Sanatana, aka: Sanātana; 9 Definition(s)


Sanatana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Sanatana in Yoga glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sanātana or Satātana is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (eg., Sanātana) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sanatana in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Sanātana (सनातन).—A hermit. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Stanza 16, that this hermit shone in the court of Yudhiṣṭhira.

2) Sanātana (सनातन).—One of the Sanakādis.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Sanātana (सनातन).—A mind-born son of Brahmā;1 a son of Kaṅka, an avatār of Śiva; got mokṣa by jñānam;2 a Brahmaṛṣi.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 72; 101. 337.
  • 2) Ib. 23. 131; 24. 79; 61. 155 and 161.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 102. 17.

1b) An epithet of Viṣṇu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 248. 37.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Sanatana in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sanātana (सनातन) is a Sanskrit word referring to eternal, having no beginning or end.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "The Eternal Lord"

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Sanatana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sanātana (सनातन).—a S Eternal, perpetual, everlasting; that has ever been, or that will ever be.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sanātana (सनातन).—a Eternal, perpetual.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sanatana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sanātana (सनातन).—a. (- f.)

1) Perpetual, constant, eternal, permanent; ज्वलन्मणिव्योमसदां सनातनम् (jvalanmaṇivyomasadāṃ sanātanam) Ki.8.1; एष धर्मः सनातनः (eṣa dharmaḥ sanātanaḥ).

2) Firm, fixed, settled; एष धर्मः सनातनः (eṣa dharmaḥ sanātanaḥ) U.5. 22.

3) Primeval, ancient.

-taḥ 1 The primeval being, Viṣṇu; सनातनः पितरमुपागमत् स्वयम् (sanātanaḥ pitaramupāgamat svayam) Bk.1.1.

2) Name of Śiva.

3) Of Brahman.

4) A guest of the Manes.

5) Name of one of the sons of Brahman.

6) An ancient sage; द्विजाति- चरितो धर्मः शास्त्रे दृष्टः सनातनैः (dvijāti- carito dharmaḥ śāstre dṛṣṭaḥ sanātanaiḥ) Rām.2.61.23.

-nī 1 Name of Lakṣmī.

2) Of Durgā or Pārvatī.

3) Of Sarasvatī.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sanātana (सनातन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nī-naṃ) 1. Eternal, continual, perpetual. 2. Firm, fixed, permanent. 3. Primeval. m.

(-naḥ) 1. Vishnu. 2. Siva. 3. Brahma. 4. A guest of the Manes, or one who is to be fed whenever he chooses to attend the obsequial ceremonies or Shraddhas. f. (-nī) 1. The goddess Lakshmi. 2. A name of Durga. 3. Saraswati. E. sanā always, and dyu or dyut aff.; or sadā ṭhyul tuṭ ca ni0 dasya naḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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