Setu, Seṭu: 24 definitions


Setu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Setu (सेतु).—A King of the family of Bharata. He was the son of Babhru and the father of Anārabdha. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Setu (सेतु).—A son of Babhru and father of Ārabdha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 14-15; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 17. 2-3.

1b) The name of the bridge built by Rāma to go to Lankā as testified by Jāmbavan; sacred to Hari. Visited by Balarāma who made a gift of cows to Brahmans here.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 56. 28; VII. 14. 36; X. 79. 15-16.

1c) A son of Svārociṣa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 19.

1d) One of the two sons of Druhyu and father of Aruddha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 7; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 7.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Setu (सेतु) refers to “people living on table lands”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Mercury presides over the western half of the Lohitya river, the Indus, the Sarayū, the Gāmbhīrika, the Ratha, the Ganges and its tributary the Kauśi. He also presides over the countries of Videha, Kāmboja; the eastern half of Mathurā, the Himālayas, the Gomanta, the Citrakūṭa mountains, Saurāṣṭra; people living on table lands (setu), [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Setu (सेतु) is the name of an ancient king, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.7 [The killing of Rāvaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “Crossing above the ocean with his army, in a moment Rāghava reached the city Velandhara on Mt. Velandhara. Two kings, Samudra and Setu, like oceans hard to restrain, began to fight excitedly with Rāma’s vanguard. Nala captured Samudra and Nīla, long-armed, captured Setu and led them to Rāma, wise in their master’s business. [...]”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Setu.—embankment; income or taxes resulting from it (Ghoshal, H. Rev. Syst., pp. 108-09). Note: setu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Institut Français de Pondichéry: The Shaivite legends of Kanchipuram

Setu (सेतु) (in Sanskrit) refers to the Tamil Cētu, and represents one of the proper nouns mentioned in the Kanchipuranam, which narrates the Shaivite Legends of Kanchipuram—an ancient and sacred district in Tamil Nadu (India). The Kanchipuranam (mentioning Śrī-setu) reminds us that Kanchipuram represents an important seat of Hinduism where Vaishnavism and Shaivism have co-existed since ancient times.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Setu [सेटु] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Cucumis maderaspatanus L. from the Cucurbitaceae (Pumpkin) family having the following synonyms: Mukia maderaspatana, Bryonia scabrella, Melothria maderaspatana. For the possible medicinal usage of setu, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Setu [سيٿو] in the Urdu language, ibid. previous identification.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Setu in India is the name of a plant defined with Crateva religiosa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Crataeva adansonii DC. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Beskrivelse af Guineeiske planter (1827)
· Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie (1901)
· Fl. Ins. Austr. (1786)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1824)
· Dissertatio … De Plantis Esculentis Insularum Oceani Australis (1786)
· Journal of Botany, (1874)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Setu, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, chemical composition, extract dosage, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

setu : (m.) a bridge.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Setu, (Vedic setu, to si or (see sinoti); cp. Av. haētu dam; Lat. saeta; Ags. sāda rope; etc. ) a causeway, bridge Vin. I, 230=D. II, 89, J. I, 199; Vism. 412 (simile); DhA. I, 83; SnA 357; PvA. 102, 151, 215. uttāra°- a bridge for crossing over M. I, 134; S. IV, 174; Miln. 194; naḷa-° a bamboo bridge Th. 1, 7.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sētu (सेतु).—m (S) A bridge.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sētu (सेतु).—m A bridge.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Seṭu (सेटु).—

1) Water-melon.

2) A kind of cucumber.

Derivable forms: seṭuḥ (सेटुः).

--- OR ---

Setu (सेतु).—[si-tun Uṇādi-sūtra 1.69]

1) A ridge of earth, mound, bank, causeway, dam; नलिनीं क्षतसेतुबन्धनो जलसंघात इवासि विद्रुतः (nalinīṃ kṣatasetubandhano jalasaṃghāta ivāsi vidrutaḥ) Kumārasambhava 4.6; R.16.2.

2) A bridge in general; वैदेहि पश्या मलयाद्विभक्तं मत्सेतुना फेनिलमम्बुराशिम् (vaidehi paśyā malayādvibhaktaṃ matsetunā phenilamamburāśim) R.13.2; सैन्यैर्बद्धद्विरदसेतुभिः (sainyairbaddhadviradasetubhiḥ) 4.38;12.7; Kumārasambhava 7.53.

3) A landmark; ज्येष्ठे मासि नयेत् सीमां सुप्रकाशेषु सेतुषु (jyeṣṭhe māsi nayet sīmāṃ suprakāśeṣu setuṣu) Manusmṛti 8.245.

4) A defile, pass, a narrow mountain-road.

5) A boundary, limit.

6) A barrier, limitation, obstruction of any kind; दुष्येयुः सर्ववर्णाश्च भिद्येरन् सर्वसेतवः (duṣyeyuḥ sarvavarṇāśca bhidyeran sarvasetavaḥ) Subhāṣ.

7) A fixed rule or law, an established institution; सूचकाः सेतुभेत्तारः (sūcakāḥ setubhettāraḥ) ...... ते वै निरयगामिनः (te vai nirayagāminaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.23.66.

8) The sacred syllable om; मन्त्राणां प्रणवः सेतुस्तत्सेतुः प्रणवः स्मृतः । स्रवत्यनोङ्कृतं पूर्वं परस्ताच्च विदीर्यते (mantrāṇāṃ praṇavaḥ setustatsetuḥ praṇavaḥ smṛtaḥ | sravatyanoṅkṛtaṃ pūrvaṃ parastācca vidīryate) || Kālikā P.

9) A reservoir or a lake; सहोदकं आहार्योदकं वा सेतुं बन्धयेत् (sahodakaṃ āhāryodakaṃ vā setuṃ bandhayet) Kau. A.2.1.

1) A bond, fetter.

11) An explanatory commentary.

Derivable forms: setuḥ (सेतुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Seṭu (सेटु).—m.

(-ṭuḥ) 1. The water-melon. 2. A kind of cucumber, (Cucumis Madraspatanus.) E. ṣiṭ to disregard, un aff.

--- OR ---

Setu (सेतु).—m.

(-tuḥ) 1. A mound, a bank, a causeway, dyke, an elevated piece of ground separating fields, and serving, during their inundation in the rains, for the passage of travellers, &c. 2. A bridge. 3. A pass, a defile, a road practised in mountainous countries, and places of difficult access. 4. A land-mark. 5. A boundary. 6. A barrier, an obstruction of any kind. 7. A fixed rule or law. 8. An epithet of the sacred syllable “Om.” 9. A tree, (Tapia cratæva.) E. ṣi to bind, tun Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Seṭu (सेटु).—m. 1. The water melon. 2. A kind of cucumber.

--- OR ---

Setu (सेतु).—i. e. si + tu, m. 1. A mound, a bank, a dike, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 91; figurat. Means of protecting (the law and institutes), [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 1, 36; 3, 21, 54. 2. A high causeway in fields. 3. A landmark, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 245. 4. A pass, a defile. 5. Figurat. Law, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 9, 19. 6. A bridge, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 115 (cf. my transl.). 7. The islands between India and Ceylon (cf. Nala -setu), [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 92, 66. 3. A tree, Tapia cratæva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Setu (सेतु).—[adjective] binding, fettering; [masculine] band, fetter; dam, weir, bridge, boundary, barrier, limit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Setu (सेतु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Adhyātmarāmāyaṇaṭīkā by Rāmavarman.

2) Setu (सेतु):—Vṛttaratnākaraṭīkā by Haribhāskara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Seṭu (सेटु):—m. a kind of water-melon or cucumber, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Setu (सेतु):—mfn. ([from] √1. si) binding, who or what binds or fetters, [Ṛg-veda]

3) m. a bond, fetter, [ib.]

4) a ridge of earth, mound, bank, causeway, dike, dam, bridge, any raised piece of ground separating fields (serving as a boundary or as a passage during inundations), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

5) Rāma’s bridge (See setubandha), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) a landmark, boundary, limit (also [figuratively] = ‘barrier, bounds’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) a help to the understanding of a text, an explanatory commentary (also Name of various commentaries), [Catalogue(s)]

8) an established institution, fixed rule, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

9) the Praṇava or sacred syllable Om (which is said to be mantrāṇāṃ setuḥ), [Kālikā-purāṇa]

10) Crataeva Roxburghii or Tapia Crataeva (= varaṇa, varuṇa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Name of a son of Druhyu and brother of Babhru, [Harivaṃśa]

12) of a son of Babhru, [Purāṇa]

13) of a place, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Seṭu (सेटु):—(ṭuḥ) 2. m. The water-melon; kind of cucumber.

2) Setu (सेतु):—(tuḥ) 2. m. A mound, a bank; high causeway in fields; bridge, a pass, a defile; Tapia cratoeva.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Setu (सेतु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Seu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Setu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Setu (सेतु):—(nm) a bridge; causeway; ~[patha] the span or extent of a bridge; ~[baṃdha] (constructing) a bridge.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sētu (ಸೇತು):—

1) [noun] a structure spanning and providing passage over a river, chasm, etc.; a bridge.

2) [noun] the bridge supposed to have been constructed by Śrī Rāmacandra across the sea between Rāmeśvara and Śrī Lanka.

3) [noun] a barrier to obstruct the flow of water, built across a stream or river; a dam.

4) [noun] a raised bund between two pieces of agricultural land.

5) [noun] the plant Capparis trifoliata of Capparaceae family(?).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Sētu (ஸேது) noun < sētu. See சேது². [sethu².]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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