Andhaka, aka: Āndhaka, Andhakā; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Andhaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Katha (narrative stories)

Andhaka in Katha glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Andhaka (अन्धक) is referred to as the “king of the Asuras” in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 1. Accordingly, “When he (Maheśvara) drove his trident into the heart of Andhaka, the King of the Asuras, though he was only one, the dart which that monarch had infixed in the heart of the three worlds was, strange to say, extracted.”

Andhaka (अन्धक) or Andhakāsura is also mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 114. Accordingly, “...  when the goddess [Pārvatī] had said this, she ceased; and at that very moment the Asura Andhaka came there, having heard of the absence of Śiva. The presumptuous Asura hoped to win the goddess, but having been reproached by her attendants he departed; but he was slain on that account by the god, who discovered the reason of his coming, and pursued him”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Andhaka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Andhaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Andhaka (अन्धक) is the name of an Asura, as black as collyrium, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.2. Accordingly, “He was engaged in great penance and was invulnerable of the Devas. There was a most fearful battle started between Śiva and the demon Andhaka, fought in the Mahākāla forest, in the district of Avanti.”

Andhaka also refers to the thousands of demons spawned Rudra discharged his Pāśupata weapon on Andhaka. They were created out of every drop of blood spilled. When those newly spawned demons were killed, more were created in the same way. They spread across the whole world, each having formidable appearance. According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8, there were created many ‘divine mothers’ (mātṛ) for the purpose of drinking the blood of those Andhaka demons.

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1a) Andhaka (अन्धक).—A son of Sātvata [Sātvatī (Kausalya)]: suspected Kṛṣṇa of having taken away Syamantaka.1 A mahābhoja who married the daughter of Kaṅka and was father of four sons, Kukura and others.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 6; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 1. 36, 53; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 1.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 44. 48-61; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 12.

1b) Son of Anu and father of Dundubhi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 20.

1c) A son of Viloma, and a friend of Tumburu: also known as Danodakadundubhi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 118.

1d) A commander of Bhaṇḍa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 21. 82.

1e) The 8th among twelve incarnations, after the battle of that name. Here Trayambaka slew thousands of Asuras:1 in the Varāha Kalpa.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 47. 44-50.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 75.

1f) The asura killed by Śiva: Āḍi and Baka were his sons; attempted to abduct the Devī in the presence of Śiva in the Mahākālavana of Avanti. Smitten by Pāśupata, blood came out of his body, out of which were born numberless Andhakas (s.v.) who overpowered Rudra. The latter created a number of mātṛs who were not enough to meet them. Vāsudeva was thought of, and he created one Śuṣkarevati who drank off the blood of Andhakas. On his submission he was admitted to the group of Gaṇeśas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 55. 16; 156. 11-12; 179. 2-40; 252. 5-19.

1g) An elder Yādava advised in the council to secure the return of Akrūra; it was adopted.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 114-137.

1h) A community of the Yādava tribe1 defending Dvārakā; at Dvāravatī their overlord was Ugrasena.2 Praise the heroic deeds of Hari.3 Relieved by Kaṃsa's death.4 Ended their lives by fighting their kinsmen.5 Kṛṣṇa, an Andhaka.6 Kingdom of.7 Their line;8 fetch Balarāma and Kṛṣṇa to Dvāraka.9

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 11. 11; 14. 25; II. 4. 20; Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 28.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 1. 69; 39. 25; 45, 15.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 63.
  • 4) Ib. X. 45. 15.
  • 5) Ib. XI. 29. 39; 30. 18.
  • 6) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 23; 71. 85 & 143-144.
  • 7) Matsya-purāṇa 114. 36.
  • 8) Matsya-purāṇa 44. 61. 85; 47. 33.
  • 9) Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 84.

1i) The Asuras born of the blood of Andhaka Asura, hit by the pāśupata of Rudra. To counteract their evil propensities Rudra created a number of mātṛs who could not bring about the desired effect. Hence Vāsudeva created a Śuṣkarevatī who brought about their destruction by drinking off their blood.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 7-37.

2) Āndhaka (आन्धक).—A son of Vipracitti and Simhikā.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 12.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Andhaka (अन्धक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.221, II.48.42, III.48.18, VI.20.14, V.7.1, V.19.17, VI.20.14) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Andhaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Andhaka (अंधक): Andhaka was the demon son of Shiva, and was created from a drop of his sweat. He was born blind. After birth, Andhaka was given to Hiranyaksha to be raised, as he had no sons. Later, Andhaka became the king of Hiranyaksha's kingdom.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Andhaka - Mentioned in a list of tribes that came to pay homage to Jatukannika Thera when he was born as a banker in Hamsavati (Ap.ii.359). The Andhakarattha was on the banks of the Godhavari and near where Bavari lived. Assaka and Alaka, mentioned in the Vatthugatha of the Parayanavagga (Sn.977), are described in the Sutta Nipata Commentary as Andhaka kings. SnA.ii.581; Vincent Smith places them originally in Eastern India between the Krsna and Godavari rivers (Z.D.M.G. 56, 657ff.); see also Burgess: Arch. Reports on W. India, ii.132 and iii.54. Cunningham: 603-607.

In the Aitareya Brahmana (vii.18) the Andhakas are mentioned together with the Pulindas, etc., as an outcast tribe. They again appear associated in the time of Asoka (Vincent Smith: Z.D.M.G. 56, 652f). The Mahabharata (xii.207, 42) places the Pulindas, the Andhas and the Sabaras in the Daksinapatha.

2. Andhaka - An important group of monks that seceded from the Theravada. They included as minor sects Pubbaseliyas, Aparaseliyas, Rajagirikas and Siddhatthikas (Points of Controversy, p. 104, extract from Kathavatthu Cy.). They were still powerful in Buddhaghosas time (Ibid., xxxiv). The Andhakas are not mentioned as a special sect either in the Mahavamsa or in the Dipavamsa, though in the Mahavamsa the sects spoken of above as offshoots of the Andhakas (Rajagiriya, Siddhatthika, Pubba- and Apara seliya) are given. (Mhv.v.12f.; also the Mbv.97) For a very valuable account of the different schools and their relation to each other, see Points of Controversy, pp. xxxv xlv. About the Andhakas see particularly pp. xliii.ff.

There were various doctrines held by all the Andhakas either in common with other sects or alone, and various other doctrines held only by some of the minor groups of Andhakas. For a summary of these see Points of Controversy, pp. xx xxiv.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Andhaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

andhaka : (adj.) belonging to the Andhra country. (m.), gad-fly.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Andhaka, (fr. andha) “blind fly”, i. e. dark or yellow fly or gad-fly Sn.20 (= kāṇa-makkhikānaṃ adhivacanaṃ SnA 33). (Page 49)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Andhaka in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

andhaka (अंधक).—a (S) Dim, pale, feeble--a light or a luminous body. 2 Faint, weak, lustreless-- a color or a colored body.

--- OR ---

andhaka (अंधक).—ad (S) andhaka andhaka ad Dimly, dully, darkly, gloomily, obscurely--objects appearing. v disa. 2 Hazily or thickly--weather prevailing or coming.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

andhaka (अंधक).—a Dim, pale, faint. A light or alumi- nous body. ad Dimly, hazily, darkly.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Andhaka (अन्धक).—a. [andh-kan] Blind; अन्धकः कुब्जकश्चैव (andhakaḥ kubjakaścaiva) Pt. 5.91.

-kaḥ 1 Name of an Asura, son of Kasyapa and Diti and killed by Śiva. [He is represented as a demon with 1 arms and heads, 2 eyes and feet, and called Andhaka, because he walked like a blind man, though he could see very well; स व्रजत्यन्धवद्यस्मा- दनन्धोऽपि हि भारत । तमन्धकोऽयं नाम्नेति प्रोचुस्तत्र निवासिनः (sa vrajatyandhavadyasmā- danandho'pi hi bhārata | tamandhako'yaṃ nāmneti procustatra nivāsinaḥ) || He was slain by Śiva when he attempted to carry off the Pārijāta tree from heaven; whence Śiva is called Andhakaripu, -ari, -dviṣ &c. According to the Matsya Purāṇa Andhaka was admitted to the class of Gaṇas by Śiva, at his importunities and humble supplication, when he was about to be killed by the god for having attempted to carry off his wife Pārvatī].

2) Name of a descendant of Yadu and ancestor of Krisna and his descendants, a grandson of Krostu, son of Yudhājit who, together with his brother Vrisni is the ancestor of the celebrated family of Andhakavrisnis; P.IV. 1.114, VI.2.34.

3) Name of a sage, son of Mamatā and of Utathya, elder brother of Bṛhaspati.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Andhaka (अन्धक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Blind. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The name of a country, apparently Behar. 2. The name of a king. 3. Of a Muni. 4. Of an Asura. E. andha to be blind, and kan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Andhakāsura (अन्धकासुर) or simply Andhaka is the name of an Asura, as mentioned in the Kathāsar...
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