Sthavira, aka: Sthāvira, Sthavirā; 8 Definition(s)
Sthavira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Sthavirā (स्थविरा, “old dames”) or Vṛddhā refers to one of the classes of “women” (strī) who have dealings with the king, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 34. Accordingly, “women who know the manners of departed kings, and have been honoured by them, and who know the character of all the members of the harem are said to be old dames (vṛddhā)”.Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Sthavira (स्थविर) literally ‘elder’, is used as a sort of epithet of several men; Sthavira Śākalya occurs in the Aitareya Āraṇyaka1 and the Śāṅkhāyana-āraṇyaka, and Sthavira Jātūkarṇya in the Kauṣītaki-brāhmaṇa. Cf. the names Hrasva and Dīrgha.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
General definition (in Buddhism)
Also known as Sthaviranikaya or Aryasthavirah. Sthavirah and Mahasanghikah are the two earliest sects in Buddhism. At first, they were not considered to be different. Sthavirah merely represented the intimate and older disciples of Shakyamuni, while Mahasanghika being the rest. It is said that a century later, a difference of opinion arose on certain doctrines. Three divisions were named as a result (all in Ceylon): 1. Mahaviharavasinah 2. Jetavaniyah 3. Abhayagiri vasinah In the course, the eighteen Hinayana sects were developed. From the time of Ashoka, four principal school are regarded as prevailing: 1. Mahasanghika 2. Sthavira 3. Mulasarvastivada 4. Sammatiyah As far as Sthavira is concerned, there are eleven sects reckoned. The Sthaviravadins were reputed as nearest to early Buddhism in its tenets, though it is said to have changed the basis of Buddhism from an agonostic system to a realist philosophy.Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary
Also known as Sthaviranikaya or Aryasthavirah. Sthavirah and Mahasanghikah are the two earliest sects in Buddhism. At first, they were not considered to be different. Sthavirah merely represented the intimate and older disciples of Shakyamuni, while Mahasanghika being the rest. It is said that a century later, a difference of opinion arose on certain doctrines. Three divisions were named as a result (all in Ceylon):Source: SgForums: Buddhism
India history and geogprahy
Sthavira.—(CII 3, etc.), a Buddhist priestly title; same as Pāli Thera; an Elder in the community of Buddhist monks; a senior monk. Cf. Thaira (EI 3), an Elder among Buddhist monks; aslo Saṅgha-sthavira (Lu7ders, Mathurā Ins., p. 190), ‘the senior of the order’. Note: sthavira is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sthavira (स्थविर).—a. [sthā-kirac sthavādeśaḥ]
1) Fixed, firm, steady.
2) Old, aged, ancient; न तेन स्थविरो भवति येनास्य पलितं शिरः । बालोऽपि यः प्रजानाति तं देवाः स्थविरं विदुः (na tena sthaviro bhavati yenāsya palitaṃ śiraḥ | bālo'pi yaḥ prajānāti taṃ devāḥ sthaviraṃ viduḥ) || Mb.3.133. 11.
-raḥ 1 An old man; ऊर्ध्वं प्राणा ह्युत्क्रामन्ति यूनः स्थविर आयति । प्रत्युत्थानाभिवादाभ्यां पुनस्तान् प्रतिपद्यते (ūrdhvaṃ prāṇā hyutkrāmanti yūnaḥ sthavira āyati | pratyutthānābhivādābhyāṃ punastān pratipadyate) || Ms.2.12.
2) A beggar.
3) Name of Brahman.
-rā An old woman; स्थविरे का त्वं, अयमर्भकः कस्य नयनानन्दकरः (sthavire kā tvaṃ, ayamarbhakaḥ kasya nayanānandakaraḥ) Dk.
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Sthāvira (स्थाविर).—a. (-rā or -rī f.) Thick firm.
-ram Old age (commencing after seventy); (vṛddhaḥ sthātsaptaterūrdhvaṃ varṣīyān navateḥ param); गार्हस्थ्येऽप्यथवा बाल्ये यौवने स्थाविरेऽपि वा (gārhasthye'pyathavā bālye yauvane sthāvire'pi vā) Mb. 3.2.3.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Old, aged. 2. Fixed, firm, steady. m.
(-raḥ) 1. Brahma. 2. An old man. 3. A beggar. f.
(-rā) An old woman. E. ṣṭhā to stay or stand, (a long time, &c.) kirac Unadi aff., and sthava substituted for the root.
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(-raṃ) Old oge, any time after seventy in men, and fifty in women. f. (-rā or -rī) Thick, firm. E. ṣṭhā to stay, (a long time,) kirac Unadi aff., and yuk augment; or sthavira-aṇ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 31 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Saṅgha-sthavira.—(LL), an Elder of the Buddhist congrega- tion. Cf. Sthavira. Note: saṅgha-stha...
Sthavira-kalpin.—(HA), a Jain Sādhu whose practices are not so rigorous as that of a Jina-kalpi...
Sthaviradyuti (स्थविरद्युति).—a. having the dignity of an elder; ऋषेः पुत्रो महातेजा बालोऽपि स्...
Sthaviragāthā (स्थविरगाथा).—pl., n. of a Buddhist work or part of one: Divy 35.1; = Pali Thera-...
Āryasthāvira (आर्यस्थाविर).—m. pl., n. of a school: Mvy 9095 (printed °sthaviraḥ, both a's shor...
Ānanda (आनन्द) is the name of a physician that was ordered by queen Tārādattā to examine her da...
Dhātu (धातु).—m. (-tuḥ) 1. A principle or humour of the body, as phlegm, wind, and bile. 2. Any...
Mahāsāṃghika (महासांघिक).—n. of a school: Mvy 9089; Mv i.2.13 (see Lokottaravādin).
Yaśas (यशस्).—also (even in prose of Divy and Sukh) Yaśa, (1) n. of a Buddhist elder (sthavira)...
Pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—mfn. (-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) 1. Full, filled, complete. 2. All, entire. 3. Strong, powe...
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Nava (नव).—mfn. (-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) New. m. (-vaḥ) Praise, panegyric, celebration. E. nu to praise, &...
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The Vinaya formulated in the first Buddhist council was the oldest. It was known as “Mahasanghi...
Rāhula (राहुल).—(1) (= Pali id.; Aśokan Lāghula with gh, held to be older than h, but quite po...
Search found 16 books and stories containing Sthavira, Sthāvira or Sthavirā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
The Viśeṣacinti-brahma-paripṛcchā-sūtra < [Part 3 - Outshining the knowledge of all the Śrāvakas and Pratyekabuddhas]
Conditions note (1): The system in the canonical sūtras < [Part 1 - Understanding the Conditions (pratyaya)]
Appendix 2 - The complaint of Rāhula to the Buddha < [Chapter IV - Explanation of the Word Bhagavat]
The gods of northern Buddhism (by Alice Getty)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 4 - Country of Po-lu-kie-ch’e-p’o (Bharukachha, Bharuch or Broach) < [Book XI - Twenty-three Countries]
Chapter 10 - Country of Su-la-ch’a (Surashtra) < [Book XI - Twenty-three Countries]
Chapter 6 - Country of San-mo-ta-ch’a (Samotaṭa) < [Book X - Seventeen Countries]
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)
A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms (by Fa-Hien)