Shvana, Śvāna, Svana, Svāna, Svāṅa: 22 definitions


Shvana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śvāna can be transliterated into English as Svana or Shvana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Svana (स्वन).—Son of the Agni (fire) called Satya. It is said that this Agni is the agent which causes disease to living things. This agni got the name Svana because human beings produce Svana (pitiable cry) when they are afflicted by diseases. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 219, Verse 15).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śvāna (श्वान).—A Rudra on the Ṣoḍaśa cakra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 34. 26.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Śvāna (श्वान) or Kukkura refers to the animal “Domestic dog” (Canis lupus familiaris).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Śvāna] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].

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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Śvāna (श्वान) refers to the Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Svana (स्वन) refers to “sounds (of mantras)”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “(Now) listen, O goddess, to how you should be contemplated in the Transmission of the Aged. [...]  (You are) satisfied with the bliss of the Command and have made the Wheel of the Command (your) seat as (you) fill (everything) all around with the resounding sounds of Sound and Resonance. (You) fill [i.e., pūrayat] (the body) from the soles of the feet up to the end of the head with the powerful sounds (of mantras) [i.e., mahat-svana]”.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Śvāna (श्वान) (or Śvan) refers to a “dog”, according to the Devyāmata (in the section śalyoddhāra-paṭala or “excavation of extraneous substances”).—Accordingly, “[...] If a cat [intrudes into the site] stepping over [a cord] while a cord is being cast, it should be understood that there is the bone of an ass beneath that spot of the site. If a dog (śvanyadi śvā) steps over a cord, [the officiant] should prognosticate the bone of a dog (śvāna-asthiśvānāsthim ādiśet) [beneath] the [spot of the site]. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Svana (स्वन) refers to “noise”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 10.1-7ab, while describing the appearance and worship of Bhairava]—“Now, at this moment, I shall explain the distinct appearance of Bhairava, [who] resembles an ointment [that clears the eye]. He has a nature that burns up and dissolves all things. Five-faced, atop a corpse, ten-armed [and] terrible, he resembles troops with demon mouths. He rumbles, [producing] a terrible noise (bhīṣaṇa-svanagarjantaṃ bhīṣaṇasvanam), speaks with a gaping mouth [adorned with] with large tusks, [his face] bent in a frown. [...] Having worshipped Bhairava, [the Mantrin] remembers being joined in union [with] him, [in the same way as] dissolution in fire”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Svāna (स्वान) refers to the “sound (of swift motion)”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “[...] When a Vaharī is thrown at a Stork or a Heron from a great distance, it produces a feeling of wonder. What can be more wonderful than the fall of the quarry from the sky like a mountain with clipped wings and frightened by the sound of swift motion (vegānila-svāna)?”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Śvāna (श्वान) is a Sanskrit word referring to a “dog”.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In case of accidental injuries and in intentional incisions, the lips of the wound are apposed and united by stitching (svana). (described in the Sushruta Samhita)

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Śvāna (श्वान) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Śvānī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Śvāna] are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śvāna (श्वान).—m n (Popular for śvā) A dog. punaśśavānō bhaviṣyati (Properly punaśśavā bhaviṣyati) He will be a dog again. We return to our pristine nature or condition: (to our old likings or habits.)

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svana (स्वन).—m S Sound.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śvāna (श्वान).—[śvaiva-aṇ na ṭilopaḥ] A dog.

Derivable forms: śvānaḥ (श्वानः).

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Svana (स्वन).—[svan-ap] Sound, noise; शिवाघोरस्वनां पश्चाद् बुबुधे विकृतेति ताम् (śivāghorasvanāṃ paścād bubudhe vikṛteti tām) R.12.39; शङ्खस्वनः (śaṅkhasvanaḥ) &c.

Derivable forms: svanaḥ (स्वनः).

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Svāna (स्वान).—Sound, noise; रामस्वनितसंकाशः स्वान इत्यवदत् स ताम् (rāmasvanitasaṃkāśaḥ svāna ityavadat sa tām) Bhaṭṭikāvya 5.55.

Derivable forms: svānaḥ (स्वानः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvāna (श्वान).—m.

(-naḥ) A dog. f. (-nī) A bitch. E. A various reading of śvan q. v.

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Svana (स्वन).—m.

(-naḥ) Sound in general. E. svan to sound, aff. ap .

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Svāna (स्वान).—m.

(-naḥ) Sound, noise. E. svan to sound, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvāna (श्वान).—i. e. śvan + a, I. m. A dog, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 118. Ii. f. , A bitch.

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Svana (स्वन).—[svan + a], m. Sound, [Nala] 25, 5.

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Svāna (स्वान).—i. e. svan + a, m. Sound.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvāna (श्वान).—[masculine] ī [feminine] dog, bitch.

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Svana (स्वन).—1. [masculine] sound, roar, thunder, in [later language] any kind of sound or noise.

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Svana (स्वन).—2. [masculine] roaring water.

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Svāna (स्वान).—[masculine] sound, noise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvāna (श्वान):—[from śvan] a m. a dog, [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] the wind (?), [Sāyaṇa on Ṛg-veda i, 161, 13]

3) b etc. See p. 1105, col. 2.

4) Svana (स्वन):—[from svan] m. (ifc. f(ū). ) sound, noise (in the older language applied to the roar of wind, thunder, water etc.; in later l° to the song of birds, speech, and sound of any kind cf. [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 11]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Agni, [Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] (svana), roaring water, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] mfn. ill-sounding, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Svāna (स्वान):—[from svan] a m. (cf. √3. su, p.1219) sounding, making a noise, rattling (as a chariot), Panting (as a horse), [Ṛg-veda]

9) [v.s. ...] m. sound, noise, rattle, [ib.]

10) [v.s. ...] twang (of a bowstring), [Śiśupāla-vadha]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the seven guardians of Soma, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

12) b See √3. su, and p. 1280, col. 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvāna (श्वान):—(naḥ) 1. m. A dog. f. (ī) Bitch.

2) Svana (स्वन):—(naḥ) 1. m. Sound in general.

3) Svāna (स्वान):—(naḥ) 1. m. Sound, noise.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svana (स्वन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saṇa, Sāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shvana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śvāna (श्वान) [Also spelled swan]:—(nm) a dog; -[nidrā] litdog’s sleep—light slumber, sleeping with one eye open.

2) Svana (स्वन) [Also spelled swan]:—(nm) sound, phone; ~[nana] phonation; ~[na-vijñāna] phonetics/phonology; ~[nika] phonetic/phonological; ~[nima] phoneme; ~[nima-vijñāna] phonemics.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śvāna (ಶ್ವಾನ):—[noun] a dog (Canis familiaris).

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Svana (ಸ್ವನ):—[noun] a sound; a noise.

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Svāna (ಸ್ವಾನ):—[noun] a sound; a noise.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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