Priyadarshana, Priya-darshana, Priyadarśana: 20 definitions


Priyadarshana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Priyadarśana can be transliterated into English as Priyadarsana or Priyadarshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous next»] — Priyadarshana in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 60. The temple is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन) refers to “n. of a type of marquee § 3.19, 22.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Priyadarshana in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन).—A soldier of Subrahmaṇya. (Śloka 59, Chapter 45, Śalya Parva).

2) Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन).—A son of the king Drupada. In the battle that ensued after the marriage of Draupadī, Karṇa killed him. (Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.55) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Priyadarśana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Priyadarshana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन), son of Vāsuki, is the father of Kanakavarṣa according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 55. Accordingly, “... in that city [Kanakapura] there dwelt in old time a glorious king, named Kanakavarṣa, who was born to Priyadarśana, the son of Vāsuki, king of the snakes, by the Princess Yaśodharā. Though he bore the weight of the whole earth, he was adorned with innumerable virtues; he longed for glory, not for wealth; he feared sin, not his enemy”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Priyadarśana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Priyadarshana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन) (lit. “one who looks beautiful”) is a synonym (another name) for the Parrot (Śuka), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Priyadarshana in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन) refers to “one of agreeable appearance”, representing a desirable characteristic of an astrologer (Jyotiṣa), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. He must be of noble birth and of agreeable appearance [i.e., priyadarśana]; meek, truthful and without jealousy; of proportional limbs; of joints well built and of good growth; have no physical defects; be of fine hands, feet, nails, eyes, chin, teeth, ears, forehead, eye-brows and head; of fine physique and of high, sonorous voice”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Priyadarshana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन) refers to “one who is pleasing to see” (representing a characteristic of a true teacher or Guru), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “One should make an effort to seek a teacher who brings about eternal bliss and awakens (his disciples) to what is beneficial. (The true teacher is) is fortunate and pleasing to see (priyadarśana). He behaves well, as does one from an auspicious caste, and he is born in an auspicious country. He possesses knowledge and wisdom and is skillful in everything. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Priyadarśanā (प्रियदर्शना) is one of the twenty-four Goddesses surrounding Buddhakapāla in the buddhakapālamaṇḍala, according to the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Buddhakapāla refers to one of the various emanations of Akṣobhya and the sādhana says that when Heruka is embraced by Citrasenā he gets the name of Buddhakapāla.—Priyadarśanā in the western gate-guardian. She has a blue colour two arms, one face, ornaments of bones, brown hair rising upwards but no garlands of heads. She  carries the kapāla in the left and the kartri in the right, and dances in the ardhaparyaṅka attitude.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Priyadarshana in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन) is the name of a Bodhisattva, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja said this to the congregation of Bodhisattvas: ‘Sons of good family, may all of you elucidate the gates into the dharma of transcending the path of the works of Māra’ [...] The Bodhisattva Priyadarśana said: ‘That among all kinds of seeing, seeing the Buddha and his dharma is the most excellent. Here, seeing the Buddha is not to see form, feeling, perception, formative factors or consciousness. The correct seeing is to see the Buddha. Seeing the dharma is not to make any mental effort. The unchanging seeing is to be free from attachment. Being free from attachment is to see the dharma. That the Bodhisattva comes to be endowed with seeing the Buddha and his dharma in that way is transcending the sphere of the māra. This is the gate into the dharma called “Transcending the sphere of the Māra”’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Priyadarshana in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन) refers to a class of mahoraga deities gods according to the Digambara tradition, while the Śvetāmbara does not recognize this class. The mahoraga refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The mahoragas are are dark or black in complexion and the Nāga is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree).

The deities such as the Priyadarśanas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Priyadarśanā (प्रियदर्शना) is the daughter of merchant Pūrṇabhadra from Aparājitā, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly,  “[...] Sāgara saw there Priyadarśanā, the daughter of the merchant Pūrṇabhadra, who had been seized by bandits like a black doe by wolves. The merchant’s son crushed the hand of one bandit and took away his knife, just as one would take a jewel after breaking a serpent’s neck. [...]”.

2) Priyadarśanā (प्रियदर्शना) is the daughter of Sāgaradatta and Jinamati, according to chapter 6.2 [aranātha-caritra]. Accordingly, as Sāgaradatta said to Kumbha:—“Blessed One, by the nature of existence all creatures are afflicted by pain. I am especially afflicted since there is not an atom of comfort. By my wife Jinamati I had a daughter, Priyadarśanā, who excelled goddesses in beauty. She attained an unusual skill in the arts and reached adolescence distinguished by a wealth of beauty and cleverness. [...]”.

3) Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन) is the son of Hariṇī and Cakrin Acala from Ratnapura, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.8 [The abandonment of Sītā].—Accordingly, as Muni Deśabhūṣaṇa narrated to Rāma: “[...] After wandering for a long time in good conditions of existence because of the good inclination, in the city Ratnapura in West Videhā in Jambūdvīpa he [i.e., Ramaṇa] was born the son, named Priyadarśana, devoted to dharma, of Cakrin Acala by his chief-queen, Hariṇī. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Priyadarshana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन).—a. pleasing to look at, of pleasing appearance, good-looking, lovely, handsome; अहो प्रिय- दर्शनः कुमारः (aho priya- darśanaḥ kumāraḥ) Uttararāmacarita 5.; R.1.47; Ś.3.9; एवमुत्सुकोऽपि प्रियदर्शनो देवः (evamutsuko'pi priyadarśano devaḥ) Ś6. (-naḥ) 1 a parrot.

2) a kind of date tree.

3) Name of a prince of the Gandharvas; अवेहि गन्धर्वपतेस्तनूजं प्रियंवदं मां प्रियदर्शनस्य (avehi gandharvapatestanūjaṃ priyaṃvadaṃ māṃ priyadarśanasya) R.5.33.

4) A plant growing on trees and stones (Mar. dagaḍaphūla).

-nam the sight of a beloved object; अमृतं प्रियदर्शनम् (amṛtaṃ priyadarśanam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.128.

- a bird, Gracula religiosa.

Priyadarśana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms priya and darśana (दर्शन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन).—(1) name of a cakravartin: Mahāvastu i.114.12; (2) name of a kalpa: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 431.9; 457.6; (3) name of a Bodhisattva: Śikṣāsamuccaya 124.5 (quoted from Dharmasaṃgīti-sūtra); (4) name of two yakṣas: Mahā-Māyūrī 48, 100.

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Priyadarśanā (प्रियदर्शना).—name of a female doorkeeper: Sādhanamālā 502.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nī-naṃ) Handsome, lovely, good-looking. m.

(-naḥ) 1. A parrot. 2. A tree, (Mimusops kauki). E. priya beloved, and darśana appearance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन).—[adjective] pleasant to look at.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन):—[=priya-darśana] [from priya > prī] mfn. pleasant or grateful to the sight of ([genitive case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a parrot, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of date tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Tomentosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Mimusops Kauki, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a plant growing in wet weather on trees and stones (in Marāṭhī called dagaḍaphūla, in Hindūstānī پتهركي پهول), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Kalpa, [Buddhist literature]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince of the Gandharvas, [Raghuvaṃśa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vāsuki, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

10) Priyadarśanā (प्रियदर्शना):—[=priya-darśanā] [from priya-darśana > priya > prī] f. Name of a Surāṅganā, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]

11) [v.s. ...] of sub voce women, [Vāsavadattā; Priyadarśikā]

12) Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन):—[=priya-darśana] [from priya > prī] n. the look of a friend, [Pañcatantra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन):—[priya-darśana] (naḥ-nā-naṃ) a. Handsome. m. A parrot; a tree (Mimusops).

[Sanskrit to German]

Priyadarshana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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