Buddhi: 31 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Buddhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: archive.org: The Parakhya Tantra

Buddhi (बुद्धि).—According to the Sāṅkhyakārikā (second half of 37), it is the buddhi that is responsible for discriminating between prakṛti and the soul. The Śaiva justification for having vidyā as well is that buddhi cannot examine itself and therefore the soul must have a further instrument. See Sadyojyotis’s argumentation in the Bhogakārikā (93c-98b):

Source: bhagavadgitausa.com: Kashmir Saivism

Buddhi: intellect. Thought is the first wave in the mind and has to be adjudicated by Buddhi (Intellect) before a decision for an action is made. Normal Buddhi is Sattva-dominant.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Buddhi (बुद्धि, “reason, intellect, mind”):—One of the names attributed to Devī, as chanted by the Vedas in their hymns, who were at the time incarnated in their personified forms. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa chapter 5.51-68, called “the narrative of Hayagrīva”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: China Buddhism Encyclopedia: Sāṃkhya

Buddhi (बुद्धि) alone among the twenty-four components of prakṛti directly interacts with puruṣa. Orthodox Sāṃkhya wishes to maintain (1) a radical distinction between puruṣa and prakṛti, and (2) a prakṛti that is at once fully cognitive, sensorially aware and active, intellective, etc., and at the same time non-conscious (acetana). How can buddhi be rational, discerning, reflective, discriminative, in short, cognitive, and yet lack consciousness? Buddhi must provide both the linkage or communication between puruṣa and prakṛti, as well as generate the discernment that realizes their ultimate separation.

context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Buddhi (बुद्धि) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “intellect”. It is one of the fourteen Adhyātma (pertaining to the body) mentioned in the Subālopaniṣad (fifth section). The corresponding Ādhibhūta (pertaining to the elements) is called boddhavya (the certainly knowable) and the corresponding Adhidaivata (presiding deity) is brahmā. Accordingly, “the nādis form their bond (or connect them). He who moves in the knowable (buddhi), in boddhavya, in brahmā, in the nādis, in prāṇa, in vijñāna, in ānanda, in the ākāśa of the heart and within all else—That is Ātman. It is that which should be worshipped. It is without old age, death, fear, sorrow or end.”

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Buddhi (बुद्धि).—A wife of Dharmadeva. In Viṣṇu Purāṇa Aṃśa 1, Chapter 7, it is mentioned that Dharmadeva had married thirteen daughters of Dakṣa. They are Śraddhā, Lakṣmī, Dhṛti, Tuṣṭi, Medhā, Puṣṭi, Kriyā, Buddhi, Lajjā, Vapus, Śānti, Siddhī and Kīrti.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Buddhi (बुद्धि, “intellect”) is one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa by Prasūti: one of the three daughters of Svāyambhuvamanu and Śatarūpā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“Dakṣa begot twenty-four daughters. Thirteen daughters Śraddhā etc. were given to Dharma in marriage by Dakṣa. O lordly sage, listen to the names of Dharma’s wives. Their names are [... Buddhi (intellect, wisdom),...]. Thereupon the entire universe consisting of three worlds, mobile and immobile was filled (with progeny). Thus according to their own actions and at the bidding of Śiva innumerable famous Brahmins were born out of the various living beings”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Buddhi (बुद्धि).—A daughter of Dakṣa and a wife of Dharma; gave birth to Artha;1 mother of Budha (Bodha, vāyu-purāṇa.) and Apramāda.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 50-51. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 50 and 60; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 25.
  • 2) Ib. 10. 36; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 23 and 30.

1b) A Tuṣita god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 18.

1c) A son of Śatarūpā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 25.

1d) A deity, attendant on Vināyaka.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 260. 55.

1e) Is four-fold; jñānam, vairāgyam, aiśvarya and dharma.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 4. 34; 59. 74.

1f) A term for mahat.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 21.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Buddhi (बुद्धि) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.14). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Buddhi) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vaiśeṣika

Buddhi (बुद्धि, “knowledge”) is one of the seventeen guṇas (‘qualities’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These guṇas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings.

Vaisheshika book cover
context information

Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Buddhi (बुद्धि, “intelligence”) refers to one of the twelve effects of āya (“profit”), according to the Mānasāra. Āya is the first of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular āya (e.g., buddhi) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). The twelve effects of āya may all be assumed as auspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Buddhi (बुद्धि).—Notion, mental understanding; mental inclination; cf. बुद्धिः संप्रत्यय इत्यनर्थान्तरम् । (buddhiḥ saṃpratyaya ityanarthāntaram |) Or अस्तेर्भूर्भवतीत्यस्तिबुद्ध्यां भवतिबुद्धिं प्रतिपद्यते (asterbhūrbhavatītyastibuddhyāṃ bhavatibuddhiṃ pratipadyate) M. Bh on P. I.1.56 Vart. 14; (2) mental inclusion; cf. यां यां विभक्तिं आश्रयितुं बुद्धिरुपजायते सा साश्रयितव्या (yāṃ yāṃ vibhaktiṃ āśrayituṃ buddhirupajāyate sā sāśrayitavyā) M.Bh. on P. I. 1. 57: cf. अथ बुद्धिः अविशेषात्स्मपुरा हेतू (atha buddhiḥ aviśeṣātsmapurā hetū), M. Bh. on III.2.118 Vart. 4.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

1) Buddhi (बुद्धि, “knowledge”) refers to one of the seven categories mentioned in Annaṃbhaṭṭa’s Tarkasaṃgraha.—Buddhi or knowledge is of two kinds–anubhava (experience) and smṛti (recollection). Anubhava or experience may be right or wrong. The right experience  is divided into four kinds, viz. perceptual knowledge (pratyakṣa), inferential knowledge (anumiti), comparative knowledge (upamiti) and verbal knowledge (śabda). These are called four pramāṇas which are accepted from the Nyāya system.

2) Buddhi (बुद्धि, “knowledge”) refers to one of the twelve prameya (“objects of valid knowledge) according to the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE). Prameya in turn represents the second of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Accordingly, “buddhi (intellect), jñāna (knowledge and upalabdhi (apprehension) are not different from one another”.

3) Buddhi (बुद्धि, “cognition”) or Buddhiguṇa refers to one of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) according to Praśastapāda and all the modern works on Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika.—Buddhi or cognition or knowledge is included under guṇa by the Vaiśeṣikas and it is said to be the special quality of the self. Gautama maintains that buddhi (cognition) is not different from upalabdhi (apprehension) and jñāna (knowledge). Hence, knowledge denotes awareness or apprehension of objects. Praśastapāda also maintains that buddhi, upalabdhi, jñāna and pratyaya (judgement) are synonymous. Buddhi again means manifestation of objects. All things are manifestated only when they become objects of knowledge. All living beings deal with the objects the world only on the basis of knowledge of some kind. Hence, knowledge is regarded as the basis of the behavior or conduct of a living being.

Annaṃbhaṭṭa takes into note this basic character of knowledge in defining it. He maintains that buddhi is jñāna and defines it as the quality which is the cause of all vyavahāra. Nyāyabodhinī clarifies that here vyavahāra means employment of words. It means utterance of words for the purpose of communicating ideas. As employment of words is not possible without knowledge, hence knowledge is defined as the cause of such behaviour. If the definition is given only as guṇa, buddhi then this will be overpervasive to all other guṇas like rūpa etc. But rūpa etc. is not vyavahārahetu and as such over-pervasion is avoided.

According to Praśastapāda, buddhi is divided into two kinds:—

  1. vidyā (valid knowledge),
  2. avidyā (invalid knowledge).

Valid knowledge has four kinds–perception, inference, recollection and supernormal occult perception. Invalid knowledge has also four kinds–doubt, illusion, indefinite knowledge and dream.

According to Annaṃbhaṭṭa, buddhi is of two kinds:—

  1. smṛti (remembrance),
  2. anubhava (apprehension).

That knowledge is known as smṛti which is produced from mental impressions only. Annaṃbhaṭṭa explains in the Dīpikā that the word mātra is used in the definition to avoid over-pervasion to pratyabhijñā.

context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Buddhi (बुद्धि) refers to “(1) Intelligence (2) Ability to discern subtle meanings”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Buddhi (बुद्धि) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) [defined as इ.उ.उ.उ] of the Upajāti type as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—We find eighteen examples of Rāmā variety of Buddhi metre in the Bhīṣmacarita. The example of it is verse IV.14. [...] The other examples are as follows: IV.22, IV.38, XI.1, XI.7, XI.15, XI.18, XI.28, XIV.9, XIV.11, XIV.14, XIV.17, XIV.22, XIV.38, XIV.45, XIV.46, XIV.48 and XIV.59.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Buddhi (बुद्धि):—The power of forming and retaining conceptions and general notions , intelligence , reason , intellect , discernment , judgement

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Buddhi (बुद्धि).—The name of a Goddess residing over the padmahrada (big lotus-island) which lies in the center of a lake named Mahāpuṇḍarīka. This lake is situated on top of the mountain range (varṣadharaparvatas) named Rukmin, one of the six mountain ranges in Jambūdvīpa. Jambūdvīpa lies at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) and is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

1) Buddhi (बुद्धि, “wisdom”) is the name of a deity residing in the lotus (puṣkara) in the middle of the Mahāpuṇḍarīka lake, which lies on top of the Rukmī (Rukmin) mountain. This mountain is situated in Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10.

Jambūdvīpa (where Buddhi resides) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

2) Buddhi (बुद्धि, “wisdom”) or Buddhirddhi refers to one of the eight types of ṛddhi (extraordinary powers), that can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people): one of the two classes of human beings, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46.—Some ascetics attain extraordinary powers to produce worldly miracles. Such attainments are called ṛddhi. There are eight types of such extraordinary powers (e.g., Buddhi).

Buddhi-ṛddhi (extraordinary intellect) is of eighteen subtypes namely:

  1. omniscience (kevala),
  2. telepathy/ mental modes reading (manaḥparyaya),
  3. clairvoyance (avadhi),
  4. seed intellect (bīja),
  5. search-intellect (koṣṭha),
  6. sounds discriminating intellect (sambhinnaśrotri),
  7. syllable based intellect (padānusārī),
  8. tele-touch intellect (dūrasparśī),
  9. tele-taste intellect (dūrasvādī),
  10. tele-smell intellect (dūraghrāṇa-samartha),
  11. tele-hearing intellect (dūraśravaṇa-samartha),
  12. tele-viewing intellect (dūrāvalokana-samartha),
  13. authoritative knowledge of ten purvas (daśapūrvī),
  14. authoritative knowledge of 14 purvas (caturdaśapūrvī),
  15. eightfold prognostical intellect (aṣṭāṅgamahānimittajñāna),
  16. self-owned intellect (pratyekabuddha),
  17. debating capability (vāditva),
  18. sagacity (prajñāśramaṇatva).

The word ‘extraordinary’ in English and ‘ṛddhi’ in Hindi is added to each one of these.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

buddhi : (f.) a wisdom; intelligence.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Buddhi, (f.) (fr. budh; cp. Class. Sk. buddhi) wisdom, intelligence D. III, 165 (in sequence saddhā sīla suta b. cāga etc.); J. III, 369; V, 257; Miln. 349; Sdhp. 263. The ref. Vism. 439 should be read vuddhi for b°.—carita one whose behaviour or character is wisdom Vism. 104 (=paññavā).—sampanna endowed with (highest) wisdom PvA. 39. (Page 490)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

buddhi (बुद्धि).—f (S) pop. buddha f The understanding or intellect. 2 Wisdom, sense, judgment. Pr. jyāsa buddhi nāhīṃ tyāsa bhāṇḍavala nāhīṃ; śikivalēlī buddhi āṇi bāndhalēlī śidōrī bahuta divasa purata nāhīṃ; adhīṃ buddhi jātī maga vaibhava jātēṃ. 3 Purpose, intention, mind. Ex. kāla dētōṃ mhaṇālā āja buddhi phira- lī; or kāśīhūna māghārēṃ yāvēṃ asī malā tēvhāṃ buddhi jhālī. 4 Opinion or notion; mental determination or view respecting. 5 The will and affections; the heart considered as the seat or motor of good and evil emotions, purposes, or actions. Pr. buddhīsārakhēṃ phaḷa. 6 A device, contrivance, scheme; an expedient or a way devised. Ex. tyāsa hēṃ sāṅgāvēṃ varttamāna || tō buddhi pūrṇa sāṅgēla ||. 7 buddhi, in the sense of Mind, view, regard, reckoning, account, estimation, is much and elegantly used in comp.; as apakāra-upakāra-upēkṣā-tiraskāra-nindya-pūjya-hita- ahita-buddhi Deeming or considering as an injury, as a benefit or a service, as a matter worthy to be overlooked or treated lightly, as to be scornfully rejected, as blamable, as adorable, &c. &c. Also in the sense of Holding, apprehending, understanding, mentally accepting; as kāca-kāṣṭha-carma-jala- pāṣāṇa, mṛtikā-buddhi Holding (a substance) to be glass, wood, leather &c.; also as guru-pitṛ-mātṛ- bhrātṛ-mitra-śatru-buddhi Holding to be (or as) one's Guru, father, mother, brother &c. 8 Compounds are numerous; as dvēṣabuddhi, prēmabuddhi, mamatābuddhi, vaira- buddhi, snēhabuddhi, karuṇābuddhi, lōbhabuddhi, mōhabuddhi A heart or will or intention of malice, of love, of fondness &c., i.e. malice &c. as awake and acting; also as ahaṅkārabuddhi, vinayabuddhi or namrabuddhi, krauryabuddhi, pāruṣyabuddhi A disposition of pride, humility, ferocity &c., i.e. proudmindedness, humblemindedness &c. Other compounds requiring explanation or, because of establishment in the language or of great serviceableness, demanding insertion, appear in their order; and others, such as buddhivikāra, buddhivikāsa, buddhitaraṅga, buddhiprakāśa, buddhiprasāra, buddhisāgara, buddhayādarśa, and thus endlessly, can be created at the need or the will of the speaker.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

buddhi (बुद्धि).—f The intellect. Wisdom. Purpose. Mental determination. Opinion. A device. buddhisa lāgaṇēṃ Act under the guidance of.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Buddhi (बुद्धि).—f. [budh-ktin]

1) Perception, comprehension.

2) Intellect, understanding, intelligence, talent; तीक्ष्णा नारुंतुदा बुद्धिः (tīkṣṇā nāruṃtudā buddhiḥ) Śi.2.19; शास्त्रेष्वकुण्ठिता बुद्धिः (śāstreṣvakuṇṭhitā buddhiḥ) R.1.19.

3) Information, knowledge; बुद्धिर्यस्य बलं तस्य (buddhiryasya balaṃ tasya) H.2.122 'knowledge is power'; P.I.4.52.

4) Discrimination, judgement, discernment; विदेशेष्वपि विज्ञाताः सर्वतो बुद्धिनिश्चयाः (videśeṣvapi vijñātāḥ sarvato buddhiniścayāḥ) Rām.1.7.17.

5) Mind; मूढः परप्रत्ययनेयबुद्धिः (mūḍhaḥ parapratyayaneyabuddhiḥ) M.1.2; so कृपण°, पाप° (kṛpaṇa°, pāpa°) &c.

6) Presence of mind, readiness of wit.

7) An impression, opinion, belief, idea, feeling; दूरात्तमवलोक्य व्याघ्रबुद्ध्या पलायन्ते (dūrāttamavalokya vyāghrabuddhyā palāyante) H.3; अनया बुद्ध्या (anayā buddhyā) Mu.1 'in this belief'; अनुक्रोशबुद्ध्या (anukrośabuddhyā) Me.117.

8) Intention, purpose, design; मन्दीचकार मरणव्यवसायबुद्धिम् (mandīcakāra maraṇavyavasāyabuddhim) Ku.4.45. (buddhyā 'intentionally', 'purposely', deliberately').

9) Returning to consciousness, recovery from a swoon; Māl.4.1.

1) (In Sāṅ. phil.) Intellect, the second of the 25 elements of the Sāṅkhyas; एषा तेऽभिहिता सांख्ये बुद्धिर्योगे त्विमां शृणु (eṣā te'bhihitā sāṃkhye buddhiryoge tvimāṃ śṛṇu) Bg.2.39.

11) Nature (prakṛti); Bhāg.3.27.18.

12) A means, way (upāya); किं करिष्याम भद्रं ते बुद्धिरत्र विचार्यताम् (kiṃ kariṣyāma bhadraṃ te buddhiratra vicāryatām) Rām.1.4.9.

13) Name of the 5th astrological mansion.

 

Derivable forms: buddhiḥ (बुद्धिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Buddhi (बुद्धि).—f.

(-ddhiḥ) Understanding, intellect. E. budh to know, aff. ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Buddhi (बुद्धि).—i. e. budh + ti, f. 1. Understanding, Bhā-hāp. 50; [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 206, 24; [Pañcatantra] 81, 5. 2. Reflexion, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 48, 14. 3. Intellect, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 219. 4. Mind, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 87; Chr. 5, 8. 5. Thought, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 48, 14; intention, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 83. 6. Knowledge, Bhāṣāp. 165. 7. Opinion, [Hitopadeśa] 81, 14 (vyāghra-, mistaking him for a tiger). 8. Presence of mind, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Buddhi (बुद्धि).—[feminine] insight, intellect, reason, mind, judgment; perception, comprehension, knowledge; opinion, persuasion, supposition, notion, idea, conjecture, the taking for (—°); design, intention, purpose; [instrumental] for the sake, on account, or because of (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Buddhi (बुद्धि):—[from budh] f. the power of forming and retaining conceptions and general notions, intelligence, reason, intellect, mind, discernment, judgement, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] perception (of which 5 kinds are enumerated, or with manas 6; cf. indriya, buddhīndriya)

3) [v.s. ...] comprehension, apprehension, understanding, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] (with ātmanaḥ, or buddhir brāhmī) knowledge of one’s self. psychology, [Caraka]

5) [v.s. ...] (in Sāṃkhya [philosophy]) Intellect (= adhy-avasāya, the intellectual faculty or faculty of mental perception, the second of the 25 Tattvas; cf. buddhi-tattva), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 80 etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] presence of mind, ready wit, [Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa]

7) [v.s. ...] an opinion, view, notion, idea, conjecture, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] thought about or meditation on ([locative case] or [compound]), intention, purpose, design, [ib.] (buddhyā, with the intention of. designedly, deliberately; anugraha-b, with a view to id est. in order to show favour; buddhiṃ-√kṛ or pra-√kṛ, to make up one’s mind, resolve, decide, with [locative case] [dative case] [accusative] with prati, or [infinitive mood])

9) [v.s. ...] impression, belief, notion (often ifc. = considering as, taking for), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Purāṇa; Hitopadeśa]

10) [v.s. ...] right opinion, correct or reasonable view, [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa]

11) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Name of the 5th [astrology] mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

13) [v.s. ...] Intelligence personified (as a daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Dharma and mother of Bodha), [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of a woman, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Buddhi (बुद्धि):—(ddhiḥ) 2. f. Understanding, intellect, perception.

2) [jīvin (vī-vinī-vi) a.] Rational.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Buddhi (बुद्धि):—(von budh) f. [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 183.]

1) Einsicht, Verstand, Geist, Intellect, das Vermögen Vorstellungen und Begriffe zu bilden und festzuhalten; Urtheilskraft [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 4, 10. 3, 4, 18, 112. 125.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 114.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 308.] [Halāyudha 2, 179.] vivardhana [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 106. 4, 18.] vṛddhikara [19.] buddhirjñānena śudhyati [5, 109. 12, 10.] buddhimākulīkuryuḥ [Suśruta 1, 14, 4. 378, 17.] lāghava [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 58, 36.] śāstreṣvakuṇṭhitā [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 19.] na buddhirdhanalābhāya na jāḍyamasamṛddhaye [Spr. 1424.] buddhirbalavatī bhīrusattvānāṃ na parākramaḥ [1977.] śastra adj. (pārthiva) [1978.] buddhiśca hīyate puṃsāṃ nīcaiḥ saha samāgamāt [1979.] buddheragocaratayā [1980. fgg. 2439. fg.] pareṅgitajñānaphalā hi buddhayaḥ [463.] vyasaneṣveva sarveṣu yasya buddhirna hīyate [2915.] madāndha [4173.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 15, 18. 32, 172.] punarlabdhvā buddhiṃ ceto dhanāni ca [Nalopākhyāna 11, 23.] saṃpanna verständig [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 1, 5.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 16, 3.] varjita [Kathāsaritsāgara 33, 39.] hīnatva [Spr. 1902.] jāta adj. [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 74, 49.] alpa [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 12, 74.] [Suśruta 1, 14, 4.] vimalavipula ebend. paṇḍita [Spr. 1540.] ātmā buddhyā samarthyārthānmano yuṅke vivakṣayā [ŚIKṢĀ] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 4, 106. 350.] cintayantī buddhyā [Nalopākhyāna 5, 11.] [Daśaratha’s Tod 2, 2.] etadbuddhyā viniścitya manasā [Mahābhārata 5, 5973.] buddhau (jajñe) ca vijigīṣutā im Geiste [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 16.] adhyavasāyo buddhiḥ [Kapila 2, 13.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 23.] [Sânkhya Philosophy 5. 8.] sāntaḥkaraṇā buddhiḥ sarvaṃ viṣayamavagāhate yasmāt [SĀṂKHYAK. 35. fgg. 49.] [Nīlakaṇṭha 10. 11.] sthūla, sūkṣma [25. 45.] sarvavyavahāraheturbuddhirjñānam sā dvividhā smṛtiranubhavaśca [TARKAS. 19.] [Bhāṣāpariccheda 50.] buddhirnāma niścayātmikāntaḥkaraṇavṛttiḥ [Vedānta lecture No. 47.] matirāgāmikā jñeyā buddhistatkāladarśinī . prajñā cātītakālasya medhā kālatrayātmikā .. [Randgl.] zu [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 309.] manasaśca parā buddhirbuddherātmā mahānparaḥ [Kaṭhopaniṣad 3, 10.] [Bhagavadgītā 3, 42. 40.] buddhīndriyamanāṃsi [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 192.] tanubuddhimanaḥsu [Spr. 4732.] das Vorstellungsvermögen entsteht beim Fötus im 6ten Monat [Suśruta 1, 323, 19.] —

2) Wahrnehmung: satsaṃprayoge puruṣasyendriyāṇāṃ buddhijanma tatpratyakṣam [Jaimini 1, 4.] sechs Arten durch eben so viele Sinne [Nīlakaṇṭha 22.] Vgl. buddhīndriya . —

3) Verständniss, das Begreifen: śabda [Sāhityadarpana 16, 21.] āsattirbuddhyavicchedaḥ [8, 22.] —

4) Meinung, Ansicht; Gedanken: eṣā te bhihitā māṃkhye buddhiḥ [BHĀG. 2, 39. 41.] na vedmi kiṃcinmohena bhramantīva hi buddhayaḥ [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 76, 31.] tasya buddhiriyaṃ jātā [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 2, 44. 8, 2. 57, 11. 63, 11.] mūḍhaḥ parapratyayaneyabuddhiḥ [Spr. 4559.] saṃdigdhabuddhiṃ māṃ kurvan [Śākuntala 69, 2.] kiṃ svinnaro vā sthāṇurvetyādibuddhistu saṃśayaḥ [Bhāṣāpariccheda 128.] naiṣā buddhiḥ so v. a. richtige, vernünftige Ansicht [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 59, 1.] [Raghuvaṃśa 12, 68.] tvayyeva saktāmanivārya buddhim die nur an dir haftenden Gedanken [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 110, 3.] strībuddherasthiratvāt [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 77.] etayā buddhyā bei dieser Ansicht [Pañcatantra 127, 15.] cakrurbuddhimayaṃ pāpaḥ sarvānno bhakṣayiṣyati sie fassten die Meinung [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 57, 2.] lakṣmaṇe bharate vā tvaṃ kuru buddhiṃ yathāsukham richte deine Gedanken auf, denke an [6, 100, 22.] kalyāṇakṛtabuddhi [Kathāsaritsāgara 15, 144.] spṛśanti na nṛśaṃsānāṃ hṛdayaṃ bandhubuddhayaḥ Gedanken an [3, 12.] —

5) das Halten für Etwas: atasmiṃstadbuddhiḥ [Nīlakaṇṭha 13, 25.] tatprāptibuddhyā in der Meinung, dass ich zu dir gekommen sei, [Raghuvaṃśa 13, 32.] bhittibuddhikara bewirkend den Glauben an eine Wand, dass man eine Wand zu sehen glaubt, [Kathāsaritsāgara 29, 59.] sthale ca jalabuddhikṛt [60.] doṣabuddhyā [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 9, 36. 4, 7, 53.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 76, 39.] [Hitopadeśa 81, 14.] [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 95.] paśya buddhyā manuṣyāṇāṃ rājannāpadamātmanaḥ schau auf das eigene Unglück, als wenn du es für das der Menschheit hieltest, [Spr. 3505.] —

6) Absicht, Vorsatz, Plan: sthirā buddhiḥ duhitustava [Sāvitryupākhyāna 2, 29.] sthira adj. [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 39, 3.] (nahi tava) saṃnivartayituṃ buddhiḥ śakyate [Rāmāyaṇa] [SCHL. 2, 34, 32.] etāṃ buddhiṃ samāśritya kṛtvā niścayamātmanaḥ [3, 48, 16.] nahyeṣā buddhirāstheyā hanūmannaṅgadaṃ prati [4, 23, 11.] evaṃ me niścitā buddhirmanaścāpi samāhitam [2, 19, 11.] dharmamāśritya sadbuddhimanuvartitumarhasi [18, 51.] na ca me krodhamutsraṣṭuṃ buddhirbhavati [Rāmāyaṇa] [SCHL. 1, 21, 7.] kiṃ kariṣyāmo bhadraṃ te buddhiratra vicāryatām [41, 9.] evaṃ tasya tadā buddhirdamayantyāṃ nyavartata . damayantyā visarjane [Nalopākhyāna 10, 15.] raṇāya vīraḥ pratiyātabuddhiḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 43, 14.] śaktāḥ sūkṣmāsu buddhiṣu [Rāmāyaṇa] [SCHL. 1, 7, 9.] [Spr. 2657.] kayāpi buddhyā in irgend einer Absicht [4811.] kretāraḥ krīṇīyuriti buddhyāpaṇe prasāritaṃ vastu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 82,] [Scholiast] pāpabuddhyā in böser Absicht [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 53, 50.] īśvarārpaṇabuddhyā [Nīlakaṇṭha 9.] anukrośabuddhyā so v. a. aus Mitleiden [Meghadūta 113.] anartha auf Schaden sinnend [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 2, 32.] hita adj. [Spr. 2166.] droha f. [Pañcatantra 58, 21.] adj. [8.] śīghrayāne sadā buddhirdhriyate me viśeṣataḥ mein Sinn steht nach [Mahābhārata 3, 2638.] vivāhavidhaye buddhiṃ vyadhādvatseśvarastayoḥ so v. a. beschloss [Kathāsaritsāgara 34, 104.] buddhiṃ kar einen Vorsatz fassen, sich zu Etwas entschliessen: kṛtvā naiṣṭhikīṃ buddhim [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 63, 15.] tasmātkuru hitāṃ buddhim [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 116, 28.] cakāra buddhiṃ svakulasya nāśinīm [3, 38, 27.] kṛta einen festen Vorsatz habend, fest entschlossen [6, 100, 21.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 97.] [Spr. 3279.] akṛtabuddhi [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 30.] sa kathaṃ mamopari drohabuddhiṃ karoti [Pañcatantra 58, 21.] die Ergänzung ein infln.: sa buddhiṃ kṛtavān brahmadattāya dātuṃ kanyāśataṃ tadā [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 34, 47. 44, 9. 2, 28, 1. 31, 3.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 77, 11.] ein nom. act. im dat.: kṛtabuddhiṃ nivāsāya tatraiva [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 100, 1. 99, 40.] [Vikramorvaśī 86, 19.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 22, 39.] ein nom. act. im loc.: dahane tu saputrāyāḥ kuntyā buddhimakārayat [Mahābhārata 1, 5636.] [Nalopākhyāna 26, 10.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 65, 15. 2, 24, 30.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 1, 67, 8. 6, 37, 77.] ein nom. act. im acc. mit pratiḥ sa tu kṛtvā suvelasya buddhimārohaṇaṃ prati [6, 14, 1.] — buddhiṃ prakuruṣva yathecchasi beschliesse [Nalopākhyāna 3, 25.] abuddhyā ohne Absicht [25, 9.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 79.] —

7) die personif. Einsicht ist eine Tochter Dakṣa’s und Gattin Dharma's [Mahābhārata 1, 2579.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 54.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 1, 49.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 50, 21.] Mutter Bodha's [27.] —

8) ein best. Metrum, a: {Ç} {Ç} b. c. d: {Ç} u. s. w. [HALL] in Journ. of the Am. Or. [S. 6, 514.] — Vgl. a, durbuddhi, nirbuddhi, pāpa, prāṇa .

--- OR ---

Buddhi (बुद्धि):—

5) karma adj. der des Menschen Arbeit anerkennt, der die menschliche Anstrengung für das Wahre hält [Mahābhārata 3, 1214.] — Vgl. mahā .

--- OR ---

Buddhi (बुद्धि):—

4) pl. [Spr. (II) 2286.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Buddhi (बुद्धि):—f.

1) das Vermögen Vorstellungen und Begriffe zu bilden und festzuhalten , Einsicht , Verstand , Vernunft , Geist , Intellect , Urtheilskraft. Ausnahmsweise auch Pl. —

2) Wahrnehmung.

3) Verständniss , das Begreifen. buddhirātmana ; oder buddhirbrāhmī Selbsterkenntniss , Psychologie [Carakasaṃhitā 1,9.] —

4) Meinung , Ansicht , Ueberzeugung , Vermuthung ([100,13]), Gedanken , — über (Loc.) —

5) eine richtige , vernünftige Ansicht.

6) die auf Etwas (Loc. oder im Comp. vorangehend) gerichteten Gedanken , das Sinnen auf [55,29,30,33.] —

7) Absicht , Vorsatz , Plan. Instr. am Ende eines Comp. so v.a. aus , um (als Angabe des Beweggrundes) [290,19.] —

8) das Halten für (im Comp. vorangehend). bhitti die Meinung , dass es eine Wand sei.

9) ein best. Metrum.

10) das 5te astrologische Haus [UTPALA] zu [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 1,20.] —

11) die personificirte Einsicht ist eine Tochter Dakaṣa’s und Gattin Dharma's. —

12) Nomen proprium einer Frau [Hemacandra's Pariśiṣṭaparvan 3,2.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Buddhi (बुद्धि):—(nf) intellect; intelligence, wisdom; mind; sense; -[kauśala], wisdom, sagacity; deftness; ~[gamya/grāhya] intelligible, understandable; ~[jīvī] an intellectual; •[varga] the intellectuals; —[bala] intellectual power, wisdom, sagacity; deftness; ~[rahita/hata/hīna] foolish, stupid, brainless, unintelligent; nincompoop; ~[vāditā/vāda] intellectualism; ~[vādī] an intellectualist; -[vilāsa] intellectual luxury.

context information

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