Sarveshvara, Sarveśvara, Sarva-ishvara: 12 definitions



Sarveshvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sarveśvara can be transliterated into English as Sarvesvara or Sarveshvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sarveshvara in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

1) Sarveśvara (सर्वेश्वर, “Lord of the entire universe”):—One of the eleven epithets of Rudra, as adressed to in the second chapter of Śrī-rudram. These names represent his various attributes.

2) Sarveśvara (सर्वेश्वर) is the name of a Liṅga (symbolical manifestation of Śiva) that is associated with the Gaurīkuṇḍa-tīrtha (a sacred bathing place). It represents the forty-eighth of the sixty-four siddhaliṅgas mentioned in the Nepalese Tyasaphu (a folding book or leporello). At each of these spots Śiva is manifest as a Liṅga. Each of these liṅgas (e.g., Sarva-īśvara) has its own specific name, mantra, set of rituals and observances, auspicious time etc.

The auspiscious time for bathing near the Sarveśvara-liṅga at the Gaurīkuṇḍa-tīrtha is mentioned as “caitra-kṛṣṇa-caturthī caitra-kṛṣṇa-caturdaśī” (latin: caitra-krishna-caturthi caitra-krishna-caturdashi). This basically represents the recommended day for bathing there (snānadina).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sarveshvara in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sarveśvara (सर्वेश्वर) refers to the “lord of everything” and is used as an epithet for Viṣṇu, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.36. Accordingly, as the Sages prayed to Viṣṇu:—“[...] O lord of Lakṣmī, lord of Devas, O great lord, lord of everyone (sarveśvara), save the sacrifice of Dakṣa. Undoubtedly you are the sacrifice, the performer of sacrifice, the sacrifice embodied, ancillary to sacrifice and the protector of sacrifice. Please save, save the sacrifice. There is none else than you to protect it”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous next»] — Sarveshvara in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Śarveśvara (शर्वेश्वर) or Śarveśvararasa is the name of a Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 24, Maheshvara: insanity). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., śarveśvara-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Sarveśvara (सर्वेश्वर) is the name of one of the children of Dhīreśvarācārya (1851-1919 C.E.): a poet of modern Assam who composed Vṛttamañjarī. Dhīreśvarācārya was the son of Keśavācārya. His maternal grandfather was Bhavadeva, resident of Nāgārakucha and belonged to Vasiṣṭhagotra. Dhīreśvarācārya is also the elder brother of Rudreśvarācārya and Upendrācārya and father of Bhāratī, Sarasvatī and Sarveśvara.

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Sarveśvara is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (e.g., Sarveśvara) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Sarveśvara) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarveshvara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarveśvara (सर्वेश्वर).—

1) the Supreme Being.

2) a paramount lord.

Derivable forms: sarveśvaraḥ (सर्वेश्वरः).

Sarveśvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sarva and īśvara (ईश्वर). See also (synonyms): sarveśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarveśvara (सर्वेश्वर) or Sarvveśvara.—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Siva. 2. A universal monarch. E. sarva all, īśvara lord.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarveśvara (सर्वेश्वर).—[masculine] the same, [abstract] tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Sarveśvara (सर्वेश्वर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—guru of Bhāskaranṛsiṃha (Kāmasūtraṭīkā 1788). Oxf. 215^a.

2) Sarveśvara (सर्वेश्वर):—poet. See Tīrabhuktīyasarveśvara.

3) Sarveśvara (सर्वेश्वर):—son of Līlādhara: Saṃdhyākārikāḥ.

4) Sarveśvara (सर्वेश्वर):—son of Viśveśvara, grandson of Bhūteśvara: Vyavahārasarvasva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sarveśvara (सर्वेश्वर):—[from sarva] m. the lord of all, [Nṛsiṃha-tāpanīya-upaniṣad; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Pañcarātra] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a universal monarch, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] a [particular] medicinal preparation, [Catalogue(s)]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Buddhist saint, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] (also with tīra-bhuktīya or soma-yājin) of a teacher and various authors, [Sadukti-karṇāmṛta; Catalogue(s)]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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