the ten branches of Supāra devas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 94.

2) Varṣā (वर्षा).—Of the Dhruva Maṇḍala.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 51. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

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Varṣa (वर्ष) is the name of one of the two sons of Saṅkarasvāmin, a Brāhman from in the city of Pāṭaliputra. Their story was narrated to Vyāḍi and Indradatta in the tale called ‘the two Brāhman brothers’, according to Kathāsaritsāgara chapter 2.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Varṣa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Kavya (poetry)

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Varṣa (वर्ष) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—An ācārya of grammar and prior to Pānīni. According to Rājaśekhara his poetic examine held on Pātaliputra.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Varṣa (वर्ष).—Name of an ancient scholar of grammar and Mimamsa, cited by some as the preceptor of कात्यायन (kātyāyana) and Panini. If not of Panini, he may have been a preceptor of Katyayana

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Varṣa (वर्ष) denotes primarily ‘rain’, then ‘rainy season’ and ‘year’.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Varṣa (वर्ष) is the name of a cloud (megha) associated with Ghorāndhakāra: the south-western cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. The name for the cloud of the southern direction is sometimes given as Varṣaṇa. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These clouds (eg., Varṣa) are known as cloud-kings (megharāja) and have names that are associated with the loud noises of thunderclouds and the noise of rain, according to the Guhyasamayasādhanamālā 11.77. Their presence in the cremation grounds may be connected with the nāgas, for they are known to be responsible for the rain.

The Guhyasamayasādhanamālā by Umāptideva is a 12th century ritualistic manual including forty-six Buddhist tantric sādhanas. The term sādhana refers to “rites” for the contemplation of a divinity.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Varṣa (वर्ष) refers to a suffix for place-names mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The termination varṣa is significant. It denotes a division of the earth as separated off by mountain ranges. From the Purāṇas we know of such names as Harivarṣa, Kiṃpuruṣa-varṣa and Bhārata-varṣa. Varṣam in Pāṇini (3.3.56) means the rainy season.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

1) Varṣa (वर्ष).—n (S) A year. varṣācyā kāṇṭhīṃ Within the or a year.

varṣa (वर्ष).—m S A division of the continent as known or apprehended by the Hindus. Nine varṣa are reckoned; viz. kuru, hiraṇmaya, rōmānaka, ilāvṛtta, harī, kētumālā, bhādrāsvā, kinnara, bharata.

varṣa (वर्ष).—m S Raining.

2) varṣā (वर्षा).—f S varṣākāla m (S) The rainy season.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

1) Varṣa (वर्ष).—n A year. varṣācyā kāṇṭhīṃ Within the or a year. Sometimes a division of the continent, bhāratavarṣa.

varṣa (वर्ष).—m Raining.

2) varṣā (वर्षा).—f-varṣāṛtu-kāla m The rainy season.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Varṣa (वर्ष).—[vṛṣ bhāve ghañ kartari ac vā]

1) Raining, rain, a shower of rain; तपाम्यहमहं वर्षं निगृह्णाभ्युत्सृजामि च (tapāmyahamahaṃ varṣaṃ nigṛhṇābhyutsṛjāmi ca) Bg.9.19; विद्युत्स्तनितवर्षेषु (vidyutstanitavarṣeṣu) Ms.4.13; Me.37.

2) Sprinkling, effusion, throwing down, a shower of anything; सुरभि सुरविमुक्तं पुष्पवर्षं पपात (surabhi suravimuktaṃ puṣpavarṣaṃ papāta) R.12.12; so शरवर्षः, शिलावर्षः, लाजवर्षः (śaravarṣaḥ, śilāvarṣaḥ, lājavarṣaḥ) &c.

3) Seminal effusion.

4) A year (usually only n.); इयन्ति वर्षाणि तया सहोग्रमभ्यस्यतीव व्रतमासिधारम् (iyanti varṣāṇi tayā sahogramabhyasyatīva vratamāsidhāram) R.13.67; न ववर्ष वर्षाणि द्वादश दशशताक्षः (na vavarṣa varṣāṇi dvādaśa daśaśatākṣaḥ) Dk.; वर्षभोग्येण शापेन (varṣabhogyeṇa śāpena) Me.1.

5) A division of the world, a continent; (nine such divisions are usually enumerated:-1 kuru; 2 hira- ṇmaya; 3 ramyaka; 4 ilāvṛta; 5 hari; 6 ketumālā; 7 bhadrāśva; 8 kiṃnara; and 9 bhārata); यस्मिन् नव वर्षाणि (yasmin nava varṣāṇi) Bhāg.5.16.6. एतदूढगुरुभारभारतं वर्षमद्य मम वर्तते वशे (etadūḍhagurubhārabhārataṃ varṣamadya mama vartate vaśe) Śi.14.5.

6) India (= bhāratavarṣa).

7) A cloud (only m. according to Hemachandra).

8) A day; अप्राप्तयौवनं बालं पञ्चवर्षसहस्रकम् (aprāptayauvanaṃ bālaṃ pañcavarṣasahasrakam) Rām.7.73.5. (com. varṣaśabdo'tra dinaparaḥ).

9) A place of residence; वर्षमस्य गिरेर्मध्ये रामेण श्रीमता कृतम् (varṣamasya girermadhye rāmeṇa śrīmatā kṛtam) Mb.3. 13.12.

Derivable forms: varṣaḥ (वर्षः), varṣam (वर्षम्).

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Varṣā (वर्षा).—(Usually f. pl.)

1) The rainy season, the rains, the monsoon; ग्रीष्मे पञ्चाग्निमध्यस्थो वर्षासु स्थण्डिलेशयः (grīṣme pañcāgnimadhyastho varṣāsu sthaṇḍileśayaḥ) Y.3. 52; Bk.7.1.

2) Rain (sing. in this sense).

--- OR ---

Vārṣa (वार्ष).—a. (-rṣī f.) [वर्ष-अण् (varṣa-aṇ)]

1) Belonging to the rains.

2) Annual.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 258 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Harivarsha
Harivarṣa (हरिवर्ष).—n. (-rṣaṃ) A division of the old or known continent; the country between t...
Bharatavarsha
Bhāratavarṣa (भारतवर्ष)  is one of the nine divisions of the earth as separated off by cer...
Ilavritavarsha
Ilāvṛtavarṣa (इलावृतवर्ष).—That part of the country in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. (Mahābhārata S...
Ramyakavarsha
Ramyakavarṣa (रम्यकवर्ष) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamī...
Hiranmayavarsha
Hiraṇmayavarṣa (हिरण्मयवर्ष) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāv...
Kotivarsha
Koṭivarṣa (कोटिवर्ष) or Koṭīvarṣa (कोटीवर्ष).—Name of the capital of the demon-chief Bāṇa. Deri...
Amoghavarsha
Amoghavarṣa (अमोघवर्ष).—Name of a Chālukya prince. Derivable forms: amoghavarṣaḥ (अमोघवर्षः).Am...
Varshadhara
Varṣadhara (वर्षधर).—m. (-raḥ) 1. An eunuch or attendant on the women’s apartments. 2. A cloud....
Varshavriddhi
Varṣa-vṛddhi.—probably ‘birthday anniversary’ (JAS, Letters, Vol. XX, p. 206). Note: varṣa-vṛdd...
Sharavarsha
Śaravarṣa (शरवर्ष).—m. (-rṣaḥ) A flight or shower of arrows. E. śara, varṣa rain.
Pushpavarsha
Puṣpavarṣa (पुष्पवर्ष).—m. (-rṣaḥ) A rain of flowers, flowers cast from heaven upon a hero or d...
Varshabhu
Varṣābhū (वर्षाभू).—m. 1) a frog. 2) a kind of insect (indragopa). Varṣābhū is a Sanskrit compo...
Varshaketu
Varṣaketu (वर्षकेतु).—A King of the Pūru dynasty. The father of Varṣaketu was Kṣemaka, and his ...
Gatavarsha
Gatavarṣa (गतवर्ष).—the past year. Derivable forms: gatavarṣaḥ (गतवर्षः), gatavarṣam (गतवर्षम्)...
Varshaganya
Vārṣagaṇya (वार्षगण्य).—An ancient hermit. The Gandharva King Viśvāvasu learned about the conne...

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