Nirakara, Nirākāra, Nirākārā: 17 definitions
Nirakara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Nirakar.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Nirākāra (निराकार) refers to “that which has no specific form”, and represents an epithet of Śiva used in Sandhyā’s eulogy of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.6. Accordingly:—“[...] Directly perceiving the lord of Durgā she [viz., Sandhyā] eulogised the lord of the worlds: [...] That which has no specific form (nirākāra), that which can be known through perfect knowledge; that which is neither gross, nor subtle, nor high; that which is to be meditated upon by Yogins within themselves—obeisance be to Thee who art of this sort and the creator of the worlds.”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
1) Nirākārā (निराकारा) refers to “she who is formless”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] The groups of six [i.e., ṣaṭka/ṣaṭprakārā], deployed and worshipped in the six corners of the hexagon in the core of the maṇḍala, are primary emanations of the goddess who ‘spreads herself out’ (vikāsikā, vikāsinī) from the centre of the Triangle. There, in the dimensionless point (bindu) in the centre, she abides formless (nirākārā) and undifferentiated (niṣkalā) as the genderless absolute (napuṃsakā) both as and within the transcendent which, as the very absence of phenomenal existence (abhāva), is void (śūnya) like space (ākāśa) or the sky (kha). [...]”.
2) Nirākārā (निराकारा) refers to one of the six Goddesses (parā-ṣaṭka) associated with Avyaktapīṭha (i.e., ‘the unmanifest seat’ representing the act of churning—manthāna), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—[...] The six Goddesses (parāṣaṭka): Sākārā, Nirākārā, Ekamātrā, Dvimātrā, Trimātrā, Ardhamātrā
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Nirākāra (निराकार) refers to “those who are beyond forms”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “The Lord said [to Pradīpapāṇi]: “Son of good family, the Bodhisattvas, the great beings who are beyond forms (nirākāra) because they are pure of form (ākāraviśuddha), who have the appearance of living beings because [they see] the purity of living beings (satvaviśuddhi), who have the appearance of the dharma because [they see] the purity of the dharma (dharmaviśuddhi), who have the appearance of knowledge (jñāna) because [they see] the purity of knowledge, [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
nirākāra (निराकार).—a (S) Void of form or figure.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
nirākāra (निराकार).—a Void of form or figure.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Nirākāra (निराकार).—Reproach, censure; see under निर् (nir) also.
Derivable forms: nirākāraḥ (निराकारः).
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1) devoid of form, formless, without form.
2) ugly, deformed.
4) unassuming, modest. (-raḥ) 1 the universal spirit, Almighty.
2) an epithet of Śiva.
3) of Viṣṇu. °ज्ञानवादः (jñānavādaḥ) the doctrine that the perception of the outer world does not arise from images impressed on the mind; Sarva. S.
Nirākāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and ākāra (आकार).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Devoid of form or figure. 2. Formless. 3 Disguise. m.
(-raḥ) 1. Heaven. 2. Vishnu. 3. Siva. 4. The divine spirit, God. 5. Reproach, censure. E. nira. implying negative or depreciation, and ākāra shape, &c.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nirākāra (निराकार).—adj. 1. deprived of one’s natural form, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 124, 24 Gorr. 2. disguised, Mahābhārata 1, 5787. 3. unassuming, ib. 5, 1395.
Nirākāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nis and ākāra (आकार).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nirākāra (निराकार).—[adjective] shapeless, formless; insignificant, unassuming, modest.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Nirākāra (निराकार):—[=nir-ākāra] [from nir > niḥ] 1. nir-ākāra mfn. formless, shapeless, incorporeal (brahman), making no appearance or show, insignificant, unimportant, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] having no object (cf. below)
3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva, [Śivagītā, ascribed to the padma-purāṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] heaven, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] the universal spirit, god, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [=nir-ā-kāra] [from nirā-kṛ] 2. nir-ā-kāra (for 1. See p. 540, col. 1) m. rebuke, reproach, censure, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nirākāra (निराकार):—[nirā+kāra] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Without form or figure. m. Heaven, Vishnu; Shiva; God; reproach.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Nirākāra (निराकार) [Also spelled nirakar]:—(a) shapeless, formless; incorporeal; (nm) The Formless (God).
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Ṇirākara (णिराकर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nirākṛ.
Ṇirākara has the following synonyms: Ṇirāgara.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Nirākāra (ನಿರಾಕಾರ):—[adjective] having no shape or form; formless; shapeless.
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1) [noun] that which is formless or shapeless.
2) [noun] the being that has no particular shape or form or not bound by a physical structure; the Supreme Being.
3) [noun] (jain.) a religious vow of obstaining from food till one’s death, without having desire for anything.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Kshiranirakara.
Full-text (+7): Nirakarana, Niragara, Shakara, Nirakri, Niravayava, Nirakar, Akriya, Nirankara, Nirguna, Nirakriti, Akaravishuddha, Dharmavishuddhi, Kha, Jnanavishuddhi, Satvavishuddhi, Abhava, Vikasika, Vikashini, Dvimatra, Ekamatra.
Search found 29 books and stories containing Nirakara, Nirā-kāra, Nira-kara, Nirākāra, Ṇirākara, Nirākārā; (plurals include: Nirakaras, kāras, karas, Nirākāras, Ṇirākaras, Nirākārās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.3.39 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana (loving service)]
Verse 2.2.227 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
Verse 2.3.35 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana (loving service)]
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 245 [Yamakāli] < [Chapter 4 - Fourth Vimarśa]
Verse 285 [Śakti—Sākāra and Nirākāra] < [Chapter 4 - Fourth Vimarśa]
Verse 13 [The nature of Cit—the form-less state] < [Chapter 1 - First Vimarśa]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 2041 < [Chapter 23 - External World]
Verse 2578-2583 < [Chapter 24b - Arguments against the reliability of the Veda (the Revealed Word)]
Consciousness in Gaudapada’s Mandukya-karika (by V. Sujata Raju)
Brahma Sutras (Nimbarka commentary) (by Roma Bose)
Brahma-Sūtra 3.2.11 < [Adhikaraṇa 5 - Sūtras 11-21]
Brahma-Sūtra 3.2.14 < [Adhikaraṇa 5 - Sūtras 11-21]
Brahma-Sūtra 3.2.12 < [Adhikaraṇa 5 - Sūtras 11-21]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)