Niranjana, Nirañjana, Niramjana: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Niranjana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "The Unblemished Lord"

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Niranjana in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Nirañjanā (निरञ्जना):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Kāma, the second seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Nirañjanā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Niranjana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nirañjana (निरञ्जन) refers to one who is “freed of attachment”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.16. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On hearing these words of mine—of Brahmā—in the presence of Viṣṇu, Śiva, the lord of worlds spoke to me with his face beaming with a smile: [...] Of what avail is a beloved to me in this world since I am in the path of abstinence delighting myself in my own soul, freed of attachment (nirañjana), unsullied, with the body of an ascetic, possessed of knowledge, seeing himself, free from aberrations and a non-reveller. Besides I am always unclean and inauspicious. Hence say now what can I do with a loving wife?”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nirañjana (निरञ्जन).—Is Vighneśvara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 108. 29.

1b) A tīrtha sacred to Āditya, on the north of the Yamunā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 66.

1c) The state of separation due to Kaivalyam; it makes one a Śuddha or Pure man, when there is nobody to guide him.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 79, 118.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Niranjana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Nirañjana (निरञ्जन) refers to “stainless” and is used to describe Viṣṇu, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly: “[...] Then, after the goddess Kumārikā had heard Vyāsa’s words, she hid her Māyā nature from him and assumed (her) Vaiṣṇava form. Viṣṇu held a conch, discus, mace and rosary. Stainless (nirañjana), he wore yellow clothes and, mounted on Garuḍa, he was radiant. Keśava, that is, Janārdhaka, was accompanied by Mahālakṣmī. (He), the god Hari, born from a lotus womb, is the imperishable cause (of all things). [...]”.

2) Nirañjanā (निरञ्जना) refers to one who is “stainless”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—[...] There, in the End of the Twelve, is Mahāmāyā which, “beyond Śiva, is the New Moon (amā) that is within emission (visarga) and which is subtle and stainless (nirañjanā)”.

3) Nirañjanā (निरञ्जना) refers to “she who is tranquil”, representing an aspect of Śivā, according to the Devīpañcaśataka, an important source of the Kālīkrama that developed in Kashmir after the Kālī Mata of the Jayadrathayāmala.—Accordingly, “The Great God—Mahādeva—is beyond Śakti, supreme bliss, [...] O Supreme Lord! By his awakening, that supreme Kālikā has spontaneously arisen (svecchayā), the one supreme power endowed with those same attributes. She is subtle, supreme, tranquil, and delighted by supreme bliss. Śivā has arisen spontaneously (svabhāvata); stainless [i.e., nirañjanā], she is (all that is) knowable. She is the Supreme Goddess (parameśvarī) who, by her own will, is (both) the Transmental (unmanā) (‘Without Mind’) and With Mind (samanā)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Niranjana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Nirañjana (निरञ्जन) refers to “that which has no stain”, and is used to describe Samādhi and Paratattva (highest reality), according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise which deals absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—The Amanaska referred to (or qualified) Samādhi with several terms, which are all negative; [e.g., it has no stain (nirañjana);] [...] The fact that such terminology is found in the Amanaska indicates that descriptions of Śiva and the void-like meditative states in Mantramargic Śaivism, were the basis of the descriptions of Samādhi and Paratattva (the highest reality) in this treatise. The Amanaska Yoga was consistent with the Pātañjala Yogaśāstra’s definition of Yoga, yet it described Samādhi in terms different to those of Pātañjalayoga; such as Nirañjana—“that which has no stain”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Nirāñjana (निराञ्जन) or “removing darkness” refers to “burning fragrant scents in a clay pot and reciting mantras to purify the worshiper”, according to Buddhist teachings followed by the Newah in Nepal, Kathmandu Valley (whose roots can be traced to the Licchavi period, 300-879 CE).—Kalaśapūjā, “Kalaśa worship”, is the worship of a the ritual flask called the kalaśa, which is imagined to symbolize the body, which receives the samayasattva, “vow being”, which is the visualized deity, and the jñānasattva, “knowledge being”, which is the deities essence. The kalaśapūjā also includes the nirāñjana, which figuratively means “removing darkness” and involves burning fragrant scents in a clay pot and reciting mantras to purify the worshiper.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Niranjana in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nirañjana (निरञ्जन) refers to “pure” and is used to describe the Self (Ātman), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This self itself is clearly a great ocean of excellent virtues. It is all-knowing, all-pervading, having all forms, supreme [and] pure (nirañjana)”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Niranjana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirañjana (निरंजन).—a (S Exempt from añjana, viz. collyrium, or fig. darkness.) Light; all-knowing and allgood; void of all darkness, ignorance, error, or imperfection--the Deity. 1 John i. 5.

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nirañjana (निरंजन).—n A metal lamp-dish to be set before an idol (in the temple or one's house).

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nirāñjana (निरांजन).—n (Properly nirañjana) A metal lampdish.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirañjana (निरंजन).—a Light; all-knowing. Void of all darkness or ignorance.

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nirañjana (निरंजन).—n nirāñjana n A metal lamp-dish to be set before an idol (in the temple or one's house).

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nirāñjana (निरांजन).—n See nirañjana.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Niranjana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirañjana (निरञ्जन).—a.

1) without collyrium; निरञ्जने साचिविलोलिकं दृशौ (nirañjane sācivilolikaṃ dṛśau) Kirātārjunīya 8.52.

2) unstained, untinged.

3) free from falsehood; तदा विद्वान् पुण्यपापे विधूय निरञ्जनं परमं साम्यमुपैति (tadā vidvān puṇyapāpe vidhūya nirañjanaṃ paramaṃ sāmyamupaiti) Munda 3.1.3.

4) simple, artless. (-naḥ) 1 an epithet of Śiva.

2) Name of the Supreme Being. (-) 1 the day of full moon.

2) an epithet of Durgā.

Nirañjana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and añjana (अञ्जन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nirañjanā (निरञ्जना) or Nairañjanā.—name of a river: noted only in tīru nirañjanā (gen. sg.) Lalitavistara 243.12 (verse); i m.c. for ai (MIndic e)? The modern vernacular name is given by [Boehtlingk and Roth] as Niladjan, by Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names) as Nīlājanā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirañjana (निरञ्जन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Void of passion or emotion. 2. Unstained, unblackened. n.

(-naṃ) The Supreme Being. f.

(-nā) The day of fullmoon. m.

(-naḥ) An Epithet of Siva. E. ni neg. rañjana affection; or nir not, añjana collyrium; figuratively, darkness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirañjana (निरञ्जन).—adj., f. , artless.

Nirañjana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nis and añjana (अञ्जन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirañjana (निरञ्जन).—[adjective] without unguent or paint, deceitless, honest.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirañjana (निरञ्जन):—[=nir-añjana] [from nir > niḥ] mf(ā)n. unpainted, spotless, pure, simple, [Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] void of passion or emotion, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva, [Śivagītā, ascribed to the padma-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] of an attendant of Ś°, [Harivaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] m. of sub voce authors, [Catalogue(s)] (also with yati; nāṣṭaka n. Name of [work])

6) [v.s. ...] n. the Supreme Being, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) Nirañjanā (निरञ्जना):—[=nir-añjanā] [from nir-añjana > nir > niḥ] f. the day of full moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirañjana (निरञ्जन):—[nir-añjana] (naḥ-nā-naṃ) a. Without passion; unstained. f. The day of full moon. n. God.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirañjana (निरञ्जन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇiraṃjaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Niranjana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Niranjana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Niraṃjana (निरंजन) [Also spelled niranjan]:—(nm) God (who is beyond the spell of [māyā] or the range of worldly flaws and defects), The Transcendental.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Niranjana in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ṇiraṃjaṇa (णिरंजण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nirañjana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Niranjana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Niraṃjana (ನಿರಂಜನ):—

1) [adjective] not smeared with any eyewash.

2) [adjective] free from moral blemish or impurity; pure; undefiled.

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Niraṃjana (ನಿರಂಜನ):—

1) [noun] anything that is not smeared with collyrium or eyewash.

2) [noun] the state of being above the physical or mundane form or being free from earthly relations.

3) [noun] the fact or condition of being religiously pure, sinless.

4) [noun] complete lack of personal or selfish interest; absolute disinerestedness.

5) [noun] the Absolute; the Supreme.

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Nīrāṃjana (ನೀರಾಂಜನ):—[noun] = ನೀರಾಜನ [nirajana].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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