Vitabhaya, Vītabhaya, Vita-bhaya: 8 definitions

Introduction

Vitabhaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vitabhaya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vītabhaya (वीतभय).—A King of the Pūru dynasty. He was the son of the King Manasvī and father of King Śuṇḍu. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 278).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vitabhaya in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Vītabhaya (वीतभय) is the name of a warrior who fought on Sūryaprābha’s side, in the war against Śrutaśarman, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 50. Accordingly: “... in the meanwhile Vītabhaya, after cutting in two the bow of Saṅkrama, and slaying his charioteer, slew him by piercing his heart with the weapon of Kāma”.

The story of Vītabhaya was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vītabhaya, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vitabhaya in Jainism glossary
Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

1) Vītabhaya (वीतभय) refers to the capital of the Sindhu-Sauvīra kingdom.—King Udāyana was a popular king of Sindhu-Sauvīra kingdom. The capital of this kingdom was Vītabhaya city, which was large, beautiful and prosperous in every way. Prabhāvatī was the queen King of Udāyana and Abhīcakumāra was their son. Udāyana's nephew Keśīkumāra too used to live with him. King Udāyana had great faith in the words of Lord Mahāvīra. He was a 12-vows follower of Mahāvīra.

2) Vītabhaya (वीतभय) is the name of a sacred spot visited by Mahāvīra during his 5th Year as Kevalī.—After sometime, the Lord arrived at Vītabhaya city after leaving Campā. The king Udāyana there was a śrāvaka observing the vows and used to stay awake in the night in his armoury. On the way to Vītabhaya, the monks had to face many difficulties because of the heart. There was no habitation anywhere nearby. It was impossible to find food or water. At the time of leaving Vītabhaya city, king Udāyana served the Lord and many took the path of renunciation. From there the Lord arrived at Vāṇijyagrāma and spent the rainy season there.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vitabhaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vītabhaya (वीतभय).—a. fearless, intrepid; वीतवीतभया नागाः (vītavītabhayā nāgāḥ) Ku.6.39 (v. l.).

-yaḥ an epithet of Viṣṇu.

Vītabhaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vīta and bhaya (भय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vītabhaya (वीतभय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Fearless, undaunted. E. vīta and bhaya fear.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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