Vidagdha, Vidagdhā: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vidagdha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vidagdh.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vidagdhā (विदग्धा) is the name of an Apsara created for the sake of a type of dramatic perfomance. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.46-51, after Brahmā asked Bharata for materials necessary for the Graceful Style (kaiśikī: a type of performance, or prayoga), Bharata answered “This Style cannot be practised properly by men except with the help of women”. Therefore, Brahmā created with his mind several apsaras (celestial nymphs), such as Vidagdhā, who were skillful in embellishing the drama.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Vidagdha (विदग्ध).—One who is expert in the art of attracting women.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Vidagdha (विदग्ध) Vidagdhajīrṇa refers to indigestion (ajīrṇa) due to putrefaction of the bile (i.e., indigestion in which food in the stomach is putrefied before digestion, causing the putrefaction of the bile, and forming toximia), as defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 4).—Symptoms of vidagdha-jīrṇa:—“giddiness, thirst, loss of consciousness various ailments due to pitta, belching smoke-like vapour with sour taste, perspiration, and sensation of heat. [...] The three kinds of indigestion, viz. āmā, viṣṭabdhā, and vidagdha, give rise to visūcī, alasaka, and vilambikā respectively”.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vidagdha (विदग्ध).—p (S) Burned to ashes, burned thoroughly. 2 Half-digested, ill-concocted--food. 3 Half-scorched and half-raw--dressed food. 4 Well roast- ed, toasted, or broiled. Ex. śuṣka supaka vidagdha caturvidhaannēṃ uttama khādya ||. 5 Clever, capable, skilful.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidagdha (विदग्ध).—p. p.

1) Burnt up, consumed by fire.

2) Cooked.

3) Digested.

4) Destroyed, decomposed.

5) Clever, shrewd, sharp, subtle; नाविदग्धः प्रियं ब्रूयात् (nāvidagdhaḥ priyaṃ brūyāt) Pt.1. 164; U.4.21.

6) Crafty, artful, intriguing.

7) Unburnt or ill-digested.

8) Lovely, charming.

9) Respectable (as dress &c.).

1) Mature (as a tumour).

11) Tawny, reddish.

-gdhaḥ 1 A wise or learned man, scholar; वृद्धा विदग्धाः प्रविशन्त्यत्र विप्राः (vṛddhā vidagdhāḥ praviśantyatra viprāḥ) Mb.3.133.5.

2) A libertine.

-gdhā A shrewd and clever woman, an artful woman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidagdha (विदग्ध).—mfn.

(-gdhaḥ-gdhā-gdhaṃ) 1. Clever, shrewd, knowing. 2. Sharp, witty. 3. Intriguing. 4. Undigested. 5. Burnt. m.

(-gdhaḥ) 1. A libertine, a lecher, an intriguer. 2. A learned or cleverman, a scholar, a Pandit f.

(-gdhā) A sharp knowing woman. E. vi before, dah to burn, aff. kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidagdha (विदग्ध).—[adjective] burnt, inflamed; burnt i.e. taught by experience, knowing, witty, cunning, clever.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidagdha (विदग्ध):—[=vi-dagdha] [from vi] 1. vi-dagdha mfn. (for 2. See vi-√dah) undigested, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [=vi-dagdha] a See vi-√dah below.

3) [=vi-dagdha] [from vi-dah] 2. vi-dagdha mfn. burnt up, consumed, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]; [Kauśika-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] inflamed, [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] cooked by internal heat as by the fire of digestion, digested, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] decomposed, corrupted, spoiled, turned sour, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] mature (as a tumour), [Bhāvaprakāśa]

8) [v.s. ...] tawny or reddish brown (like impure blood), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] clever, shrewd, knowing, sharp, crafty, sly, artful, intriguing, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] m. tawny (the colour), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a clever man, scholar, Paṇḍit, [Horace H. Wilson]

12) [v.s. ...] a libertine, intriguer, [ib.]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of a teacher of the Vājasaneyins, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

14) Vidagdhā (विदग्धा):—[=vi-dagdhā] [from vi-dagdha > vi-dah] f. a sharp or knowing woman, [Horace H. Wilson]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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