Samartha: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Samartha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Samartha (समर्थ).—Having an identical sense; cf प्रोपाभ्या समर्थाभ्याम् । (propābhyā samarthābhyām |) ...तौ चेत् प्रोपौ समर्थौ तुल्यार्थौ भवतः । क्व चानयोस्तुल्यार्थता । आदि-कर्मणि । (tau cet propau samarthau tulyārthau bhavataḥ | kva cānayostulyārthatā | ādi-karmaṇi |) Kas. on P. I. 3. 42;

2) Samartha.—Mutually connected in meaning in such a way that the meanings are connected together or commixed together; समर्थः शक्वः । विग्रहवाक्या-र्थाभिधाने यः शक्तः स समर्थो वेदितव्यः । अथवा समर्थपदाश्रयत्वात्समर्थः । समर्थानां पदानां संबद्धार्थानां संसृष्टार्थानां विधिर्वेदितव्यः । (samarthaḥ śakvaḥ | vigrahavākyā-rthābhidhāne yaḥ śaktaḥ sa samartho veditavyaḥ | athavā samarthapadāśrayatvātsamarthaḥ | samarthānāṃ padānāṃ saṃbaddhārthānāṃ saṃsṛṣṭārthānāṃ vidhirveditavyaḥ |) Kas. on P. II. 1. I; cf. also एकार्थीभावो व्यपेक्षा वा सामर्थ्यम् (ekārthībhāvo vyapekṣā vā sāmarthyam);। (|)

3) Samartha.—Connected with relationship of senses, as between the activity and the subject,object, instrument etc., or as between the master and the servant or the possessor and the possessed; cf. राज्ञः पुरुषः (rājñaḥ puruṣaḥ) or ग्रामं गच्छति (grāmaṃ gacchati),or सर्पिः पिब (sarpiḥ piba), but not सर्पिः पिब (sarpiḥ piba) in the sentence तिष्ठतु सर्पिः पिब त्वमुदकम् । (tiṣṭhatu sarpiḥ piba tvamudakam |) ;

4) Samartha.—Capable of expressing the sense e. g. a word with the sandhis well observed; cf. समर्थानां प्रथमाद्वा । सामर्थ्ये परिनिष्ठितत्वम् । कृतसन्धिकार्यत्वमिति यावत् । (samarthānāṃ prathamādvā | sāmarthye pariniṣṭhitatvam | kṛtasandhikāryatvamiti yāvat |) S. K. on IV. I. 82; cf also समर्थः पटुः शक्तः इति पर्यायाः। शक्तत्वं च कार्योत्पादनयोम्यत्वम् (samarthaḥ paṭuḥ śaktaḥ iti paryāyāḥ| śaktatvaṃ ca kāryotpādanayomyatvam) etc. Balamanorama on the above.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samartha (समर्थ).—a (S) Strong or powerful; able or capable; that has power (in any of its senses). 2 S Coherent, of connected sense. samarthācīṃ pāḷīṃ ughaḍatatōṃ durbaḷāñcē prāṇa jātāta A hungry man may starve whilst the rich man is opening his box.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

samartha (समर्थ).—a Strong; able; coherent.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samartha (समर्थ).—a.

1) Strong, powerful.

2) Competent, capable of, qualified; प्रतिग्रहसमर्थोऽपि (pratigrahasamartho'pi) Ms.4.186; Y.1.213.

3) Fit, suitable, proper; किं समर्थं जनस्यास्य किं प्रियं किं सुखावहम् (kiṃ samarthaṃ janasyāsya kiṃ priyaṃ kiṃ sukhāvaham) Rām.2.57.14; तद्धनुर्ग्रहणमेव राघवः प्रत्यपद्यत समर्थमुत्तरम् (taddhanurgrahaṇameva rāghavaḥ pratyapadyata samarthamuttaram) R.11.79.

4) Made fit or proper, prepared.

5) Having the same meaning.

6) Significant.

7) Having proper aim or force, very forcible.

8) Being in apposition.

9) Connected in sense.

-rthaḥ 1 A significant word (in gram.); अव्ययं समर्थेन सह समस्यते सोऽव्ययीभावः (avyayaṃ samarthena saha samasyate so'vyayībhāvaḥ) Sk.

2) The coherence of words together in a significant sentence.

-rtham 1 Ability, competence.

2) Intelligibility.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samartha (समर्थ).—mfn.

(-rthaḥ-rthā-rthaṃ) 1. Strong, powerful. 2. Connected in sense. 3. Fit, proper, 4. Able, adequate to, capable. 5. Allowed. m.

(-rthaḥ) The coherence of words in a significant sentence. E. sam with, arth to ask, aff. ac, or artha meaning, sense.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samartha (समर्थ).—[sam-artha], I. adj., f. thā. 1. Proper, fit, [Pañcatantra] 169, 10. 2. Allowed, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 186. 3. Made proper, prepared, [Pañcatantra] 121, 24. 4. Able, [Hitopadeśa] 31, 3, M. M.; adequate to. 5. Strong, powerful, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 54. 6. Connected in sense. Ii. m. The construction of words.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samartha (समर्थ).—[adjective] corresponding, suitable, fit for ([genetive] or —°); a match for ([genetive]); able to, capable of (infin., [locative], [dative], or —°); having the same sense or meaning ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samārtha (समार्थ):—[from sama] [wrong reading] for śam, [Mahābhārata]

2) Samartha (समर्थ):—[=sam-artha] [from sam-arth] mf(ā)n. having a similar or suitable aim or object, having proper aim or force, very forcible or adequate, well answering or corresponding to, suitable or fit for ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] very strong or powerful, competent, capable of, able to, a match for ([genitive case] [dative case] [locative case] [infinitive mood], or [compound]; rarely [accusative] [ablative], or [present participle]; with varāṅganāsu = ‘sexually potent’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] having the same sense or meaning (= tulyārtha, ekārtha), [Pāṇini 1-3, 42 etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] connected in sense, having the same grammatical construction (= sambaddhārtha), [Pāṇini; Atharvaveda-prātiśākhya] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] m. a word which has force or meaning, significant word, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

7) [v.s. ...] the construction or coherence of words in a significant sentence, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] n. ability, competence (See -yukta)

9) [v.s. ...] conception, intelligibility (See duh-s)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samartha (समर्थ):—[(rthaḥ-rthā-rthaṃ) a.] Strong, powerful, fit, able; connected in sense. m. Construction of words.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Samartha (समर्थ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Samaṭṭha, Samattha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samartha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samartha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Samartha (समर्थ) [Also spelled samarth]:—(a) capable, competent; ~[] capability, competence.

2) Samārtha (समार्थ):—(a) synonymous; ~[ka] a synonym; synonymous.

context information

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