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Padmasana, aka: Padma-asana, Padmāsana; 9 Definition(s)


Padmasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Padmasana (padma-asana)—The lotus position. The feet are crossed, the toes are placed in the groin. This is the position of deep meditation.

Source: Google Books: The Book of Hindu Imagery: Gods, Manifestations and Their Meaning

In the Padmāsana (पद्मासन) the two legs are kept crossed so that the feet are brought to rest upon the thighs. When used as a pītha (seat or pedestal), this Āsana should be used as the seat for the image during the conduct of worship, according to the Suprabhedāgama. According to the Candrajñānāgama, the seat is of a circular shape. The height of the Padmāsana consists of sixteen parts, of which two form the thickness of the lowest layer, five make up the lower lotus, two the intervening neck, and four the pper lotus and two more the uppermost layer.

Padmāsana should always be circular or oval, but never rectangular. In the absence of authoritative information as to its length and breadth, it is left to the sculptor to choose them so as to suit his purpose.

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Padmāsana (पद्मासन).—Both legs crossed in Padmāsana (lotus posture) indicate a state of transcendence with a potential for manifestation.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | IntroductionŚilpaśāstra book cover
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Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.


Padmāsana (पद्मासन).—A kind of āsana in yoga, once practised by Paraśurāma; of Kapila.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 24. 16; 53. 17.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śaivism (Śaiva philosophy)

Padmāsana (पद्मासन) is one of five pedestals that makes up the Śivāsana, unto which Śiva is installed and invoked during the ritualistic process of śivārcana, according to the Sakalāgamasāra-saṃgraha. In the process of invocation (āvāhana) Lord Śiva is contemplated as seated on Yogāsana: “in the process of offering of flowers (arcana) he is meditated upon as seated on padmāsana”. This particular āsana is associated with the shape of a circle and is connected with the element Air.

Source: Wisdom Library: ŚaivismŚaivism book cover
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Śaiva (शैव, shaiva) or Śaivism (shaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Śiva as the supreme being. Closeley related to Śāktism, Śaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Padmāsana (पद्मासन) refers to an āsana (posture) taught by Śiva. It is one of the first four out of 84 total, thus one of the most essential, according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.46-51.—Accordingly, “Place the right foot on the left thigh and the left foot on the right thigh, and grasp the toes with the hands crossed over the back. Press the chin against the chest and gaze on the tip of the nose. This is called the padmāsana, the destroyer of the diseases of the yamīs”.

Also, “Place the feet on the thighs, with the soles upwards, and place the hands on the thighs, with the palms upwards. Gaze on the tip of the nose, keeping the tongue pressed against the root of the teeth of the upper jaw, and the chin against the chest, and raise the air up slowly, i.e., pull the apāna-vāyū gently upwards. This is called the padmāsana, the destroyer of all diseases. It is difficult of attainment by everybody, but can be learnt by intelligent people in this world”.

Also, “Having kept both the hands together in the lap, performing the padmāsana firmly, keeping the chin Fixed to the chest and contemplating on Him in the mind, by drawing the apāna-vāyū up (performing mūla-bandha) and pushing down the air after inhaling it, joining thus the prāṇaand apāna in the navel, one gets the highest intelligence by awakening the Śakti (kuṇḍalinī) thus. The Yogī who, sitting with padmāsana, can control breathing, there is no doubt, is free from bondage”.

The 15th-century Haṭhayogapradīpikā by Svātmārāma is one of the oldest extant texts dealing with haṭhayoga: an ancient form of meditation founded by Matsyendranātha. The first chapter of this book describes various āsanas (eg., padma-āsana).

Source: Google Books: The Hatha Yoga Pradipika

Padmāsana (पद्मासन) is a type of standing posture (āsana), according to verse 79 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Accordingly, “Put the right leg over the left thigh and the left leg over the right thigh. Cross the hands inversely and take hold of the big toe firmly. Place the chin firmly on the chest and look at the tip of the nose. This is padmāsana, the lotus”.

The 19th-century Śrītattvanidhi is a sanskrit treatise describing 80 primary āsanas, or ‘posture’ (eg., padma-āsana) and several additional ones.

Note: this āsana is listed in many places.

Source: archive.org: Yoga Tradition of the Mysore PalaceYoga book cover
context information

Originally, Yoga is considered a branch of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

padmāsana (पद्मासन).—n (S) A posture in religious meditation;--that in which the bauddha statues are represented.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

padmāsana (पद्मासन).—n A posture in religious meditation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 594 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

padma (पद्म).—n (S) A lotus, Nelumbium speciosum or nymphæa nelumbo. 2 Ten billions, ten thousa...
Aśana (अशन) refers to “food that is swallowed” and represents one of the four classifications o...
mahāpadma (महापद्म).—m A million of millions.
vīrāsana (वीरासन).—n A posture or attitude that of the body erect upon the knees and toes.
siṃhāsana (सिंहासन).—n (S siṃha & āsana. A seat supported by lions wrought in gold, marble &c.)...
bhadrāsana (भद्रासन).—n S (Happy or fortunate seat.) A throne. 2 A posture of devotees.
Kukkuṭāsana (कुक्कुटासन) is the name of an āsana (posture), according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.2...
Matsyāsana (मत्स्यासन) is the name of an āsana (posture) described in the Haṭhābhyāsapaddhati (...
Anantāsana (अनन्तासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 1 of the Śrītattvanidhi....
Yogāsana (योगासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 64 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Ac...
Baddhapadmāsana (बद्धपद्मासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 33 of the Śrītat...
Trivikramāsana (त्रिविक्रमासन) is the name of an āsana (posture) described in the Haṭhābhyāsapa...
Mayūrāsana (मयूरासन) is the name of an āsana (posture), according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.32.—A...
Uttānakūrmāsana (उत्तानकूर्मासन) is one of the eighty-four āsanas (postures) taught by Śiva, ac...
Siddhāsana (सिद्धासन) refers to an āsana (posture) taught by Śiva. It is one of the first four ...

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Search found books containing Padmasana, Padma-asana or Padmāsana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:

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