Tishya, Tiṣya: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Tishya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Tiṣya can be transliterated into English as Tisya or Tishya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Tiṣya (तिष्य).—A constellation. Important for śrāddha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 2. 24; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 18. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 82. 5.

1b) (a yuga of Bhāratavarṣa); see also Kaliyuga.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 69; 31. 30; Matsya-purāṇa 273. 61; Vāyu-purāṇa 24. 1; 32. 40; 58. 30-73.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Tiṣya (तिष्य) or Puṣya (पुष्य) includes the somewhat faint group in the body of the Crab, γ, δ, and θ Cancri. The singular is rather curious, as primarily one star would seem to have been meant, and none of the group is at all prominent.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Tiṣya (तिष्य) is one of the two sons of Śuklodana, son of Siṃhahanu: an ancient king of the solar clan (āditagotra or sūryavaṃśa) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “King Śuklodana had two sons: 1) Po t’i (Bhadrika), 2) Y’i cha (Tiṣya)”.

2) Tiṣya (तिष्य) was a Brāhmin from Southern India according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). Accordingly, “At that time, there was in southern India, a Brāhmin, a great master of teaching, named T’i chö (Tiṣya); he had penetrated deeply into the eighteen kinds of great holy books. This man came to the city of Rājagṛha; on his head he was carrying a torch and his belly was covered with copper sheets; when he was asked the reason for the second peculiarity, he answered: ‘The holy books which I have studies are extremely numerous; thus I fear lest my belly will burst and that is why I have covered it with metal’”

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Tiṣya (तिष्य) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Tiṣya).

2) Tiṣya (तिष्य) is also the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned [twice] as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tiṣya (तिष्य).—a. [tuṣyantyasmin tuṣ-kyap ni°]

1) Auspicious, fortunate.

2) Born under the asterism पुष्य (puṣya).

-ṣyaḥ 1 The eighth of the 27 constellations, (also called puṣya); यदा चन्द्रश्च सूर्यश्च तथा तिष्यबृहस्पतीं । एकराशौ समेष्यन्ति तदा भवति तत्कृतम् (yadā candraśca sūryaśca tathā tiṣyabṛhaspatīṃ | ekarāśau sameṣyanti tadā bhavati tatkṛtam) || Bhāg.12.2.24.

2) The lunar month Pauṣa.

3) The Kali Yuga; तिष्यः पुष्ये कलियुगौ (tiṣyaḥ puṣye kaliyugau) Ak.

-ṣyā 1 Lustre.

2) Emblic myrobalan; दीप्त्यामलकयोः स्त्रियाम् (dīptyāmalakayoḥ striyām) Nm.

-ṣyam The Kali Yuga; चत्वारि भारते वर्षे युगानि भरतर्षभ । कृतं त्रेता द्वापरं च तिष्यं च कुरुवर्धन (catvāri bhārate varṣe yugāni bharatarṣabha | kṛtaṃ tretā dvāparaṃ ca tiṣyaṃ ca kuruvardhana) || Mb.6.1.3; तथापि तिष्यस्य बलाद् भृशं ववृधिरे श्रियः (tathāpi tiṣyasya balād bhṛśaṃ vavṛdhire śriyaḥ) Śiva. B.5.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tiṣya (तिष्य).—(1) (= Pali Tissa), name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu iii.240.5; 241.15; 243.12; 244.3; 245.14 f.; 247.8; 248.17; Lalitavistara 5.10; 172.3 (so read for Lefm. Tikṣṇa, con- firmed by Tibetan ḥod ldan, as in Mahāvyutpatti 1046 = Tiṣya; divide Tiṣya lohamuṣṭinā); Sukhāvatīvyūha 6.3; Gaṇḍavyūha 206.12; (2) name of a future Buddha: Gaṇḍavyūha 441.25, in a list of them; compare Pali Tissa, 2 in Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names), also in such a list, but the lists do not otherwise correspond; (3) (= Pali Tissa, in same verse, Dīghanikāya (Pali) ii.261.13, compare Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names) Tissa 6) name of a Mahābrahmā: Mahāsamājasūtra Waldschmidt Kl. Sanskrit Texte 4, 191.11; (4) (= Pali Tissa, 5 of Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names)) name of one of the leading disciples (agraśrāvaka) of the Buddha Kāśyapa: Mahāvastu i.307.4, 17; (5) in a list of cakravarti-rājānaḥ, Mahāvyutpatti 3605 (Tibetan rgyal), but the adjoining names are mostly only those of Śākya nobles, contemporaries of the Buddha, incl. even Siddhārtha (!); stands between Nanda and Bhadrika; (6) as n. for Śāriputra (otherwise Upatiṣya): Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 91.7 (verse); (7) name of a brother of Śāriputra: Mahāvastu iii.56.11; [Page254-b+ 71] (8) name of Śāriputra's father: Avadāna-śataka ii.186.6; (9) in a list of ‘disciples’ (śrāvaka): Mahāvyutpatti 1046 (Tibetan ḥod ldan); followed immediately by Upatiṣya; Śāriputra is named, 1032, in the same list; various monks of the name Tissa are mentioned in Pali, see Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names); (10) name of a householder (associated with Puṣya 4) of Rauruka; converted by Kātyāyana and attained enlightenment: Divyāvadāna 551.6 ff.; 571.3, 5; apparently not the same as Pali Tissa, 13 in Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names), a rājā of Roruva (= Rauruka).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tiṣya (तिष्य).—mfn.

(-ṣyaḥ-ṣyā-ṣyaṃ) Auspicious, fortunate, lucky. m.

(-ṣyaḥ) 1. The eighth Nakshatra or lunar mansion, an asterism figured by an arrow, and containing three stars, of which one is Cancri. 2. The month Pausha, (December-January.) 3. The Kali Yuga, the fourth and present age. f.

(-ṣyā) Emblic myrobalan, (Phyllanthus emblica.) E. tuṣ to please er delight, affix kyap, and it substituted for the penultimate.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tiṣya (तिष्य).—I. m. 1. The name of a Nakṣatra, or lunar mansion, containing three stars, of which one is Cancri, Mahābhārata 3, 13099. Ii. n. The Kali yuga, i. e. fourth or present age, Mahābhārata 6, 387.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tiṣya (तिष्य).—[masculine] [Name] of a heavenly archer (cf. kṛśānu) & of a lunar mansion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tiṣya (तिष्य):—m. Name of a heavenly archer (like Kṛśānu) and of the 6th Nakṣatra of the old or 8th of the new order, [Ṛg-veda v, 54, 13; x, 64, 8; Taittirīya-saṃhitā] (ṣya) etc.

2) the month Pauṣa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Terminalia tomentosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) = ṣyā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) ([Pāṇini 4-3, 34]; i, 2, 63 [Kāśikā-vṛtti]) ‘born under the asterism T°’, a common Name of men, [Buddhist literature] (cf. upa-)

6) n. (m., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) the 4th or present age, [Mahābhārata vi; Harivaṃśa 3019]

7) mfn. auspicious, fortunate, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) Tiṣyā (तिष्या):—[from tiṣya] f. Emblic Myrobalan, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tiṣya (तिष्य):—(ṣyaḥ) 1. m. The eighth lunar mansion; month Pausha. f. Emblic myrobalan. a. Auspicious.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Tiṣya (तिष्य):—

--- OR ---

Tiṣya (तिष्य):—

1) das Nakṣatra [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 12, 2, 24. Z. 9] zu tiṣyāpūrṇamāse vgl. [WEBER, Nakṣ. 2, 326.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Tiṣya (तिष्य):—( (tiṣia) tiṣya

1) m. — a) Nomen proprium eines mythischen Wesens , eines Schützen am Himmel wie Kṛśānu. Zugleich das 6te (älter) oder 8te Mondhaus [Āśvalāyana’s Gṛhyasūtra 1,13,2.] [Āpastamba’s Dharmasūtra 2,18,19.] — b) *der Monat Pauṣa. — c) *Terminalia tomentosa. — d) ein häufiger Mannsname. — e) Pl. Bez. der Śūdra in Krauñcadvīpa [VP.².2,197.] tigma v.l. —

2) *m. f. ( ā) Emblica officinalis.

3) (*m.) n. das vierte Weltalter.

4) *Adj. auspicious , fortunate , lucky.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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