Setu, aka: Seṭu; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Setu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Setu (सेतु).—A King of the family of Bharata. He was the son of Babhru and the father of Anārabdha. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Setu (सेतु).—A son of Babhru and father of Ārabdha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 14-15; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 17. 2-3.

1b) The name of the bridge built by Rāma to go to Lankā as testified by Jāmbavan; sacred to Hari. Visited by Balarāma who made a gift of cows to Brahmans here.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 56. 28; VII. 14. 36; X. 79. 15-16.

1c) A son of Svārociṣa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 19.

1d) One of the two sons of Druhyu and father of Aruddha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 7; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 7.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Setu.—embankment; income or taxes resulting from it (Ghoshal, H. Rev. Syst., pp. 108-09). Note: setu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

setu : (m.) a bridge.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Setu, (Vedic setu, to si or (see sinoti); cp. Av. haētu dam; Lat. saeta; Ags. sāda rope; etc. ) a causeway, bridge Vin. I, 230=D. II, 89, J. I, 199; Vism. 412 (simile); DhA. I, 83; SnA 357; PvA. 102, 151, 215. uttāra°- a bridge for crossing over M. I, 134; S. IV, 174; Miln. 194; naḷa-° a bamboo bridge Th. 1, 7.

—kāraka a bridge-maker, one who paves the way S. I, 33; Kv 345. —ghāta pulling down of the bridge (leading to something) Vin. I, 59; III, 6; A. I, 220, 261; II, 145 sq.; Dhs. 299; DhsA. 219; DA. I, 305; Nd2 462; DhA. IV, 36. (Page 722)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

sētu (सेतु).—m (S) A bridge.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sētu (सेतु).—m A bridge.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Seṭu (सेटु).—

1) Water-melon.

2) A kind of cucumber.

Derivable forms: seṭuḥ (सेटुः).

--- OR ---

Setu (सेतु).—[si-tun Uṇ.1.69]

1) A ridge of earth, mound, bank, causeway, dam; नलिनीं क्षतसेतुबन्धनो जलसंघात इवासि विद्रुतः (nalinīṃ kṣatasetubandhano jalasaṃghāta ivāsi vidrutaḥ) Ku.4.6; R.16.2.

2) A bridge in general; वैदेहि पश्या मलयाद्विभक्तं मत्सेतुना फेनिलमम्बुराशिम् (vaidehi paśyā malayādvibhaktaṃ matsetunā phenilamamburāśim) R.13.2; सैन्यैर्बद्धद्विरदसेतुभिः (sainyairbaddhadviradasetubhiḥ) 4.38;12.7; Ku.7.53.

3) A landmark; ज्येष्ठे मासि नयेत् सीमां सुप्रकाशेषु सेतुषु (jyeṣṭhe māsi nayet sīmāṃ suprakāśeṣu setuṣu) Ms.8.245.

4) A defile, pass, a narrow mountain-road.

5) A boundary, limit.

6) A barrier, limitation, obstruction of any kind; दुष्येयुः सर्ववर्णाश्च भिद्येरन् सर्वसेतवः (duṣyeyuḥ sarvavarṇāśca bhidyeran sarvasetavaḥ) Subhāṣ.

7) A fixed rule or law, an established institution; सूचकाः सेतुभेत्तारः (sūcakāḥ setubhettāraḥ) ...... ते वै निरयगामिनः (te vai nirayagāminaḥ) Mb.13.23.66.

8) The sacred syllable om; मन्त्राणां प्रणवः सेतुस्तत्सेतुः प्रणवः स्मृतः । स्रवत्यनोङ्कृतं पूर्वं परस्ताच्च विदीर्यते (mantrāṇāṃ praṇavaḥ setustatsetuḥ praṇavaḥ smṛtaḥ | sravatyanoṅkṛtaṃ pūrvaṃ parastācca vidīryate) || Kālikā P.

9) A reservoir or a lake; सहोदकं आहार्योदकं वा सेतुं बन्धयेत् (sahodakaṃ āhāryodakaṃ vā setuṃ bandhayet) Kau. A.2.1.

1) A bond, fetter.

11) An explanatory commentary.

Derivable forms: setuḥ (सेतुः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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