Vidagdha, Vidagdhā: 18 definitions


Vidagdha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vidagdh.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vidagdhā (विदग्धा) is the name of an Apsara created for the sake of a type of dramatic perfomance. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.46-51, after Brahmā asked Bharata for materials necessary for the Graceful Style (kaiśikī: a type of performance, or prayoga), Bharata answered “This Style cannot be practised properly by men except with the help of women”. Therefore, Brahmā created with his mind several apsaras (celestial nymphs), such as Vidagdhā, who were skillful in embellishing the drama.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Vidagdha (विदग्ध).—One who is expert in the art of attracting women.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Vidagdha (विदग्ध) Vidagdhajīrṇa refers to indigestion (ajīrṇa) due to putrefaction of the bile (i.e., indigestion in which food in the stomach is putrefied before digestion, causing the putrefaction of the bile, and forming toximia), as defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 4).—Symptoms of vidagdha-jīrṇa:—“giddiness, thirst, loss of consciousness various ailments due to pitta, belching smoke-like vapour with sour taste, perspiration, and sensation of heat. [...] The three kinds of indigestion, viz. āmā, viṣṭabdhā, and vidagdha, give rise to visūcī, alasaka, and vilambikā respectively”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vidagdha (विदग्ध):—Partially transformed / partially digested

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vidagdha (विदग्ध) or Vidagdhayoṣā refers to a “charming woman”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Again in the season of autumn will be found the blue and white lotus growing side by side, hovered over by beautiful lines of bees, tender creepers adding beauty to the scene; the season therefore resembles a charming woman [i.e., vidagdha-yoṣā] with blue eyes, fair face, black hair and thin brows. As if to view the beauty of the pure disc of her lord—the Moon, the summer lake opens at night her red lotus buds—her eyes of soft petals in which lie concealed the black bee serving as the pupil of the eye”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Vidagdha in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Vidagdha (विदग्ध) refers to “connoisseurs”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “Thus in the matter of pursuing the quarry and hovering over it in a variety of ways and in inspiring confidence, the Vajas are superior to other birds. They charm the minds of connoisseurs (vidagdha), like wrestlers clasping and throwing, and getting up and falling down. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vidagdha (विदग्ध) is the name of an ancient city, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Piṅgala [i.e., incarnation of Kayāna] studied under one teacher with Atisundari, King Cakradhvaja’s daughter. As time passed, they became attached to each other; and Piṅgala seized her by a trick and went to the city Vidagdha. Packing in any skilled knowledge, he earned his living there by selling straw, wood, et cetera. For that is suitable for a worthless person”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vidagdha (विदग्ध) refers to “wise persons”, according to the Yaśastilaka Campū verse 2.215-216.—Accordingly, “The Self is by nature deathless and without any beginning, endowed with bliss and infinite power, and luminous and pure. The powerful flames of sinful Karma heat it, like mercury, after lodging it in the body. Under the intoxicating power of Karma, even a man of superior merit goes reeling down to unhappy births. Se [sic] let the wise, who know the cardinal difference between the body and the Self (vidagdhaparamabhedavido vidagdhāḥ), strive for the bliss that is free from rebirth”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vidagdha (विदग्ध).—p (S) Burned to ashes, burned thoroughly. 2 Half-digested, ill-concocted--food. 3 Half-scorched and half-raw--dressed food. 4 Well roast- ed, toasted, or broiled. Ex. śuṣka supaka vidagdha caturvidhaannēṃ uttama khādya ||. 5 Clever, capable, skilful.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidagdha (विदग्ध).—p. p.

1) Burnt up, consumed by fire.

2) Cooked.

3) Digested.

4) Destroyed, decomposed.

5) Clever, shrewd, sharp, subtle; नाविदग्धः प्रियं ब्रूयात् (nāvidagdhaḥ priyaṃ brūyāt) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1. 164; Uttararāmacarita 4.21.

6) Crafty, artful, intriguing.

7) Unburnt or ill-digested.

8) Lovely, charming.

9) Respectable (as dress &c.).

1) Mature (as a tumour).

11) Tawny, reddish.

-gdhaḥ 1 A wise or learned man, scholar; वृद्धा विदग्धाः प्रविशन्त्यत्र विप्राः (vṛddhā vidagdhāḥ praviśantyatra viprāḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.133.5.

2) A libertine.

-gdhā A shrewd and clever woman, an artful woman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidagdha (विदग्ध).—mfn.

(-gdhaḥ-gdhā-gdhaṃ) 1. Clever, shrewd, knowing. 2. Sharp, witty. 3. Intriguing. 4. Undigested. 5. Burnt. m.

(-gdhaḥ) 1. A libertine, a lecher, an intriguer. 2. A learned or cleverman, a scholar, a Pandit f.

(-gdhā) A sharp knowing woman. E. vi before, dah to burn, aff. kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidagdha (विदग्ध).—[adjective] burnt, inflamed; burnt i.e. taught by experience, knowing, witty, cunning, clever.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidagdha (विदग्ध):—[=vi-dagdha] [from vi] 1. vi-dagdha mfn. (for 2. See vi-√dah) undigested, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [=vi-dagdha] a See vi-√dah below.

3) [=vi-dagdha] [from vi-dah] 2. vi-dagdha mfn. burnt up, consumed, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]; [Kauśika-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] inflamed, [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] cooked by internal heat as by the fire of digestion, digested, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] decomposed, corrupted, spoiled, turned sour, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] mature (as a tumour), [Bhāvaprakāśa]

8) [v.s. ...] tawny or reddish brown (like impure blood), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] clever, shrewd, knowing, sharp, crafty, sly, artful, intriguing, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] m. tawny (the colour), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a clever man, scholar, Paṇḍit, [Horace H. Wilson]

12) [v.s. ...] a libertine, intriguer, [ib.]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of a teacher of the Vājasaneyins, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

14) Vidagdhā (विदग्धा):—[=vi-dagdhā] [from vi-dagdha > vi-dah] f. a sharp or knowing woman, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidagdha (विदग्ध):—[vi-dagdha] (gdhaḥ-gdhā-gdhaṃ) a. Clever, sharp, intriguing, undigested, burnt. m. A libertine; a scholar.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vidagdha (विदग्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Viaḍḍha, Viaḍḍhā, Vidaḍḍha, Vidaddha, Viddaḍḍha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vidagdha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidagdha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vidagdha (विदग्ध) [Also spelled vidagdh]:—(a) witty; ingenious; skilful; ~[] wittiness; ingenuity; skilfulness; hence [vidagdhā] (feminine form).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vidagdha (ವಿದಗ್ಧ):—

1) [adjective] consumed by fire; burnt.

2) [adjective] burning; boiling; subject to heat.

3) [adjective] well-cooked.

4) [adjective] over-cooked; spoilt.

5) [adjective] distressed; undergone (mental or physical) agony.

6) [adjective] tending to deceive; deceitful.

7) [adjective] having or showing much knowledge, accuracy, and critical ability; scholarly.

8) [adjective] (said of food) digested; assimilitated in to the body-system.

9) [adjective] not digested; undigested.

10) [adjective] respectable; honourable.

11) [adjective] lovely; charming; beautiful.

--- OR ---

Vidagdha (ವಿದಗ್ಧ):—

1) [noun] a learned man; a scholar.

2) [noun] a skilled man; an expert.

3) [noun] a man of deceitful nature; a cheat; a deceiver.

4) [noun] a disease or fever caused by impaired digestion.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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