Aloka, aka: Āloka; 8 Definition(s)


Aloka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


1) Aloka (अलोक).—Attained by Vṛtra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 12. 35; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 153.

2) Āloka (आलोक).—The lokas which spring from aloka.1 ākāśa that seems to exist to our eyes.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 151-3, 187; 21. 155; Matsya-purāṇa 123. 47; 124. 93.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 145 and 176.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Āloka (आलोक, “light”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., āloka). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Āloka also refers to the “concentration on light” and represents one of the “four concentrations” (samādhi) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 101).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

India history and geogprahy

Āloka (आलोक) or Vṛttasārāloka is the name of a commentary on the Vṛttasāra: both works ascribed to Ramāpati Upādhyāya (before 1704 C.E.): the disciple and the son of Yaśodhara and grandson of Śrīharīśa. He tells the magnanimity of his father and grandfather that his grandfather was a famous scholar in Kāśī and he was entrusted with the title Pājjikāmbhoja.

In the invocatory verse of the Āloka Ramāpati praises Piṅgala, while Vāgdevatā and Yaśodhara have been praised in the invocatory verse of the commentary. He tells that after expanding the metres, he comments on them.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

āloka : (m.) light.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Āloka, (ā + lok, Sk. āloka) seeing, sight (obj. & subj.), i. e. — 1. sight, view, look S.IV, 128 = Sn.763; A.III, 236 (āloke nikkhitta laid before one’s eye). anāloka without sight, blind Miln.296 (andha +). — 2. light A.I, 164 (tamo vigato ā. uppanno) = It.100 (vihato); A.II, 139 (four lights, i.e. canda°, suriya°, agg°, paññ°, of the moon, sun, fire & wisdom); J II 34; Dhs.617 (opp. andhakāra); VvA.51 (dīp°). — 3. (clear) sight, power of observation, intuition, in combn. with vijjā knowledge D.II, 33 = S.II, 7 = 105, cp. Ps.II, 150 sq. (obhāsaṭṭhena, S A. on II.7). — 4. splendour VvA.53; DvA 71.

—kara making light, bringing light, n. light-bringer It.108. —karaṇa making light, illumining It.108. —da giving light or insight Th.1, 3. —dassana seeing light, i. e. perceiving Th.1, 422. —pharaṇa diffusing light or diffusion of light Vbh.334; Nett 89. —bahula good in sight, fig. full of foresight A.III, 432. —bhūta light J VI 459. —saññā consciousness or faculty of sight or perception D.III, 223; A.II, 45; III, 93 —saññin conscious of sight, i. e. susceptible to sight or insight D.III, 49; M.III, 3; A II 211; III, 92, 323; IV, 437; V, 207; Pug.69. —sandhi “break for the light”, a slit to look through, an opening, a crack or casement Vin.I, 48 = II.209 = 218; II, 172; III, 65; IV, 47; J.IV, 310; PvA.24. (Page 110)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

ālōka (आलोक).—m S ālōkana n S ālōcana n S Seeing, looking, contemplating.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ālōka (आलोक).—m ālōkana, ālōcana n Seeing; contemplating.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aloka (अलोक).—a.

1) Not having space (Ved.).

2) That which cannot be seen, as in लोकालोक इवाचलः (lokāloka ivācalaḥ) R.1.68 (na lokyata ityalokaḥ Malli.); see लोकालोक (lokāloka) also.

3) Having no people.

4) One who does not go to any other world after death (not having performed meritorious deeds).

5) Beyond space (lokātīta parabrahma); पश्यतां सर्वलोकानामलोकं समपद्यत (paśyatāṃ sarvalokānāmalokaṃ samapadyata) Bhāg.6.12.35.

-kaḥ, -kam 1 Not the world.

2) End of, destruction of the world; absence of people; रक्ष सर्वानिमाँल्लोकान् नालोकं कर्तुमर्हसि (rakṣa sarvānimāṃllokān nālokaṃ kartumarhasi) Rām.

3) The immaterial or spiritual world.

4) The nether world (pātāla).

5) A Ritvij or any such priest.

6) One who is not a seer or observer.

-kā A kind of bird.

--- OR ---

Āloka (आलोक).—

1) Seeing, beholding.

2) Sight, aspect. appearance; यदालोके सूक्ष्मम् (yadāloke sūkṣmam) Ś.1.9; Ku.7.22,46; व्रजति हि सफलत्वं वल्लभालोकनेन (vrajati hi saphalatvaṃ vallabhālokanena) Śi. सुख° (sukha°) V.4.24; Ś1.32; R.1.84; Me.3,39.

3) Range of sight; आलोके ते निपतति पुरा सा बलिव्याकुला वा (āloke te nipatati purā sā balivyākulā vā) Me.87; R.7.5; Ku.2.45.

4) Light, lustre, splendour; आलोकमार्गं सहसा व्रजन्त्या (ālokamārgaṃ sahasā vrajantyā) R.7.6 airhole, or window; निरालोकं लोकम् (nirālokaṃ lokam) Māl.5.3;9.37;1. 4,11; Ve.2; K.16,29,348,68,98.

5) Panegyric, praise, complimentary language; especially, a word of praise uttered by a bard (such as jaya, ālokaya); ययावुदीरितालोकः (yayāvudīritālokaḥ) R.17.27;2.9; K.14.

6) Section, chapter.

7) Mild light (sāttvikaḥ prakāśaḥ) cf. Pātañjala Yogadarśana 3.25.

8) A trace of sight; आलोकमपि रामस्य न पश्यन्ति स्म दुःखिताः (ālokamapi rāmasya na paśyanti sma duḥkhitāḥ) Rām.2.47.2.

9) A lamp, light; आलोकदानं नामैतत्कीदृशं भरतर्षभ (ālokadānaṃ nāmaitatkīdṛśaṃ bharatarṣabha) Mb.13.98.1.

Derivable forms: ālokaḥ (आलोकः).

See also (synonyms): ālokana.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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