Vishveshvara, aka: Viśveśvara, Vishva-ishvara; 6 Definition(s)
Vishveshvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Viśveśvara can be transliterated into English as Visvesvara or Vishveshvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Viśveśvara (विश्वेश्वर, “Lord of the universe”):—One of the eleven epithets of Rudra, as adressed to in the second chapter of Śrī-rudram. These names represent his various attributes.Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
1a) Viśveśvara (विश्वेश्वर).—Sacred to Goddess Viśvā.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 29.
1b) The God enshrined at Benares.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 184. 69.
1c) A name of Hari.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 2. 14; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 41. 42.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Viśveśvara (विश्वेश्वर) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). Pārvatīśaṅkara is an ayurveda treatment and should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.
Accordingly, when using such recipes (eg., viśveśvara-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Viśveśvara (विश्वेश्वर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.27, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Viśveśvara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Languages of India and abroad
viśvēśvara (विश्वेश्वर).—m S Lord of the universe. A title of the Deity, and esp. of Shiva considered as the Supreme. 2 The name of one of the lingams of Shiva.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Viśveśvara (विश्वेश्वर).—(also viśvamīśvaraḥ as one word used in the Mbh. and Kūrmapurāṇa ch.26.)
1) the Supreme Being, lord of the universe.
2) an epithet of Śiva.
Derivable forms: viśveśvaraḥ (विश्वेश्वरः).
Viśveśvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms viśva and īśvara (ईश्वर). See also (synonyms): viśveśa.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 17 books and stories containing Vishveshvara, Viśveśvara or Vishva-ishvara. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 38 - Visvesvara raju (A.D. 1427) < [Chapter XIII - The Dynasties in South Kalinga]
Part 24 - Visvesvara (A D. 1377-1407) and Choda Ganga (A.D. 1391-1417) < [Chapter XI - The Chalukyas]
Part 23 - Upendra V (A.D. 1377) < [Chapter XI - The Chalukyas]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.84 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
Verse 2.1.46 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
Verse 2.1.40 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Temples in Kadagodi < [Chapter XIX - Supplement]
Temples in Munnur (Munnuru) < [Chapter VI - Temples of Kulottunga II’s Time]
Temples in Papanasam < [Chapter XII - Temples of Kulottunga III’s Time]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 19 - The friendship of Śiva and Kubera < [Section 2.1 - Rudra-saṃhitā (1): Sṛśṭi-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 23 - The greatness of the Jyotirliṅga Kāśī-Viśveśvara < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 18 - Śiva’s Eleven Incarnations < [Section 3 - Śatarudra-saṃhitā]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)