Samvrita, Saṃvṛta: 17 definitions


Samvrita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Saṃvṛta can be transliterated into English as Samvrta or Samvrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Samvrat.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Saṃvṛta (संवृत).—lit. covered or concealed;name of an internal effort in the production of sound which is accompanied with a laryngeal hum; cf. संवृतौ घोषवान् (saṃvṛtau ghoṣavān); cf also ह्रस्वस्यावर्णस्य प्रयोगे संवृतम् । प्राक्रियादशायां तु विवृतमेव (hrasvasyāvarṇasya prayoge saṃvṛtam | prākriyādaśāyāṃ tu vivṛtameva) S.K.on P.I.1.9;cf. also तत्रेत्पत्तेः प्राभ्यदा जिह्वाग्रो-पाग्रमध्यमूलानि तत्तद्वर्णोत्पत्तिस्थानानां ताल्वादीनां समीपमेव केवलं अवतिष्ठन्ते तदा संवृतता (tatretpatteḥ prābhyadā jihvāgro-pāgramadhyamūlāni tattadvarṇotpattisthānānāṃ tālvādīnāṃ samīpameva kevalaṃ avatiṣṭhante tadā saṃvṛtatā) Sabdakaus on P. I. 1.9.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Saṃvṛta (संवृत):—[saṃvṛtaḥ] Contracted , covered

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃvṛta (संवृत) refers to “concealment”, according to the Kulapañcāśikā, an unpublished text attributed to Matsyendranātha teaching secrecy (quoted by Kṣemarāja in his commentary on the Śivasūtra 3.26).—Accordingly, “Even though they know the three times and are capable of attracting the three worlds, they conceal their practice [i.e.,  saṃvṛta-ācāra] and guard (the teaching) that has come from (their) Kula. Seeing one who does not have manifest outer signs (of his attainment and practice) the rays (of the deity) converge (upon him). O beloved, they are most hidden and so do not approach one who bears outer signs”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Samvrita in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Saṃvṛta (संवृत) refers to “being surrrounded” (by one’s faithful champions”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “The arrangements should be made thus: From the very first watch of the night until the morning clouds of autumn surround the sun, a large number of soldiers should be posted far and wide on all sides to guard against intrusion of other people, while: the king himself, surrrounded (saṃvṛta) by a few distinguished and faithful champions, [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Saṃvṛta (संवृत) refers to “restrained”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (215) Immediately after seeing the transgressor of the true dharma, even from afar, we will show friendliness to him that he show not anger towards us. (216) Being restrained (saṃvṛta) in word and deed, we will protect them as much as possible, and never reproach them for being established in a particular sinful activity. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Saṃvṛta (संवृत, “covered”) refers to a category of yoni (nuclei), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.32.—The place of birth of a living being is called nucleus (nuclei is the plural). The nucleus is like a container. There are nine nuclei (yoni), eg., saṃvṛta. What the meaning is of covered and exposed nuclei? The nucleus which cannot be seen is called covered and the one which can be seen is called exposed.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Saṃvṛta (संवृत) refers to “(having) restrained (one’s self)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That which is evidently cessation of action causing the cycle of rebirth is to be considered as the mental stopping of the influx of karma by those who know about that from the most excellent scripture. Like the hero who is well-clad in armour is not pierced by arrows in the difficulty of battle, the one who has subdued his senses, whose self is restrained (saṃvṛta-ātman), is not pierced by arrows which are made of non-restraint”.

Synonyms: Saṃyata.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃvṛta (संवृत).—p. p.

1) Covered, covered up; रजसा संवृतं तेन नष्टज्योतिरभून्नभः (rajasā saṃvṛtaṃ tena naṣṭajyotirabhūnnabhaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.11.13; मुहुरङ्गुलिसंवृताधरोष्ठम् (muhuraṅgulisaṃvṛtādharoṣṭham) (mukham) Ś.3.24.

2) Hidden, concealed; न मदनो विवृतो न च संवृतः (na madano vivṛto na ca saṃvṛtaḥ) Ś.2.12; संवृते नरके घोरे पतितो नात्र संशयः (saṃvṛte narake ghore patito nātra saṃśayaḥ) Rām.7.53.6.

3) Secret.

4) Closed, shut up, secured.

5) Retired, secluded.

6) Contracted, compressed.

7) Confiscated, sequestered.

8) Encompassed, surrounded; तथा स संवृतो धीमान् मृत्पिण्ड इव सर्वशः (tathā sa saṃvṛto dhīmān mṛtpiṇḍa iva sarvaśaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.122.4.

9) Filled with, full of.

1) Accompanied by; see वृ (vṛ) with सम् (sam).

-tam 1 A secret or retired place, secrecy.

2) A mode of pronunciation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃvṛta (संवृत).—ppp. (of Sanskrit saṃ-vṛ-), (1) of a door, narrow (so Burnouf, Chin., and Tibetan dog; Kern, shut): idaṃ khalu niveśanam ekapraveśaṃ saṃvṛta-dvāram eva Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 73.3; (2) (= Pali saṃvuta) restrained, controlled: °ta āyatanaiḥ Mahāvyutpatti 399 = Tibetan skye mched rnams bsdams pa (to sdom pa, used for saṃvara, q.v.), controlled as to the senses (āyatana 5); not by the senses; we might expect loc., but the instr. may be influenced by the surrounding phrases (visaṃyukto dhātubhiḥ, pracchinno granthaiḥ, vimuktaḥ paridāghaiḥ, etc.) where it seems more appropriate.

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Sāṃvṛta (सांवृत).—adj. (to saṃvṛti, 2, plus -a), exoteric, con- nected with exoteric existence: °tānāṃ padārthānāṃ Mūla-madhyamaka-kārikā 10.12; 189.2; °tānāṃ cakṣurādīnāṃ 27.10; °tam etal lakṣaṇaṃ na pāramārthikam 85.6; tad evaiṣāṃ °taṃ svarūpam 261.6; °taṃ pratibimbākāram 591.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃvṛta (संवृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Covered. 2. Closed. 3. Contracted, compressed, (as the lips, &c in pronunciation.) 4. Retired, secluded. 5. Sequestered. 6. Filled with. n.

(-taṃ) 1. A secret place. 2. A particular mode of pronunciation. E. sam before vṛ to be, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃvṛta (संवृत).—[adjective] covered, veiled in, protected, surrounded, or accompanied by, filled with ([instrumental] or —°); concealed, kept secret; checked, restrained, suppressed; careful, cautious.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃvṛta (संवृत):—[=saṃ-vṛta] [from saṃ-vṛ] mfn. covered, shut up, enclosed or enveloped in ([locative case]), surrounded or accompanied or protected by ([instrumental case] with or without saha, or [compound]), well furnished or provided or occupied or filled with, full of ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] concealed, laid aside, kept, secured, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] restrained, suppressed, retired, withdrawn, [Harivaṃśa; Śakuntalā ii, 12] ([varia lectio] for saṃ-hṛta)

4) [v.s. ...] well covered or guarded (See su-s)

5) [v.s. ...] contracted, compressed, closed (as the throat), articulated with the vocal chords contracted, [Prātiśākhya]

6) [v.s. ...] subdued (as a tone), [ib.; Patañjali]

7) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) hidden, ambiguous (but not offensive See, [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti ii, 1, 14])

8) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Varuṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] n. a secret place, [Kauṣītaki-upaniṣad]

10) [v.s. ...] close articulation (cf. above), [Prātiśākhya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃvṛta (संवृत):—[saṃ-vṛta] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) p. Covered; contracted.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃvṛta (संवृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saṃvuḍa, Sāhaṭṭia, Sāharia.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samvrita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃvṛta (संवृत) [Also spelled samvrat]:—(a) closed; wound up; subjugated (as passions); —[svara] closed vowel.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃvṛta (ಸಂವೃತ):—

1) [adjective] covered, wrapped with.

2) [adjective] hidden; concealed.

3) [adjective] kept in safe custody; secured.

4) [adjective] covered on all or almostly all sides; surrounded.

5) [adjective] filled with; full of.

6) [adjective] joined; united.

7) [adjective] (gram.) prounounced with closed mouth (said of sounds).

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Saṃvṛta (ಸಂವೃತ):—

1) [noun] something that is covered, wrapped.

2) [noun] a thing surronded on all or nearly all sides.

3) [noun] that which is abounding with or has something in abundance.

4) [noun] a man who does not express his thoughts, feelings or who does not communicate.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samvrita in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Saṃvṛta (संवृत):—adv. 1. covered; hidden; concealed; protected; 2. closed; 3. subjugated; repressed;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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