Aloka, Āloka: 19 definitions



Aloka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Aloka (अलोक).—Attained by Vṛtra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 12. 35; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 153.

2) Āloka (आलोक).—The lokas which spring from aloka.1 ākāśa that seems to exist to our eyes.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 151-3, 187; 21. 155; Matsya-purāṇa 123. 47; 124. 93.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 145 and 176.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Āloka (आलोक, “light”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., āloka). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Āloka also refers to the “concentration on light” and represents one of the “four concentrations” (samādhi) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 101).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Aloka (अलोक) refers to “non-universe”, according to chapter 4.4 [anantanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—(Note: Space is the only substance which extends beyond loka into aloka)

Accordingly, as Anantanātha said:—“[...] Space is all-pervading, self-supported, affording place, constantly penetrates the universe [i.e., loka] and non-universe [i.e., aloka], and has infinite units. The atoms of time, separated, occupying a unit of the world-space for modification of attributes, are called primary time (mūkhyakāla). An instant (samaya), etc, whose measure is given in books on astronomy, that is considered time from a practical point of view by those knowing time. It is the work of that these objects in the womb of the world are evolved with a form, new, old, etc. Present objects become in the past, and future objects become present, transformed by the sport of time. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Āloka (आलोक) or Vṛttasārāloka is the name of a commentary on the Vṛttasāra: both works ascribed to Ramāpati Upādhyāya (before 1704 C.E.): the disciple and the son of Yaśodhara and grandson of Śrīharīśa. He tells the magnanimity of his father and grandfather that his grandfather was a famous scholar in Kāśī and he was entrusted with the title Pājjikāmbhoja.

In the invocatory verse of the Āloka Ramāpati praises Piṅgala, while Vāgdevatā and Yaśodhara have been praised in the invocatory verse of the commentary. He tells that after expanding the metres, he comments on them.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āloka : (m.) light.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āloka, (ā + lok, Sk. āloka) seeing, sight (obj. & subj.), i. e. — 1. sight, view, look S.IV, 128 = Sn.763; A.III, 236 (āloke nikkhitta laid before one’s eye). anāloka without sight, blind Miln.296 (andha +). — 2. light A.I, 164 (tamo vigato ā. uppanno) = It.100 (vihato); A.II, 139 (four lights, i.e. canda°, suriya°, agg°, paññ°, of the moon, sun, fire & wisdom); J II 34; Dhs.617 (opp. andhakāra); VvA.51 (dīp°). — 3. (clear) sight, power of observation, intuition, in combn. with vijjā knowledge D.II, 33 = S.II, 7 = 105, cp. Ps.II, 150 sq. (obhāsaṭṭhena, S A. on II.7). — 4. splendour VvA.53; DvA 71.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ālōka (आलोक).—m S ālōkana n S ālōcana n S Seeing, looking, contemplating.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ālōka (आलोक).—m ālōkana, ālōcana n Seeing; contemplating.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aloka (अलोक).—a.

1) Not having space (Ved.).

2) That which cannot be seen, as in लोकालोक इवाचलः (lokāloka ivācalaḥ) R.1.68 (na lokyata ityalokaḥ Malli.); see लोकालोक (lokāloka) also.

3) Having no people.

4) One who does not go to any other world after death (not having performed meritorious deeds).

5) Beyond space (lokātīta parabrahma); पश्यतां सर्वलोकानामलोकं समपद्यत (paśyatāṃ sarvalokānāmalokaṃ samapadyata) Bhāg.6.12.35.

-kaḥ, -kam 1 Not the world.

2) End of, destruction of the world; absence of people; रक्ष सर्वानिमाँल्लोकान् नालोकं कर्तुमर्हसि (rakṣa sarvānimāṃllokān nālokaṃ kartumarhasi) Rām.

3) The immaterial or spiritual world.

4) The nether world (pātāla).

5) A Ritvij or any such priest.

6) One who is not a seer or observer.

-kā A kind of bird.

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Āloka (आलोक).—

1) Seeing, beholding.

2) Sight, aspect. appearance; यदालोके सूक्ष्मम् (yadāloke sūkṣmam) Ś.1.9; Ku.7.22,46; व्रजति हि सफलत्वं वल्लभालोकनेन (vrajati hi saphalatvaṃ vallabhālokanena) Śi. सुख° (sukha°) V.4.24; Ś1.32; R.1.84; Me.3,39.

3) Range of sight; आलोके ते निपतति पुरा सा बलिव्याकुला वा (āloke te nipatati purā sā balivyākulā vā) Me.87; R.7.5; Ku.2.45.

4) Light, lustre, splendour; आलोकमार्गं सहसा व्रजन्त्या (ālokamārgaṃ sahasā vrajantyā) R.7.6 airhole, or window; निरालोकं लोकम् (nirālokaṃ lokam) Māl.5.3;9.37;1. 4,11; Ve.2; K.16,29,348,68,98.

5) Panegyric, praise, complimentary language; especially, a word of praise uttered by a bard (such as jaya, ālokaya); ययावुदीरितालोकः (yayāvudīritālokaḥ) R.17.27;2.9; K.14.

6) Section, chapter.

7) Mild light (sāttvikaḥ prakāśaḥ) cf. Pātañjala Yogadarśana 3.25.

8) A trace of sight; आलोकमपि रामस्य न पश्यन्ति स्म दुःखिताः (ālokamapi rāmasya na paśyanti sma duḥkhitāḥ) Rām.2.47.2.

9) A lamp, light; आलोकदानं नामैतत्कीदृशं भरतर्षभ (ālokadānaṃ nāmaitatkīdṛśaṃ bharatarṣabha) Mb.13.98.1.

Derivable forms: ālokaḥ (आलोकः).

See also (synonyms): ālokana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aloka (अलोक).—m., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7869 (cited from Gaṇḍavyūha) = Tibetan śugs sbyoṅ, or śugs ḥphyo (the latter also renders heluga, q.v.); in Gaṇḍavyūha 133.13 āloka, m.; but in Gaṇḍavyūha 106.3 sattva-lokasya, for which certainly read sattvāloka- sya.

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Āloka (आलोक).—m. (once nt.), light, as in Sanskrit; (1) fig., see dharmāloka (-mukha); like this, -jñānālokamukha Gaṇḍavyūha 169.24, introduction to the light of knowledge; -pratibhānā- lokamukha Gaṇḍavyūha 174.13—14; (prajñā udapāsi) ālokaṃ (n. sg. nt.) prādur-abhūṣi Mahāvastu iii.332.15 illumination (of the mind) became manifested (virtually = enlightenment, true know- ledge); (2) m., a high number: Gaṇḍavyūha 133.13 (= aloka, q.v.). See the following items.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āloka (आलोक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. Sight, seeing, looking. 2. Light. 3. Flattery, complimentary language, panegyric. E. āṅ before lokṛ to see, ghaña affix.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āloka (आलोक).—i. e. ā-lok + a, m. 1. Sight, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 38; [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 9 (first look). 2. Light, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 50, 52. 3. Appearance, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 186, 15. 4. Flattery, panegyric, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 9.

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Aloka (अलोक).—m. ceasing of the world, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 37, 12.

Aloka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and loka (लोक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aloka (अलोक).—1. [masculine] not the world, the end of the world.

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Aloka (अलोक).—2. [adjective] finding no place.

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Āloka (आलोक).—[masculine] sight, view, glance, aspect.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Āloka (आलोक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Kāvyāloka, Candrāloka, Tattvacintāmaṇyāloka.
—[nyāya] Oppert. 403.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aloka (अलोक):—[=a-loka] m. ‘not the world’, the end of the world, [Rāmāyaṇa i, 37, 12]

2) [v.s. ...] the immaterial or spiritual world, [Jaina literature]

3) [v.s. ...] (a-lokās) not the people, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv]

4) [v.s. ...] mfn. not having space, finding no place, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) Āloka (आलोक):—[=ā-loka] [from ā-lok] m. looking, seeing, beholding

6) [v.s. ...] sight, aspect, vision, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Meghadūta; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Śakuntalā; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] light, lustre, splendour

8) [v.s. ...] glimmer, [Rāmāyaṇa; Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] flattery, praise, complimentary language

10) [v.s. ...] panegyric, [Raghuvaṃśa]

11) [v.s. ...] section, chapter

12) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aloka (अलोक):—[a-loka] (kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a. Desolate.

2) Āloka (आलोक):—[ā-loka] (kaḥ) 1. m. Sight; light; flattery, panegyric.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Aloka (अलोक):—1. (3. a + loka) m.

1) Nichtwelt, das Aufhören der Welt: trailokyahitakāmārthaṃ tejastejasi dhāraya . rakṣa sarvānimāllokānnālokaṃ kartumarhasi .. [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 37, 12.] —

2) die übersinnliche Welt [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1365.] alokākāśa der Aufenthaltsort der Entfesselten (bei den Jaina) [Colebrooke I, 386.] —

3) pl. Nicht - Leute [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 7, 1, 22] [?= Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad 4, 3, 22.]

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Aloka (अलोक):—2. (wie eben) adj. f. ā nicht Raum habend, keine Stelle findend: alokā iṣṭakā upadadhyādiṣṭakā lokānatiricyeran [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 2, 2, 28.] yadi vā ṛtvijo lokā bhavantyaloka u tarhi yajamāna ubhaye hi samānalokā bhavanti [9, 5, 2, 16.]

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Āloka (आलोक):—(von lok mit ā) m.

1) das Sehen, Blicken, Hinsehen, Ansehen, Erblicken, Anblick [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 3. 3, 3, 31, v. l.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 7.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 47.] ālokāya niśāsu candrakiraṇāḥ [Śihlana’s Śāntiśataka 4, 6.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 14, 13.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 7, 46.] pāvanāloka dessen Anblick reinigt [Kathāsaritsāgara 10, 204.] yadāloke sūkṣmaṃ vrajati sahasā tadvipulatām [Śākuntala 9.] ruddhāloke narapatipathe sūcibhedyaistamobhiḥ [Meghadūta 38.] āloke te (obj.) [83.] sthitā te (subj.) dūrāloke [Vikramorvaśī 109.] mit dem obj. comp.: malino hi yathādarśo rūpālokasya na kṣamaḥ [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 141.] stryāloka [157.] syandanālokabhīta [Śākuntala 32.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 84.] [Meghadūta 3.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 18, 15.] pārśvāloka [Sāhityadarpana 70, 21.] ālokamārgaṃ (von wo man Etwas sehen kann) sahasā vrajantyā [Raghuvaṃśa 7, 6] [?(= Kumārasaṃbhava 7, 57).] janāstadālokapathātpratisaṃhṛtacakṣuṣaḥ [15, 78.] am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Vikramorvaśī 11] : (sakhyaḥ) unmukhanayanālokāḥ, [109] : sukhālokā . —

2) Licht, heller Schein, Schein [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 3.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 101.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] dadṛśurālokaṃ sūryasaṃnibham [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 50, 25. 51, 23.] dīpikāgnikṛtālokaḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 5438.] labdhāloka [3, 817.] ālokamapi rāmasya na paśyanti sma nicht einmal einen Schimmer, eine Spur von Rāma [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 47, 2.] rajaścoddhūya sumahatpakṣavātena khecaraḥ kṛtvā lokānnirālokān [Mahābhārata 1, 1475. 29.] —

3) Lobpreis, Schmeichelei [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Hārāvalī 149.] udīrayāmāsurivonmadānāmālokaśabdaṃ vayasāṃ virāvaiḥ [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 9.] —

4) Abschnitt, Kapitel [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 819. 823.]

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Āloka (आलोक):—

1) so haṃ deśāntarālokakautukānnirgato gṛhāt [Kathāsaritsāgara 104. 83.] —


2) [Spr. 3937.] —

2) [Kathāsaritsāgara 73, 281. 75, 50. 91, 57.] śatahrādasaṃpātamiva kṣaṇamālokamādarśayam [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 186, 15.] ratnāloka [Spr. 3582.] dīpālokapradānena (ein brennendes Licht) cakṣuṣmānbhavate naraḥ [Mahābhārata 13, 2947.] ālokadāna dass. [4677. 4726.] pravṛttyāloka, pravṛttirviṣayavatī jyotiṣmatī ca . tasyāṃ yo sāvālokaḥ sāttvikaprakāśaprasaraḥ [Oxforder Handschriften 230,b,27. fgg.] anālokeṣu lokeṣu somavatsa virājate in dunklen Welten [Mahābhārata 13, 3261.] anālokeṣu ālokāntaravarjiteṣu svayaṃprakāśeṣu [Nīlakaṇṭha] kara Licht verbreitend über: lokasyālokakaraḥ śāstraśaśāṅkaḥ [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 106, 1.] —

5) Titel eines Werkes, = maṇyāloka [HALL 38.] — Vgl. durāloka, nirāloka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Aloka (अलोक):—1. m.

1) Nichtwelt , Untergang der Welt.

2) Nicht-Leute.

3) *die übersinnliche Welt.

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Aloka (अलोक):—2. Adj. nicht Raum habend , keine Stelle findend.

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Āloka (आलोक):—m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) —

1) das Sehen , Hinsehen , Erblicken , Hinblick , Anblick.

2) Licht , heller Schein.

3) ein Schimmer — , eine Spur von (Gen.) —

4) Lobpreis.

5) Abschnitt , Kapitel in Werken , die im Titel ein Wort wie Leuchte oder Licht enthalten.

6) Titel eines Werkes.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āloka (आलोक) [Also spelled alok]:—(nm) light; lustre; enlightenment.

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