Priyadarshana, Priya-darshana, Priyadarśana: 11 definitions

Introduction

Priyadarshana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Priyadarśana can be transliterated into English as Priyadarsana or Priyadarshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous (P) next»] — Priyadarshana in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 60. The temple is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Priyadarshana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन).—A soldier of Subrahmaṇya. (Śloka 59, Chapter 45, Śalya Parva).

2) Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन).—A son of the king Drupada. In the battle that ensued after the marriage of Draupadī, Karṇa killed him. (Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.55) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Priyadarśana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (P) next»] — Priyadarshana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन), son of Vāsuki, is the father of Kanakavarṣa according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 55. Accordingly, “... in that city [Kanakapura] there dwelt in old time a glorious king, named Kanakavarṣa, who was born to Priyadarśana, the son of Vāsuki, king of the snakes, by the Princess Yaśodharā. Though he bore the weight of the whole earth, he was adorned with innumerable virtues; he longed for glory, not for wealth; he feared sin, not his enemy”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Priyadarśana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Priyadarśanā (प्रियदर्शना) is one of the twenty-four Goddesses surrounding Buddhakapāla in the buddhakapālamaṇḍala, according to the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Buddhakapāla refers to one of the various emanations of Akṣobhya and the sādhana says that when Heruka is embraced by Citrasenā he gets the name of Buddhakapāla.—Priyadarśanā in the western gate-guardian. She has a blue colour two arms, one face, ornaments of bones, brown hair rising upwards but no garlands of heads. She  carries the kapāla in the left and the kartri in the right, and dances in the ardhaparyaṅka attitude.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Priyadarshana in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन) refers to a class of mahoraga deities gods according to the Digambara tradition, while the Śvetāmbara does not recognize this class. The mahoraga refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The mahoragas are are dark or black in complexion and the Nāga is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree).

The deities such as the Priyadarśanas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Priyadarshana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन).—a. pleasing to look at, of pleasing appearance, good-looking, lovely, handsome; अहो प्रिय- दर्शनः कुमारः (aho priya- darśanaḥ kumāraḥ) U.5.; R.1.47; Ś.3.9; एवमुत्सुकोऽपि प्रियदर्शनो देवः (evamutsuko'pi priyadarśano devaḥ) Ś6. (-naḥ) 1 a parrot.

2) a kind of date tree.

3) Name of a prince of the Gandharvas; अवेहि गन्धर्वपतेस्तनूजं प्रियंवदं मां प्रियदर्शनस्य (avehi gandharvapatestanūjaṃ priyaṃvadaṃ māṃ priyadarśanasya) R.5.33.

4) A plant growing on trees and stones (Mar. dagaḍaphūla).

-nam the sight of a beloved object; अमृतं प्रियदर्शनम् (amṛtaṃ priyadarśanam) Pt.1.128.

- a bird, Gracula religiosa.

Priyadarśana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms priya and darśana (दर्शन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन).—(1) name of a cakravartin: Mahāvastu i.114.12; (2) name of a kalpa: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 431.9; 457.6; (3) name of a Bodhisattva: Śikṣāsamuccaya 124.5 (quoted from Dharmasaṃgīti-sūtra); (4) name of two yakṣas: Mahā-Māyūrī 48, 100.

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Priyadarśanā (प्रियदर्शना).—name of a female doorkeeper: Sādhanamālā 502.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nī-naṃ) Handsome, lovely, good-looking. m.

(-naḥ) 1. A parrot. 2. A tree, (Mimusops kauki). E. priya beloved, and darśana appearance.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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