Parijata, aka: Pārijāta, Pārījāta; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Parijata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Hands indicating Trees.—Pārijāta, the Trijñāna hand, i.e., Patāka with both hands twisted upwards.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Ayurveda (science of life)

Pārijāta (पारिजात).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug combination.—It is also known as Śephālī. Its beautiful flowers blossom in autumn season particularly navarātra (the nine days of the bright fortnight of Āśvina month when the worship of the goddess Durgā is celebrated). The juice of leaves is bitter and is specifically effective in sciatica and also in chronic fevers and intestinal worms

(Source): Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Purana

1a) Pārijāta (पारिजात).—A heavenly plant; Satyabhāmā saw it in Indra's Nandana and asked Kṛṣṇa to take it home; Kṛṣṇa refused as it was once taken from the milk-ocean and by the consent of the gods given to Indra and to remove it was to face a war with him; still Satyabhāmā persisted and Kṛṣṇa yielding to her placed it on the Garuḍa; took it to the earth against Indra's will and placed it in Satybhāmā's garden; the watchmen objected and reported to Indra; war about the Pārijāta between the Gods and Kṛṣṇa; a compromise to be returned after Kṛṣṇa's decease;1 rejoiced by Dvārakā ci{??}izens.2 The tree in Śivaloka, that came out of the churning of the ocean.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 15. 19; IV. 6. 14; 30. 32; VIII. 11. 10; X. 37. 16, 68. 35; 59. 39-40; [65 (v) 21-36], [37-51]; 66 (v); [67 (v) 1-16, 26], [34,] [45,]; Ib. X. 68. 35. Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 30. 32, 80; 38. 7.
  • 2) Ib. V. 31. 1-11; 35. 25:
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 32. 6; IV. 9. 70; Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 74; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 9. 95.

1b) A monkey chief and son of Śveta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 181 236.

1c) (pariyatra) a mountain west of the Śitoda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 29; 42. 54.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Pārijāta (पारिजात).—An extraordinarily fragrant white flower that Lord Kṛṣṇa brought from the heavenly planets for His wife Rukmiṇi.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

India history and geogprahy

Parijata is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Parijata is a tree famous for its delicate and fragrant flowers. A thicket of Parijata trees is mentioned.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (eg., Parijata), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Parijata, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

(Source): Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Pārijāta, =pāricchattaka, VvA. 174. (Page 454)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

pārijāta (पारिजात).—m S pārijātaka m S The coral-tree, Erythrina fulgens.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pārijāta (पारिजात).—m pārijātaka m The coral-tree.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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