Jaleshvara, Jala-ishvara, Jaleśvara, Jāleśvara: 13 definitions



Jaleshvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Jaleśvara and Jāleśvara can be transliterated into English as Jalesvara or Jaleshvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Jaleshvara in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Jaleśvara (जलेश्वर).—A tīrtha in the Amarakaṇṭaka hill of Kalinga, fit for piṇḍatarpaṇa. When Śiva was burning Tripura ruthlessly, Bāṇa appeared with a liṅga on his head when the Lord blessed him with life. Hence the sanctity of the place.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 186. 15-38; 187. 3-52; Ch. 188 (whole).

2) Jāleśvara (जालेश्वर).—One of the eight places sacred to Śiva in Benares.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 181. 28.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Jaleśvara (जलेश्वर) is glorified in the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Fourth Chapter contains the glorification of Jaleśvara, Vārānasī, Gaṅgā and Maṇikarṇa and an enumeration of the evils of Kali-age. The Fifth Chapter gives the glorification of Viśveśvaraliṅga, an eulogy of Śiva by Vyāsa and Mahādeva’s granting of boon to Vyāsa.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Jaleshvara in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

1) Jaleśvara (जलेश्वर) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Jaleśvara) is named Triśūli. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

2) Jaleśvara (जलेश्वर) is the name of a Liṅga (symbolical manifestation of Śiva) that is associated with the Jaleśvarī-tīrtha (a sacred bathing place). It represents the fifty-ninth of the sixty-four siddhaliṅgas mentioned in the Nepalese Tyasaphu (a folding book or leporello). At each of these spots Śiva is manifest as a Liṅga. Each of these liṅgas (e.g., Jala-īśvara) has its own specific name, mantra, set of rituals and observances, auspicious time etc.

The auspiscious time for bathing near the Jaleśvara-liṅga at the Jaleśvarī-tīrtha is mentioned as “caitra-śukla-tṛtīyā” (latin: caitra-shukla-tritiya). This basically represents the recommended day for bathing there (snānadina).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Jaleśvara is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (e.g., Jaleśvara) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Jaleśvara) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jaleshvara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaleśvara (जलेश्वर).—

1) an epithet of Varuṇa; भीमोद्भवां प्रति नले च जलेश्वरे च (bhīmodbhavāṃ prati nale ca jaleśvare ca) N.

2) the ocean.

Derivable forms: jaleśvaraḥ (जलेश्वरः).

Jaleśvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jala and īśvara (ईश्वर). See also (synonyms): jaleśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaleśvara (जलेश्वर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A name of the deity of water, Varuna. 2. The ocean. E. jala, and īśvara sovereign.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaleśvara (जलेश्वर).—m. a name of Varuṇa. Mahābhārata 1, 8175.

Jaleśvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jala and īśvara (ईश्वर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaleśvara (जलेश्वर).—[masculine] Varuṇa (the lord of the waters).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Jaleśvara (जलेश्वर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Viśārada, father of Svapneśvara (Śāṇḍilyasūtrabhāṣya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jaleśvara (जलेश्वर):—[from jala] m. = lādhipati, [Mahābhārata i-iii, ix; Raghuvaṃśa ix, 24] (cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India p.201])

2) [v.s. ...] the ocean, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a sanctuary, [Matsya-purāṇa clxxx, 28]

4) [v.s. ...] [clxxxvi, 3]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaleśvara (जलेश्वर):—[jale+śvara] (raḥ) 1. m. Varuna the deity of water; the ocean.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Jaleśvara (जलेश्वर):—(jala + īśvara) m.

1) Meer, Ocean [Śabdakalpadruma] [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] —

2) der Gott des Wassers, Beiname Varuṇa’s [Mahābhārata 1, 8175. fg. 2, 359. 3, 1669. 1692. 9, 2738.] [Raghuvaṃśa 9, 24.] —

3) Nomen proprium eines Heiligthums (jāleśvara v. l.) [MATSYAP.] in [Oxforder Handschriften 42],a.

--- OR ---

Jāleśvara (जालेश्वर):—s. u. jaleśvara .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Jaleśvara (जलेश्वर):—m.

1) Beiname Varuṇa's. —

2) *Meer , Ocean.

3) Nomen proprium eines Heiligthums.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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