Mayin, Mayī, Mayi, Māyin: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Mayin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Māyin (मायिन्) refers to “experts in the magical art”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] Then the demon Tāraka, of great strength and exploit, endowed with a lofty mind, requested permission of his mother for performing penance. The permission having been secured, that demon possessing great power of illusion and capable of deluding even experts in the magical art [i.e., māyin], thought of performing penance in order to conquer all the gods. Strictly adhering to the directions of his elders and preceptors he went to the forest of Madhu and performed a severe penance duly, having Brahmā as his objective. [...]”.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Māyin (मायिन्) was created by Viṣṇu in order to delude the demons of Tripura, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Saurapurāṇa in two chapters 34 and 35 relates the Tripuradhana myth thus:—“[...] Viṣṇu realised that the demons would not be killed by abhicāra. Hence he created a Māyin to delude the demons so that they would be fallen from virtue. As a result the Māyin went to the three cities and deluded the demons who gave up the Vedic rituals and the worship of Śiva. Then Viṣṇu praised Śiva with a stotra and the latter was pleased to do the work of the Gods. Thus the chariot of Śiva was ready for the expedition against Tripura.

Note: The story of the creation of an illusive figure, Māyin by Viṣṇu from his own body for the delusion of the Daityas who had become very powerful by virtue of the performance of the Vedic rites and duties as well as of Śiva-worship described in the Saurapurāṇa, chapter thirty four appears to be based on the story of Mahāmoha in the Viṣṇupurāṇa III.17-18.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Māyin (मायिन्).—[māyā-ini] See मायाविन् (māyāvin). -m.

1) A conjurer.

2) A rogue, cheat.

3) A deceitful or treacherous person; जातवेदोमुखान्मायी मिषतामाच्छिनत्ति नः (jātavedomukhānmāyī miṣatāmācchinatti naḥ) Kumārasambhava 2.46.

4) Name of Brahman.

5) Of Kāma.

6) Of Agni.

7) Śiva; मायां तु प्रकृतिं विद्यान्मायिनं तु महेश्वरम् (māyāṃ tu prakṛtiṃ vidyānmāyinaṃ tu maheśvaram) Śvet. Up.4.1. -n. Magic, magical art.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māyin (मायिन्).—mfn. (-yī-yinī-yi) Deceptive, illusory. m. (-yī) 1. A conjurer, a juggler. 2. A cheat, a deceiver. 3. Siva. 4. Agni. 5. Brahma. 6. Kama or love. E. māyā fraud, &c., and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māyin (मायिन्).—i. e. māyā + in, I. adj. 1. Wise, Chr. 290, 7 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 7. 2. Deceptive. Ii. m. 1. A juggler. 2. A cheat. 3. Agni, Viṣṇu, Brahman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māyin (मायिन्).—[adjective] possessing magical powers, artful, wise, cunning, deceitful; [masculine] magician, juggler; [neuter] magic, magical art.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mayī (मयी):—[from maya] f. a mare, [Lāṭyāyana [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) Māyi (मायि):—[from māya] in [compound] for māyin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Māyin (मायिन्):—[from māya] mfn. artful, skilled in art or enchantment, cunning, deceptive, illusory (yi-tā f.), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] subject to illusion, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a conjurer, juggler, magician, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] a cheat, deceiver, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Brahmā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] of Agni, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] of Kāma, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] n. magic, magical art, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (cf. durm)

10) [v.s. ...] a gall-nut, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māyin (मायिन्):—(yī) 5. m. Idem. a. Deceptive.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Māyin (मायिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Māi, Māyi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mayin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Māyi (मायि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Māyin.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Māyi (ಮಾಯಿ):—

1) [noun] = ಮಾಯಾವಿ [mayavi].

2) [noun] Brahma, the Creator of Universe.

3) [noun] Śiva.

4) [noun] Agni, the Fire-God.

5) [noun] Manmatha, the Love-God.

6) [noun] the plant Quercus lusitanica ( = Q. infectoria) of Gagaceae family; (?).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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