Dridha, Dṛḍha: 12 definitions

Introduction

Dridha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dṛḍha can be transliterated into English as Drdha or Dridha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dṛḍha (दृढ) refers to one of the twenty prakāras: rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “the playing which is in a medium tempo, harmonious, and has clearly produced syllables and is fit to accompany movements, is called Dṛḍha”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dṛḍha (दृढ).—(DṚḌHAVARMAN). One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Bhīmasena killed him in the great war. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 137).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dṛḍha (दृढ) refers to those Rudrākṣas which are “firm” and thus considered as superior, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.25, while explaining the greatness of Rudrākṣa:—“[...] O Parameśvarī, no other necklace or garland is observed in the world to be so auspicious and fruitful as the Rudrākṣa. O Goddess, Rudrākṣas of even size, glossy, firm [viz., Dṛḍha], thick and having many thornlike protrusions yield desires and bestow worldly pleasures and salvation for ever”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Dṛḍha (दृढ) is another name for Elavālu, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Prunus cerasus Linn. (sour cherry) from the Rosaceae or “rose” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.124-126 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Dṛḍha and Elavālu, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dṛḍha (दृढ).—a (S) Firm, solid, compact, hard, dense, lit. fig. 2 Confirmed, ratified, established. 3 Mature--a deliberation: settled or fixed--a resolution. 4 In the general sense of Firm, tenacious, fastholding, important compounds are common and others are framable at will. Ex. dṛḍhaniścaya or dṛḍha- nirdhāra or dṛḍhasaṅkalpa Firm of resolve or purpose; dṛḍha- prayatna Hard or enduring in exertion or endeavor; dṛḍhasaṅkēta, dṛḍhasandhāna -niyama -viśvāsa -vaira -niṣṭha -vrata -tapa- sakhya -prēma -bhakti -dhairya -vacana -anusandhāna -pātivratya-saubhāgya. Also in the literal sense of Firm or hard; as dṛḍhatanu, dṛḍhadēha, dṛḍhaśarīra, dṛḍhāṅga Of firm or compact body.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dṛḍha (दृढ).—a Firm, solid, compact. Confirmed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dṛḍha (दृढ).—a. [dṛṃh-kta ni° nalopaḥ]

1) Fixed, firm, strong, unswerving, untiring; असंगशस्त्रेण दृढेन छित्त्वा (asaṃgaśastreṇa dṛḍhena chittvā) Bg.15.3; दृढभक्तिः (dṛḍhabhaktiḥ) H.3.58; दृढव्रतम् (dṛḍhavratam) R.13.78.

2) Solid, massive.

3) Confirmed, established.

4) Steady, persevering; भजन्ते मां दृढव्रताः (bhajante māṃ dṛḍhavratāḥ) Bg.7.28.

5) Firmly fastened, shut fast.

6) Compact.

7) Tight, close, dense.

8) Strong, intense, great, excessive, mighty, severe, powerful; तस्याः करि- ष्यामि दृढानुतापम् (tasyāḥ kari- ṣyāmi dṛḍhānutāpam) Ku.3.8; R.11.46.

9) Tough.

1) Difficult to be drawn or bent (as a bow); दृढस्य धनुष आयमनम् (dṛḍhasya dhanuṣa āyamanam) Ch. Up.1.3.5.

11) Durable.

12) Reliable.

13) Certain, sure.

14) Hard-hearted, cruel; U.4.

15) Secure.

16) (In Math.) Reduced to the smallest number by a common divisor.

-ḍham 1 Iron.

2) A stronghold, fortress.

3) Excess, abundance, high degree

4) Anything fixed or firm or solid.

-ḍham ind.

1) Firmly, fast.

2) Very much, excessively, vehemently.

3) Thoroughly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dṛḍhā (दृढा).—name of an (or, the) earth-goddess (pṛthivīde-vatā): Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 1.8; 3.12; 85.1; 91.15; 121.1 ff. (here begins Chap. 10, entitled Dṛḍhā-parivarta).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dṛḍha (दृढ).—mfn.

(-ḍhaḥ-ḍhā-ḍhaṃ) 1. Much, exceeding; (in this sense it is also an adverb declinable in the neuter gender.) 2. Hard, firm. 3. Able, powerful. 4. Bulky, massive, solid. 5. Strong. 6. Confirmed. n.

(-ḍhaṃ) Iron. E. dṛh to increase, affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dṛḍha (दृढ).—see dṛṃh.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dṛḍha (दृढ).—(dṛ|a) [adjective] firm, strong, solid, durable, steady, sure, certain; [neuter] [adverb], as subst. anything firm or solid, [especially] stronghold, fortress.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dṛḍha (दृढ):—[from dṛh] or mfn. (dṛḍha) fixed, firm, hard, strong, solid, massive, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] firmly fastened, shut fast, tight, close (e.g. ship, [52, 5]; bonds, fetters, chains, [Hitopadeśa i, 67/68; Mṛcchakaṭikā vii, 6/7]; fist, [Mahābhārata iv, 1976])

3) [v.s. ...] whole, complete (opp. to bhinna), [Mahābhārata xiii, 7453]

4) [v.s. ...] difficult to be bent (bow, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad i, 3, 5])

5) [v.s. ...] steady, resolute, persevering, [Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] confirmed, established, certain, sure, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] intense, violent, mighty, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] (in mathem.) reduced to the last term or smallest number by a common divisor

9) [v.s. ...] a or mfn. (dṛḍha) fixed, firm, hard, strong, solid, massive, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] firmly fastened, shut fast, tight, close (e.g. ship, [52, 5]; bonds, fetters, chains, [Hitopadeśa i, 67/68; Mṛcchakaṭikā vii, 6/7]; fist, [Mahābhārata iv, 1976])

11) [v.s. ...] whole, complete (opp. to bhinna), [Mahābhārata xiii, 7453]

12) [v.s. ...] difficult to be bent (bow, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad i, 3, 5])

13) [v.s. ...] steady, resolute, persevering, [Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

14) [v.s. ...] confirmed, established, certain, sure, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

15) [v.s. ...] intense, violent, mighty, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

16) [v.s. ...] (in mathem.) reduced to the last term or smallest number by a common divisor

17) [v.s. ...] m. (in music) a kind of Rūpaka

18) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of the 13th Manu, [Harivaṃśa]

19) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata vii]

20) Dṛḍhā (दृढा):—[from dṛḍha > dṛh] f. Name of a, [Buddhist literature] goddess

21) Dṛḍha (दृढ):—[from dṛh] n. anything fixed or firm or solid

22) [v.s. ...] stronghold, fortress, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

23) [v.s. ...] iron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) b See under √dṛṃh etc.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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