Parijata, aka: Pārijātā, Pārījāta, Pārijāta, Parijāta; 13 Definition(s)


Parijata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Hands indicating Trees.—Pārijāta, the Trijñāna hand, i.e., Patāka with both hands twisted upwards.

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Parijata in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pārijāta (पारिजात).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug combination.—It is also known as Śephālī. Its beautiful flowers blossom in autumn season particularly navarātra (the nine days of the bright fortnight of Āśvina month when the worship of the goddess Durgā is celebrated). The juice of leaves is bitter and is specifically effective in sciatica and also in chronic fevers and intestinal worms

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Parijata in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

1) Pārijāta (पारिजात).—The sage who came to the court of Maya along with Nārada. (Chapter 5, Sabhā Parva).

2) Pārījāta (पारीजात).—See under Kalpavṛkṣa.

3) Pārijāta (पारिजात).—A serpent born in the family of Airāvata. This serpent was burnt to death at the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 11, Chapter 51, Ādi Parva).

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1a) Pārijāta (पारिजात).—A heavenly plant; Satyabhāmā saw it in Indra's Nandana and asked Kṛṣṇa to take it home; Kṛṣṇa refused as it was once taken from the milk-ocean and by the consent of the gods given to Indra and to remove it was to face a war with him; still Satyabhāmā persisted and Kṛṣṇa yielding to her placed it on the Garuḍa; took it to the earth against Indra's will and placed it in Satybhāmā's garden; the watchmen objected and reported to Indra; war about the Pārijāta between the Gods and Kṛṣṇa; a compromise to be returned after Kṛṣṇa's decease;1 rejoiced by Dvārakā ci{??}izens.2 The tree in Śivaloka, that came out of the churning of the ocean.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 15. 19; IV. 6. 14; 30. 32; VIII. 11. 10; X. 37. 16, 68. 35; 59. 39-40; [65 (v) 21-36], [37-51]; 66 (v); [67 (v) 1-16, 26], [34,] [45,]; Ib. X. 68. 35. Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 30. 32, 80; 38. 7.
  • 2) Ib. V. 31. 1-11; 35. 25:
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 32. 6; IV. 9. 70; Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 74; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 9. 95.

1b) A monkey chief and son of Śveta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 181 236.

1c) (pariyatra) a mountain west of the Śitoda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 29; 42. 54.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Parijata in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pārijāta (पारिजात).—An extraordinarily fragrant white flower that Lord Kṛṣṇa brought from the heavenly planets for His wife Rukmiṇi.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Pārijāta (पारिजात) refers to one of the eight trees (vṛkṣa) of the Kāyacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the kāyacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (‘emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. Pārijāta is associated with the charnel ground (śmaśāna) named Khaṇḍita and with the hell-guardian (narakapāla) named Pārijātā.

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Parijata is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Parijata is a tree famous for its delicate and fragrant flowers. A thicket of Parijata trees is mentioned.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (eg., Parijata), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Parijata, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Parijata in Pali glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pārijāta, =pāricchattaka, VvA. 174. (Page 454)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Parijata in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

pārijāta (पारिजात).—m S pārijātaka m S The coral-tree, Erythrina fulgens.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pārijāta (पारिजात).—m pārijātaka m The coral-tree.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parijata in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pārijāta (पारिजात).—[pāramasyāstīti pārī samudrastatra jātaḥ, tasya samudrotpannatvāt]

1) Name of one of the five trees of Paradise, Nictanthus arbor-tristis (said to have been produced at the churning of the ocean and come into the possession of Indra, from whom it was wrested by Kṛṣṇa and planted in the garden of his beloved Satyabhāmā), कल्पद्रुमाणामिव पारिजातः (kalpadrumāṇāmiva pārijātaḥ) R.6.6;1.11;17.7; पञ्चैते देवतरवो मन्दारः पारिजातकः (pañcaite devataravo mandāraḥ pārijātakaḥ) Ak.

2) The coral tree.

3) Fragrance.

Derivable forms: pārijātaḥ (पारिजातः).

See also (synonyms): pārijātaka.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parijāta (परिजात).—[, in °tāni puṣpāṇi Mv iii.99.19, = Sanskrit pāri°, a (heavenly) flower; not in Senart's Index, hence no doubt merely an uncorrected misprint for Sanskrit pāri°.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pārijāta (पारिजात).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. Name of one of the five trees of paradise supposed to have been produced at the churning of the ocean. 2. The coral tree, (Erythrina fulgens.) E. pāri said to mean, above, and jāta produced.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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