Snigdha, Snigdhā: 18 definitions


Snigdha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Snigdhā (स्निग्धा, “loving”) refers to a specific “glance” (dṛṣṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. This is a type of glance that expresses the ‘dominant state’ (sthāyibhāva) of love (rati). There are a total thirty-six glances defined.

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

A type of glance (or facial expression): Snigdha (tender): the look that is associated with joy, pleasant anticipation, things after one’s own heart, having an innerradiance, expressing the surge of love passion. Usage: in affection.

Source: Natya Shastra

Snigdhā (स्निग्धा).—A type of glance (dṛṣṭi) expressing a dominant state (sthāyibhāva);—The Glance which is not much widened (lit. medium widened), is sweet, and in which eyeballs are still, and there are tears of joy, is called Snigdhā (loving); it is used in love (lit. grows out of love).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Snigdha (स्निग्ध) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “greasy” and is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Snigdha (स्निग्ध, “oily”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Snigdha is the characteristic of a drug referring to the ‘greasiness’, while its opposing quality, Rūkṣa, refers to its ‘dryness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Snigdha, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’), while it aggrevates the Vāta (bodily humour in control of motion and the nervous system). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Earth (pṛthivī) and Water (ap).

2) Snigdha (स्निग्ध) is another name (synonym) for Raktairaṇḍa: one of the three varieties of Eraṇḍa, which is a Sanskrit name representing Ricinus communis (castor-oil-plant). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 8.55-57), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus. It can also be spelled as Rubu. Certain plant parts of Eraṇḍa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), and it is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Snigdha (स्निग्ध, “unctuous”) refers to one of the eight kinds of Vīrya (potency), representing characteristics of medicinal drugs, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “the rasa, vīrya and vipāka of the drugs should be noted (studied) carefully. [...] By vīrya [eg., Snigdha], the working capacity and potency is meant”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Snigdha (स्निग्ध, “hard”) refers to the hard type of soil mentioned in the Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 1.4). Before the construction of a building should take place, one should test the soil. If it is hard (snigdha), the foundation pit should be dug to a bout three feet deep. The Kāśyapaśilpa is an 11th-century Sanskrit work dealing with various topics from vāstuśāstra.

Source: Google Books: Temple Consecration Rituals in Ancient India

Snigdha (स्निग्ध).—Soil which is difficult to dig because it is loamy and because it is rich in gravel, (or soil) which is endowed with fine sand, these types of soil are called snigdha. (Kāśyapaśilpa 1.3)

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Snigdha (स्निग्ध, “hard”).—A type of soil;—If the soil is hard the foundation pit of about three feet has to be dug. The foundation pit should be always six feet bigger on all the sides than the structure to be built. But the general practice followed is to dig to a depth of six feet, irrespective of the nature of soil found. After the pit is dug, thick or coarse sand should be filled to a height of about one foot and it should be beaten well with rammers and should be neatly leveled like the surface of the mirror. On this leveled ground, the six important contour lines of the drawing of the building should be marked on the ground (sūtraṣaṭka).

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Snigdha (स्निग्ध) refers to those Rudrākṣas which are “glossy” and thus considered as superior, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.25, while explaining the greatness of Rudrākṣa:—“[...] O Parameśvarī, no other necklace or garland is observed in the world to be so auspicious and fruitful as the Rudrākṣa. O Goddess, Rudrākṣas of even size, glossy [viz., Snigdha], firm, thick and having many thornlike protrusions yield desires and bestow worldly pleasures and salvation for ever”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Snigdha (स्निग्ध, “smoothness”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.33, combination (bandha) of sub-atoms (paramāṇu) takes place by virtue of smoothness (snihdha) and dryness (rough) (rūkṣatva) properties associated with them. What is meant by smoothness (snigdha)? The greasiness to stick caused by internal and external causes is called smoothness.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Snigdha (स्निग्ध, “hard”) refers to one of the eight types of Sparśa (touch), representing one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. The karmas rise of which gives the touch attribute to the body are called touch (sparśa) body-making karma (eg., snigdha).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

snigdha (स्निग्ध).—a (S) Oily, unctuous, greasy, fat, that contains oil or fat. 2 Cohesive. 3 In medicine. Emollient.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

snigdha (स्निग्ध).—a Oily; cohesive; emollient.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Snigdha (स्निग्ध).—a. [snih-kta]

1) Loving, affectionate, friendly, attached, tender; नादस्तावद्विकलकुररीकूजितस्निग्धतारः (nādastāvadvikalakurarīkūjitasnigdhatāraḥ) Māl. 5.2.

2) Oily, unctuous, greasy, wetted with oil; उत्पश्यामि त्वयि तटगते स्निग्धभिन्नाञ्जनाभे (utpaśyāmi tvayi taṭagate snigdhabhinnāñjanābhe) Me.61; स्निग्धवेणीसवर्णे (snigdhaveṇīsavarṇe) 18; Śi.12.62; Māl.1.4.

3) Sticky, viscid, adhesive, cohesive.

4) Glistening, shining, glassy, resplendent; कनकनिकषस्निग्धा विद्युत् प्रिया न ममोर्वशी (kanakanikaṣasnigdhā vidyut priyā na mamorvaśī) V.4.1; Me.39; U.1.33;6.21.

5) Smooth, emollient.

6) Moist, wet.

7) Cooling.

8) Kind, soft, bland, amiable; प्रीतिस्नि- ग्धैर्जनपदवधूलोचनैः पीयमानः (prītisni- gdhairjanapadavadhūlocanaiḥ pīyamānaḥ) Me.16.

9) Lovely, agreeable, charming; स्निग्धगम्भीरनिर्घोषम् (snigdhagambhīranirghoṣam) R.1.36; Me.66; U.2. 14.3.22.

1) Thick, dense, compact; स्निग्धच्छायातरुषु वसतिं रामगिर्याश्रमेषु (snigdhacchāyātaruṣu vasatiṃ rāmagiryāśrameṣu) (cakre) Me.1.

11) Intent, fixed, steadfast (as a gaze or look).

-gdhaḥ 1 A friend, an affectionate or friendly person; विज्ञैः स्निग्धै- रुपकृतमपि द्वेष्यतामेति कैश्चित् (vijñaiḥ snigdhai- rupakṛtamapi dveṣyatāmeti kaiścit) H.2.149; or स स्निधोऽ- कुशलान्निवारयति यः (sa snidho'- kuśalānnivārayati yaḥ) Subhāṣ.; Pt.2.171.

2) The red castor-oil plant.

3) A kind of pine.

-gdham 1 Oil.

2) Bee's-wax.

3) Light, lustre.

4) Thickness, coarseness.

5) Civet.

--- OR ---

Snigdhā (स्निग्धा).—Marrow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snigdha (स्निग्ध).—mfn.

(-gdhaḥ-gdhā-gdhaṃ) 1. Oily, unctuous, greasy. 2. Amiable, kind, affectionate. 3. Coarse, dense, thick. 4. Cooling, emollient. 5. Sticky, cohesive, adhesive. 6. Smooth. 7. Glossy, shining, resplendent. 8. Moist, wet. 9. Attached, loving, tender, friendly, (generally with a locative.) 10. Lovely, agreeable. m.

(-gdhaḥ) 1. A friend. 2. The red castor-oil-plant. 3. A sort of pine, (Pinus Devadaru.) 4. Another kind, (Pinus longifolia.) f.

(-gdhā) 1. Marrow. 2. The scum of boiled-rice. n.

(-gdhaṃ) 1. Bee's-wax. 2. Light, lustre. 3. Thickness, coarseness. 4. Oil. E. ṣṇih to be unctuous, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snigdha (स्निग्ध).—[adjective] supple, oily, greasy, sticky, smooth; bland, soft, kind, affectionate, faithful, loyal; [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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