Kiriti, Kirīṭī, Kirīṭin, Kiriṭi, Kiritin: 26 definitions

Introduction:

Kiriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kirīṭī (किरीटी).—A warrior of Skanda deva. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 71).

2) Kirīṭī (किरीटी).—A synonym of Arjuna. (See under Arjuna).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kirīṭin (किरीटिन्) refers to “one bearing a crown” and is used to describe Śiva assuming the form of Viṣṇu, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.30 (“The Celebration of Pārvatī’s Return”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] In the meantime the lord of mountains returned from the Gaṅgā. He saw the mendicant in the human form in his court-yard. [...] O dear, then the mendicant who was clever at diverse sports showed his endless great power to the mountain. The mountain saw him immediately transmuted in to the form of Viṣṇu the four-armed, with crown (kirīṭin) earrings and yellow garment. Flowers etc. which had been offered to the mace-bearing lord, Viṣṇu, at the time of worship, he saw on the body and over the head of the mendicant. [...]”.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kirīṭī (किरीटी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.66, IX.44.89) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kirīṭī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Kiriṭī (किरिटी) (Kirīṭī?) refers to one of the various Gaṇas (Śiva’s associates), according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the text refers the leaders of the Gaṇas who attended the marriage of Śiva and Pārvatī. They are [viz., Kiriṭī] [...]. The text further describes that after the marriage of the divine pair, the Lord went to Kailāsa for sport. There he played with various Gaṇas of different forms.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kirīṭī (किरीटी) refers to a type of mask (pratiśiras) or crown, prescribed for the superior gods, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kiriti [കിരിതീ] in the Malayalam language is the name of a plant identified with Maesa indica (Roxb.) A. DC. from the Primulaceae (Primrose) family having the following synonyms: Baeobotrys indica, Maesa dubia, Maesa indica var. perrottetiana. For the possible medicinal usage of kiriti, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kirīṭī (किरीटी) refers to a “crown”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “That, O goddess, is said to be the subtle (form), now listen to the gross one. [...] The great conch (she holds) makes her proud and the beauty of her crown enhances her beauty [i.e., kirīṭī-rūpa-śobhitā]. (She is) adorned with a garland of severed heads that extends from the soles of the feet up to (her) neck. She drips with the blood that flows (from the heads) and is fatigued by the weight of her (dangling) rocking hair. Very fierce, she destroys (the universe) by licking (it up). She has big teeth and a thin stomach. She has long (dangling) breasts and a large chest. Her furious form is (lean) without flesh. She has six faces and twelve arms and her back is slightly bent”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

One of the ten names assigned to Arjuna, the Hindu hero of the Mahabharata. Meaning of the name: "one who wears the celestial diadem, Kiriti, presented by Indra"

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kiriti in India is the name of a plant defined with Terminalia arjuna in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Terminalia berryi Wight & Arn. (among others).

2) Kiriti is also identified with Xanthium strumarium It has the synonym Xanthium macrocarpum var. glabratum DC. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Taxon (1988)
· Canadian Journal of Botany (1959)
· Taxon (1982)
· Egyptian Journal of Botany (1997)
· Compositae Newsletter (1995)
· J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc., (1986)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kiriti, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, side effects, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kirīṭin, (adj.) enveloped, adorned Pv III, 91 (=veṭhitasīsa). (Page 216)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kiriṭi (किरिटि).—The fruit of the marshy date tree.

Derivable forms: kiriṭiḥ (किरिटिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kirīṭin (किरीटिन्).—a. [kirīṭa-ini]

1) Wearing a crown or diadem; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 11.17, किरीटिनं गदिनं चक्रहस्तमिच्छामि त्वां द्रष्टुमहं तथैव (kirīṭinaṃ gadinaṃ cakrahastamicchāmi tvāṃ draṣṭumahaṃ tathaiva) 46; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3. (-m.) Name of Arjuna; एतच्छ्रुत्वा वचनं केशवस्य कृताञ्जलिर्वेपमानः किरीटी (etacchrutvā vacanaṃ keśavasya kṛtāñjalirvepamānaḥ kirīṭī) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 11.35. (Mb. thus accounts for the name:-purā śakreṇa me baddhaṃ yudhyato dānavarṣabhaiḥ | kirīṭaṃ mūrdhni sūryābhaṃ tenāhurmāṃ kirīṭinam ||)

2) Name of Indra; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.34.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kiriṭi (किरिटि).—n.

(-ṭiḥ) The fruit of the marshy date tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kirīṭin (किरीटिन्).—mfn. (-ṭī-ṭinī-ṭi) Crested, crowned. m. (-ṭī) 1. A king. 2. A name of Arjuna. E. kirīṭa a crest, and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kirīṭin (किरीटिन्).—i. e. kirīṭa + in, adj., f. , Adorned by a diadem (a name of Arjuna), [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 11, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kirīṭin (किरीटिन्).—[adjective] diademed, crowned ([Epithet] of gods and heroes).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kiriṭi (किरिटि):—[from kiriṭa] n. the fruit of the marshy date tree (Phoenix paludosa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Kirīṭī (किरीटी):—[from kirīṭa] f. Andropogon aciculatus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kirīṭin (किरीटिन्):—[from kirīṭa] mfn. decorated with a diadem, [Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Indra, [Mahābhārata i, 1525; xiii, 765]

3) [v.s. ...] of Arjuna, [Mahābhārata; Bhagavad-gītā; Pañcatantra]

4) [v.s. ...] of Nara [according to the [commentator or commentary]] [Mahābhārata i]

5) [v.s. ...] of an attendant of Skanda, [Mahābhārata ix, 2573]

6) [v.s. ...] of an attendant of Śiva [commentator or commentary] on [Kumāra-sambhava vii, 95.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kiriṭi (किरिटि):—(ṭiḥ) 2. n. The fruit of the marshy date tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kirīṭin (किरीटिन्):—(ṭī) 5. m. Arjuna.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kirīṭin (किरीटिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kirīḍi, Tirīḍi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kiriti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kirīṭi (ಕಿರೀಟಿ):—

1) [noun] one who has worn or wears, a crown.

2) [noun] an epithet of Indra, the lord of gods.

3) [noun] an epithet of Arjuna, the famous hero in the epic Mahābhārata.

4) [noun] the passerine bird, blue jay of Corvidae family.

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Kīriti (ಕೀರಿತಿ):—[noun] = ಕೀರ್ತಿ [kirti].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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